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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13 matches for " Karabakh "
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The Role of Azerbaijan Oil in Armenian Activities in the First Republic Era (1918-1920)
Be?ir Mustafayev
Igdir University Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Today, energy constitutes the backbone of economy, and as for oil, it constitutes the backbone of the energy as well. Oil, which shows its effect all the time for human life and for international affairs in an unquestionable way, has become the most suitable substance that can be turned into power and money interms of political and military aims. The struggles for oil, clearly reveals the truth of this assertion. So, the Armenian settlement policy, carried out deliberately by the Russians with the support of foreign powers from the very outset of 1918, has resulted in the occupation of Azerbaijan territory which occured rather as a consequence of oil-centered political and economic accounts. In this article, it is discussed the division of Azerbaijan territory and its subsequent occupation on account of struggle for oil primarily by Russia and other imperialist quarters and their support to Armenians for this cause in the era of first established Muslim-Turkish Azerbaijan Republic.
The Territory-Identity Nexus in the Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh: Implications for OSCE Peace Efforts
Nadia Milanova
Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe , 2003,
Abstract: The conflict over Nagorno Karabakh stands out as the most intractable on the territory of the South Caucasus as it represents a combination of separatism and irredentism and has exacerbated the relations between two neighbouring countries - Armenia and Ajerbaijan - whose geo-political orientation, subject to cross-cutting regional and external interests and influences, is still in the balance. Nagorno Karabakh is the first full-blown conflict where the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) has been primarily involved as a mediator and the first conflict related to the OSCE's concrete talks to operationalize its concept of peacekeeping. This article argues that the OSCE normative context is one of the factors that has made the conflict resolution a daunting task. Focus is placed on the effect international norms and principles have on the conflict dynamics and on conflict resolution efforts in general. The article further examines the main constraints on reconciling the adversarial ositions of the conflicting parties and concludes that there is a need for creating a framework to search for cooperative solutions based on common needs and interests.
State at War, State in War: The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict and State-Making in Armenia, 1991-1995
Taline Papazian
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2008,
Abstract: The Republic of Armenia’s accession to independence came along with open war with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, an Armenian populated enclave dispatched within the Azerbaijani SSR in 1923. These specific conditions determined state-building in Armenia, launching two complementary processes: building of a national army from a meagre Soviet heritage and accumulating scarce resources into a restricted number of state institutions, the Defence Ministry in particular. Open conflict ended in 1994, freezing Armenian advances in Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan, thus marking victory in the eyes of the Armenian military. This sense of victory coupled with the return of soldiers to civilian life transcribed into a “Karabakh syndrome”, a tentative notion for the mindset of victorious militiamen eager to be rewarded for their sacrifices in war by economic or political benefits. Starting from 1995, this syndrome weighed on the Republic’s political life, eventually resulting in the resignation of then President Levon Ter Petrossian.
Мальчики-мажоры карабахской войны: жизненные истории военной молодёжи [ChildsoldiersoftheKarabakhWar: Life Stories of a Militarised “ Youth ”].
Нона Шахназарян / Nona Shakhnazarian
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2008,
Abstract: The article deals with young veterans of the Karabakh War (1991-1994). It is focused on ordinary teenagers whose lives became part of warfare. The harsh, shocking hardships they experienced during the war are far from being named “youth culture of leisure” (that is to say youth sub/contra culture as a social phenomenon, rather than biological age scale). It seems that those adolescents have skipped a stage of their lives. The article touches upon the young veterans’ Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) syndrom and how they try to overcome it. Some of them are still traumatized by the consequences of war after more than a decade. Some have undergone identity-transformations that affect their present life trajectories.
Nagorno-Karabakh: basis and reality of Soviet-era legal and economic claims used to justify the Armenia-Azerbaijan war
Dr. Adil Baguirov
Caucasian Review of International Affairs , 2008,
Abstract: The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh (NK) region of Azerbaijan, which in its modern form has continued for 20 years, is a complicated case study of multi-vector and multi-layered claims, mostly from the Soviet times, ranging from history, economy, and legal status, used to justify the military occupation (along with seven adjacent regions). The article illustrates that some of the weaker claims were dropped altogether, whilst others were continually mixed with additional charges to make them “stick”. Despite solid legal, historic and moral grounds, Azerbaijan has been lagging in clarifying and explaining the fictitious charges of NK’s supposed transfer to Azerbaijan’s suzerainty in 1920s, the legal status of NK itself, its economic and financial well-being, and the impossibility to apply the 3 April 1990 Soviet Law on Succession to the NK case whether for the purposes of justifying its independence or attachment to Armenia. Despite all the challenges and blame shared by all sides, NK and adjacent currently occupied territories are recognized as part of Azerbaijan, with the latter retaining all rights, including military, to return it under its full sovereignty.
Diaspora Design versus Homeland Realities: Case Study of Armenian Diaspora
Bahar Baser,Dr. Ashok Swain
Caucasian Review of International Affairs , 2009,
Abstract: Recently the concept of “diaspora” has become a popular subject and two polarized views dominate the study on diaspora behavior: the categorization of the diaspora as good or bad, conflict or peace promoter, spoiler or peace-maker. The majority of the research on diaspora politics places emphasis on its conflict-promoting character. Researchers argue that a diaspora may even act against its homeland’s interests. This paper aims to further explore this behavior of diaspora groups and try to locate the reasons behind this phenomenon. The focus is the Armenian diaspora and its policies, particularly targeting the foreign policy of the host country. Some of the critical issues are the conflict in Nagorno Karabakh and Turkey-Armenia relations, which includes the issues of “genocide” recognition, normalization of diplomatic relations and opening of the borders. With the help of theoretical frameworks, the Armenian diaspora’s positions will be analyzed in this paper.
Regionally non-dominant titular peoples: the next phase in minority rights?
Tim Potier
Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe , 2001,
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to, at a crucial juncture in minority rights jurisprudence, address what the author regards as one uncharted area where scholars have chosen to avoid treading: the rights of which the author refers to as 'regionally non-dominant titular peoples'.
A Brief Overview on Karabakh History from Past to Today
Ercan Karakoc
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: After initiation of the glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) policies in the USSR by Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union started to crumble, and old, forgotten, suppressed problems especially regarding territorial claims between Azerbaijanis and Armenians re-emerged. Although Mountainous (Nagorno) Karabakh is officially part of Azerbaijan Republic, after fierce and bloody clashes between Armenians and Azerbaijanis, the entire Nagorno Karabakh region and seven additional surrounding districts of Lachin, Kelbajar, Agdam, Jabrail, Fizuli, Khubadly and Zengilan, it means over 20 per cent of Azerbaijan, were occupied by Armenians, and because of serious war situations, many Azerbaijanis living in these areas had to migrate from their homeland to Azerbaijan and have been living under miserable conditions since the early 1990s.
My byli na etikh voinakh : Svidetel’stva Uchastnikov Sobytii 1989-2000 [We were in those wars : Witnesses of survivors of military conflicts of 1989-2000], Sankt-Petersburg, Zvezda (with the support of Soros Foundation Open Society ). Comp. by Ia. A. Gordin, V.A. Grigor’ev, 2003, 319 p.
Amandine Regamey
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2005,
Abstract: This book includes diaries and reports of eight participants (mostly Russian officers) of different "post-Soviet wars", beginning with Nagorny Karabakh and ending with the war still going on in Chechnya. The contributions have been collected on the web site www.ArtOfWar.ru, where there can be found literary texts as well.In charge of the defense of the USSR which will soon not exist, Soviet soldiers in Nagorny Karabakh appear as helpless witnesses of a war fuelled by Moscow decisions. They ar...
The Galtung Triangle and Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
Taleh Ziyadov
Caucasian Review of International Affairs , 2006,
Abstract: The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is one of the longest - standing conflicts in the former Soviet Union. Despite numerous attempts by mediating parties and direct talks between the governments of the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, the conflict remains unresolved. In this paper, I will try to analyze the general causes of the conflict within the framework of Johan Galtung’s conflict triangle. After giving a brief description of the Galtung conflict triangle and short asymmetry and symmetry analysis, I will examine the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict using the model’s three axes – structural, cultural (social constructs) and behavioral (direct violence). The paper will investigate the nature and dynamics of the conflict in chronological order, starting from 1988 and ending with the signing of the cease-fire agreement in 1994. Hence, the purpose of this paper is limited to the three theoretical aspects of Johan Galtung’s conflict triangle and does not include the conflict’s detailed history and its post-ceasefire developments. This study aims to increase understanding of the cultural and structural causes of interethnic violence between Armenians and Azerbaijanis in 1988-1994.
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