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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2588 matches for " Kinga Polańska "
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Smoking Predictors Among Economically Active Individuals
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polańska, Anna Jegier
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health , 2007, DOI: 10.2478/v10001-007-0037-x
Abstract: Objectives: The study objective was to evaluate an association between selected work-related and socio-economic factors and tobacco smoking among economically active individuals. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among randomly selected residents of the city of ód (n = 598) aged 25-64 years. The smoking status was determined based on questionnaire data. Logistic regression models were applied to assess the factors related to the smoking habit. Results: Multifactorial logistic regression analysis indicated that low level of education, lack of recreational physical activity and medium/heavy physical work were significant determinants of smoking. Conclusions: Prevention programs aimed at improving health-related habits and behaviors should be addressed to all economically active individuals, particularly to those who perform medium and heavy physical work. An antismoking intervention should be tailored to individual needs, taking into account the educational level.
Polish mother and child cohort study — defining the problem, the aim of the study and methodological assumptions
Kinga Polańska, Wojciech Hanke, , Jolanta Gromadzińska, Danuta Ligocka, Ewa Gulczyńska, Wojciech Sobala, Wojciech W sowicz
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10001-009-0037-0
Abstract: Objectives: Exposures during prenatal period have implications for pregnancy outcome as well as for children's health, morbidity and mortality. Prospective cohort study design allows for the identification of exposures that may influence pregnancy outcome and children's health, verification of such exposures by biomarker measurements and notification of any changes in exposure level. Materials and methods: Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study (REPRO_PL) is multicenter prospective cohort study conducted in 8 different regions of Poland. The final cohort is intended to comprise 1300 mother-child pairs to be recruited within 4-year period (2007-2011). The recruitment and all scheduled visits are conducted in maternity units or clinics in the districts included in the study. The women are followed-up 3 times in pregnancy (once in each trimester) and after delivery for the notification of pregnancy outcome. During each visit, detailed questionnaire and biological samples are collected including saliva, urine, hair, maternal blood and cord blood. About 6 weeks postpartum, breast milk from part of the women is collected. The study concentrates on the identification and evaluation of the effects of prenatal environmental exposure on pregnancy outcome and children's health. Specific research hypotheses refer to the role of heavy metals, exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in the aetiology of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and preterm delivery (PD). The role of oxidative stress putative mechanism and pregnant women nutritional status will be investigated. Based on questionnaire data, the impact of occupational exposures and stressful situations will be evaluated. Results: The results of the study will become available within the next few years and will help to determine levels of child prenatal exposure in several areas of Poland and its impact on course and outcome of pregnancy.
Reducing Health Risks Arising From Child and Adolescent Labor
Kinga Polańska, Wojciech Hanke, Andrzej Boczkowski, Ewa W growska-Koski
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health , 2006, DOI: 10.2478/v10001-006-0019-4
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of the study was to work out a program that would help develop the most effective methods for protecting the safety and health of young workers. Materials and Methods: The program was designed by a multidisciplinary team of experts in occupational and public health, occupational hygiene, health promotion, sociology, and regulatory and control activities. Results: The program points out the major aspects to be considered while implementing the existing legislation. The employers should have a proper recognition of health hazards related to working conditions at their enterprises. These should be considered while assessing work capability of adolescents during the pre-placement and periodic medical examinations. Prophylactic examinations for adolescent workers should be oriented towards the potential or existing health hazards and strenuous conditions of in-plant vocational training. It is essential to inform them about work-related health hazards and the preventive methods to be applied by both the workers themselves and the occupational health services. If a health problem or ailment is detected by an occupational physician, the adolescent worker should be referred to primary health care unit for further diagnostics. Conclusions: The most effective ways to protect the safety and health of young workers include a more accurate assessment of working conditions, contracting prophylactic examinations with only one occupational health service unit, providing appropriate risk information to adolescent workers/students, and a closer collaboration between school administration, employers and occupational health services.
Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and newborn biometric indicators
Kinga Polańska, Wojciech Hanke, , Wojciech Sobala, S awomir Brze nicki, Danuta Ligocka
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10001-010-0028-1
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of the study was to examine the impact of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) on foetal growth. Materials and Methods: The prospective Polish Mother and Child Cohort study was performed in 8 regions of Poland. The study population consisted of 449 mother-child pairs All women were interviewed three times during pregnancy (once in each trimester). 1-hydroxypyrene (1-HP) concentration in urine was chosen as the biomarker of exposure to PAH. The urine sample collected from the participant women between 20-24 weeks of pregnancy was analysed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The active and passive smoking exposure was verified by determination of saliva cotinine level using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry/positive electrospray ionisation (LC-ESI+MS/MS) and isotope dilution method. Results: The exposure to PAH measured by 1-HP level in urine of pregnant women was significantly associated with child birth weight (β = -158.3; p = 0.01), chest circumference (β = -0.7; p = 0.02) and cephalisation index (β = 4.2; p = 0.01) after adjustment for gestational age, child gender, pregnant woman marital status, educational level, season of last menstruation period (LMP), prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), and weight gain in pregnancy. After inclusion salivary cotinine levels into the analysis, the results were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Prenatal exposures to PAH adversely influence foetal development including child weight, length, head and chest circumference. Tobacco smoking is the important source of PAH. After controlling for active and passive smoking, the observed associations were not statistically significant.
Effective protection from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in Poland: The World Health Organization perspective
Dorota Kaleta, , Kinga Polańska, Piotr Wojtysiak, Anna Kozie , Magdalena Kwa niewska, Paulina Mi kiewicz, Wojciech Drygas
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10001-010-0014-7
Abstract: Tobacco is the single greatest preventable cause of death in the world today, killing approximately half of the people who use it. Several strategies have been proved to reduce tobacco use. However, more than 50 years after the health effects of smoking were scientifically proven, and more than 20 years after evidence confirmed the hazards from exposure to second-hand smoke, few countries have implemented effective and recognized strategies to control the tobacco epidemic. This paper summarizes the World Health Organization recommendations for effective protection from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke along with the existing tobacco control programs and legislation in force in Poland.
Autobiographical Memory in Depression—A Case Study  [PDF]
Katarzyna Wachowska, Kinga Bobińska, Piotr Ga?ecki, Monika Talarowska
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2016.51001
Abstract: Introduction: Autobiographic memory allows shaping self identity over the time. Its main function is storing of information about oneself, which allows consolidating one’s own identity and provides the sense of stability. Its disfunction might be organic or functional in origin and may often be a manifestation of a serious disease. Aim: The purpose of the study was to compare cognitive functioning in the scope of autobiographical memory between a female patient with diagnosed dissociative amnesia and five female patients with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders. Method: The following tools were used in the study: episodic memory test and MMPI-2 questionnaire (Gough Dissimulation Index). Results: The general results achieved by patient diagnosed with dissociative amnesia in the individual tasks used to examine autobiographical memory are comparable with the results achieved by the patients with diagnosed depression. However, the results suggest the presence of qualitative differences related to the type of remembered information and location of the events on the life line.
Mixture model of NMR - its application to diagnosis and treatment of brain cancer
Franciszek Binczyk, Rafa Tarnawski, Joanna Polańska
Archives of Control Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10170-010-0026-3
Abstract: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is widely used technique in cancer diagnosis and treatment planning. It is employed to search for the high concentration regions of particular metabolites, which are directly related to the concentration of cancer cells. NMR signal maybe be characterized by a set of peaks which are representation of every distinct metabolite. Area under peak must be calculated in order to obtain proper information about metabolite amount. Commercially available software allows for the analysis of one-peak-in-time only. The proposed technique, based on Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM), allows for modeling all-peaks-in-time, and corrects after the neighboring peaks giving more accurate estimates of metabolite concentration. The resulting software processes NMR signal from the very beginning up to the final result, which is given in a form of so called metabolite map.
Self-concept and self-esteem: How the content of the self-concept reveals sources and functions of self-esteem
Kinga Lachowicz-Tabaczek, Justyna niecińska
Polish Psychological Bulletin , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10059-011-0005-y
Abstract: The relations of content of self-concept to self-esteem may reflect the role of different factors in developing self-esteem. On the basis of theories describing sources of self-esteem, we distinguished four domains of self-beliefs: agency, morality, strength and energy to act, and acceptance by others, which we hypothesized to be related to self-esteem. In two studies, involving 411 university students, the relationship between self-esteem and self-concept was examined. The results confirmed relative independence of these four domains. Self-evaluation of agency was the strongest predictor of self-esteem, followed by self-evaluation of strength and energy to act, and self-evaluation of acceptance by others. Self-evaluation regarding morality turned out to have either no or negative relationship with self-esteem. The results supported the theories assuming that either perception of one's own agency or acceptance by others are sources of self-esteem.
Sprawozdanie z 27 Konferencji Heart Rhythm Society. Boston, 17-20.05.2006 r.
Kinga Go?cińska-Bis
Polish Journal of Cardiology , 2006,
Abstract: Tegoroczny Kongres Heart Rhythm Society, który jest niew tpliwie najwa niejszym wydarzeniem w dziedzinie elektrofizjologii na wiecie, od by si w Bostonie w dniach 17-20 maja. W tym roku w kongresie wzi a udzia rekordowa liczba uczestników - ponad 12 500, z czego - co wci jest niespotykane w Europie, a tym bardziej w naszym kraju - lekarze stanowili jedynie oko o 60%, pozostali uczestnicy reprezentowali personel redni, piel gniarski i techniczny. Odby o si 225 sesji naukowych obejmuj cych 850 indywidualnych prezentacji. Pierwsze sesje rozpoczyna y si o godzinie 6.00 rano, ostatnie kończy y oko o 21.00 wieczorem. Najciekawsze wyk ady by y rejestrowane i powtarzane w kolejnych dniach kongresu. Podobnie jak na poprzednim kongresie HRS (zgodnie z tendencj obserwowan na wszystkich zjazdach elektrofizjologicz-nych na wiecie), najwi cej sesji po wi conych by o migotaniu przedsionków i komorowej stymulacji resynchronizuj cej. W tym roku, mimo e wi cej sesji dotyczy o komorowej stymulacji resynchronizuj cej, najwa niejsze wydarzenia" odnotowano w dziedzinie ablacji migotania przedsionków. Podczas ciesz cej si najwi kszym zainteresowaniem sesji po wi conej wynikom najnowszych badań klinicznych, Pierre Jais z Borde-aux-Pessac przedstawi wyniki pierwszego na wiecie wieloo- rodkowego badania klinicznego z randomizacj porównuj cego skuteczno ablacji i leków antyarytmicznych w leczeniu napadowego migotania przedsionków opornego na co najmniej jeden lek antyarytmiczny. W badaniu wzi o udzia 109 pacjentów, których losowo przydzielano do grupy poddawanej ablacji polegaj cej na izolacji y p ucnych za pomoc cewnika Lasso i, w wybranych przypadkach, wykonania dodatkowych linii w przedsionkach lub do grupy leczonej za pomoc jednego lub wi cej (niestosowanego wcze niej) leku antya rytmicznego. Po roku obserwacji wykazano zdecydowan przewag ablacji nad leczeniem farmakologicznym - w grupie ablacji a 84% badanych po 12 miesi cach osi gn o g ówny punkt końcowy w postaci braku nawrotów migotania trwaj cego >3 minuty, natomiast leczenie farmakologiczne zapobiega o nawrotom migotania przedsionków jedynie u 26% chorych. W grupie leczenia farmakologicznego a 60% zaprzesta o stosowania leków i poddanych zosta o ablacji. Uwa any za najskuteczniejszy obecnie lek antyarytmiczny, amiodaron, okaza si skuteczny zaledwie u 17% stosuj cych go pacjentów. Ablacja migotania przedsionków okaza a si by leczeniem bezpiecznym - w ca ym badaniu odnotowano tylko 3 przypadki powa nych powik ań: tamponad i w dwóch przypadkach zw enie y p ucnych - adne z tych powik a
Smoking cessation intervention during pregnancy in a Polish urban community – what is the target population?
Polańska K,Hanke W,Sobala W,Broszkiewicz M
Tobacco Induced Diseases , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/1617-9625-1-2-121
Abstract: The aim of this project was to evaluate the effect of intensive individual anti-smoking counselling among pregnant women from a Polish urban community with a large representation of socially underprivileged women. The study was conducted between 1 December 2000 and 31 December 2001. Out of 204 women who were asked to take part in a midwives-assisted program of educational counselling to stop smoking, 152 (74.5%) agreed to participate. The intervention program included four visits of a midwife trained in smoking cessation techniques to the home of a smoking pregnant woman. The control group were 145 pregnant women who on the first visit to a maternity unit received only a standard written information on the health risk from maternal smoking to the foetus. The percentage of pregnant women who quitted smoking during the project was 46.1% in the intervention group and 23.4% among the controls (p < 0.001). After combining the intervention group with the women who refused to participate in the project, the rate of quitting was 36.3%, still significantly higher than in controls (p = 0.01). The strongest influence of the intervention was found among women smoking more than 5 cigarettes/day. Women covered by the intervention programme, who reported smoking in previous pregnancies, were found to quit smoking to a much higher extent than the controls with a similar background. Such pattern was also observed for women whose husbands were smokers. The benefits of the intervention, especially for the socially underprivileged women, seem to result from an increased proportion of subjects who undertook a quitting attempt, rather than the effectiveness of these attempts. In the intervention group, among the subjects who did not manage to quit smoking during pregnancy, the number of women who at least slightly reduced their smoking rate was twice as high as in the controls.
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