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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 395 matches for " Keshav Bhattarai "
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Urban Vulnerabilities in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal: Visualizations of Human/Hazard Interactions  [PDF]
Keshav Bhattarai, Dennis Conway
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2010.22012
Abstract: Excessive unplanned urban growth leads to many vulnerabilities and impacts on urban environments to varying degrees. However, the majority of the extant literature focuses on the problems related to location and socioeconomic conditions, rather than vulnerability processes and related environmental degradation. This paper analyzes the scope of urban vulnerabilities for five rapidly urbanizing and highly-congested cities in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. First, the historic context of the Valley’s uncontrolled urbanization sets the scene. Second, the optic is narrowed to focus upon the geographical features of the resultant urbanized Valley landscape that includes spatial arrangements and of houses, population densities, road networks, vehicular densities, garbage problems, and available open spaces. Additionally, seismic vulnerabilities in the urban areas are also considering in this examination. Third, three-dimensional visualizations of selected urban locations are presented to differentiate between vulnerable and relatively safe locations. The intent of this research is to contribute to the methodological understanding of human/hazards interactions in rapidly urbanizing cities of the Third World, which share similar socioeconomic conditions and environmental con-texts.
Co-Benefits of REDD+ in Community Managed Forests in Nepal
Laxman Joshi,Bhaskar Singh Karky,Krishna Chandra Poudel,Keshav Bhattarai,Resham Dangi,Krishna Acharya,Batu Uprety,Vijay Singh,Narendra Chand,Ugan Manandhar
Journal of Forest and Livelihood , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/jfl.v11i2.8623
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jfl.v11i2.8623 Journal of Forestry and Livelihood Vol.11(2) 2013 65-68
Transmission of Leishmania donovani in the Hills of Eastern Nepal, an Outbreak Investigation in Okhaldhunga and Bhojpur Districts
Bart Ostyn?,Surendra Uranw?,Narayan Raj Bhattarai,Murari L. Das?,Keshav Rai?,Katrien Tersago?,Yubraj Pokhrel?,Lies Durnez?,Baburam Marasini?,Gert Van der Auwera
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2015, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003966
Abstract: Background In the Indian subcontinent, Visceral leishmaniasis is endemic in a geographical area coinciding with the Lower Gangetic Plain, at low altitude. VL occurring in residents of hill districts is therefore often considered the result of Leishmania donovani infection during travel. Early 2014 we conducted an outbreak investigation in Okhaldhunga and Bhojpur districts in the Nepal hills where increasing number of VL cases have been reported. Methodology/Principal Findings A house-to-house survey in six villages documented retrospectively 35 cases of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL). Anti-Leishmania antibodies were found in 22/23 past-VL cases, in 40/416 (9.6%) persons without VL and in 12/155 (7.7%) domestic animals. An age- and sex- matched case-control study showed that exposure to known VL-endemic regions was no risk factor for VL, but having a VL case in the neighbourhood was. SSU-rDNA PCR for Leishmania sp. was positive in 24 (5%) of the human, in 18 (12%) of the animal samples and in 16 (14%) bloodfed female Phlebotomus argentipes sand flies. L. donovani was confirmed in two asymptomatic individuals and in one sand fly through hsp70-based sequencing. Conclusions/Significance This is epidemiological and entomological evidence for ongoing local transmission of L. donovani in villages at an altitude above 600 meters in Nepal, in districts considered hitherto non-endemic for VL. The VL Elimination Initiative in Nepal should therefore consider extending its surveillance and control activities in order to assure VL elimination, and the risk map for VL should be redesigned.
Endoscopy on Otology - In Retrospect and Prospects
H Bhattarai
Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/njenthns.v3i1.8185
Abstract: Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery, Vol. 3 Issue 1 (Jan-June 2012) Page 21-23 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njenthns.v3i1.8185
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Present Perspective
H Bhattarai
Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/njenthns.v1i2.4764
Abstract: Keywords: BPPV, Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo; Dix-Hallpike procedure; Epley maneuver DOI: 10.3126/njenthns.v1i2.4764 Nepalese J ENT Head Neck Surg Vol.1 No.2 (2010) p.28-32
The Corrosion Behavior of Sputter-deposited W-Ti Alloys in 0.5 M NaCl Solution
Jagadeesh Bhattarai
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/njst.v10i0.2899
Abstract: The corrosion behavior of the sputter-deposited amorphous or nanocrystalline W-Ti alloys was studied in neutral 0.5 MNaCl solution at 25°C, open to air by immersion tests, electrochemical measurements and confocal scanning laser microscopic(CSLM) techniques. Titanium metal acts synergistically with tungsten in enhancing the corrosion resistance of the sputter-deposited W-Ti alloys so as to show higher corrosion resistance than those of alloy-constituting elements (that is, tungsten and titanium) in neutral 0.5 M NaCl solution. In particular, the amorphous W-Ti alloys containing 30-53 at% titanium showed lowest corrosion rates (that is, about 1 × 10 -3 mm.y -1 ). Open circuit potentials of all the examined W-Ti alloys were shifted to more noble direction than those of the open circuit potentials of?alloyconstituting elements in 0.5 M NaCl solution. Key words: Sputter deposition; W-Ti alloys; Corrosion-resistant; CSLM; NaCl solution. DOI: 10.3126/njst.v10i0.2899 Nepal Journal of Science and Technology Volume 10, 2009 December Page:109-113 ?
Editorial
S Bhattarai
Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/njdvl.v12i1.10587
Abstract: No abstract available. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njdvl.v12i1.10587 ? Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology Vol.12(1) 2014, page i Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE
Study on the Corrosive Nature of Soil Towards the Buried-Structures
Jagadeesh Bhattarai
Scientific World , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/sw.v11i11.8551
Abstract: Scientific World, Vol. 11, No. 11, July 2013, page 43-47 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/sw.v11i11.8551
Monitored anaesthesia care (MAC) and ophthalmic surgery
BK Bhattarai
Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/nepjoph.v1i1.3674
Abstract: The use of monitored anaesthesia care (MAC) is increasing with the discovery of newer, more effective and appropriate drugs and techniques. MAC is intended to achieve patient comfort with safety and optimal clinical outcome and is being extensively used worldwide for cataract and other ophthalmic surgeries. This article briefly reviews the conceptual basis of MAC, its use in ophthalmic surgeries, sedative-analgesic drugs commonly used during MAC in eye surgeries, monitoring during MAC in eye surgery and the role of anaesthesia practitioners during MAC. Key words: anaesthesia; cataract; eye; monitored anaesthesia care (MAC); sedation; surgery DOI: 10.3126/nepjoph.v1i1.3674 Nep J Oph 2009;1(1):60-65
Preparedness for patient safety in orbital regional anesthesia in Nepal
BK Bhattarai
Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/nepjoph.v4i1.5882
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/nepjoph.v4i1.5882 NEPJOPH 2012; 4(1): 206-207
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