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Search Results: 1 - 6 of 6 matches for " Khdour "
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Societal perspectives on community pharmacy services in West Bank - Palestine
Khdour MR,Hallak HO
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2012,
Abstract: Understanding the public's view of professional competency is extremely important; however little has been reported on the public’s perception of community pharmacists in PalestineObjectives: To determine the perception of Palestinian consumers of the community pharmacist and the services they offerMethod: This project used the survey methodology administered by structured interviews to consumers who attended the 39 randomly selected pharmacies, in six main cities in Palestine. The questionnaire had range of structured questions covering: Consumers’ patronage patterns, consumers’ interaction with community pharmacists, consumers’ views on how the pharmacist dealt with personal health issues, procedure with regard to handling private consultations.Results: Of 1,017 consumers approached, 790 consumers completed the questionnaire (77.7 %). Proximity to home and presence of knowledgeable pharmacist were the main reasons for patients to visit the same pharmacy. Physicians were identified as the preferred source of advice by 57.2% and pharmacists by 23.8%. Only 17% of respondents considered pharmacists as health professionals who know a lot about drugs and are concerned about and committed to caring for the public. In addition, 49% indicated that pharmacists spoke more quietly cross the counter during counseling and almost one third reported that the pharmacist used a private area within the pharmacy. The majority of respondents would be happy to receive different extended services in the community pharmacy like blood pressure monitoring.Conclusions: Palestinian consumers have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists and the services they offer. Awareness should be created amongst the public about the role of pharmacist and the added value they can provide as health care professional. There is a need to consider privacy when giving patient counseling to increase user satisfaction.
Societal perspectives on community pharmacy services in West Bank-Palestine
Khdour,Maher R.; Hallak,Hussein O.;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552012000100004
Abstract: understanding the public's view of professional competency is extremely important; however little has been reported on the public′s perception of community pharmacists in palestine objectives: to determine the perception of palestinian consumers of the community pharmacist and the services they offer method: this project used the survey methodology administered by structured interviews to consumers who attended the 39 randomly selected pharmacies, in six main cities in palestine. the questionnaire had range of structured questions covering: consumers′ patronage patterns, consumers′ interaction with community pharmacists, consumers′ views on how the pharmacist dealt with personal health issues, procedure with regard to handling private consultations. results: of 1,017 consumers approached, 790 consumers completed the questionnaire (77.7 %). proximity to home and presence of knowledgeable pharmacist were the main reasons for patients to visit the same pharmacy. physicians were identified as the preferred source of advice by 57.2% and pharmacists by 23.8%. only 17% of respondents considered pharmacists as health professionals who know a lot about drugs and are concerned about and committed to caring for the public. in addition, 49% indicated that pharmacists spoke more quietly cross the counter during counseling and almost one third reported that the pharmacist used a private area within the pharmacy. the majority of respondents would be happy to receive different extended services in the community pharmacy like blood pressure monitoring. conclusions: palestinian consumers have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists and the services they offer. awareness should be created amongst the public about the role of pharmacist and the added value they can provide as health care professional. there is a need to consider privacy when giving patient counseling to increase user satisfaction.
Improved Stability Based Partially Disjoint AOMDV  [PDF]
Wesam Almobaideen, Dimah Al-Khateeb, Azzam Sleit, Mohammad Qatawneh, Khadejeh Qadadeh, Rasha Al-Khdour, Hadeel Abu Hafeeza
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2013.65027
Abstract:

Mobile Ad-hoc network (MANET) is an infrastructure-less and dynamic network. Routing in such a network is a challenge due to the mobility of its nodes. Multipath routing protocols try to improve the performance by finding more than one path towards the destination which could be kept as alternatives should the main path breaks. Stability-based Partially Disjoint AOMDV (SPDA) protocol has been proposed to tackle problems resulted from the very dynamic topology of MANETs. SPDA finds partially disjoint paths that are more stable than the maximally disjoint ones in order to increase paths lifetime as well as the availability of such multipaths. When choosing partially disjoint paths, SPDA does not take into consideration the number of hops of each path. Moreover, SPDA transmits packets over the shortest path until it becomes invalid before it tries to utilize other alternative paths. In this paper we improve SPDA by adding the number of nodes each path passes through to the selection criteria. In the Improved SPDA (ISPDA), the available alternative paths have been utilized to transmit packets in parallel. We compare the SPDA and ISPDA regarding the throughput and delay. Results show the superiority of ISPDA over the original one.

Policy-Based Support for Mobile Grid Services
Tariq Alwada'n,Thair Khdour,Helge Janicke,Abdulsalam Alarabeyyat
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2013,
Abstract: In a multi-organization environment like the GRID, each institute might want to apply some boundaries on how its resources are being utilized by other institutes. A disagreement between the multi-Virtual Organizations (VOs) might happen in the security aspect for the policy framework. Mobile Grid Services has given the ability to move jobs, data and application software from nodes to nodes during jobs execution in the grid environment. It has also solved some of the lack in finding suitable resources for the jobs. To facilitate the ability to support mobile resource sharing between multiple heterogeneous VOs, an authorization policy management framework is needed to support authorization for heterogeneous authorization systems. Traditional authorization policy management frameworks act well in authorization policy for a single VO where the contributing hosts grant the permission to follow a global authorization system. However most of policy management tools do not provide a clear support for sharing mobile resources between multiple heterogeneous VOs. To solve this problem, we present a dynamic and heterogeneous policy management framework that can give a clear policy definition about the ability to move jobs, data and application software from nodes to nodes during jobs execution in the grid environment. We introduce an architecture for policy based resource management in the case of mobile sharing, and a scenario that explain the advantages of mobility mechanism and the role of policy in the grid systems. To check the performance of this architecture, a set of experiments had conducted. The results, analysis and the overheads estimation are presented in this journal
Dynamic Policy Management in Mobile Grid Environments
Tariq Alwada'n,Hamza Aldabbas,Helge Janicke,Thair Khdour
International Journal of Computer Networks & Communications , 2012,
Abstract: Mobile Grid Services has given the ability to move jobs, data and application software from nodes to nodes during jobs execution in the grid environment. These migrations depend on the grid’s users and the grid’s nodes policies. The heterogeneity, diversity of policies and attributes leads to a need for policy management tools that can handle these problems. Also, before the users can submit their jobs or run their applications on a certain resource or system they may need to guarantee that this resource or system has not been compromised, which could result in their own application or data being stolen or asking for certain users to be allowed to access the service. To date, not enough attention has been paid to policies that deal with such concerns. Most existing grid systems have support only limited types of policies (e.g. CPU resources). A few designs consider enforcing data policies in their architecture. Therefore, we propose a dynamic policy framework that addresses these issues (user-submitted policy, data policy and multiple Virtual Organizations (VOs).
Lossless Image Compression Technique Using Combination Methods  [PDF]
A. Alarabeyyat, S. Al-Hashemi, T. Khdour, M. Hjouj Btoush, S. Bani-Ahmad, R. Al-Hashemi, S. Bani-Ahmad
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2012.510088
Abstract: The development of multimedia and digital imaging has led to high quantity of data required to represent modern imagery. This requires large disk space for storage, and long time for transmission over computer networks, and these two are relatively expensive. These factors prove the need for images compression. Image compression addresses the problem of reducing the amount of space required to represent a digital image yielding a compact representation of an image, and thereby reducing the image storage/transmission time requirements. The key idea here is to remove redundancy of data presented within an image to reduce its size without affecting the essential information of it. We are concerned with lossless image compression in this paper. Our proposed approach is a mix of a number of already existing techniques. Our approach works as follows: first, we apply the well-known Lempel-Ziv-Welch (LZW) algorithm on the image in hand. What comes out of the first step is forward to the second step where the Bose, Chaudhuri and Hocquenghem (BCH) error correction and detected algorithm is used. To improve the compression ratio, the proposed approach applies the BCH algorithms repeatedly until “inflation” is detected. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm could achieve an excellent compression ratio without losing data when compared to the standard compression algorithms.
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