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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 185 matches for " Kajal Dhingra "
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Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the breast: case report
Kajal Dhingra, Shramana Mandal, Somak Roy, Nita Khurana
World Journal of Surgical Oncology , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7819-5-142
Abstract: A 38-year-old female presented with complaints of painless, hard breast lump for three months which was clinically suspected to be a ductal carcinoma with inconclusive fine needle aspiration cytology. Histopathology revealed a malignant spindle cell tumor which was confirmed to be malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor on the basis of immunopositivity for vimentin, neurone specific enolase and S-100.To the best of our knowledge only six such case reports have been published in literature. The differential diagnosis of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor should be considered by the clinician as well as the pathologists in the work-up of a breast neoplasm as treatment and prognosis of this rare malignancy is different.Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma of the ectomesenchymal origin. It is the malignant counterpart of benign soft tissue tumors like neurofibromas and schwannomas and may follow them. Common sites include deeper soft tissues, usually in the proximity of a nerve trunk. MPNST in the breast is often unsuspected and the diagnosis may be missed unless clinical suspicion is high and immunohistochemistry carried outA 38-year old female patient presented to the surgical out patient department with complaints of a rapidly growing right breast lump for three months. There was no history of prior breast mass, pain, trauma, bleeding, discharge, or family history of breast cancer. On examination there was a single 3.5 × 3 × 3 cm, ill defined non tender, firm, fixed mass in the right upper outer quadrant. There was no retraction or ulceration of the overlying skin. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) suggested a malignant spindle cell tumor probably a malignant phylloides. An excisional biopsy was advised to confirm the diagnosis and to guide the further management.Grossly the specimen was a skin covered lumpectomy specimen measuring 5 × 4.4 × 4 cms. The cut sections revealed a firm infiltrative unencapsulated gray whi
Primary primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the breast: A rare entity
Dhingra Kajal,Gupta Parul,Saroha Vijay,Roy Somak
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology , 2010,
Abstract:
Partial hydatidiform mole with a full-term infant
Dhingra Kajal,Gupta Parul,Saroha Vijay,Akhila L
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology , 2009,
Abstract:
Aggressive angiomyxoma of the vulva presenting as a pedunculated swelling
Mandal Shramana,Dhingra Kajal,Roy Somak,Khurana Nita
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology , 2008,
Abstract: Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare, locally aggressive soft tissue tumor that has high propensity for local recurrence. It involves mainly the pelvis, vulva, perineum, vagina and urinary bladder in adult women in the reproductive age. Considering its locally aggressive nature, appropriate management and long-term follow-up is necessary. We describe a case of a 22-year-old young pregnant patient presenting with a large pedunculated swelling on the left labia majora.
Morphological findings in bone marrow biopsy and aspirate smears of visceral kala azar: A review
Dhingra Kajal,Gupta Parul,Saroha Vijay,Setia Namrata
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology , 2010,
Abstract: Context: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in India and may simulate and cause many hematological disorders like pancytopenia, myelofibrosis, myelodysplasia and hemophagocytosis. Aims: The study aims to investigate the hematological manifestation of Visceral Leishmaniasis and associated changes that may be observed in bone marrow aspirate smears and biopsy which may warn a pathologist of possible infections. Settings and Design: This is a retrospective study of 18 VL cases on B (b) one marrow aspirate and biopsy in the department of Pathology in a tertiary care teaching hospital in New Delhi. Methods and Material: Giemsa stained slides of bone marrow aspirates and hematoxylin and Eosin stained biopsy slides were reviewed in detail by two competent pathologists. All the findings were tabulated and discussed and comparisons made with the previous similar studies. Results: Hyper cellular marrow, increased lymphocytes and plasma cells, marrow granulomas, hemophagocytosis, myelofibrosis, myelodysplasia and gelatinous transformation of the marrow were notable features the presence of which together or individually should caution a pathologist to search for Leishman Donovan (LD) bodies in patients especially in a non-endemic zone in a tropical country.
Unsuspected multiples myeloma presenting as bilateral pleural effusion - a cytological diagnosis
Dhingra Kajal,Singhal Niti,Nigam Sonu,Jain Shayama
CytoJournal , 2007,
Abstract: Background: Multiple Myeloma presenting as a pleural effusion is extremely rare. It is usually a late complication and is associated with a poor prognosis. Case Presentation: A 40-year-old male presented with dyspnea and fever of six months duration. Clinical diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was considered. X-ray chest showed bilateral pleural effusion. Pleural cytology revealed numerous plasma cells, some of which were binucleated and atypical. Cytological differential diagnosis included: Myelomatous effusion and Non-Hodgkin′s Lymphoma deposit (Immunoblastic type). Bone marrow biopsy, serum protein electrophoresis and bone scan confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma (Plasmablastic type). Conclusion: Myelomatous pleural effusion as an initial presentation although extremely rare, should always be considered in presence of atypical plasma cells irrespective of age.
Unsuspected multiples myeloma presenting as bilateral pleural effusion – a cytological diagnosis
Dhingra Kajal,Singhal Niti,Nigam Sonu,Jain Shayama
CytoJournal , 2007,
Abstract: Background Multiple Myeloma presenting as a pleural effusion is extremely rare. It is usually a late complication and is associated with a poor prognosis. Case Presentation A 40-year-old male presented with dyspnea and fever of six months duration. Clinical diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was considered. X-ray chest showed bilateral pleural effusion. Pleural cytology revealed numerous plasma cells, some of which were binucleated and atypical. Cytological differential diagnosis included: Myelomatous effusion and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma deposit (Immunoblastic type). Bone marrow biopsy, serum protein electrophoresis and bone scan confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma (Plasmablastic type). Conclusion Myelomatous pleural effusion as an initial presentation although extremely rare, should always be considered in presence of atypical plasma cells irrespective of age.
Multilevel Association Rules in Data Mining
Abhishek Kajal,Isha Kajal
Indian Journal of Computer Science and Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: Data is the basic building block of any organization. Be it an individual or an organization of any type, it is surrounded by huge flow of quantitative or qualitative data. Data are the patterns which are used to develop or enhance information or knowledge. All the organizations big or small has bulk of data which needs to be storedor retrieved systematically to form information. The repository of data is known as Database. With the advancement in computer science, the database has taken many shapes. According to the applications, starting from the traditional file system to hierarchical, Network, Relational, Object Oriented, Associative, now it has reached to Data Warehouses and Data Marts etc. But every piece of data stored in these databases may not be useful for the organization. Organizations need to filter the useful data from the bulk of data which can be usedfor decision making, reporting or analysis. These useful patterns or pieces of data are known as interesting patterns.
Existentialism in Arun Joshi's The Foreigner
Kajal Thakur
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Existentialism is the philosophy that puts stress on individual existence,freedom and choice. It focuses on acting on ones conviction in order to arrive at personal truth. It originated in the philosophical and literary works of Sartre and Camus. As a philosophic idealism, 'existentialism', in due course of time developed into a powerful revolt against reason, rationality, positivism and the traditional ways in which early philosopher portrayed man. Man's autonomy, assertion of his subjective self, his flouting of reason and rationality, his denial of traditional values, institutions and philosophy, his exercise of will and freedom, and his experience of the anxiety, absurdity and the nothing-ness of life are some of the existential themes, which are reflected in the writings of the exponents of existentialism.
Measuring IT Effectiveness in Banks of India for Sustainable Development
Sanjay Dhingra
BVICAM's International Journal of Information Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Banks in India have invested heavily on deployment of information technology (IT) in the past one decade. IT over the years has become business driver rather than a business enabler. Sustainable development of banks depends heavily on effective use of IT. This calls for measuring the effectiveness of IT in these banks. This paper identifies the economic methods of measuring IT effectiveness on the basis of review of literature on the subject.
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