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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 167659 matches for " Khalifa E. Sharquie "
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Targetoid Polycyclic Concentric Hair Regrowth Pattern Is a Sign of Immunological Recovery in Alopecia Areata  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie, Raheeq K. Ahmed, Inas K. Sharquie
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2018.83017
Abstract: Background: Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune disease, where there are many topical and systemic therapies, during which hair growth appears in a uniform pattern. In certain cases, hair regrowth takes a polycyclic pattern simulating a target, so called targetoid phenomena. Objective: To screen all cases of treated alopecia areata for hair targetoid regrowth pattern. Methods: This is an observational study, was conducted in Dermatology Department of Baghdad Teaching Hospital in Iraq, during the period, August 2017 to October 2017. All cases treated for alopecia areata with IM triamcinolone 20 - 40 mg injection every 2 weeks with topical clobetasone ointment and zinc sulfate 2 mg/kg/day for 2 months, were examined for the targetoid concentric hair regrowth pattern. Result: Among all cases of alopecia areata, seven patients were recorded to have the targetoid concentric hair pattern, which seen 2 - 4 weeks after therapy, their ages ranged from 4 to 25 years old with a mean 14.5, all of them were males. All these patients returned back with hair growth in a form of rings of hair growth alternating with rings of little or no hair growth forming a typical picture of target. Conclusion: Targetoid polycyclic concentric hair regrowth pattern is an important phenomenon seen in patients receiving treatment for alopecia areata, which is a good sign of recovery where its etiopathogenesis could not well be elucidated but alternating immunological reactions could explain this targetoid pattern.
Treatment of Kaposi’s Sarcoma by Combination of Zinc Sulfate and Propranolol  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie, Adil A. Noaimi
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2018.84026
Abstract: Kaposis sarcoma (KS) in Iraq has been reported as sporadic cases of elderly of Iraqi population but after exposure to depleted uranium radiation in early 1991, the frequency of the disease is increasing appearing in younger age with more wide spread and aggressive in nature. There is no satisfactory oral treatment to control this disease. The aim of the present work is to record a new regime of therapy using oral zinc sulfate and oral propanolol. Four patients with wide spread Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) were treated with oral and topical zinc sulfate solution and oral propranolol. The duration of treatment was between 6 - 12 months and the response started few weeks and was obvious after one month. Most old lesions were resolved leaving post inflammatory hyperpigmentation and few lesions appeared during course of treatment.
Cutaneous Manifestations at Saphenous Vein Harvest Site among Iraqi Patients with Coronary Artery Bypass Graft  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie, Adil A. Noaimi, Ali S. Alaboudi
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2012.21008
Abstract: Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has become a common surgical procedure and increasingly done in Iraq. The greater saphenous vein (GSV) is the most veins often used as the conduit and its complications include a variety of cutaneous manifestations. Objective: To report the cutaneous manifestations at the saphenous vein harvesting site in Iraqi patients who undergone CABG. Methods: A total of 100 (82 males, 18 females) patients who had undergone CABG using the saphenous vein (SV) harvested by longitudinal incision open technique at the legs and/ or thighs were included in this case descriptive study. All cases were seen at least two months after the time of the operation in the outpatient clinic of the Cardiac Surgery Department in the Ibn-Albitar Hospital during October 2009 - October 2010. A detailed history and close dermatological examination were done including all related points to their problems. Results: The cutaneous changes on and around the saphenous vein (SV) graft donor scars were noticed in 60 out of 100 patients, 49 (81.66%) males and 11 (18.33%) females, their ages ranged from 32 - 74 (59.38±8.3221) years, with body mass index (BMI)ranged from 21.8746 - 26.9057 (23.875±8.5378). The duration interval between the time of CABG and presentation ranged from 2-180 months with a median of 5 months, 36 (60%) patients presented at less than 6 months and 24 (40%) patients presented at more than 6 months. Anesthesia was the predominant presenting symptom in 49 (81.6%), followed by neurolgic pain 8 (13.3%) and pruritus 2 (3.3%), while the cutaneous signs recorded at the site of SVG were: Xerosis in 17 (28.3%) patients, followed by residual hyperpigmentation 11(18.3%), depigmentation 11(18%), recent hair loss 11 (16.6%), hypertrophic scar 8 (13.3%), non-healing ulcer 7 (11.6%), lymphedema 7 (11.6%) and neuropathy dermatitis 6 (10%). Conclusions: Cutaneous manifestations following coronary artery bypass surgery are not uncommon problem in Iraqi patients that are seen at area of saphenous vein harvesting but the most interesting thing is to report the neuropathy dermatitis.
Topical 15% Zinc Sulfate Solution Is an Effective Therapy for Feet Odor  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie,Adil A. Noaimi,Saad D. Hameed
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2013.33031
Abstract: Background: Feet odor is a common sociomedical problem that affects the feet of human beings of different etiological factors. Multiple modalities of therapy have been used in the treatment of feet odor. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical 15% zinc sulfate solution in the treatment of feet odor. Patients and Methods: This single blind, placebo, controlled therapeutic study was conducted at the Department of Dermatology-Baghdad Teaching Hospital, from March 2010 to July 2011. A total of 108 (88 males and 20 females) patients with feet odor were enrolled and were divided into 2 groups: Group A: treated with 15% zinc sulfate solution. Group B: treated with distilled water as placebo control group. Full history and examination were carried out including all relevant points. Four scoring had been used to assess the severity of odor in patients with bared feet Score 0: no odor, Score 1: mild odor, Score 2: moderate odor and Score 3: severe odor. Zinc sulfate solution 15% was applied to sole and toe webs once daily for two weeks, three times per week for next two weeks and followed by single application weekly as maintenance after clearance of odor for two months. Patients were seen every two weeks to be examined and to score the odor again and to record side effects. Results: Group A: Fifty patients completed the study, their ages ranged from 8 - 68 (33 + 14.5) years, while the duration of the disease ranged from 1 - 180 (7.22 + 38.24) months. The complete clearance of feet odor after two weeks of therapy was 35 (70%) patients which was similar to two months maintenance therapy 35 (70%) and was highly statistically significant (p value = 0.0000001). Group B: Fifty patients received the placebo solution, their ages ranged from 16 - 75 (32.6 + 13.4) years, while the duration of the disease ranged from 1 - 180 (43.7 + 47.65) months. The complete clearance of feet odor was in 1 (2%) patient after two weeks therapy and after two months maintenance therapy. No side effects were recorded. Conclusions: Topical 15% zinc sulfate solution had an effective therapeutic and prophylactic action against feet odor.
Lichen Planopilaris is a Common Scarring Alopecia among Iraqi Population  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie,Adil A. Noaimi,Ammar F. Hameed
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2013.33a1005
Abstract: Background: Scarring alopecia like discoid lupus erythematosus, lichenplanopilaris and scarring folliculitis are common skin problems where differentiations between them are often difficult in many cases. Objective: To report, study and evaluate cases of lichen planopilaris and characterize the different clinical points in favor of this disease. Patients and Methods: This case series descriptive study was done at Department of Dermatology-Baghdad Teaching Hospital from January 2010 to November 2012. Sixty seven patients were included where history and dermatological examinations were carried out to all patients regarding all relevant points related to the disease. Punch biopsies were performed from ten patients for histopathological study. Results: The mean age of onset of the disease was 36.7 ± 5 years with a mean duration of the disease was 4.4 ± 3 years. The male to female ratio was 1.4:1. The characteristic lesions were pigmented scarring moth eaten alopecia surrounded by pigmented hyperkeratotic follicular papules involving mainly the fronto-vertical and parietal scalp. Conclusions: Lichen planopilaris is a common cause of scalp scarring alopecia in adult and it has many characteristic clinical features which can facilitate differentiation from other pathologic scalp conditions like discoid lupus erythematosus.
Lichen Planopilaris is a Common Scarring Alopecia among Iraqi Population  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie, Adil A. Noaimi, Ammar F. Hameed
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2013.33A1005
Abstract:


Background: Scarring alopecia like discoid lupus erythematosus, lichenplanopilaris and scarring folliculitis are common skin problems where differentiations between them are often difficult in many cases. Objective: To report, study and evaluate cases of lichen planopilaris and characterize the different clinical points in favor of this disease. Patients and Methods: This case series descriptive study was done at Department of Dermatology-Baghdad Teaching Hospital from January 2010 to November 2012. Sixty seven patients were included where histological and dermatological examinations were carried out to all patients regarding all relevant points related to the disease. Punch biopsies were performed from ten patients for histopathological study. Results: The mean age of onset of the disease was 36.7 ± 5 years with a mean duration of the disease being 4.4 ± 3 years. The male to female ratio was 1.4:1. The characteristic lesions were pigmented scarring moth eaten alopecia surrounded by pigmented hyperkeratotic follicular papules involving mainly the fronto-vertical and parietal scalp. Conclusions: Lichen planopilaris is a common cause of scalp scarring alopecia in adult and it has many characteristic clinical features which can facilitate differentiation from other pathologic scalp conditions like discoid lupus erythematosus.

Topical 15% Zinc Sulfate Solution Is an Effective Therapy for Feet Odor  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie, Adil A. Noaimi, Saad D. Hameed
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2013.33031
Abstract:

Background: Feet odor is a common sociomedical problem that affects the feet of human beings of different etiological factors. Multiple modalities of therapy have been used in the treatment of feet odor. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical 15% zinc sulfate solution in the treatment of feet odor. Patients and Methods: This single blind, placebo, controlled therapeutic study was conducted at the Department of Dermatology-Baghdad Teaching Hospital, from March 2010 to July 2011. A total of 108 (88 males and 20 females) patients with feet odor were enrolled and were divided into 2 groups: Group A: treated with 15% zinc sulfate solution. Group B: treated with distilled water as placebo control group. Full history and examination were carried out including all relevant points. Four scoring had been used to assess the severity of odor in patients with bared feet Score 0: no odor, Score 1: mild odor, Score 2: moderate odor and Score 3: severe odor. Zinc sulfate solution 15% was applied to sole and toe webs once daily for two weeks, three times per week for next two weeks and followed by single application weekly as maintenance after clearance of odor for two months. Patients were seen every two weeks to be examined and to score the odor again and to record side effects. Results: Group A: Fifty patients completed the study, their ages ranged from 8 - 68 (33 + 14.5) years, while the duration of the disease ranged from 1 - 180 (7.22 + 38.24) months. The complete clearance of feet odor after two weeks of therapy was 35 (70%) patients which was similar to two months maintenance therapy

Treatment of Chronic Paronychia: A Double Blind Comparative Clinical Trial Using Singly Vaseline, Nystatin and Fucidic Acid Ointment  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie, Adil A. Noaimi, Sunbul A. Galib
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2013.34038
Abstract:

Background: Chronic paronychia is a chronic inflammatory reaction of the proximal and lateral nail folds of multifactorial in etiology like irritant, bacterial and monilial causes. But housewife work is a major cause of chronic paronychia. Objective: To assess the efficacy and prophylactic effects of Vaseline by occlusion of nail folds in comparison with nystatin ointment and fucidic acid in treatment of housewife chronic paronychia. Patients and Methods: This double, blinded, comparative therapeutic, clinical trial is conducted at the Department of Dermatology-Baghdad Teaching Hospital from May 2010 to May 2011. Eighty female housewife patients with chronic paronychia were included in this trial. They were divided into three groups according to the following therapeutic model: Group A treated by Vaseline consisted of 40 patients; Group B and Group C treated by nystatin ointment, fucidic acid ointment respectively and each group consisted of 20 patients. All demographic points related to the disease were recorded from all patients. Invented score system was applied to assess the severity of disease and the response to therapy. Patients had used therapy twice daily on the proximal and lateral nail folds. Treatment duration was 12 weeks. Results: Group A (Vaseline): The recovery rate after 12 weeks of treatment was 26 (65%) patients, while there was no recovery in 14 (35%) patients. Group B (Nystatin ointment): The recovery rate after 12 weeks was 13 (65%) cases

Genital Warts in Infants and Children
—Re-Evaluation of Podophylline 15% as an Effective Topical Therapy
 [PDF]

Khalifa E. Sharquie, Adil A. Noaimi, Mohammed N. Almallah
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2014.44035
Abstract:

Background: Condylomataacuminata is an infection caused by Human Papilloma Virus, rarely reported in infants and children. Podophylline as a treatment for this condition has been used cautiously in this age group. Objective: To report the cases of anogenital warts including condy lomataacuminata in infants and children and to evaluate the effectiveness and side effects of 15% podophyllin in treatment of genital warts. Patient and Methods: Thirty infants and young children were seen in Department of Dermatology and Venereology—Baghdad Teaching Hospital in this case descriptive and therapeutic trial, in the period from January 2011 to August 2012. Their ages ranged from 8 - 72 (30.43 ± 15.85) months, 20 females and 10 males with a female:male ratio of 2:1. The duration of the disease ranged from 1 - 12 (5.26 ± 4.00) months. All demographics data were recorded in this study. History and examination were carried out to all patients. Family members including mothers were assessed about the presence of any type of viral warts in other location of body. Podophyllin (15%) in tincture benzoin was applied once weekly to all viral warts and the parents advised to wash out after 2 hours of application. The number of applications was repeated until full recovery. Follow-up after recovery was carried out for 6 months to watch for any relapse and to record local or systemic side effects. Results: The clinical pictures were mostly acondylomata acuminata in a form of cauliflower like warts in 20 (73.33%) patients, while in 10 (26.77%) patients there were ordinary verruca vulgaris like warts. The location of warts was perianal in 23 (76.66%) patients, genital only in 2 (6.66%) patients, and mixed in 5 (16.66%) patients. Topical applications of podophyllin 15% gave a full recovery in 27 (90%) patients, while in 3 (10%) patients there was partial response. The number of applications ranged from 1 - 4 (2.7 ± 1.42) applications. Follow up for 6 months after recovery showed relapse in only one patient, and no side effects were reported in any patients. Conclusion: There is upsurge of cases of anogenital warts among infants and children. Podophyllin (15%) in tincture benzoin is an effective therapy and no local or systemic side effects were

Frictional Melanosis of Rubbing Thighs in Iraqi Patients  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie, Adil A. Noaimi, Attaa A. Hajji
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2014.43028
Abstract:

Background: Frictional melanosis of rubbing inner thighs is a common problem among Iraqi females causing great psychological and cosmetic impact. It might simulate lifa disease but it is a different entity. It is unfortunately not reported in the medical literatures although commonly encountered in daily clinical practice. Objective: To evaluate the hyperpigmentation of inner aspects of thighs in Iraqi females as an isolated pigmentary problem. Patient and Methods: Sixty patients with frictional melanosis of rubbing thighs were seen in Department of Dermatology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital in this case descriptive, clinical and histopathological study, during the period from April 2011 to March 2012. Any associated skin problems were also noticed like folliculitis and boils at area of friction. Forty individuals were enrolled in the present work as the healthy control group. The pigmentation was assessed by clinical, Wood’s light and histopathological examinations (H&E and Fontana stains). Body mass index was obtained for all patients and obesity was graded according to WHO recommendations. Results: The ages of patients ranged between 19 - 52 (32.86 ± 7.65) years, with 59 (98.3%) females and 1 (1.6%) male. By Wood’s light examination, accentuation in pigmentation was observed in 39 (58%) patients, while 21 (42%) of lesions showed no change. Body mass index was ranged from 23.3 - 43.6 (34.04 ± 4.13), history of vigorous rubbing of pigmented area with washing tool (lifa) was positive in 46 (76.6%) patients. Skin biopsies in 10 patients showed pure dermal melanophages in 3 of biopsies with slight melanosis of basal layer of epidermis, while the other 7 biopsies showed mainly increase in basal melanin. There was a statistically significant association between obesity and the severity of pigmentation of the inner thighs. Forty control individuals (2 males and 38 females) were assessed, their ages ranged from 19 - 50 (31.72 ± 6.40) years. All females were within normal weight while males were overweight and BMI was ranged from 19.7 - 28.2 (22.49 ± 1.84). All control individuals showed no pigmentation

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