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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5052 matches for " Karen Kastenhofer "
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Do we need a specific kind of technoscience assessment? Taking the convergence of science and technology seriously
Karen Kastenhofer
Poiesis & Praxis , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-010-0077-3
Abstract: Brauchen wir eine neue Form der Technikfolgenabsch tzung (TA), um gegenw rtig emergierende Technologiefelder zu adressieren? Der vorliegende Artikel versucht sich an einer Bearbeitung dieser Frage, indem er das Konzept der Technowissenschaft aus Perspektive der Wissenschaftstheorie und Wissenschaftsforschung beleuchtet. Insbesondere werden Modelle von Stokes ( Pasteurs’ Quadrant”), Oeser (der epistemo-genetische Zirkel”) und Rheinberger ( epistemische Objekte” und technische Dinge”) herangezogen, um zu einer genaueren Charakterisierung aktueller technowissenschaftlicher Entwicklungen im Bereich der Nano-, Bio-, Informations- und Kognitionsforschung zu gelangen. Auf Basis dieser Charakterisierung—so das zur Diskussion gestellte Resumé des Artikels—ergeben sich wesentliche neue Herausforderungen für den gesellschaftlichen Umgang mit Wissenschaft und Technologie und damit auch neue Themen und Ansatzpunkte für TA. Hierzu z hlen der (postulierte) weitreichende und vielgestaltige Wirkhorizont der neuen Technowissenschaften und der damit verbundene Ruf nach einer partizipativen Wissenschafts- und Technologiepolitik, die fehlende Abgrenzung von Grundlagenforschung und Technologieentwicklung und damit verbunden der Ruf nach einem upstream engagement” sowie die erschwerte Kategorisierung in Natur auf der einen und Kultur auf der anderen Seite und damit verbunden die Aufl sung eines wesentlichen Bezugspunktes von Technikbewertung.
Probing technoscience
Karen Kastenhofer,Astrid Schwarz
Poiesis & Praxis , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-011-0103-0
Old problems, new directions and upcoming requirements in participatory technology assessment
Michael Ornetzeder,Karen Kastenhofer
Poiesis & Praxis , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-012-0116-3
Technoscience and technology assessment
Karen Kastenhofer,Doris Allhutter
Poiesis & Praxis , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-010-0080-8
Obstacles to and potentials of the societal implementation of sustainable development: a comparative analysis of two case studies
Karen Kastenhofer,Christian Rammel
Sustainability : Science, Practice and Policy , 2005,
Abstract: Currently, a growing societal awareness of problems in the context of unsustainable development meets with conflicts of interest, and the actual implementation of sustainability research, and sustainable innovations and technologies, has only been mildly successful. Sustainable development demands nothing less than a radical change in our modes of consumption, production, technology, and decision-making. We have investigated the obstacles to and potentials of such a change in two representative case studies, one focusing on the role of sustainability research within science, the other on the energy-efficient refurbishment of old buildings. A short presentation of the methodological approaches, and the respective results, is followed by a comparative systemic analysis of the two fields of investigation. Finally, we discuss possible implications of the discovered systemic comparisons for societal transition processes.
Technoscientia est Potentia?
Karen Kastenhofer,Jan C. Schmidt
Poiesis & Praxis , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-011-0101-2
Abstract: In Darstellungen der neuen Nano-, Bio-, Info- und Kogno-Technowissenschaften wird h ufig deren weltver ndernde Macht“ beschworen. Man kann solche Formulierungen nun als rein rhetorische Figur“ abtun, sie als rhetorisch und selbstbest tigend werten oder auch als treffende Charakterisierung von Technowissenschaft verstehen. In letzterem Fall wird eine sehr spezifische Verknüpfung von Wissenschaft und Technologie, dem epistemischen und dem konstruierenden Bereich thematisiert. Der vorliegende Artikel widmet sich dieser Verknüpfung von theoretischer und empirischer Seite. Er stellt unterschiedliche technowissenschaftliche Ans tze dar die Welt zu ver ndern“—durch Kontemplation und Repr sentation, Intervention und Kontrolle, Konstruktion und (Neu-)Sch pfung. Der hybride Charakter von Technowissenschaften—so die weitere Folgerung—erschwert die praktische Trennung von Wissensproduktion und gesellschaftlicher Intervention und stellt somit Fundamente herk mmlicher Wissenschafts- und Technologiepolitik in Frage.
Defending the Self in a Total Institution: Staff Prompting and Patient Burlesque  [PDF]
Karen Bettez Halnon
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.24060
Abstract: This paper offers an analysis of forms of social interaction between direct care staff and patient members of a state institution for the “Mentally Retarded” (MR) and dually-diagnosed (MR with a mental disorder diagnosis) located in the northeastern United States. This work’s significance is that it updates and extends Erving Goffman’s (1961) classic study of the underlife of total institutions. It does so by delineating a sub-type of secondary adjustment to total institutions, termed ancillary adjustment. Ancillary adjustment is defined as performances of patient role that undercut the institution’s official prescription for patient identity toward normalizing direct staff member identity. It is shown how ancillary adjustment arose as an unintended consequence of the institutional reforms of the 1970s, or how, under a professionally reformed and bureaucratized “New School”, direct care staff members experienced themselves as disempowered and discredited as “normal” professionals and defensively and repeatedly cued hyper-stigmatized comedic spectacles through types of staff-patient interaction termed staff prompting and patient burlesque. This paper is based on a three-year fieldwork study entitled Defending the Self in an Institution for the Mentally Retarded that utilized Glaser and Strauss’ (1967) and Strauss and Corbin’s (1990) grounded theory methods for qualitative research.
Embracing Empowerment in the Healthcare of the United States  [PDF]
Bozena Padykula, Karen Wexell
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2013.24013

The United States experiences an economic and healthcare crisis that calls for change. Transformational leadership model by Kouzes and Posner (2003) defines traits that are important to embrace by today’s healthcare leaders in promoting organizational change. To promote growth, engaging and empowering all members in the organization opens the door for collaborative work intentionally establishing sustainable healthcare outcomes. Since nurses play a significant role in US and global healthcare systems, healthcare organizations demand empowered nursing leaders that have an equal voice. The significance of this review to the future is to awaken nursing leaders to step away from a dependent mode and to step forward to an empowered mode.

Plasma cell pleocytosis in HSV-2 aseptic meningitis  [PDF]
Rohit Kalia, Karen Hennessey
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2013.34026

Plasma cell pleocytosis has been seen in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis of patients with multiple myeloma, multiple sclerosis, leukemia, west nile encephalitis and lymphoma. There also have been some anecdotal reports suggesting the presence of plasma cells in CSF as possible early indicator of WNV encephalitis. We describe a case of plasma cell pleocytosis in CSF due to HSV-2 meningitis, adding it to the list of possible etiologies for the same. 

The Role of Technology in the Marketing Communications Industry: An Exploratory Study of the Impact of North American Influence on Local Business in Trinidad and Tobago  [PDF]
Prahalad Sooknanan, Karen Crichlow
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2014.23009
Abstract: New communication technologies such as the Internet are causing sweeping changes within the global marketing communications industry. Therefore, the implications of e-marketing for business in Trinidad and Tobago are profound as seen in a national plan to address this need. This study examines the efforts of local businesses and consumers to get on the e-marketing bandwagon already commonplace in the U.S. Two surveys were conducted among local businesses and local consumers to determine their readiness and/or success. In spite of governmental efforts to expand Internet capabilities, lethargy and lack of access still plague local businesses. This contrasts with local consumers who are more receptive to e-marketing expressing an increasing demand for online information. It is therefore imperative for the T&T government to address the deficiencies in its ICT plan so that local businesses and consumers can catch up with the rest of the world before the gap widens to a point where it becomes impossible to do so.
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