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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1160 matches for " Kiran Kathayat "
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Characterization of Electrical Behavior of Ba5HoTi3V7O30 Ceramic Using Impedance Analysis  [PDF]
Kiran Kathayat, Anuradha Panigrahi, Arvind Pandey, Susmita Kar
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2012.36056
Abstract: Polycrystalline sample of Ba5HoTi3V7O30 was prepared using solid-state reaction technique. X-ray structural analysis indicated a single-phase formation with orthorhombic structure. Microstructural study by SEM showed non-uniform distribution of grains over the surface of the sample. Impedance and modulus spectroscopy studies were carried out, as functions of frequency (42 Hz - 5 MHz) and temperature (RT-773K). The Nyquist plots clearly showed the presence of both bulk and grain boundary effect in the compound. Electrical phenomena in the material can appropriately be modeled in terms of an equivalent circuit with R, C and CPE in parallel. The fitting procedure used here allows us to determine the value of R and C with good precision. Here R2 and R3 correspond to the resistance contributed from the grain boundary and bulk, respectively. C1 and C2 correspond to the capacitance contributed from the grain boundary and bulk, respectively. The real part of electrical modulus shows that the material is highly capacitive. The asymmetric peak of the imaginary part of electric modulus M″, predicts a non Debye type relaxation. The activation energy of the compound (calculated both from impedance and modulus spectrum) is same, and hence the relaxation process may be attributed to the same type of charge carriers.
Extensive Cannon Ball Metastases—A Case Study of a 49-Year-Old Bulgarian Male  [PDF]
Kiran Kumar
Open Journal of Medical Imaging (OJMI) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmi.2014.43022
Abstract: Multiple pulmonary nodules on chest x-ray, known commonly as cannon ball secondaries, are the classical presentation of haematogenous dissemination of a malignant tumor to the lungs. This almost always indicates advanced stage of the disease with a very grim outlook in terms of cure or survival. In this report we present a patient with very extensive Cannon Ball Metastases due to advanced colonic malignancy.
Synthesis, Kinetics and Mechanism of Terpolymerization of Styrene, Vinyl Acetate with Acrylonitrile Initiated by P-Nitrobenzyl Triphenyl Phosphonium Ylide  [PDF]
Kiran Prajapati, Anuradha Varshney
International Journal of Organic Chemistry (IJOC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2011.12010
Abstract: Synthesis of terpolymers consisting of two electron-donating monomers, viz. styrene and vinyl acetate with one electron-accepting monomer, i.e. acrylonitrile, initiated by p-nitrobenzyl triphenyl phosphonim ylide in dioxane as diluent at 65°C for 150 min has been studied. The kinetic expression is Rpα[I]0.8[Sty] 1.2[VA] 1.4 [AN]1.2. The terpolymer composition was determined by the Kelen-Tüdos method. The values of reactivity ratios using r1 (Sty + VA) = 0.1 and r2 (AN) = 0.005. The overall activation energy is 46 kJ●mol●L–1. The formation of terpolymer is confirmed by the FTIR spectra showing bands at 3030 cm–1, 1598 cm–1, and 2362 cm–1, confirming the presence of phenyl, acetoxy and nitrile group respectively. The terpolymer has been characterized by 1H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, 13C-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. The Differential Scanning Calorimetric curve shows the Tg of the polymer as 149.5°C. A scanning electron microscope confirms the polymer to be phosphorus free. Electron.Spin.Resonance spectra confirms phenyl radical responsible for initiation.
On Rayleigh Wave in Two-Temperature Generalized Thermoelastic Medium without Energy Dissipation  [PDF]
Baljeet Singh, Kiran Bala
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.41019

In this paper, Rayleigh surface wave is studied at a stress free thermally insulated surface of a two-temperature thermoelastic solid half-space in absence of energy dissipation. The governing equations of two-temperature generalized thermoelastic medium without energy dissipation are solved for surface wave solutions. The appropriate particular solutions are applied to the required boundary conditions to obtain the frequency equation of the Rayleigh wave. Some special cases are also derived. The non-dimensional speed is computed numerically and shown graphically to show the dependence on the frequency and two-temperature parameter.

Bone Transport in Tibial Gap Non-Union—A Series of 25 Cases  [PDF]
Manish Kiran, Rabi Jee
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2012.24027

Gap non-union of the tibia is frequently associated with deformity, infection and shortening. Ilizarov’s method of bone transport was used in the management of twenty-five cases of gap non-union of the tibia. The mean bone gap was 6.53 cm (range 4 to 12 cm). Union was achieved in all cases within a mean period of 11.12 months. The mean time taken for union, per centimeter of bone gap was found to be 1.7 months/cm. Pin tract infection was the commonest complication, seen in 9 cases (36%). The other complications encountered were neuropraxia (n = 3) deviation of the transported bone segment (n = 7), buckling of skin at the advancing side of bone (n = 4), traumatic corticotomy (n = 3), incomplete corticotomy (n = 1), equinus deformity (n = 4), knee stiffness (n

Propagation of Waves in a Two-Temperature Rotating Thermoelastic Solid Half-Space without Energy Dissipation  [PDF]
Baljeet Singh, Kiran Bala
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.312261
Abstract: The present paper is concerned with the propagation of plane waves in an isotropic two-temperature generalized thermoelastic solid half-space in context of Green and Naghdi theory of type II (without energy dissipation). The governing equations in xz plane are solved to show the existence of three coupled plane waves. The reflection of plane waves from a thermally insulated free surface is considered to obtain the relations between the reflection coefficients. A particular example of the half-space is chosen for numerical computations of the speeds and reflection coefficients of plane waves. Effects of two-temperature and rotation parameters on the speeds and the reflection coefficients of plane waves are shown graphically.
Kimura’s Disease—A Rare Cause of Head and Neck Swelling  [PDF]
Kiran Rao, Sudesh Kumar
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.34037

Kimura’s disease (KD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder with unknown etiology, most commonly manifesting as painless unilateral cervical lymphadenopathy or subcutaneous masses in the head or neck region. The disease is characterized by a triad of painless subcutaneous masses in the head or neck region, blood and tissue eosinophilia, and markedly elevated serum immunoglobulin E levels. Kimura’s disease is an unusual vascular tumor that typically occurs at 20 to 30 years of age. There has been no documented case of malignant transformation; however, recurrence rates after excision may be as high as 25%. Surgery and medical therapy are useful for treatment. We present a 14 years old male developed a unilateral cervical mass associated with KD. It was a recurrence of disease. As a complete excisional resection of the mass already done 1 year back at some other centre, we decided to give medical treatment for Kimura’s disease.

Structure and Dielectric Relaxation Behaviour of [Pb0.94Sr0.06][(Mn1/3Sb2/3)0.05 (Zr0.49Ti0.51)0.95]O3 Ceramics  [PDF]
Kumar Brajesh, Kiran Kumari
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2015.53022
Abstract: The field dependences of the dielectric response and conductivity are measured in a frequency range from 100 Hz to 1 MHz and in a temperature range from 300 K to about 775 K. The dielectric measurements (real and imaginary parts) of this composition with temperature (300 K - 775 K) at different frequencies (100 Hz - 1 MHz) unambiguously point towards relaxor behaviour of the material. The real part of the dielectric constant is found to decrease with increasing frequency at different temperatures while the position of dielectric loss peak shifts to higher frequencies with increasing temperature indicating a strong dispersion beyond the transition temperature, a feature known for relaxational systems such as dipole glasses. The frequency dependence of the loss peak obeys an Arrhenius law with activation energy of 0.15 eV. The distribution of relaxation times is confirmed by Cole-Cole plots as well as the scaling behavior of the imaginary part of the electric modulus. The frequency-dependent electrical data are also analyzed in the framework of the conductivity and modulus formalisms. Both these formalisms yield qualitative similarities in the relaxation times. The Rietveld analysis conforms that the materials exhibits tetragonal structure. The SEM photographs of the sintered specimens present the homogenous structures and well-grown grains with a sharp grain boundary.
Study of Rayleigh-Bénard Magneto Convection in a Micropolar Fluid with Maxwell-Cattaneo Law  [PDF]
Subbarama Pranesh, Rojipura V. Kiran
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/am.2010.16062
Abstract: The effects of result from the substitution of the classical Fourier law by the non-classical Maxwell-Cattaneo law on the Rayleigh-Bénard Magneto-convection in an electrically conducting micropolar fluid is studied using the Galerkin technique. The eigenvalue is obtained for free-free, rigid-free and rigid-rigid velocity boundary combinations with isothermal or adiabatic temperature on the spin-vanishing boundaries. The influences of various micropolar fluid parameters are analyzed on the onset of convection. The classical approach predicts an infinite speed for the propagation of heat. The present non-classical theory involves a wave type heat transport (SECOND SOUND) and does not suffer from the physically unacceptable drawback of infinite heat propagation speed. It is found that the results are noteworthy at short times and the critical eigenvalues are less than the classical ones.
Improved Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm for Continuous Optimization Problems  [PDF]
Mustafa Servet Kiran, Ahmet Babalik
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2014.24015

The artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm is a swarm-based metaheuristic optimization technique, developed by inspiring foraging and dance behaviors of honey bee colonies. ABC consists of four phases named as initialization, employed bee, onlooker bee and scout bee. The employed bees try to improve their solution in employed bees phase. If an employed bee cannot improve self-solution in a certain time, it becomes a scout bee. This alteration is done in the scout bee phase. The onlooker bee phase is placed where information sharing is done. Although a candidate solution improved by onlookers is chosen among the employed bee population according to fitness values of the employed bees, neighbor of candidate solution is randomly selected. In this paper, we propose a selection mechanism for neighborhood of the candidate solutions in the onlooker bee phase. The proposed selection mechanism was based on information shared by the employed bees. Average fitness value obtained by the employed bees is calculated and those better than the aver- age fitness value are written to memory board. Therefore, the onlooker bees select a neighbor from the memory board. In this paper, the proposed ABC-based method called as iABC were applied to both five numerical benchmark functions and an estimation of energy demand problem. Obtained results for the problems show that iABC is better than the basic ABC in terms of solution quality.

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