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Spatial – Temporal Variation of Population Growth and Sustainability of Food Grain Production in West Bengal, India
Sanjit SARKAR,Kasturi MONDAL
Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning , 2012,
Abstract: This paper examines the dynamics in population growth and sustainability of food grain production in West Bengal. Linkage between population growth and food production is an issue of debate since late eighteen century when Malthus predicted that population growth will outstrip the food supply. Though fertility level in West Bengal reached to bellow replacement (TFR is <2.1) but population will increase till next few decades due to the mechanism of population momentum. Average annual growth rate has declined over the last two decades but absolute growth in the population increases the demand for food. There has been remarkable increase in the food grain production in West Bengal after 1980s but till the current level of food production is not sufficient enough to meet the domestic food requirement, though this gap decreased over the time. Besides, slow growth in the agricultural in the last few years is another concern of sustainable food production. Population growth in the West Bengal has significant association with food grain production and agriculture. Cultivable land and net sown area has reduced significantly due to the rapid growth of population. Cropping intensity increased drastically because of the reduction of net sown area and increase in population. Hence, it is very essential to increase the current level of food production more than proportional of population growth to ensure the food security in the near future in West Bengal.
Health care services in India: A few questions on equity  [PDF]
Swadhin Mondal
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.51008
Abstract: This paper analyzes equity in health care utilizetion and out-of-pocket expenditure on health care in India using two rounds (52th round 1995-1996 and 60th round 2004-2005) of National Sample Survey data and data from a household survey carried out in 2007. The findings indicate that the average hospitalization rate has increased and the corresponding value of the concentration index has decreased over the last ten years. However, the health care payment structure is seen to be regressive for inpatient care, and more so for outpatient care. The main reason is the very high out-of-pocket payment on medicine and diagnostic tests even in government hospitals. High out-of-pocket payment has resulted in 34 percent poor households losing all their past savings, 30 percent of households borrowing with interest and 2 percent of households selling their assets. These findings indicate the urgent need for putting in place risk pooling mechanisms.
Molecular Genetics in Gynaecologic Cancer and its Clinical Implications
Kasturi Lal
JK Science : Journal of Medical Education & Research , 1999,
Abstract: Not available
From Cell and Organismal Biology to Drugs
Kasturi Haldar
PLOS Pathogens , 2015, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005002
Abstract:
Equi-Quantity, Equi-Calorie and Dose of Rice on Relative Glycemic and Insulinemic Response in Diabetic Patients  [PDF]
Kasturi Sen Ray, Neha V. Paharia
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2013.38041
Abstract:

Background and Aim: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder with high blood sugar level. The postprandial glycemic impact of foods depends on the insulin status, which is deranged completely in a type 2 diabetic person. Dietary management of this group largely focuses on the low glycemic index (GI) food, based on equi-carbohydrate comparison, to keep the blood sugar level close to normal. But we consume whole food, along with other co-nutrients, moisture, fibre etc. The present study is aiming to assess the impact of main staple food rice with regards to Equi-Quantity, Equi-Calorie and Dose on relative glycemic and insulinemic response in diabetic patients as compared to normal group. Method: Blood samples of diabetic patients with stable blood sugar under medicinal treatment and paired normal patients (n = 6 + 6) were collected after an overnight fast and up to 2 hours post consumption of test and standard food on different occasions. Glucose and insulin levels were measured using glucometer (Abbott pharmaceuticals) and ECLIA method. Result: Equi-quantity of rice exerts a much lower glycemic and insulinemic response in comparison with bread in both normal and diabetic individuals and the response to rice does not show a proportional increase even when the quantities are doubled. Rice

Development of Medium and Kinetic Modeling for Enhanced Production of Cutinase from Pseudomonas cepacia NRRL B-2320  [PDF]
Kasturi Dutta, Veeranki Venkata Dasu, Krishnamoorthy Hegde
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2013.36064
Abstract: The development of medium for the production of cutinase from Pseudomonas cepacia NRRL B 2320 was carried out using Plackett-Burman experimental design followed by central composite design. The medium components were screened by Plackett-Burman experimental design which suggested that cutin, peptone, KCl and MgSO4·7H2O have influenced the cutinase production significantly with very high confidence levels. The concentration levels of these four components were optimized using 24 full factorial central composite design. An optimum combination of 10.06 g·L-1 of cutin, 17.77 g·L-1 of peptone, 0.635 g·L-1 of KCl and 5.455 g·L-1 of MgSO4·7H2O in the medium gave a maximum cutinase activity of 336 U·mL-1. An overall 2 fold increase in the production of cutinase was observed in the optimized medium. Growth and production of cutinase from P. cepacia NRRL B 2320 have been studied in shake flask and batch bioreactor. Time course of cell growth and enzyme production was fitted to the existing kinetic models reported in the literature to estimate the biokinetic parameters. These models suggested that the production of cutinase is growth associated in shake flask and it is a mixed growth type in a batch bioreactor.
Effect of Green Tea Consumption on Selected Metabolic Biomarkers in Asian Indian Women with Metabolic Syndrome  [PDF]
Kasturi Sen Ray, Pooja R. Singhania
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.522229
Abstract: Evidence for benefits of anti-oxidative power of polyphenols in cardiovascular diseases has been established. In the present study, effect of polyphenol rich green tea on selected metabolic biomarkers among Asian Indian women with metabolic syndrome in normal free living condition has been recorded. Thirty three Asian Indian women (>30 y) confirmed as having metabolic syndrome, were enrolled for the present study based on written informed consent. Subjects were asked to consume three cups of green tea daily for a period of four months. Regular telephonic contact and periodic visit to supply the tea were made to ensure compliance with the intervention and maintenance of lifestyle and dietary pattern, as followed before the experimental period. Parameters analyzed at baseline have been used as control data to eliminate individual variation. Double-blind analysis of selected metabolic markers was done at baseline, 2 months and 4 months of the intervention period. At four months, a significant reduction from baseline was observed in weight (2%), waist circumference (4.5%), blood sugar (4%), glycosylated hemoglobin (4%), total cholesterol (11%) and LDL cholesterol (13%) (p < 0.01). The effect of green tea consumption on BMI, fasting insulin, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride, VLDL, C-reactive protein and homocysteine levels was either inconsistent or non significant. The present study showed that green tea consumption by free living subjects with metabolic syndrome resulted in significant improvements in some of the cardiovascular risk factors including visceral fat, blood sugar and cholesterol level.
Approximate Reasoning in Fuzzy Resolution  [PDF]
Banibrata Mondal, Swapan Raha
International Journal of Intelligence Science (IJIS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijis.2013.32010
Abstract:

Resolution is an useful tool for mechanical theorem proving in modelling the refutation proof procedure, which is mostly used in constructing a proof of a theorem. An attempt is made to utilize approximate reasoning methodology in fuzzy resolution. Approximate reasoning is a methodology which can deduce a specific information from general knowledge and specific observation. It is dependent on the form of general knowledge and the corresponding deductive mechanism. In ordinary approximate reasoning, we derive from AB and by some mechanism. In inverse approximate reasoning, we conclude from AB and using an altogether different mechanism. An important observation is that similarity is inherent in fuzzy set theory. In approximate reasoning methodology-

Study Chromaticity of Solar Spectrum  [PDF]
Nagendra Nath Mondal
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2014.43047
Abstract: The chromaticity of solar spectrum is studied with the help of a Solar Spectrum Monitor system that can detect individual color in the spectrum. Recent observations done by the detector on the Solar Radiation and the Erath Milieu Experiment suggest that the sun’s visible spectral irradiance changes from May 2009 to September 2012. The data of Earth’s coordinates and environment have been taken since April 2005 after the devastating Tsunami (December, 2004) of India. The bizarre data of zenith angle, azimuth angle, and temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere show their changes of maxima and minima epoch to epoch. The data of solar spectrum monitor have been taking since 2009 and significant transformations of colored ratios ΔRB/W and ΔRR/W per hour are observed among the regions of each solstice between 2009 and 2012. The author advocates that the abrupt vagaries of the Earth’s movements may cause devastating tsunamis, earthquake, volcanic eruption, cyclones and tornadoes in addition of anomalous changes of solar spectral irradiation, humidity,
Discovered Solar Positronium  [PDF]
Nagendra Nath Mondal
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2014.44057
Abstract: I describe a method for the observation of Positronium (Ps) involvement in the solar radiation spectrum. In this method, Rydberg-Ritz’s principle and Planck’s radiation formula are used to acquire information of the atomic transitions of Ps alike Hydrogen and Helium. In order to perform this experiment, an advanced solar spectrum monitor is constructed by utilizing light emitting diodes (LED) of various colors. A detailed study on this method provides qualitative agreement with experimental data, giving insight to the physical process involved in the solar radiation spectrum and confirming the existence of solar Ps.
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