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present study assessed the ability of normal Japanese adults to recognize kanji
and hiragana characters through passive finger tracing without visual cues. We
tested fifty-six right-handed Japanese university students using the left or
right hand. Participants recognized approximately 50% of 44 kanji characters,
regardless of the hand they used. The results are consistent with previous
findings in Chinese speakers. In contrast, the average correct response to the
44 hiragana was almost 80%, again irrespective of hand. The results are
discussed in terms of differential processing systems for Japanese writing and
of differential cerebral hemispheric specializations.
This paper describes optimal investment strategies for kinked utility functions. One example is a CRRA utility function with a kink at a maximum wealth, which leads a covered call “like” strategy and the other is a CRRA utility function with a kink at a minimum wealth, which leads a protective put “like” strategy. This paper introduces analytic mathematical solutions providing a mathematical explanation of a dual utility where Black-Sholes assumption is utilized in the solutions. The intuitive solutions are clear for cases of those kinked utilities but minute mathematical explanation is described. Also a numerical simulation is performed for a covered call like strategy case.