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The mammalian fauna from the Central Himalaya, Nepal
Hem Bahadur Katuwal,Bhaiya Khanal,Khadga Basnet,Bhim Rai
Asian Journal of Conservation Biology , 2013,
Abstract: Nepal harbors unique mammalian fauna, but it is poorly studied at higher elevation. Mammalian fauna were recorded in Manaslu Conservation Area, Dudhkunda and Dudhkoshi valley of Solukhumbu district and Kanchenjunga Conservation Area of Nepal during March 2011 to April 2013 along the trail and the study plots from 700m to 4400m a.s.l. Semi-structured interviews were made with local people to understand their behavior and habitats. Altogether, 29 mammalian fauna were recorded. Five species were recorded new for the areas. Overall, Carnivore species (nine) were encountered more, followed by species of the order Cetartiodactyla (seven). The highest number of mammalian fauna (18) was identified from Manaslu Conservation Area whereas the least (11) from Dudhkunda and Dudhkoshi valley. Human wildlife conflict was frequent with Himalayan Goral (Naemorhedus goral), Barking Deer (Muntiacus vaginalis), Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), Nepal Grey Langur (Semnopithecus schistaceus) and Himalayan Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus) for crop depredation in these areas. Although mammalian research started a long time ago, scenario of comprehensive research is not satisfactory in the Central Himalaya, Nepal.
Challenges for Transforming Family Planning Rights into Practices in Nepal
Khadga Bahadur Shrestha
Health Prospect , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/hprospect.v12i2.9874
Abstract: Transforming family planning rights into practices is not an easy task especially in a developing nation like Nepal where society is patriarchal and literacy is low. Besides, coverage and quality of reproductive health services and active involvement of the community is crucial in the transformation. For properly addressing these challenges, all the sectors that provide family planning services need to act on advocacy, creating demand, reshaping service delivery, sustainability (financial and self-reliance) and high level political and financial commitments are necessary. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hprospect.v12i2.9874 Health Prospect Vol.12(2) 2013: 42-46
Documentation of flora of Rara lake and adjoining areas in mid-western region of Nepal
BK Basnet
Banko Janakari , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/banko.v21i1.9063
Abstract: Rara National Park is the smallest national park of the country. It is rich in floral and faunal diversity. Rara is one of the sacred lakes and is listed as a Ramsar site. The aim of the study was to compile the representative flora of Rara lake and to present status of available vegetation. The research used both primary and secondary sources of data. Field visit was conducted in June, 2010 during which more than 300 plant specimens were collected. The secondary data were collected from Rara and adjoining area like Gamgadi. These data were thoroughly analyzed to understand the composition of vegetation. The study revealed the existence of about 224 flowering plant species in the area, under 173 genera and 67 families. Compositae was found to be the largest family (21 species and 17 genera) followed by Rosaceae (19 species and 10 genera). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/banko.v21i1.9063 Banko Janakari, Vol. 21, No. 1 2011; 41-47
Curcumin: An Anti-Inflammatory Molecule from a Curry Spice on the Path to Cancer Treatment
Purusotam Basnet,Natasa Skalko-Basnet
Molecules , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/molecules16064567
Abstract: Oxidative damage and inflammation have been pointed out in preclinical studies as the root cause of cancer and other chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, Alzheimer’s disease, etc. Epidemiological and clinical studies have suggested that cancer could be prevented or significantly reduced by treatment with anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory drugs, therefore, curcumin, a principal component of turmeric (a curry spice) showing strong anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, might be a potential candidate for the prevention and/or treatment of cancer and other chronic diseases. However, curcumin, a highly pleiotropic molecule with an excellent safety profile targeting multiple diseases with strong evidence on the molecular level, could not achieve its optimum therapeutic outcome in past clinical trials, largely due to its low solubility and poor bioavailability. Curcumin can be developed as a therapeutic drug through improvement in formulation properties or delivery systems, enabling its enhanced absorption and cellular uptake. This review mainly focuses on the anti-inflammatory potential of curcumin and recent developments in dosage form and nanoparticulate delivery systems with the possibilities of therapeutic application of curcumin for the prevention and/or treatment of cancer.
Curcumin: A Challenge in Cancer Treatment
Purusotam Basnet,Natasa Skalko-Basnet
Journal of Nepal Pharmaceutical Association , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/jnpa.v26i1.6631
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jnpa.v26i1.6631?
A clinicoepidemiological study of polymorphic light eruption
Sharma Lata,Basnet A
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2008,
Abstract: Background and Aims: The prevalence of polymorphic light eruption (PLE) varies between 10-20% in different countries but no such data is available from India, where exposure to sunlight is high. Methods: A clinico-epidemiological study of PLE was done in the skin outpatient department (OPD) of Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital from January to December. Results: The ages of the patients varied from 5-70 years. Out of a total of 39,112 OPD cases, 220 cases of PLE (138 females and 82 males) were recorded, giving a prevalence of 0.56% in this study population. The skin type varied between IV and VI in 96% of the cases. Housewives were 81, students 67, office persons 39, farmers 22, businessmen 6 and unemployed 5. Discussion: The manifestation of PLE was most common in housewives in areas exposed to the sun. Most of the PLE patients presented with mild symptoms and rash around the neck, forearms and arms which was aggravated on exposure to sunlight. PLE was more prevalent in the months of March and September and the disease was recurrent in 31.36% of the cases. Conclusions: The prevalence of PLE was 0.56%. It was mild in nature and only areas exposed to the sun were involved.
Prevalence of tobacco use among the children in the age group of 13-15 years in Sikkim after 5 years of prohibitory legislation
Majra J,Basnet Junita
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 2008,
Abstract:
Trends in Neonatal Mortality at a Tertiary Level Teaching Hospital
Srijana Basnet,Laxman Shrestha
Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/jnps.v33i3.8957
Abstract: Introduction : Neonatal services at Tribhuvan University Teaching hospital (TUTH) was essentially up to level II till year 2008 and upgraded to level III care in later years. A 4 years retrospective study was carried out at TUTH, Kathmandu, Nepal to determine any change in the trend of neonatal mortality after the improvement in its services. Materials and Methods : Labor room record book, neonatal record book, perinatal audit data and neonatal record charts were used to collect the data. Results : During the study period, there were total of 15063 live births. The neonatal mortality ranges from 9.46 to 14.88 per 1000 live births per year. There was no significant fall in trend of neonatal mortality (x 2 for linear trend=1.40, p =0.23). There was also no significant fall in trend in perinatal mortality rates over this period (x 2 for linear trend=1.92, p =0.16).The number of neonates referred to other hospitals has been significantly reduced by 61%.(x 2 for linear trend=33.18, p<0.001). Majority of the neonatal deaths (72%) occurred within first 7 days of life and more than a third (39%) died within the first 24 hours of life. Respiratory distress syndrome, perinatal asphyxia and neonatal sepsis were three major causes of death. Deaths due to respiratory distress and perinatal asphyxia has not changed significantly over the years (p=0.4 and 0.25 respectively). Incidence of low birth weight ranges from 10.8 – 16.1% of total live births. 63% of neonatal mortality occurred in low birth weight babies. This trend has not changed in over the years (x 2 =1.03, p=0.31). Conclusion : With the improvement in the services, though neonatal mortality remained unchanged, referral rates and mortality due to respiratory distress syndrome of prematurity has decreased. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v33i3.8957 ? J. Nepal Paediatr. Soc. 2013;33(3):213-217
Investing in medical student’s research: Promoting future of evidence based medicine in Nepal
B Basnet,A Bhandari
Health Renaissance , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/hren.v11i3.9660
Abstract: Along with clinical training, encouraging practice of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) plays a crucial role in training tomorrow’s doctors. Involvement of medical students in research activities is crucial in developing critical thinking, efficient literature-searching, and application of formal rules of evidence in evaluating the clinical literature, and publishing research to contribute to medicine. Though significant progress has been made in the recent years, the concept of student research is relatively new and less implemented in Nepal. Mandatory research in the medical curriculum, electives or dual degree programs can not only promote student research but also enhance better EBM practices among medical professionals. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hren.v11i3.9660 Health Renaissance 2013;11(3):297-300
Inclusive Education for Transhumance Groups in Himalayas: Educational Policy Challenge for Nepal
Shrestha Basnet,Mahesh Banskota
Journal of Education and Research , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/jer.v2i0.7619
Abstract: Nepal’s education policy documents lack a focus as they try to incorporate several issues like modernization and economic growth, to social transformation, social justice, inclusion, equality, social development, human rights etc. This lack of focus has been aggravated by the pathological approach by the international actors through ‘multiple diagnoses’ and ‘multiple prescriptions’. This paper discusses major challenges the educational development stakeholders face in this multiethnic and geographically diverse country where the issue of the inclusion is prominent.
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