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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144350 matches for " Kazeem B.; Wassi Sanni "
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Itinerant vending of medicines inside buses in Nigeria: vending strategies, dominant themes and medicine-related information provided
Yusuff,Kazeem B.; Wassi Sanni,Abd';
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552011000300003
Abstract: objective: to determine vending strategies and marketing themes employed by itinerant bus vendors, and assess the accuracy and completeness of information provided on medicines being sold in an urban setting in nigeria methods: cross-sectional study and content analysis of itinerant vending of medicines inside buses recorded with a mobile telephone on purposively selected routes in a mega city with an estimated 18 million residents in southwestern nigeria over a 2-month period. two coders independently assessed 192 vending episodes by 56 vendors for 147 otc and prescription medicines. inter-rater reliability (gwet ac1 =0.924; p<0.0001). results: fourteen thousands and four hundred potential consumers encountered 192 recorded episodes of vending of medicines inside 192 buses within the study periods. forty-four (78?5%) of the 56 vendors were females in the 30-45 years age bracket, were mostly (75%) attired in the local "iro and buba" ankara fabric and showed laminated identity cards (97.5%) issued by the local association for "marketers" of medicines inside buses, markets, and motor parks. of the 14400 consumers encountered inside buses during the study period, between 6.7% and 48.3% purchased the medicines promoted. prayers against death from road traffic accidents and diseases of physical and / or meta-physical origins were the most frequently used (76?8%) ice-breaking opening statement / strategy to gain consumers′ attention. hematinics, multi-vitamins, simple analgesic, nsaids and corticosteroids were the most frequently vended medicines. consumers′ enquiries were related to dosing for children (51.8%), elderly (28.6%), and pregnancy (52.7%); and contra-indications during pregnancy (8.9%). factual medicines information such as dose, frequency, potential side effects and contra-indications were not provided in majority of vending episodes. conclusion: itinerant vending of medicines and the use of misleading and melodramatic themes to secure high consumer patronage
Itinerant vending of medicines inside buses in Nigeria: vending strategies, dominant themes and medicine-related information provided
Yusuff KB,Wassi Sanni A
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2011,
Abstract: Objectives: To determine if a pharmacist assisted psychiatric clinic would improve adherence to medications and quality of life over 6 months. The primary study endpoints were the change from baseline in Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS), Brief Evaluation of Medication Influences and Beliefs (BEMIB), World Health Organization Quality of Life - BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) scales as well as hospitalizations and emergency room visits. Secondary endpoints included metabolic and physiologic parameters.Methods: A prospective, single-center study conducted at an outpatient psychiatric clinic. Subjects were required to attend 3 clinic visits (baseline, 3 and 6 months) with the pharmacist. Subject and medication histories were obtained at each visit. Subjects’ records within the local health system were reviewed for emergency room visits and hospitalizations. Metabolic parameters were assessed at each visit.Results: Twenty-seven subjects enrolled and twenty subjects completed. Total MARS score at baseline and study end were 7.90 and 8.65, respectively. At baseline, 10 (50%) were nonadherent based on the BEMIB and 9 (45%) were nonadherent at 6 months. Statistically significant improvements were seen in 2 domains of the WHOQOL-BREF. Reductions in both ER visits and hospitalizations were achieved. There were significant improvements in total cholesterol and LDL.Conclusions: Improvements were seen in two domains of the WHOQOL-BREF – physical capacity and psychological well-being over the 6 month period. While improvements were seen in various rating scales, due to small sample sizes, these were insignificant improvements. Reductions in hospitalizations and ER visits were also seen during the study and up to 6 months post study. Statistically significant improvements were also seen in both total cholesterol and LDL. The lack of improvement in many of the study outcomes reflects the difficulty of the mental health population to adhere to treatment recommendations; but also underscores the need for continued research in this area. This pilot demonstrates the pharmacist’s ability to provide comprehensive medication management services to the psychiatric outpatient.
Threshold Parameter for the Control of Unemployment in the Society: Mathematical Model and Analysis  [PDF]
A. B. Kazeem, S. A. Alimi, M. O. Ibrahim
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2018.612214
Abstract: Unemployment is one of the major vices in our contemporal society, which weigh greatly on the economy of such nation. It is also, a fact that knowing ones enemy before battle gives 50 per cent chance of victory; thus, this research aimed at providing understanding about dynamics of unemployment with consideration for retirement and possible control criterion. And the objectives are; formulation of mathematical model using the concept of deterministic model and mathematical epidemiology; then, model analysis. The model analysis includes, a numerical semi-analytical scheme for investigating validity of analytical solutions. The result of the analysis were that: 1) the model was mathematically well-pose and biologically meaningful 2) two equilibria points exist, and 3) a threshold for recruitment from the pool of unemployment, assuring victory in the fight against unemployment was also, obtained. The threshold is required to be well managed in order to win the battle against the socio-vice (unemployment) in the contemporary society. In addition, variational iterative method (VIM) is the numerical semi-analytic scheme employed to solve the model; thus, the approximate solution gave a practical meaningful interpretation supporting the analytical results and proof of verdict of assumptions of the model. The article concluded with three points; everyone has roles to play to curtail the socio-menace, beseech government and policy makers to look kindly, and create policy(ies) to sustain population growth, and the retiree should also, plan live after service, because over dependence on pension scheme could be died before death because of corruption in the scheme.
ENT Pathologies Screening in Woodworkers in Parakou, Benin  [PDF]
Spero H. Raoul Hounkpatin, Fabien A. C. Gounongbe, Sonia Lawson Afouda, Marius C. Flatin, Karl A. F. B. Dossou-Kpanou, Fran?ois Avakoudjo, Elvire Dossoumou, Wassi Adjibabi
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.36060
Abstract: Wood dust may induce health risks on exposed timber or wood workers, one of which is ENT disorders. This article aimed to detect ENT pathologies found among woodworkers in Parakou. It was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out from 1st March to 31st May, 2012 in Parakou, North-Benin. It involved 703 carpenters and sawyers operating in timber workshops in Parakou, regardless of age and sex. The mean age of the wood-workers was 26.14 ± 7.77 years. Their seniority in the timber profession was on average 4.9 ± 2.64 years. All of them were males. It had been noticed that 81.6% of them did not comply with any safety measure for their protection. ENT pathology had been diagnosed in 60.3% of the timber workers. Rhinitises came first and affected 43.1% of the workers, followed by pharyngitises (14.1%). The histological nature of the only case of tumor observed in Parakou could not have been specified, as the patient refused to undergo anatomopathological examination. Measures should be taken to get Parakou timber workers to protect themselves.
The Stock Market and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Empirical Investigation
Afees A. Salisu,Kazeem B. Ajide
Journal of Economics Theory , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/jeth.2010.65.70
Abstract: This study is a contribution to the growing debate on stock market-growth nexus. It examines critically and empirically the causal linkage between stock market development and economic growth in Nigeria between 1970 and 2004. The indicators of stock market development used are market capitalization ratio, total value traded ratio and turnover ratio while the growth rate of gross domestic product is used as a proxy for economic growth. Using the Granger Causality (GC) test, the empirical evidence obtained from the estimation process suggests a bidirectional causality between turnover ratio and economic growth; a uni-directional relationship from market capitalization to economic growth and no causal linkage between total value traded ratio and economic growth. The behaviour of these findings is an indication that the result of the causality test is sensitive to the choice of variables used as a proxy for stock market development. Overall, the result of the GC test seems to suggest that stock market development drives economic growth.
Variational Iteration Method Solutions for Certain Thirteenth Order Ordinary Differential Equations  [PDF]
Tunde A. Adeosun, Olugbenga J. Fenuga, Samuel O. Adelana, Abosede M. John, Ogunjimi Olalekan, Kazeem B. Alao
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.410190
Abstract:

In this paper, we extend variational iteration method (VIM) to find approximate solutions of linear and nonlinear thirteenth order differential equations in boundary value problems. The method is based on boundary valued problems. Two numerical examples are presented for the numerical illustration of the method and their results are compared with those considered by [1,2]. The results reveal that VIM is very effective and highly promising in comparison with other numerical methods.

Pharmacists′ participation in the documentation of medication history in a developing setting: An exploratory assessment with new criteria
Yusuff,Kazeem B.; Tayo,Fola; Aina,Bola A.;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552010000200009
Abstract: objective: to assess the impact of pharmacists′ participation on the frequency and depth of medication history information documented in a developing setting like nigeria. method: the study consisted of two phases. the first phase was a baseline cross-sectional assessment of the frequency and depth of medication history information documented by physicians in case notes of systematic samples of 900 patients that were stratified over 9 medical outpatients units at a premier teaching hospital in south western nigeria. the second phase was an exploratory study involving 10 pharmacists who conducted cross-sectional medication history interview for 324 randomly selected patients. results: 49.2% of patients, whose medication history were documented at the baseline, by physicians, were males; while 50.3% of patient interviewed by pharmacists were male. mean age (sd) of males and females whose medication histories were documented by physicians and pharmacists were 43.2 (sd=18.6), 43.1 (sd=17.9) years and 51.5 (sd=17.6), 52.1 (sd=17.4) years respectively. the frequency of medication history information documented by pharmacists was significantly higher for twelve of the thirteen medication history components (p < 0.0001). these include prescription medicines; over the counter medicines; source of medicines; adverse drug reactions; allergy to drugs, allergy to foods, allergy to chemicals; patient adherence; alcohol use; cigarette smoking; dietary restrictions and herbal medicine use. the depth of medication history information acquired and documented by pharmacist was significantly better for all the thirteen medication history components (p<0.0001). conclusion: pharmacists′ participation resulted in significant increase in frequency and depth of medication history information documented in a developing setting like nigeria. the new medication history evaluation criteria proved useful in assessing the impact of pharmacists′ participation.
Application of optimal control to the epidemiology of malaria
Folashade B. Agusto,Nizar Marcus,Kazeem O. Okosun
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 2012,
Abstract: Malaria is a deadly disease transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female mosquitoes. In this paper a deterministic system of differential equations is presented and studied for the transmission of malaria. Then optimal control theory is applied to investigate optimal strategies for controlling the spread of malaria disease using treatment, insecticide treated bed nets and spray of mosquito insecticide as the system control variables. The possible impact of using combinations of the three controls either one at a time or two at a time on the spread of the disease is also examined.
Association between Depression and Social Demographic Factors in a Nigerian Family Practice Setting  [PDF]
R. O. Shittu, L. O. Odeigah, B. A. Issa, G. T. Olanrewaju, A. O. Mahmoud, M. A. Sanni
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2014.31006
Abstract: Objectives: Although depression is one of the more common illnesses in outpatients’ clinic, it is often overlooked. Besides accurate identification and treatment is challenging. As pertinent as demographic factors are in explaining the variability of depressive symptoms, there is paucity of data in Nigeria in particular, and West Africa in general, hence the need to bring into lime light the association between depression symptoms and socio-demographic factors in a General Outpatients Clinic in Nigeria, West Africa. Methods: Following institutional ethics committee approval, four hundred newly registered patients who attended the General Out Patients Department (GOPD) of Kwara State Specialist Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria, were selected by systematic random sampling and studied. The Patients Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) specifically developed for use in primary care with acceptable reliability, validity, sensitively was used. Association between each socio-demographic factor and depression was sought. Results: One hundred and seventy eight (44.5%) out of the four hundred respondents were found to have one form of depression or the other. There was minimal depression in 119 (29.8%), mild in 54 (13.4%), moderate in 2 (0.5%), and severe in 3 (0.8%). There was strong statistical association between depression and age group, sex, marital status, level of education, occupation and monthly income, p-values 0.008, 0.000, 0.000, 0.003, 0.000, 0.001 respectively. However, religion (p = 0.541) and ethnicity (p = 0.567) were of no statistical importance. Conclusion: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among patients attending family practice clinics was high. There was also strong
Salmonella Appendicitis in Renal Transplantation
B. Malone,S. Kleyman,A. Sanni,N. Sumrani,D. Distant
Case Reports in Transplantation , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/402735
Abstract: While appendicitis remains one of the commonest surgical diseases, there are relatively few reports following renal transplantation. A 33-year-old man was admitted with diarrhea, fever, and epigastric pain 7 years following a cadaveric renal transplant. CT scanning confirmed a diagnosis of appendicitis which was removed within 24 hours of admission. Histology and blood cultures following surgery confirmed Salmonella type b appendicitis. Patient was safely discharged home 5 days following hospital admission. 1. Introduction Acute appendicitis remains one of the commonest causes of an acute abdomen with an estimated 7% of the population developing it in their lifetime [1]. Salmonella is rarely associated with appendicitis but can cause it by direct invasion of the appendix, causing inflammation of the appendix, ileum, or lymph nodes [2]. However, appendicitis is very rare following renal transplantation because immunosuppression with corticosteroids is expected to prevent lymphoid hyperplasia [3]. We present a case of Salmonella appendicitis in a renal allograft recipient. 2. Case Report A 33-year-old man received a renal allograft from a cadaveric donor on February 5, 1999. The kidney was placed in the right iliac fossa. Maintenance immunosuppression was tacrolimus 4?mg twice daily and prednisone 10?mg once daily. On August 10, 2006, he presented with a 1-month history of diarrhea and a 6-day history of fever, epigastric pain, and vomiting. The pain was a burning sensation across the LUQ radiating to the back with associated bile-stained vomitus. On examination, he appeared dehydrated with stable vital signs apart from pyrexia of 104.2?F. Abdominal examination elicited tenderness over the RLQ area with normoactive bowel sounds and no flank tenderness. His abdomen was soft with associated guarding and rebound. Laboratory tests showed a normal white count (8,500/mm3) with a mild left shift in the neutrophil bands and a slight increase in his creatinine (2?mg/dL) from baseline. The CT scan suggested appendicitis, and patient was scheduled for a laparoscopic appendectomy with possible conversion into an open procedure. On open laparotomy, we found a grossly inflamed appendix with no signs of perforation or abscess formation. Postoperatively, histology of the specimen and blood cultures confirmed Salmonella group b bacteria infection. This was successfully treated with antibiotics, and patient was discharged home 5 days later. 3. Discussion Following renal transplantation, gastrointestinal complication is the second most common event after infection [4].
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