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Ecologia da poliniza??o de Raphiodon echinus (Nees & Mart.) Schauer (Lamiaceae) em Petrolina, PE, Brasil
Dias, Carla Tatiana de Vasconcelos;Kiill, Lúcia Helena Piedade;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062007000400022
Abstract: raphiodon echinus is a prostrate weedy species that occurs in the caatinga. in this work, floral biology and reproductive system were observed in order to understand the pollination ecology of this species. observations were made at embrapa semi-árido, in petrolina, pernambuco. for the self-pollination, apomixis, geitonogamy and xenogamy experiments, buds were protected, emasculated, and pollinated when necessary. flowers were tagged to estimate pollination success under natural conditions. floral visitors were observed on different days from 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., for a total of 45 hours. the violet flowers of r. echinus are infundibuliform and give off a sweet scent; they are grouped in long-pedunculate spherical heads. anthesis is diurnal and is more frequent in the morning around 7:00 a.m. flowers last for about ten hours and the number of flowers that open daily on each inflorescence varies. the flowers are visited by bees and butterflies. centris hyptidis was responsible for 26% of total visits. based on behavior and frequency of visits, this bee was considered to be the effective pollinator of r. echinus. as regards the reproductive system, r. echinus is self-compatible and produces fruits by manual self-pollination (70%), geitonogamy (63%) and xenogamy (40%).
Ecologia da poliniza??o de Ipomoea asarifolia (Ders.) Roem. & Schult. (Convolvulaceae) na regi?o semi-árida de Pernambuco
Kiill, Lúcia Helena Piedade;Ranga, Neusa Taroda;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062003000300003
Abstract: the present work was carried out during march/1995 to july/1997, to study aspects of the phenology, pollination and reproduction of ipomoea asarifolia growing at fazenda catalunha, santa maria da boa vista, pe. i. asarifolia is a perennial creeping liana with floration registered in the period of march to october, characterized as a cornucopian pattern of flowering. the flowers are gathered in cymes, with a pink funnel-like corolla with magenta mesopetals working as nectar guides. the anthesis is diurnal (05:30 - 06:00 h) and the flowers lasting for approximately six hours. the amount of nectar secreted by flower is less then 1μl. bees megachilidae and apidae were the main visitors of this convolvulaceae. liturge huberi ducke was considered as effective pollinatior, and acamptopoeum prinii holm. and diadasina riparia ducke as occasional. ipomoea asarifolia is self-incompatible, producing fruits and viable seeds only after crossed pollination. however the tests of pollen tube growth showed that 10 hours after pollination, pollen tubes reached the micropile of both self- and cross-pollinated ovules, suggesting a late acting self-incompatibility system. the germination tests showed that only the seeds obtained in natural conditions (93,3%) and from cross-pollination experiment (100%) were viable, reinforcing the data obtained in the reproduction system.
Biologia reprodutiva e poliniza??o de Jacquemontia nodiflora (Desr.) G. Don (Convolvulaceae) em Caatinga na regi?o de Petrolina, PE, Brasil
Kiill, Lúcia Helena Piedade;Sim?o-Bianchini, Rosangela;
Hoehnea , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S2236-89062011000400001
Abstract: the main objective of this work was to study aspects of pollination biology, behavior and frequency of flower visitors, reproduction and phenology of jacquemontia nodiflora in caatinga hiperxerófila, petrolina, pe, from march 2004 to march 2005. the phenological data showed that the phenophases of budding, flowering and fruiting occurred mainly during the rainy season, while leaf senescence occured in the dry season, indicating the influence of precipitation in the process. the flowers are grouped in cymes, are small (10mm diameter), shallow-campanulate, white, odorless and secrete small amount of nectar (<1 μl). the anthesis is diurnal, occurring around 5 h 30 min, and the lifetime of the flower is only nine hours. throughout the flowering, the flowers are visited by bees, wasps and flies, and the bees apis mellifera, trigona spinipes and frieseomelitta doederleini are the most frequent visitors (47.7, 26.0 and 12.1% of total visits, respectively). the system of reproduction of j. nodiflora is facultatively autogamous, producing fruit by self-pollination (rates > 90%) and by cross-pollination (75.6%). jacquemontia nodiflora can be considered as an important nectar source for medium and small bees, and a. mellifera, t. spinipes and f. doederleini were considered as pollinators of this species.
Biologia floral e sistema de reprodu??o de Annona squamosa L. (Annonaceae) na regi?o de Petrolina-PE
Kiill, Lúcia Helena Piedade;Costa, Jo?o Gomes da;
Ciência Rural , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782003000500009
Abstract: aspects of pollination biology and reproductive system of annona squamosa l. were studied in petrolina-pe, northeastern brazil, from june 1999 to february 2000, from 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. the flowers of a. squamosa are hermaphrodite, axillary, with fleshy calyx and corolla forming a floral camera which serves as a shelter, food source and mating place for visitors. the flowers also show light color petals, produce strong and bad odors. the anthesis takes place around 5:00 p.m., the flowers last for approximately two days, and show female phase in the first twenty hours and male phase in the following twenty hours, characterizing dichogamy. carpophilus hemipterus, carpophilus sp and haptoncus ochraceus (nitidulidae) are the main flower visitors and according to frequency, time and behavior, are considered pollinators of this species. the species is self-compatible, however the germination tests indicated that seeds from cross-pollination show higher viability than seeds from geitonogamy.
Biologia floral e sistema reprodutivo de Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud. (Fabaceae- Papilionoidae) na regi?o de Petrolina, Pernambuco
Kiill, Lúcia Helena Piedade;Drumond, Marcos Ant?nio;
Ciência Rural , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782001000400006
Abstract: the aspects of floral biology and reproductive system of gliricidia sepium were studied from march to october of 1999, from 5:30am to 5:00pm, in an introduced population at embrapa semi-árido, petrolina, in the state of pernambuco, brazil. fifteen plants were marked and observed every two weeks for the study of phenology. for the study of floral biology and morphology, flowers and inflorescences were marked and observed until fruit set. the visitors of flowers were observed during all time of the experiment, when frequency, time and duration of their visits were registered. g. sepium has a cornucopia pattern of flowering and the peak of this phenophase occurs in august. the flowers are grouped in axilar racemes, with centripetal development, and the anthesis occurs at 5 to 45 flowers/day. the flowers have the typical organization of papilionaceae, corolla of magenta color and the central region of flag of cream color, which functions as nectar guide. the anthesis is diurnal, occurring at around 6:00am, and the lifetime of flowers is around 10 hours. apidae and anthophoridae bees and hesperiidae moths are the most frequent visitors. xylocopa griscesens, x. frontalis and eulaema nigrita were considered the main pollinators of this species. g. sepium is a species which produces fruits only after cross-pollination (51.6%).
Biologia floral e sistema de reprodu??o de Jacquemontia multiflora (Choisy) Hallier f. (Convolvulaceae)
PIEDADE-KIILL, LúCIA HELENA;RANGA, NEUSA TARODA;
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-84042000000100004
Abstract: the present study deals with the aspects of phenology, floral biology and reproductive system of jacquemontia multiflora, a caatinga species at the fazenda catalunha, santa maria da boa vista - pe. the species is an annual liana, with cornucopia pattern of flowering. the peak of flowering occurs between the end of march begining of april at the end of the wet season. its cymose inflorescences have the main axes elongated, exposing the flowers well out the foliage leaves. the blue flowers are shallow campanulate, scentless and producing a very low quantity of nectar. anthesis is diurnal, the flowers beggin to open at around 05:30h., are ephemeral, lasting for about nine hours. the most frequent visitors are bees (apidae and halictidae). apis mellifera and trigona spinipes were considered the main pollinators of this species. j. multifora is facultatively autogamous, producing fruits either after self (30%) and cross (60%) manual pollination.
Ecologia da poliniza o de Ipomoea asarifolia (Ders.) Roem. & Schult. (Convolvulaceae) na regi o semi-árida de Pernambuco
Kiill Lúcia Helena Piedade,Ranga Neusa Taroda
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2003,
Abstract: O presente trabalho foi desenvolvido no período de mar o/1995 a julho/1997, com o objetivo de estudar aspectos da fenologia, poliniza o e reprodu o de Ipomoea asarifolia, na Fazenda Catalunha, Santa Maria da Boa Vista, PE. I. asarifolia é uma liana perene, com hábito exclusivamente rasteiro e flora o registrada no período de mar o a outubro, caracterizada como do tipo cornucópia. As flores est o reunidas em cimeiras, s o infundibuliformes, de cor rosa com as mesopétalas magenta, que funcionam como guias de néctar. A antese é diurna (5:30 e 6:00h) e a dura o das flores é de aproximadamente seis horas. A quantidade de néctar secretada por flor é inferior a 1μl. Abelhas Megachilidae e Apidae foram os principais visitantes desta Convolvulaceae. Liturge huberi Ducke foi considerada polinizador efetivo e Acamptopoeum prinii Holm. e Diadasina riparia Ducke polinizadores ocasionais. Quanto ao sistema de reprodu o, I. asarifolia é autoincompatível, produzindo frutos e sementes viáveis somente após poliniza o cruzada. Os testes de crescimento de tubo polínico mostraram que, após 10 horas, há tubos polínicos na micrópila de óvulos autopolinizados e daqueles submetidos à poliniza o cruzada, sugerindo que se trata de um sistema de incompatibilidade tardia. Os testes de germina o mostraram que somente as sementes obtidas em condi es naturais (93,3%) e nos experimentos de poliniza o cruzada (100%) foram viáveis, refor ando os dados obtidos no sistema de reprodu o.
Biologia floral e sistema de reprodu o de Jacquemontia multiflora (Choisy) Hallier f. (Convolvulaceae)
PIEDADE-KIILL LúCIA HELENA,RANGA NEUSA TARODA
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 2000,
Abstract: Aspectos da fenologia, biologia da poliniza o e reprodu o de Jacquemontia multiflora foram estudados na Fazenda Catalunha, Santa Maria da Boa Vista-PE. J. multiflora é uma liana anual, que apresenta flora o do tipo cornucópia, com pico desta fenofase no bimestre mar o/abril, que corresponde ao final da esta o chuvosa. As flores est o reunidas em cimeiras que apresentam eixo principal desenvolvido, expondo as flores acima da folhagem. As flores s o raso-campanuladas, azuis, inodoras e secretam pequenas quantidades de néctar. A antese é diurna, ocorrendo por volta da 5:30h., e a dura o das flores é de aproximadamente nove horas, podendo ser consideradas como efêmeras. Abelhas Apidae e Halictidae s o os visitantes mais frequentes. Apis mellifera e Trigona spinipes s o consideradas como principais polinizadores desta espécie. Quanto ao sistema de reprodu o J. multiflora é autógama facultativa, produzindo frutos e sementes por autopoliniza o manual (30%) e também por poliniza o cruzada (60%).
Biologia floral e sistema de reprodu o de Annona squamosa L. (Annonaceae) na regi o de Petrolina-PE
Kiill Lúcia Helena Piedade,Costa Jo?o Gomes da
Ciência Rural , 2003,
Abstract: Aspectos da biologia da poliniza o e do sistema de reprodu o de Annona squamosa L. foram estudados em Petrolina-PE, nordeste do Brasil, no período de junho de 1999 a fevereiro de 2000, entre 6:00 e 18:00h. As flores de A. squamosa s o hermafroditas, axilares, com cálice e corola carnosos, formando uma camara floral, que funciona como abrigo, fonte alimentar e/ou local de acasalamento para os visitantes florais. As flores apresentam características da síndrome de cantarofilia, tais como pétalas carnosas, de colora o clara e emiss o de odores fortes e desagradáveis. A antese é crepuscular, iniciando por volta das 17 horas e a dura o das flores é de aproximadamente dois dias. As flores se apresentam em fase feminina nas primeiras 20 horas e em fase masculina nas 20 horas seguintes, caracterizando a dicogamia. Carpophilus hemipterus, Carpophilus sp e Haptoncus ochraceus (Nitidulidae) s o os principais visitantes, sendo considerados como polinizadores desta anonácea. A espécie é autocompatível, contudo, os testes de germina o indicam que as sementes obtidas por poliniza o cruzada apresentam maior viabilidade do que as resultantes de geitonogamia.
Biologia floral e sistema reprodutivo de Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud. (Fabaceae- Papilionoidae) na regi o de Petrolina, Pernambuco
Kiill Lúcia Helena Piedade,Drumond Marcos Ant?nio
Ciência Rural , 2001,
Abstract: Aspectos da biologia da poliniza o e do sistema de reprodu o de Gliricidia sepium foram estudados no período de mar o a dezembro de 1999, entre 05:30 e 17:00h., em uma popula o introduzida na Embrapa Semi-árido (Petrolina, estado de Pernambuco). Quinze indivíduos da popula o foram marcados e acompanhados quinzenalmente para as observa es dos estudos fenológicos. Para o estudo da morfologia e biologia florais, flores e inflorescências foram marcadas e acompanhadas até a forma o dos frutos. Os visitantes florais foram observados ao longo do período do experimento, anotando-se a freqüência, o horário e a dura o de suas visitas. G. sepium apresenta flora o anual do tipo "cornucópia", com pico desta fenofase no mês de agosto. As flores est o reunidas em racemos axilares, com desenvolvimento centrípeto, ocorrendo a antese de 5 a 45 flores/dia. As flores apresentam a forma o típica das papilionáceas, com corola de cor magenta, com a parte central do estandarte de cor creme, o qual funciona como guia de néctar. A antese é diurna, ocorrendo por volta da 06:00h, e a dura o das flores é de aproximadamente 10 horas. Abelhas Apidae e Anthophoridae e lepidópteros Hesperiidae s o os visitantes mais freqüentes, sendo Xylocopa griscesens, X. frontalis e Eulaema nigrita consideradas como principais polinizadores desta espécie. Quanto ao sistema de reprodu o, G. sepium é xen gama obrigatória, produzindo frutos e sementes somente após poliniza o cruzada (51,6%).
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