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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1835 matches for " Karim Lekadir "
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Pattern and degree of left ventricular remodeling following a tailored surgical approach for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
Ismail El-Hamamsy,Karim Lekadir,Iacopo Olivotto,Ahmed El Guindy
Global Cardiology Science & Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.5339/gcsp.2012.9
Abstract: Background The role of a tailored surgical approach for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) on regional ventricular remodelling remains unknown. The aims of this study were to evaluate the pattern, extent and functional impact of regional ventricular remodelling after a tailored surgical approach. Conclusion Following a tailored surgical relief of outflow obstruction for HCM, there is a marked regional reverse LV remodelling. These changes could have a significant impact on overall ventricular dynamics and function.
Conceptual Analysis and Fieldwork in Macroeconometric Methodology: Modeling Unemployment, Inflation and Production  [PDF]
Karim Errouaki
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2014.53015
Abstract:

The recent failure of commonly accepted, inductive, econometric models to provide insights into real, macroeconomic phenomenon during economic crises has provoked a debate concerning contemporary econometric methodology. Based on the foundations laid by Haavelmo, and Hollis and Nell, an assessment of Edward J. Nell’s (1998) “unifying methodological framework” (UMF) is offered. Nell’s UMF places socioeconomic institutions and interdependencies, and technological realities as basis of analysis. Using “conceptual analysis” and “fieldwork” Nell presents an alternative to generally accepted, mainstream, econometric methodology. The purpose of this paper is to look at some examples of the way, and this can help develop useful theory and improve macroeconometric model building. Applying Nell’s UMF to unemployment, inflation, and production reveals a methodological advance that promises more realistic insights into macroeconomic phenomena than is offered by contemporary, mainstream, econometric models.

Solving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimation Problem: An Artificial Neural Network Model  [PDF]
Abdel Karim Baareh
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.67042
Abstract:

Climate Pollution due to the Carbon Emission (CO2) from the different fossil fuels is considered as a great and important international challenge to many researchers. In this paper we are providing a solution to forecast the poison CO2 gas emerged from energy consumption. Four inputs data were considered the global oil, natural gas, coal, and primary energy consumption to build our system. In this paper, we used the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) as successful and powerful tool in handling a time series modeling problem. The proposed ANN model was used to train and test the yearly CO2 Emission. The data were trained from year 1982 to 2000, and tested for the year 2003 to 2010. From the results obtained we can see that ANN performance was Excellent and proved its efficiency as a useful tool in solving the climate pollution problems.

Kainic Acid, NMDA and Bicuculline Induce Elevation in Concentrations of Glutathione and Amino Acids in Vivo: Biomarkers for Seizure Predisposition?  [PDF]
Abdul-Karim Abbas
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.55017
Abstract: The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of NMDA, bicuculline and kainic acid (KA) on the extracellular concentration of glutathione, phosphoethanolamine (PEA) and taurine in rat hippocampus in vivo. Rats were implanted with intrahippocampal microelectrodes perfused with free-glucose Krebs-Ringer solution and allowed to recover for about 2 h. After assaying baseline concentrations of amino acids, NMDA or bicuculline was administered intrahippocampally, whereas KA was given systemically. Either treatment resulted in significant high extracellular concentrations of glutathione, but only NMDA or KA resulted in high concentrations of PEA and taurine. Interestingly, the increase in glutathione concentration due to KA was followed by a delayed increase of glutamate and PEA. Our results demonstrated that increased efflux of glutathione, a common consequence of different neuroexcitotoxic agents, occurs in vivo. Given that the agents used in the present study were also convulsunts, the implication of the findings on seizure predisposition was also considered.
Effect of Fasting of Ramadan on Infertile Women Undergoing In-Vitro Fertilization/Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection Cycles: A Prospective Cohort Study  [PDF]
Karim A. Wahba
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2016.63022
Abstract: Objective: To determine the effects of fasting of Ramadan in patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Design: A prospective cohort study conducted during Ramadan. Setting: Ain Shams University IVF centre. Population: Three hundred fasting, infertile women undergoing their first trial of IVF/ICSI and 300 non-fasting matched controls undergoing the same procedure during Ramadan. Methods: Anxiety and depression were measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, at the start of the induction protocol. All the successful pregnant women were followed up until delivery. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measure was the live birth rate. Results: The live birth rate was higher in the fasting group than in the non-fasting group; this was not significant (43% vs. 40%, P = 0.46). The fasting group needed higher doses and durations of induction. Embryo quality did not differ between both groups. The pregnancy complication rate among successful cases was higher in the fasting group (52.9% vs. 40.4%, P = 0.03); however, the frequencies of anxiety and depression were significantly lower than those in the non-fasting group (18% vs. 38%, P < 0.00001 and 16% vs. 37%, P < 0.00001, respectively). Conclusion: Fasting during Ramadan does not seem to significantly affect the IVF/ICSI outcome; however, it significantly decreased the anxiety and depression usually associated with these procedures.
Mammalian Fauna and Conservational Issues of the Baraiyadhala National Park in Chittagong, Bangladesh  [PDF]
Rezaul Karim, Farid Ahsan
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2016.62011
Abstract: Mammals were studied at the Baraiyadhala National Park, Chittagong from August 2012 to July 2013. Twenty nine species of mammals belonging to 26 genera, 17 families and 9 orders were recorded. Of the recorded species, 2 were primates, 10 rodents, 1 lagomorph (hare), 5 chiropterans (bats), 1 manid, 7 carnivores and 3 ungulates. Rodentia appeared as the largest family contained 10 speices. The overall mammalian population density was 239.12/km2. Irrawardy squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus) scored the highest density (112.97/km2) and several species attained the lowest (1/km2 each). Local status (relative abundance) of mammals assessed where 15 (51.72%) species were rare, and according to National Conservation Status, 13 (44.82%) were remarked as threatened species of that area. There were some major threats to the park such as forest fire, encroachment of forest and forest edges by both tribal and landless people, illegal exploitation of forest resources, grazing of livestock and unavailable water reservoirs.
Assessment of Constraints to the Adoption of Technologies Promoted by the Integrated Pest Management Training Program in Cotton-Based Cropping Systems in Western Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Souleymane Nacro, Karim Sama
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2018.62011
Abstract: Our study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009 in the Houet province, western Burkina Faso. It consisted in the assessment of the constraints to the adoption by cotton growers of technologies promoted by the IPM program through Farmers’ Field Schools in cotton-cereals-livestock systems. We did so by surveying a sample of 185 farmers trained in IPM and by describing farmers’ practices before and after the training in IPM. The results showed that the average dose of organic manure, NPK and urea used by famers after their training were respectively 3.8 tons/ha, 163 kg/ha and 65 kg /ha as compared with 2.4 tons/ha, 140 kg/ha and 51 kg/ha before the training. Regarding the use of pesticides, 94.6% of farmers used protection equipment during the sprayings after the training against 21.6% of them before the training. However, the average number of sprays did not vary significantly. It was 6 before the training and only 5 after. The botanical pesticides were used by 31% of farmers after the training as compared with 0% of users before the training in IPM. The training did not affect much crop yields. The constraints identified and classified according to their relative importance included the lack of agricultural equipment, and animals for ploughing, difficulties in inputs access, labor shortage, the lack of organic manure, and marketing problems. These technical, social and economic constraints have been analyzed and recommendations have been made to work them out.
Evaluating the Relationship between the Banking System Stability and the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process: Evidence from the Egyptian Banking Sector  [PDF]
Karim F. F. Mohamed
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2018.74020
Abstract: In the repercussions of the latest financial crisis that have occurred on the years 2008-2009, to fortify the stability of the banking systems, policy makers, and the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision—BCBS, together with national regulators have built up a few safety measures, and structures to guarantee that banks establishments keep up adequate capital levels through using risk management tools, in specific the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Processes (ICAAP). They all have called for thorough evaluations and assessments for the structure and components of risk management frameworks, tools, and practices whether by banks, regulators, analysts and risk management experts consistently, to ascertain the adequacy of the banking systems, policies, arrangements and techniques for overseeing risks, and guaranteeing the sufficiency of holding appropriate capital levels for confronting normal, as well as adverse and unexpected situations or emergencies. The main objectives of this research study are to shed the light on the ICAAP as one of the main keys of risk management programs, a process by which banks can use to ensure that they operate with an appropriate level of capital, forward looking processes for capital planning covering a broad range of risks across banks, activities beyond simple capital management, and bring together risk and capital management activities in a form that can be used to support business decisions. The research study shall evaluate the significant relationship between the Banking System Stability (dependent variable) and the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (ICAAP—independent variable) with evidence from the Egyptian Banking Sector.
Book Review: No god but God: The Origins, Evolution, and Future of Islam
Karim H. Karim
Global Media Journal : Canadian Edition , 2011,
Abstract:
Compact Gravity Wave Detector Compact Gravity Wave Detector
Munawar Karim Munawar Karim
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: An incoming gravity wave being a stress wave is a surface with intrinsic curvature. When a light beam is parallel transported on this non-Euclidian surface it acquires an excess phase which accumulates with each curcuit. We calculate the separate contributions to excess phase from the wave geometry as well as the dynamic response of mirrors in a Michelson interferometer. Using these results and a combination of analogue and digital signal processing techniques we show how a compact interferometer can be made sensitive to gravity waves of amplitude density 10^-23/√(Hz) within a frequency range 10^-Hz to 10^4Hz. As an example we describe a 10cm Michelson interferometer designed to measure gravity waves from sources as far as the Virgo cluster. An incoming gravity wave being a stress wave is a surface with intrinsic curvature. When a light beam is parallel transported on this non-Euclidian surface it acquires an excess phase which accumulates with each curcuit. We calculate the separate contributions to excess phase from the wave geometry as well as the dynamic response of mirrors in a Michelson interferometer. Using these results and a combination of analogue and digital signal processing techniques we show how a compact interferometer can be made sensitive to gravity waves of amplitude density 10^-23/√(Hz) within a frequency range 10^-Hz to 10^4Hz. As an example we describe a 10cm Michelson interferometer designed to measure gravity waves from sources as far as the Virgo cluster.
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