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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 462340 matches for " Kimberly A Kaphingst "
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Body mass index, physical activity, and dietary behaviors among members of an urban community fitness center: a questionnaire survey
Kimberly A Kaphingst, Gary G Bennett, Glorian Sorensen, Karen M Kaphingst, Amy E O'Neil, Kyle McInnis
BMC Public Health , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-7-181
Abstract: We surveyed 135 randomly selected members of an urban YMCA facility in Massachusetts to examine self-reported (1) physical activity, (2) dietary behaviors, (3) body mass index, and (4) correlates of behavior change among short-term (i.e., one year or less) and long-term (i.e., more than one year) members. Chi-square tests were used to assess bivariate associations between variables, and multivariate linear regression models were fit to examine correlates of health behaviors and weight status.Eighty-nine percent of short-term and 94% of long-term members reported meeting current physical activity recommendations. Only 24% of short-term and 19% of long-term members met fruit and vegetable consumption recommendations, however, and more than half were overweight or obese. Length of membership was not significantly related to weight status, dietary behaviors, or physical activity. Most respondents were interested in changing health behaviors, in the preparation stage of change, and had high levels of self-efficacy to change behaviors. Short-term members had less education (p = 0.02), lower household incomes (p = 0.02), and were less likely to identify as white (p = 0.005) than long-term members. In multivariate models, females had lower BMI than males (p = 0.003) and reported less physical activity (p = 0.008). Physical activity was also inversely associated with age (p = 0.0004) and education (p = 0.02).Rates of overweight/obesity and fruit and vegetable consumption suggested that there is a need for a weight control intervention among members of an urban community YMCA. Membership in such a community wellness facility alone might not be sufficient to help members maintain a healthy weight. The data indicate that YMCA members are interested in making changes in their dietary and physical activity behaviors. Targeting newer YMCA members might be an effective way of reaching underserved populations. These data will help inform the development of a weight control intervent
Screening and Health Behaviors among Persons Diagnosed with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis and Their Relatives
Aimee S. James,Phillip Chisholm,Kathleen Y. Wolin,Melanie Baxter,Kimberly Kaphingst,Nicholas O. Davidson
Journal of Cancer Epidemiology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/506410
Abstract: Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) is a rare autosomal dominantly inherited colorectal cancer syndrome. Individuals with FAP often undergo colectomy and are recommended to follow several surveillance protocols. Biological relatives of persons with FAP may also be at risk and thus should undergo genetic counseling. Screening adherence, genetic testing, and other health behaviors among individuals with FAP and their relatives are not well characterized. We conducted a cross-sectional self-report survey with individuals who have FAP (=35) and their biological relatives (=15). Respondents were recruited through a cancer center registry for inherited colon cancers. Most relatives had undergone colon cancer screening; 40% had undergone genetic testing. One fifth of respondents with FAP had not undergone an upper endoscopy, contrary to usual recommendations. Cigarette smoking rates were above average and were higher among FAP respondents. Use of vitamin supplements was fairly common, more so among those with FAP. Although most people had been screened, there are areas for improvement, notably for upper endoscopy among individuals with FAP and genetic testing among family members. Several other health-risk behaviors and health concerns other than FAP were identified. Further research into factors contributing to screening rates and other health behaviors in this high-risk population is warranted.
Dietary supplement education in a senior population  [PDF]
Kimberly G. Elder, Sarah A. Nisly
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2011.13015
Abstract: Background: Dietary supplements are widely used among United States senior citizens for various indications. Potential dangers with supplement use include the lack of regulation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the possibility for drug-supplement interactions. Senior focused education may increase the safe use of dietary supplements by older adults. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a pharmacist driven educational seminar in a local senior population. Methods: Participants aged 55 years and older in one of three senior programs were eligible for inclusion. Initially, a needs-assessment interview was conducted at a health fair. At that time, interviews focusing on dietary supplement use were delivered to study participants. Following the health fair, interview responses were analyzed to determine the most commonly used dietary supplements. During the second phase of the project, an educational seminar focusing on general dietary supplement information and the most commonly used supplements in the phase one population was created and delivered. Pre- and post-surveys were administered at the seminar to gauge baseline knowledge and impact of pharmacist education. Additionally, results were analyzed for any change in attitudes about dietary supplements. Results: Forty-nine participants were interviewed about their use of dietary supplements at the initial health fair. Among these participants, 81.6% were taking at least one supplement. The most commonly used supplements were calcium (n = 23), multivitamins (n = 22), fish oil (n = 13), and vitamin B (n = 12). Approximately 180 participants attended the subsequent educational seminar. Knowledge statistically significantly improved from baseline for all six questions posed to study participants. Overall, the program was well received and attitudes about dietary supplements changed as a result of viewing the seminar. Conclusions: Dietary supplements were commonly used by the study population for various indications. Education by pharmacists is an effective method to increase knowledge and awareness about dietary supplements among this population.
Treatment of postherpetic neuralgia: focus on pregabalin
Kimberly A Cappuzzo
Clinical Interventions in Aging , 2009, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S3386
Abstract: eatment of postherpetic neuralgia: focus on pregabalin Review (5935) Total Article Views Authors: Kimberly A Cappuzzo Published Date December 2008 Volume 2009:4 Pages 17 - 23 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S3386 Kimberly A Cappuzzo The Geriatric Pharmacotherapy Program, Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Pharmacy, Richmond, Virginia, USA Abstract: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a devastating, chronic pain syndrome that can develop following an outbreak of herpes zoster and becomes increasingly common as patients age. PHN can be difficult to treat and often requires trials of multiple agents to achieve significant pain relief. Pregabalin is the newest agent to gain approval for PHN. Data suggest efficacy for relief of pain and sleep disturbance secondary to PHN in affected patients. Although there are no head-to-head comparisons, pregabalin appears comparable to gabapentin and other first-line agents for treating PHN.
USING ASL AND PRINT-BASED SIGN TO BUILD FLUENCY AND GREATER INDEPENDENCE WITH WRITTEN ENGLISH AMONG DEAF STUDENTS
KIMBERLY A. WOLBERS
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature , 2010,
Abstract: This study investigated the use of ASL and print-based sign in the development of English writing fluencyand writing independence among deaf, middle school students. ASL was the primary languagethrough which students engaged in higher-level thinking, problem solving and meaning making. Printbasedsign was used for rereading the collaboratively constructed English text. Mixed method approacheswere utilized. First, a pretest-posttest control group design investigated whether students receiving theinstruction made significantly greater gains compared to non-receivers with length of text—one indicatorof writing fluency. There were a total of 33 students, 16 in the treatment group and 17 in the comparisongroup. The intervention lasted a total of 8 weeks, during which the treatment teacher guided the collaborativeconstruction of two English report papers. The comparison group continued with its usual writinginstruction and had equal instructional time. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) for length was statisticallysignificant with a large effect size (d=1.53). Additionally, qualitative data demonstrated ways inwhich three very different classes in the treatment group gained greater English competency and fluency.Further development of ASL as L1 was deemed a necessary component for students with language delays.All students exhibited progressively more independence with writing over time.
Floristic survey of The Nature Conservancy’s Pennington Creek preserve in Johnston County, Oklahoma 1997
Kimberly A. Shannon
Oklahoma Native Plant Record , 2003,
Abstract: This study was conducted as one part of an overall biological assessment of The Nature Conservancy’s Pennington Creek site. A 9.6 hectare area was surveyed during the 1995 and 1996 growing seasons for plants in fertile condition. They were collected, identified and voucher specimens were deposited in the OSU Herbarium (OKLA). Physiographic and ecological aspects of the site were described using Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques. Two hundred-three species representing 157 genera and 63 families were collected. Four plant communities are present: forest, grassland, granitic outcrop, and riparian. Characteristic taxa of the forest community include Quercus stellata, Q. marilandica, Carya texana, C. cordiformis, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, and Elymus canadensis. Tridens flavus, Setaria lutescens, Sorghastrum nutans and Gaillardiapulchella are dominants found in the grasslands. The granitic outcrop areas provide habitat for: Sedum pulchellum, S. nuttallianum, Krigia virginica, Chaetopappa asteroides, and Polypodium polypodioides. Characteristic species of the riparian community include Carex spp., Chasmanthium latifolium, Platanus occidentalis, and Alnusmaritima.
Real Style: Riegl and Early 20th Century Central European Art
Kimberly A. Smith
Journal of Art Historiography , 2011,
Abstract: Originally published in Centropa: Journal of Central European Art and Architecture 5, n. 1 (January 2005): 16-25. Kimberly A. Smith discusses the ways in which the understanding of style was articulated by intellectuals working in the late nineteenth century, primarily in Germany and Austria, and the epistemological repercussions of this shift in thinking for both the theory and practice of central European art in the years before World War I. Smith focuses in particular on the writings of Alois Riegl, in which this approach to thinking about style came to its most influential fruition, and proposes that Riegl’s conception of form had implications for artistic practice. Riegl’s methodological understanding of artistic form drew connections between morphological types and perceptions of reality, thereby altering the ways in which artists could conceive of aesthetic authenticity. Style itself could be seen as the harbinger of truth, opening up the possibility that any style might offer a genuine revelation of the real. Yet as Smith shows, the Rieglian theory of meaningful form may have encouraged an artistic pluralism that subverted the very Kunstwollen theory of historically unified style from which it sprung.
Treatment of postherpetic neuralgia: focus on pregabalin
Kimberly A Cappuzzo
Clinical Interventions in Aging , 2008,
Abstract: Kimberly A CappuzzoThe Geriatric Pharmacotherapy Program, Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Pharmacy, Richmond, Virginia, USAAbstract: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a devastating, chronic pain syndrome that can develop following an outbreak of herpes zoster and becomes increasingly common as patients age. PHN can be difficult to treat and often requires trials of multiple agents to achieve significant pain relief. Pregabalin is the newest agent to gain approval for PHN. Data suggest efficacy for relief of pain and sleep disturbance secondary to PHN in affected patients. Although there are no head-to-head comparisons, pregabalin appears comparable to gabapentin and other first-line agents for treating PHN.Keywords: pregabalin, postherpetic neuralgia, neuropathic pain
Life History Trade-Offs and Behavioral Sensitivity to Testosterone: An Experimental Test When Female Aggression and Maternal Care Co-Occur
Kimberly A. Rosvall
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054120
Abstract: Research on male animals suggests that the hormone testosterone plays a central role in mediating the trade-off between mating effort and parental effort. However, the direct links between testosterone, intrasexual aggression and parental care are remarkably mixed across species. Previous attempts to reconcile these patterns suggest that selection favors behavioral insensitivity to testosterone when paternal care is essential to reproductive success and when breeding seasons are especially short. Females also secrete testosterone, though the degree to which similar testosterone-mediated trade-offs occur in females is much less clear. Here, I ask whether testosterone mediates trade-offs between aggression and incubation in females, and whether patterns of female sensitivity to testosterone relate to female life history, as is often the case in males. I experimentally elevated testosterone in free-living, incubating female tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), a songbird with a short breeding season during which female incubation and intrasexual aggression are both essential to female reproductive success. Testosterone-treated females showed significantly elevated aggression, reduced incubation temperatures, and reduced hatching success, relative to controls. Thus, prolonged testosterone elevation during incubation was detrimental to reproductive success, but females nonetheless showed behavioral sensitivity to testosterone. These findings suggest that the relative importance of both mating effort and parental effort may be central to understanding patterns of behavioral sensitivity in both sexes.
X-ray Properties of the Central kpc of AGN and Starbursts: The Latest News from Chandra
Kimberly A. Weaver
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: The X-ray properties of 15 nearby (v<3,000 km/s) galaxies that possess AGN and/or starbursts are discussed. Two-thirds have nuclear extended emission on scales from ~0.5 to ~1.5 kpc that is either clearly associated with a nuclear outflow or morphologically resembles an outflow. Galaxies that are AGN-dominated tend to have linear structures while starburst-dominated galaxies tend to have plume-like structures. Significant X-ray absorption is present in the starburst regions, indicating that a circumnuclear starburst is sufficient to block an AGN at optical wavelengths. Galaxies with starburst activity possess more X-ray point sources within their central kpc than non-starbursts. Many of these sources are more luminous than typical X-ray binaries. The Chandra results are discussed in terms of the starburst-AGN connection, a revised unified model for AGN, and possible evolutionary scenarios.
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