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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6069 matches for " Karen Hoffman "
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Health Outcome after Major Trauma: What Are We Measuring?
Karen Hoffman, Elaine Cole, E. Diane Playford, Eva Grill, Helene L. Soberg, Karim Brohi
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103082
Abstract: Importance Trauma is a global disease and is among the leading causes of disability in the world. The importance of outcome beyond trauma survival has been recognised over the last decade. Despite this there is no internationally agreed approach for assessment of health outcome and rehabilitation of trauma patients. Objective To systematically examine to what extent outcomes measures evaluate health outcomes in patients with major trauma. Data Sources MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL (from 2006–2012) were searched for studies evaluating health outcome after traumatic injuries. Study selection and data extraction Studies of adult patients with injuries involving at least two body areas or organ systems were included. Information on study design, outcome measures used, sample size and outcomes were extracted. The World Health Organisation International Classification of Function, Disability and Health (ICF) were used to evaluate to what extent outcome measures captured health impacts. Results 34 studies from 755 studies were included in the review. 38 outcome measures were identified. 21 outcome measures were used only once and only five were used in three or more studies. Only 6% of all possible health impacts were captured. Concepts related to activity and participation were the most represented but still only captured 12% of all possible concepts in this domain. Measures performed very poorly in capturing concepts related to body function (5%), functional activities (11%) and environmental factors (2%). Conclusion Outcome measures used in major trauma capture only a small proportion of health impacts. There is no inclusive classification for measuring disability or health outcome following trauma. The ICF may provide a useful framework for the development of a comprehensive health outcome measure for trauma care.
Spectroscopic and Spectropolarimetric Observations of V838 Mon
John P. Wisniewski,Nancy D. Morrison,Karen S. Bjorkman,Anatoly S. Miroshnichenko,Amanda C. Gault,Jennifer L. Hoffman,Marilyn R. Meade,Jason M. Nett
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1086/373897
Abstract: The spectroscopic and spectropolarimetric variability of the peculiar variable V838 Monocerotis during the brighter phases of its multiple outbursts in 2002 is presented. Significant line profile variability of H$\alpha$ and Si II 6347.10\AA & 6371.36\AA occurred in spectra obtained between 2002 February 5 and 2002 March 14, and a unique secondary absorption component was observed near the end of this time period. Our observations also suggest that multiple shifts in ionization states occurred during the outbursts. Spectropolarimetric observations reveal that V838 Mon exhibited both intrinsic and interstellar polarization components during the initial stages of the second outburst, indicating the presence of an asymmetric geometry; however, the intrinsic component had significantly declined by February 14. We determine the interstellar polarization to be $P_{max} = 2.746 \pm 0.011 %$, $\lambda_{max} = 5790 \pm 37\AA$, $PA = 153.43 \pm 0.12 ^{\circ} $, and we find the integrated intrinsic V band polarization on February 5 to be $P = 0.983 \pm 0.012 %$ at a position angle of $127.0 \pm 0.5^{\circ}$. The implications of these observations for the nature of V838 Monocerotis, its distance, and its ejecta are discussed.
Benefits of complementary therapies
Caroline Hoffman
Breast Cancer Research , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/bcr1807
Abstract: The benefits of complementary therapies to help with the side effects of conventional breast cancer treatment are examined in the following areas: pain and surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal treatments, and psychoemotional and survival issues. Potential interactions between nonprescription medicines and cancer treatments and cost-effectiveness is also touched upon.Although it is recognized in many of these areas larger and more rigorous trials must be performed, this paper hopes to give some indication of areas in which further research is warranted.Pain, particularly postoperatively, may be ameliorated with complementary therapies. Reiki has been found to be helpful in pain control (1 to 4 days) in cancer patients [1], whereas acupuncture increases pain relief and improves arm movement after surgery [2]. Massage and acupuncture can help to decrease pain and depressive mood [3], and ear acupuncture decreases pain intensity [4]. Hypnotic-type methods involving relaxation, suggestion and imagery, as well as support groups and healing touch, have some impact on cancer pain [5,6], and hypnosis decreases pain intensity, unpleasantness, discomfort, nausea, fatigue and emotional upset after surgery for breast cancer [7].Chemotherapy's unpleasant short-term and long-term side-effects may be ameliorated by using complementary therapies. Nausea and vomiting is eased by stimulation to the P6 point using acupuncture [8] and acupressure when self-administered [9], but not as well by wrist bands applied to that point [10,11]. Pain, mood disturbance and fatigue were improved by massage and healing touch [12], whereas reflexology lessened anxiety regarding chemotherapy [13].Group relaxation with guided imagery reduced fatigue and improved sleep difficulties, whereas cognitive behavioural group intervention reduced external health locus of control [14]. Anthroposophic mistletoe extracts can improve quality of life and reduce side-effects of chemotherapy [15]. Mucositis ca
Book Review:Die noodkreet van jongmense wat hulself sny. Pastoraat aan die self-mutileerder
L Hoffman
Acta Theologica , 2012,
Abstract: A review is given of the book by W. Coetzer on pastoral care to people involved in cutting themselves. Die noodkreet van jongmense wat hulself sny. Pastoraat aan die self-mutileerder [Self-sny, Cutting](Potchefstroom: Potchefstroomse Teologiese Publikasies, 2012). 116 pp. Sagteband. ISBN 978-0-8695-5197-4 The review and the book are in Afrikaans
Book Review: Between the real and the ideal. Ministerial formation in South African churches
L Hoffman
Acta Theologica , 2012,
Abstract: Naidoo, Marily (Ed.) Between the real and the ideal. Ministerial formation in South African churches (Pretoria: Unisa Press, 2012). 184 pp. Paperback. ISBN 978-1-86888-692-0
HIV/AIDS in Cuba: a model for care or an ethical dilemma?
SZ Hoffman
African Health Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: No s. African Health Sciences Vol.4(3) 2004: pp.208-209
Keramiek / Ceramics
Ruan Hoffman
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2004,
Abstract:
Post-mortem changes in the physical meat quality characteristics of refrigerated impala M. longissimus dorsi
LC Hoffman
South African Journal of Animal Science , 2004,
Abstract: The effect of aging the M. longissimus dorsi of 13 impala at 4 oC over a ten-day period was investigated. Large variation between animals was observed for the percentages drip and cooking loss as well as for the CIELab colour (L*, a*, b*) values. No trend could be observed for these physical characteristics over time. Means for all traits correspond to that reported in the literature for this species. Similarly, the tenderness of the muscle varied between the animals. However, the tenderness (as measured by a Warner Bratzler shear apparatus) of the muscle generally improved with time. The quadratic equation y = -0.0817x2 + 0.4468x + 10.477 best described (R2 = 0.32) this improvement in tenderness. The implications of this result is that fresh game meat producers can de-bone carcasses after 24 hours post mortem and leave the primal cuts to age in vacuum bags in the chiller, thereby utilizing the available chiller space more efficiently. South African Journal of Animal Science Supp 2 2004: 26-28
Desigualdade da distribui o da renda no Brasil: a contribui o de aposentadorias e pens es e de outras parcelas do rendimento domiciliar per capita Inequality of income distribution in Brazil: the contribution of pensions and of other components of per capita household income
Rodolfo Hoffman
Economia e Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/s0104-06182009000100007
Abstract:
The "View Thing" Outside Academia
Philip Hoffman
Ecology and Society , 2003,
Abstract:
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