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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6702 matches for " Karen Glazer; Peres "
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Nível de atividade física e fatores associados em adultos no Município de Joa?aba, Santa Catarina, Brasil
Baretta, Elisabeth;Baretta, Marly;Peres, Karen Glazer;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000700010
Abstract: we investigated the prevalence of physical inactivity and associated factors among the adult population in joa?aba, santa catarina, brazil, using a cross-sectional, population-based model with subjects from 20 to 59 years of age (n = 579). the short version of the international physical activity questionnaire (ipaq) was used to define the level of physical activity. descriptive crude analyses and poisson regression were performed to test the associated variables. the response rate was 99.6%, and prevalence of physical inactivity was 57.4% (95%ci: 53.4-61.4). physical inactivity was associated with not working or not being retired, income (> u$500/month), age > 30, body mass index above or below standard, and self-reported difficulty with mobility, regardless of gender. the physical inactivity level was lower than in other population-based brazilian studies. the results may help promote regular physical activity through appropriate public policies.
Capacidade funcional e fatores associados em idosos do Sul do Brasil: um estudo de base populacional
Fiedler, Mariarosa Mendes;Peres, Karen Glazer;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008000200020
Abstract: the goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of low functional capacity and associated factors in joa?aba, santa catarina state, brazil, in 2003-2004, using a household survey (n = 345). subjects who demonstrated difficulty in performing 6 or more activities or inability to conduct 3 of the activities according to the scale proposed by rikli & jones were defined as having low functional capacity. a questionnaire covering socioeconomic, demographic, housing, and self-perceived socioeconomic variables was applied. the study included distribution of the target variables' simple frequency, chi-square association tests, and multiple logistic regression analysis. the response rate was 92.7%, with a low functional prevalence of 37.1% (95%ci: 32.0-42.2). mean age was 69.5 years. after adjusting for confounding variables, the factors associated with low functional capacity were: age > 70 years, female gender, and negative self-perceived socioeconomic status. a high percentage of elderly citizens in joa?aba show low functional capacity, leading to dependency. health programs that delay the onset of such disabilities could contribute to healthier aging.
Associa??o entre presen?a de oclusopatias e insatisfa??o com a aparência dos dentes e gengivas: estudo com adolescentes brasileiros
Borges, Carolina Marques;Peres, Marco Aurélio;Peres, Karen Glazer;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000400015
Abstract: in spite of the high prevalence of malocclusion in adolescents reported worldwide, there are few studies that have investigated the association between normative malocclusion and self-rated dental and gingival appearance among adolescents. the aim of this study was to identify the association between normative malocclusion and dissatisfaction with dental and gingival appearance among brazilian adolescents. a cross-sectional study was carried out with adolescents aged 15 to 19 years (n= 16,126) living in 250 towns of all five brazilian regions. dissatisfaction with dental and gingival appearance was the outcome. the main explanatory variable was malocclusion assessed by using the dental aesthetic index - dai. the other explanatory variables included were per capita family income, schooling delay, study conditions, sex, age, skin color, dental outcomes (untreated dental caries, missing teeth due dental caries, dental calculus, fluorosis, and dental pain) and use of dental services. simple and multivariable poisson regression analyses were performed. dissatisfaction with dental appearance reached 11.4% (95%ci: 10.4-12.5) of the entire sample. all levels of malocclusion were associated with dissatisfaction with dental appearance. adjusted multivariable analysis showed that dissatisfaction with dental appearance among individuals affected by severe or very severe malocclusion was respectively 40% and 80% higher than among those with normal occlusion. malocclusion was associated with dissatisfaction with dental and gingival appearance. the results contribute to include self-rated dental appearance criteria in orthodontic treatment decision, mainly within the national health system - sus.
Desigualdades regionais na prevalência de diagnóstico de asma em crian?as: uma análise da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios, 2003
Wehrmeister, Fernando César;Peres, Karen Glazer de Anselmo;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2010000900017
Abstract: the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of asthma diagnosis in brazilian children and to analyze socio-demographic inequalities between the south and northeast regions of the country. data for children under 10 years of age were analyzed from the 2003 national household sample survey, or pnad (n = 69,796). socioeconomic characteristics, the child's gender and age, and the parent or guardian's skin color were the independent variables investigated through unconditional multiple logistic regression. prevalence of asthma diagnosis was 8.5% in brazil as a whole (95%ci: 7.7-8.5) and 12.6% (95%ci: 11.6-13.5) and 4.4% (95%ci: 4.0-4.8) in the south and northeast, respectively. after adjustment, children from 3 to 7 years of age and those from the poorest families were more likely to have an asthma diagnosis in both regions. black skin color, crowding, and substandard housing were associated with asthma in the south. in the northeast, children of parents with low schooling were less likely to present asthma. the inequalities were more evident in the south, suggesting variation in asthma determinants across the country.
Obesidade em adultos: estudo de base populacional num município de pequeno porte no sul do Brasil em 2005
Sarturi,Juliana Barbosa; Neves,Janaina das; Peres,Karen Glazer;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000100016
Abstract: changes in nutritional pattern in brazilian population have been observed mainly in relation to obesity increase. this study aims to estimate the prevalence of obesity and associated factors in adult population in santo angelo, rio grande do sul state, 2005. a cross sectional study was carried out involving adult subjects from 20 to 59 years old (n=434), of both sexes. people with body mass index equal to or higher than 30 kg/m2 were considered obese. a questionnaire was applied to collect data related to socioeconomic, demographic, and behavioral conditions. the multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associated factors. the response rate was 95.0% and the prevalence of obesity was equal to 16.6% (ci95% 13.120.1). presence of obesity was positively associated with lack of physical activity, none feeding habits care, and some individuals that mentioned current health problems regardless of sex. the prevalence of obesity found was similar to other brazilian population based studies. the results may support planning and implementing prevention actions as well as obesity control in adult population taking into account the relevant details of a small size town.
Desigualdades socioecon?micas nos gastos e comprometimento da renda com medicamentos no Sul do Brasil
Boing,Alexandra Crispim; Bertoldi,Andréa Damaso; Peres,Karen Glazer;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102011005000054
Abstract: objective: to describe socioeconomic inequalities regarding the use, expenditures and the income committed to the purchase of medicines. methods: a cross-sectional population-based study was carried out with 1,720 adults living in the urban area of florianópolis, southern brazil, in 2009. cluster sampling was adopted and census tracts were the primary sampling units. use of medicines and the expenditures incurred in their purchase in the past 30 days were investigated through interviews. use, expenditures and the income committed concerning medicines were analyzed according to per capita family income, self-reported skin color, age and sex, adjusting for the complex sample. results: the prevalence of medicine use was 76.5% (95%ci: 73.8; 79.3), higher among women and in older individuals. the mean expenditure on medicine was r$ 46.70, with higher values among women, whites, older individuals and among richer people. while 3.1% of the richest committed more than 15% of their income to purchasing medicine, that figure reached 9.6% in the poorest group. the proportion of people that had to buy medicines after an unsuccessful attempt to obtain them in the public health system was higher among the poor (11.0%), women (10.2%) and the elderly (11.1%). a large part of the adults bought medicines contained in the national list of essential medicines (19.9%) or in the municipal list of essential medicines (28.6%), with significant differences according to gender, age and income. conclusions: there is socioeconomic, age and gender inequality in the income committed to the purchase of medicines, with worse conditions for the poor, older individuals and women.
Diferen?as entre autopercep??o e critérios normativos na identifica??o das oclusopatias
Peres,Karen Glazer; Traebert,Eliane Silva de Azevedo; Marcenes,Wagner;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102002000200016
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the impact of objectively defined orthodontic needs (normative criteria) on the external aspect and mastigation's satisfaction, and to compare these needs to self-perceived ones (subjective criteria) among adolescents. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out among all 315 students aged 14-18 years who attended a highschool in florianópolis, brazil. a single dentist collected clinical data about malocclusion (dental aesthetic index) and a questionnaire was applied to assess perceived aesthetic and masticatory satisfaction and need for orthodontic treatment. data analysis included frequency distribution calculation and multiple logistic regression modeling. results: there were high participation of 95% (n=300) and intra-examiner agreement (kappa 0.6-1.0). the prevalence of one form of malocclusion was 71.3%. crowding in one or two incisal segments [or=2.8 (1.6-4.9)] and overjet [or=2,4 (1.4-4.3)] were risk factors associated with perceived aesthetic dissatisfaction. adolescents who had anterior mandibular irregularity [or=3.3 (1.6-6.9)], overjet [or=1.7 (1.1-3.0)] and anterior diastema [or=3.1 (1.4-6.9)] revealed the highest self-perceived need for orthodontic treatment. conclusions: there are different degrees of objectively defined occlusal problems acceptable in the population which interfere with their decision to seek treatment and have a direct impact on the need of care. subjective measures should be incorporated to clinical criteria currently used.
Diferen as entre autopercep o e critérios normativos na identifica o das oclusopatias
Peres Karen Glazer,Traebert Eliane Silva de Azevedo,Marcenes Wagner
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto das necessidades ortod nticas tecnicamente definidas (critérios normativos) sobre a satisfa o com a aparência e a mastiga o e compará-las com as autopercebidas (critérios subjetivos) em um grupo de adolescentes. MéTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com a totalidade dos alunos entre 14 e 18 anos de idade (n=315) de um colégio em Florianópolis, SC, Brasil, em 1999. Uma cirurgi -dentista realizou os exames clínicos para diagnóstico das principais oclusopatias (Dental Aesthetic Index) e aplicou um questionário para conhecer a satisfa o dos indivíduos quanto a aparência, mastiga o e percep o das necessidades de tratamento ortod ntico. Foi utilizada análise de regress o logística múltipla para conhecer o impacto de cada oclusopatia sobre a percep o dos indivíduos a respeito dos problemas oclusais. RESULTADOS: Obtiveram-se alta taxa de resposta (95%) e alta concordancia intra-examinadora (Kappa 0,6 a 1,0). A prevalência de pelo menos um tipo de oclusopatia foi de 71,3%. Presen a de apinhamento incisal (OR=2,8 [1,6-4,9]) e overjet (trespasse horizontal) (OR=2,4[1,4-4,3]) foram fatores de risco para insatisfa o com a aparência. Adolescentes que apresentaram irregularidade anterior da mandíbula (OR=3,3 [1,6-6,9]), overjet (OR=1,7 [1,1-3,0]) e diastema anterior (OR=3,1 [1,4-6,9]) apresentaram maior percep o para a necessidade de tratamento ortod ntico. CONCLUS ES: Os resultados sugerem que existem graus de problemas oclusais tecnicamente definidos que s o aceitáveis pela popula o e que devem influenciar na decis o de tratamento, interferindo diretamente na demanda para esse tipo de atendimento. Medidas subjetivas poderiam ser incorporadas aos critérios clínicos atualmente utilizados.
Indicadores de aten??o básica em saúde bucal: associa??o com as condi??es socioecon?micas, provis?o de servi?os, fluoreta??o de águas e a estratégia de saúde da família no Sul do Brasil
Fischer, Tatiana Konrad;Peres, Karen Glazer;Kupek, Emil;Peres, Marco Aurélio;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000100012
Abstract: this paper analyzed the primary dental care indicators of the brazilian national health system (sus) considering coverage of dental care, ratio between dental extraction and dental procedures, and coverage of preventive measures among children up to 14 years-old in the municipalities from the southern region of brazil (n=1,159) between the years 2000 and 2005. in addition, the association of these indicators with socioeconomic indicators, dental care, water fluoridation and coverage of oral health care by the family health program (fhp) was tested. the increase in the coverage of dental care was positively associated with the percentage of rural population, human development index (hdi), number of dentists per capita, and fhp coverage. dental extraction was negatively associated with percentage of rural population, hdi, number of dentists per capita, and fhp coverage, and positively associated with the gini index. preventive dental care measures were negatively associated with the gini index, poverty and number of dentists per capita, and positively associated with the percentage of rural population, hdi, and fhp coverage.
Effects of breastfeeding and sucking habits on malocclusion in a birth cohort study
Peres,Karen Glazer; Barros,Aluísio J D; Peres,Marco Aurélio; Victora,César Gomes;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102007000300004
Abstract: objective: to estimate the prevalence of malocclusion and to examine the effects of breastfeeding and non-nutritive sucking habits on dentition in six-year-old children. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out nested into a birth cohort conducted in pelotas, southern brazil, in 1999. a sample of 359 children was dentally examined and their mothers interviewed. anterior open bite and posterior cross bite were recorded using the foster & hamilton criteria. information regarding breastfeeding and non-nutritive sucking habits was collected at birth, in the first, third, sixth and 12th months of life, and at six years of age. control variables included maternal schooling and child's birthweight, cephalic perimeter, and sex. data were analyzed by poisson regression. results: prevalence of anterior open bite was 46.2%, and that of posterior cross bite was 18.2%. non-nutritive sucking habits between 12 months and four years of age and digital sucking at age six years were the main risk factors for anterior open bite. breastfeeding for less than nine months and regular use of pacifier between age 12 months and four years were risk factors for posterior cross bite. interaction between duration of breastfeeding and the use of pacifier was identified for posterior cross bite. conclusions: given that breastfeeding is a protective factor for other diseases of infancy, our findings indicate that the common risks approach is the most appropriate for the prevention of posterior cross bite in primary or initial mixed dentition.
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