Abstract:
We show that a general miraculous cancellation formula, the divisibility of certain characteristic numbers and some other topologiclal results are con- sequences of the modular invariance of elliptic operators on loop spaces. Previously we have shown that modular invariance also implies the rigidity of many elliptic operators on loop spaces.

Abstract:
I will discuss results of three different types in geometry and topology. (1) General vanishing and rigidity theorems of elliptic genera proved by using modular forms, Kac-Moody algebras and vertex operator algebras. (2) The computations of intersection numbers of the moduli spaces of flat connections on a Riemann surface by using heat kernels. (3) The mirror principle about counting curves in Calabi-Yau and general projective manifolds by using hypergeometric series.

Abstract:
We describe the applications of localization methods, in particular the functorial localization formula, in the proofs of several conjectures from string theory. Functorial localization formula pushes the computations on complicated moduli spaces to simple moduli spaces. It is a key technique in the proof of the general mirror formulas, the proof of the Hori-Vafa formulas for explicit expressions of basic hypergeometric series of homogeneous manifolds, the proof of the Mari\~no-Vafa formula, its generalizations to two partition analogue. We will also discuss our development of the mathematical theory of topological vertex and simple localization proofs of the ELSV formula and Witten conjecture. This is my lecture on the 23rd International Conference of Differential Geometric Methods in Theoretical Physics Tianjin, 20 - 26 August, 2005.

Abstract:
In this note we apply heat kernels to derive some localization formula in sympletcic geometry, to study moduli spaces of flat connections on a Riemann surface, to obtain the push-forward measures for certain maps between Lie groups and to solve equations in finite groups.

Abstract:
In this paper we continue our study on the moduli spaces of flat G-bundles, for any semi-simple Lie group G, over a Riemann surface by using heat kernel and Reidemeister torsion. Formulas for intersection numbers on the moduli spaces over a Riemann surface with several boundary components, over non-orientable Riemann surfaces are obtained. Some general vanishing theorems about characteristic numbers of the moduli spaces are proved. We also extend our method to study Higgs moduli spaces, to introduce invariants for knots and 3-manifolds.

Abstract:
Due to the orbifold singularities, the intersection numbers on the moduli space of curves $\bar{\sM}_{g,n}$ are in general rational numbers rather than integers. We study the properties of the denominators of these intersection numbers and their relationship with the orders of automorphism groups of stable curves. In particular, we prove a conjecture of Itzykson and Zuber. We also present a conjectural multinomial type numerical property for Hodge integrals.

Abstract:
In this paper, we compute the adiabatic limit of the scalar curvature and prove several vanishing theorems, we also derive a Kastler-Kalau-Walze type theorem for the noncommutative residue in the case of foliations.

Abstract:
We present certain new properties about the intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curves $\bar{\sM}_{g,n}$, including a simple explicit formula of $n$-point functions and several new identities of intersection numbers. In particular we prove a new identity, which together with a conjectural identity implies the famous Faber's conjecture about relations in $\mathcal R^{g-2}(\sM_g)$. These new identities clarify the mysterious constant in Faber's conjecture and uncover novel combinatorial structures of intersection numbers. We also discuss some numerical properties of Hodge integrals which have provided numerous inspirations for this work.

Abstract:
In this paper, we give a proof of Mirzakhani's recursion formula of Weil-Petersson volumes of moduli spaces of curves using the Witten-Kontsevich theorem. We also describe properties of intersections numbers involving higher degree $\kappa$ classes.

Abstract:
We present a series of new results we obtained recently about the intersection numbers of tautological classes on moduli spaces of curves, including a simple formula of the n-point functions for Witten's $\tau$ classes, an effective recursion formula to compute higher Weil-Petersson volumes, several new recursion formulae of intersection numbers and our proof of a conjecture of Itzykson and Zuber concerning denominators of intersection numbers. We also present Virasoro and KdV properties of generating functions of general mixed $\kappa$ and $\psi$ intersections.