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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16354 matches for " Karin Castro Cruzatt "
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El Tribunal Constitucional y las exhortaciones al legislador: el caso peruano
Karin Castro Cruzatt
Pensamiento Constitucional , 2011,
Abstract: El artículo no presenta resumen
El Tribunal Constitucional y las exhortaciones al legislador: el caso peruano
Karin Castro Cruzatt
Revista Derecho del Estado , 2011,
Abstract: Hace ya varias décadas los tribunales constitucionales europeos desarrollaron decisiones de carácter intermedio, como las sentencias interpretativas, manipulativas, aditivas y exhortativas. Estas variantes también se encuentran presentes en otros países como el Perú, cuyo Tribunal Constitucional suele incluir exhortaciones al legislador para impulsar la modificación o creación de normas legales. El propósito de este ensayo es analizar los principales problemas que plantean estos mensajes, advirtiendo sus riesgos, límites y beneficios, y ha sido desarrollado al hilo de la jurisprudencia constitucional peruana, contando también con la experiencia europea, especialmente la espa ola.
Explorative Teaching and Research—From Memory Work to Experience Stories  [PDF]
Karin Widerberg
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.714196
Abstract: Memory work is an approach developed to help us problematize the things we take for granted and as such an invitation to methodological explorations in teaching and research. By our own stories of memories and experiences we are invited to look for variety—in our own stories as well as in relation to the stories of the others—regarding content as well as interpretations. A set of techniques is developed to make this happen, in writing as well as in analyzing. Focusing on the social aspects of a story does not only imply a possibility to connect different analytical levels (micro and macro) and verify concepts and theories. It also allows us to question or specify fixed or simplified categories and concepts by making other memories, experiences and understandings visible. As such it is an approach that stimulates creativity and knowledge production in both teaching and research, to the joy of all participants. In this article it is illustrated how the approach can be used in different settings and on different themes in both teaching and research hereby also illuminating the kinds of knowledge that can be gained. Cases and detailed accounts of how the approach can be used when teaching a one-day workshop, a three-day course but also in a two-hour lecture in a regular class on BA-level are given. Examples of the use of the approach in different research projects are also presented so as to illuminate the bridge between research and teaching and how research approaches can be made into teaching approaches. The illustrations are meant to inspire further use and development of the approach so as to fit different situations and themes in teaching and research.
Integra??o de condicionantes de morfologia urbana no desenvolvimento de metodologia para planejamento energético urbano
Marins, Karin Regina de Casas Castro;Roméro, Marcelo de Andrade;
Ambiente Construído , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-86212012000400009
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to present the general characteristics of a new methodology for urban energy planning, detailing the procedures for integrating the constraints of urban morphology, which is the first stage of the methodological application. this approach is innovative and focused on the integration of strategies and solutions in urban morphology and mobility, buildings, energy and environment for the planning of urban development areas, either new or to be reclassified, at the district and neighborhood scales. the results of the application of this methodology in the case of agua branca urban operation indicated that the occupied area and the built environment and population densities needed to be harmonized with the free area required for the appropriate sizing of the road section, with respect to both the urban climatology parameters, and the provision of infrastructure and demand for urban mobility. that was a premise for the use of sunlight and solar energy in buildings as well as for having more functional and more energy efficient urban transport system.
Missing the Target?—Targeted Therapy in Small Cell Lung Cancer  [PDF]
Karin R. Purshouse
Advances in Lung Cancer (ALC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/alc.2014.33008

Small cell lung cancer [SCLC] is a devastating form of cancer, with most patients harbouring extensive disease at diagnosis and survival of less than 5% at five years. Progress in novel therapies has been limited. This specialist review explores current targeted therapy options and potential areas of development.

Felipe B. Pedraza y Oana Andreia Sambrian Toma (eds.) Hispania Felix I. Revista Hispano Rumana de Cultura y Civilización de los Siglos de Oro. Lope de Vega en su Siglo de Oro
Revista Chilena de Literatura , 2011,
Towards a Semantic Lexicon for Biological Language Processing
Karin Verspoor
Comparative and Functional Genomics , 2005, DOI: 10.1002/cfg.451
Abstract: This paper explores the use of the resources in the National Library of Medicine's Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) for the construction of a lexicon useful for processing texts in the field of molecular biology. A lexicon is constructed from overlapping terms in the UMLS SPECIALIST lexicon and the UMLS Metathesaurus to obtain both morphosyntactic and semantic information for terms, and the coverage of a domain corpus is assessed. Over 77% of tokens in the domain corpus are found in the constructed lexicon, validating the lexicon's coverage of the most frequent terms in the domain and indicating that the constructed lexicon is potentially an important resource for biological text processing.
Using the Response Surface Method to Optimize the Turning Process of AISI 12L14 Steel
Karin Kandananond
Advances in Mechanical Engineering , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/362406
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to determine the optimal cutting conditions for surface roughness in a turning process. This process is performed in the final assembly department at a manufacturing company that supplies fluid dynamic bearing (FDB) spindle motors for hard disk drives (HDDs). The workpieces used were the sleeves of FDB motors made of ferritic stainless steel, grade AISI 12L14. The optimized settings of key machining factors, depth of cut, spindle speed, and feed rate on the surface roughness of the sleeve were determined using the response surface methodology (RSM). The results indicate that the surface roughness is minimized when the depth of cut is set to the lowest level, while the spindle speed and feed rate are set to the highest levels. Even though the results from this paper are process specific, the methodology deployed can be readily applied to different turning processes. 1. Introduction Hard disk drives (HDDs) are magnetic discs used to store data in most computer systems, and they are rotated by the spindle motors to read-write data. The standard technology for spindle motor is fluid dynamic bearing (FDB) [1]. The crucial part of the FDB is the spindle motor sleeve which contains fluid to reduce the stress between the rotating shaft and sleeve. The turning process is utilized to manufacture the FDB sleeve, and the surface roughness of sleeve is known to affect the quality of the sleeve. Since the surface quality depends on many factors including feed rate, depth of cut, and spindle speed, the surface roughness will be minimized if the relationship between turning process parameters and the surface quality is fully recognized [2]. 2. Literature Review Among the most basic operations performed by machine tools are drilling, milling, grinding, and turning or lathing. The turning process is a machining method that removes material from the surface using a rotating cutting tool that moves to a workpiece. The surface quality, which is measured in terms of surface roughness, is utilized to evaluate the performance of the turning operation. The surface roughness is known to be significantly affected by different cutting parameters, that is, the depth of cut, spindle speed, and feed rate [3]. Therefore, the surface roughness will be optimized if the appropriate cutting conditions are selected. Statistical prediction methods, such as the response surface methodology (RSM), are frequently utilized to model the surface roughness, so that the desired levels of machining parameters are achieved. There are numerous works reporting the success
Effectively Monitoring the Performance of Integrated Process Control Systems under Nonstationary Disturbances
Karin Kandananond
International Journal of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/180293
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to quantify the effect of autocorrelation coefficients, shift magnitude, types of control charts, types of controllers, and types of monitored signals on a control system. Statistical process control (SPC) and automatic process control (APC) were studied under non-stationary stochastic disturbances characterized by the integrated moving average model, ARIMA  (0,1,1). A process model was simulated to achieve two responses, mean squared error (MSE) and average run length (ARL). A factorial design experiment was conducted to analyze the simulated results. The results revealed that not only shift magnitude and the level of autocorrelation coefficients, but also the interaction between these two factors, affected the integrated system performance. It was also found that the most appropriate combination of SPC and APC is the utilization of the minimum mean squared error (MMSE) controller with the Shewhart moving range (MR) chart, while monitoring the control signal (X) from the controller. Therefore, integrating SPC and APC can improve process manufacturing, but the performance of the integrated system is significantly affected by process autocorrelation. Therefore, if the performance of the integrated system under non-stationary disturbances is correctly characterized, practitioners will have guidelines for achieving the highest possible performance potential when integrating SPC and APC.
Monopolizing Clinical Trial Data: Implications and Trends
Karin Timmermans
PLOS Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040002
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