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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 114560 matches for " Kadriye O. Lewis "
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Expanding the Scope of Faculty Educator Development for Health Care Professionals
Kadriye O. Lewis,Raymond C. Baker
Journal of Educators Online , 2009,
Abstract: Although many medical institutions offer faculty development in education, this does not provide the in-depth knowledge of the science of teaching required for medical education research and careers in medical education. This paper describes our expanding faculty development activities at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) that have culminated in the development and implementation of an innovative Online Master's Degree in Education program. Working in collaboration with the University of Cincinnati College of Education, CCHMC developed an Online Master's Degree in Education program targeting physicians and other health care professionals. The master’s program has proven to be an effective means of developing health care professionals’ educational pedagogy and skills as measured by program growth and outcomes of the participants. Medical institutions may approach faculty development through various methods, but the unique nature of online programs provides more flexible learning opportunities to nurture healthcare professionals beyond traditional programs.
Physician Contribution to Developing an Online Master’s Degree in Education Program for Health Care Professionals.
Kadriye O. Lewis,Raymond C. Baker
Journal of Educators Online , 2006,
Abstract: Online education is increasingly recognized by medical educators as a teaching and learning tool to support formal and continuing medical education. The faculty development team at Cincinnati Childrens Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) in collaboration with the University of Cincinnati College of Education (UCCOE) developed an Online Masters Degree in Education program designed to provide healthcare professionals with the educational pedagogy needed to teach more effectively and to conduct educational research. A qualitative case study describes the experiences of four physicians who completed the existing Master’s Degree in Education (Curriculum and Instruction major) in a combined in-class/online format. These physicians then helped customize the curriculum for medical education and adapt the program to an all-online format. Each participant benefited from the program in different ways (e.g. improved educational research methods, teaching and technology skills, assessment techniques, performance-based learning). The program introduced new concepts in education that the physician participants were able to adapt to medical education. All participants became more aware of their role as educators, and demonstrated increased understanding of teaching and learning concepts, including the many benefits of online learning for physicians with full-time professional responsibilities.
Peritoneal Tuberculosis: Looking beyond the Typical Pathology  [PDF]
O’Dene Lewis, Suneel Tammana, Peter Sealy
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2014.41001
Abstract: Peritoneal tuberculosis (TbP), an uncommon peritoneal infection, is commonly diagnosed in immigrants from developing countries and represents a substantial proportion of cases of extra pulmonary tuberculosis. The variability in patient presentation and the indolent nature of the infection, combined with limited diagnostic strategies available for TbP, often results in delayed diagnosis. Case: Described herein is the case of a 39 years old male recent immigrant from Mali (West Africa), with no significant medical history that presented to hospital with a four-day history of abdominal pain and swelling. Examination was significant for distended abdomen and shifting dullness. No signs and symptoms suggested pulmonary infection, however, QuantiFERON-TB Gold and purified protein derivative (PPD) test were positive suggesting latent Tb infection. In the absence of pulmonary tuberculosis, a diagnosis of TbP should be established histologically. Laparoscopic biopsy showed granuloma but the typical caseating granuloma of TbP was not seen. Nonetheless, based on the extent of the clinical and laboratory findings, the patient was diagnosed with TbP and anti Tb treatment ensued with successful outcome. Conclusion: The lack of caseating granulomas in the pathology should not rule out a diagnosis of TbP, especially in cases where accompanying evidence suggests some form of Tuberculosis.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Presenting With Bilateral Vertebral Artery Dissection: Case Report
Kadriye A?AN
Trakya Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Ischemic stroke due to cervicocranial artery dissections is a relatively common situation especially in the young population. Rarely it may present with intracranial hemorrhage rather than ischemia. Systemic lupus erythematosus usually cause occlusive disease of large cerebral vessels by means of inflammatory vasculopathy and sometimes arterial dissection. A case presenting with both ischemia and subarachnoid hemorrhage due to bilateral vertebral artery dissection will be discussed in the present study.
Hypercalcemia, Osteoporosis and Heterotopic Ossification in Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury
Kadriye ?NE?
Türkiye Fiziksel Tip ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi , 2008,
Abstract: The loss of mobility as a result of a spinal cord injury leads to secondary complications that affect muscle and bone. After spinal cord injury, there is an uncoupling between the rates of bone formation and reabsorption and a loss of muscle and gravitational stresses, which leads to reduced bone mass. The effects of spinal cord injury on bone mass in children is of particular interest because, not only is there potential bone loss due to the same mechanisms as those observed in adults with spinal cord injury, but there is also a lack of activity during a period of their life where exercise is essential for optimal bone health. Children and adolescents with acute spinal cord injury may be particularly susceptible to hypercalcemia because of preexisting rapid bone turnover and elevated bone resorption. Bone mineral loss and hypercalcemia should be minimized by encouraging weightbearing with orthotics.Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2008; 54 Suppl 2: 70-4.
Green's Function of a generalized boundary value transmission problem
Kadriye Aydemir
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate a class of generalized boundary value transmission problems (BVTP's) for Sturm-Liouville equation on two separate intervals. We introduce modified inner product in direct sum space $L_{2}[a,c)\oplus L_{2}(c,b]\oplus\mathbb{C}^{2}$ and define symmetric linear operator in it such a way that the considered problem can be interpreted as an eigenvalue problem of this operator. Then by suggesting an own approaches we construct Green's function for problem under consideration and find the resolvent function for corresponding inhomogeneous problem.
BVP's with discontinuities at finite number interior points and spectral parameter in the boundary conditions
Kadriye Aydemir
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: In this study we are concerned with a class of generalized BVP' s consisting of eigendependent boundary conditions and supplementary transmission conditions at finite number interior points. By modifying some techniques of classical Sturm-Liouville theory and suggesting own approaches we find asymptotic formulas for the eigenvalues and eigenfunction.
Multiple Sclerosis and Thyroid Disease: Case Report of Two Patients and Review of The Literature
Ay?a Gül SUN,Kadriye A?AN,O?uzhan DEYNEL?,Hilal HOROZO?LU
Journal of Neurological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Thyroid disease is a frequently seen side effect during interferon treatment of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Autoimmunity is a well-known pathogenetic factor of MS. Tyhroiditis, and other autoimmune diseases may be seen together with MS. Also, thyroiditis may be caused by interferon treatment for MS. This side effect is especially, diagnosed in first year of the treatment. Patients with thyroid disease are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed by laboratory findings. In this report, we describe two MS patients with interferon treatment; one with subclinical hypothyroidism and one with thyrotoxicosis due to drug induced thyroiditis.
Modeling of Daptomycin Release from Medium-Dose Daptomycin-Xylitol-Loaded PMMA Bone Cements  [PDF]
Ali Salehi, Gladius Lewis, Ashley Cox Parker, Warren O. Haggard
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2014.76037
Abstract: Antibiotic-loaded poly (methyl methacrylate) bone cements (ALPBCs) are widely used as an agent to decrease the occurrence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Most often, the antibiotic used in an ALPBC is gentamicin, tobramycin, or vancomycin. In many recent clinical studies, it has been reported that the pathogens that commonly present in PIJ are becoming resistant to these antibiotics. As such, a new generation of antibiotics is emerging, among which is daptomycin. Literature reports with a clinically relevant medium-dose daptomycin-loaded cement show that the daptomycin release rate from cylindrical specimens is low. Incorporation of a poragen, such as dextrose, glycine, or particulate xylitol, into the cement powder has been shown to be an effective way to increase daptomycin release rate. There are, however, no studies on modeling of daptomycin release from specimens of either a daptomycin-loaded cement or a daptomycin-poragen-loaded cement. In the present work, we determine the profiles of daptomycin release from cylindrical medium-dose daptomycin-xylitol-loaded cement specimens, as a function of the particulate xylitol loading. We used these results and relationships that have been shown to model antibiotic release from ALPBC specimens to obtain the best-fit relationship for the present cements. Through this approach, we demonstrated that, regardless of the xylitol loading, the daptomycin release profile is a mixture of initial burst followed by a slow Fickian diffusion.
Critical care during epidemics
Lewis Rubinson, Tara O'Toole
Critical Care , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/cc3533
Abstract: We recommend several actions that could improve hospitals' and communities' abilities to deliver critical care during epidemics and bioterrorist attacks involving large numbers of victims with life-threatening illness. These recommendations are in part the result of deliberations by the multidisciplinary Working Group on Emergency Mass Medical Care, which comprises 33 professionals with expertise in critical care medicine, biosecurity, disaster preparedness, and infection control (Rubinson et al., unpublished data).In countries with widespread critical care capabilities few, if any, critically ill survivors of traumatic disasters have had to forgo acceptable critical care because of staff or resource shortages [1-7]. In contrast, a naturally occurring disease outbreak or a deliberate epidemic resulting from a covert bioterrorist attack could generate critically ill victims in numbers that greatly exceed a hospital's – or a region's – capacity to deliver traditional critical care [8,9] (Rubinson et al., unpublished data). In the absence of careful pre-event planning, demand for critical care services may quickly exceed available intensive care unit (ICU) staff, beds and equipment, leaving the bulk of the infected populace without the benefit of potentially life-saving critical care.It is likely that critically ill victims who present to hospitals early in the course of the epidemic – that is, some fraction of the total population who are infected and will become symptomatic – will receive 'traditional' critical care in hospital ICUs. Even with stockpiling of airway equipment, vaso-pressors, and mechanical ventilators (which are important components of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Strategic National Stockpile [10]), shortages of staff trained in critical care and limited quantities of the vast array of medications and medical equipment commonly used in ICUs make it unlikely that current standards of critical care could be provided for more than
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