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A new universal multiple input multiple output (MIMO) type current-mode biquad employing two dual output current conveyors (DOCCII), one multiple output current controlled current amplifier (MOCCCA) and four passive grounded elements is proposed which can realize all the five basic filtering functions namely, low-pass (LP), high-pass (HP), band-pass (BP), band-stop (BR) and all-pass (AP) in current mode from the same configuration. The centre frequency can be set by the passive elements of the circuit and the quality factor Q0 is electronically tunable through bias currents of the MOCCCA. Therefore, the biquad filter has independent tenability for the and Q0. The active and passive sensitivities of Q0 and are low. The workability of the new configuration has been demonstrated by PSPICE simulation results based upon a CMOS CCII in0.35μm technology.
Cadmium Zinc Sulfide, Cd1-xZnxS thin films were deposited by chemical bath deposition technique at bath temperature of 75°C. The morphology of the films was analyzed by scanning electron microscope, the optical constants of the films were estimated from the transmission and reflection spectra of the films in the wavelength range of 300 - 900 nm. The films had a transmittance between 75% and 85% and optical band gap in the range 2.8 - 3.4 eV. The dependence of the refractive index of the films on the wavelength was investigated using the single oscillator model, from which the dispersion parameters were determined. The high frequency dielectric constant εL and the ratio of the carrier concentration to the effective mass N/m* were estimated based on the Spitzer and Fan model. Both εL and N/m* show a decrease in value with increase in Zinc