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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1382 matches for " Kabambi Bukasa Valentin "
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Children Family Break and Access to Health Care Law: What Knowledge and Attitudes in the City of Mbujimayi Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Anaclet Mbuyi Mishinda, Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Guillaume Kabongo Mwamba, Valentin Kabambi Bukasa, André Mutombo Kabamba, Stany Wembonyama Okitotsho
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105386
Introduction: In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the right to health care is recognized to all children at both constitutional principles of the law on protection of the latter. Despite the existence of these instruments, access to health care continues to be a problem again. Thus, our study focuses on children with family breakdown and the right of access to health care: What about knowledge and attitudes in Mbujimayi/Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: The study is the quantitative correlational type and focused on 600 children from broken homes in the city of Mbujimayi. She performed for a period of four months which is from 18 March to 18 July 2018. A questionnaire consisting of closed and open questions was used as an instrument for data collection. The Epi-Info software version 3.5 in 2010 was used for data analysis. Results: The majority of children in family breakdown is composed of those with more than 14 years with (52.8%); the average age is 15.5 years; 67.8% are male; 53% live east of the City of Mbujimayi; 60.5% are non-monogamous families; 53.8% are without levels; 67.5% are Christian and 71% cannot read or write. Conclusion: Knowledge of the right of access to health care and the question that access to health care den is an exclusive right granted to children from broken families is low. The attitude of children from broken front right of access to health care Mbujimayi is negative. So to improve this knowledge and attitudes, we suggest that parents support their responsibilities by supervising their children. Social actors and other stakeholders in the protection of children, help them reintegrate into society by providing them with a minimum of education/training to continue to do their fieldwork by sensitizing these children on their rights and especially on the right of access to health care to the Congolese State.
Early Marriage in Girls 12 - 18 Years: Frequency and Predisposing Factors in the City of Kabinda, Province Lomani/DRC Congo  [PDF]
Adeline Kasanj Kalum, Daniel Kitambo Kabiengele, Dieudonne Lumanu Mposhi, Regine Nkusu Kalenga, Bertin Mpaka Mpaka, Mediatrice Kasheta Mabondo, Kalala Odia, Ennock Mbuyi Kabeya, Valentin Kabambi Bukasa, Emmanuel Mpetemba Mubala, Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105268
Introduction: To determine the frequency and risk factors of early marriage among girls 12 - 18 years in the city of KABINDA. Material and methods: This study is descriptive cross. It was conducted in 5304 households in two Kamukungu health areas and Kilo located KAMUKUNGU neighborhood. The sample consisted of 1227 women of childbearing age, married at an early stage that had been subjected to a questionnaire that was used as data collection tool. Results: The early marriage rate among girls 12 - 18 years is 23.1%. Factors encouraging this early marriage are poverty (continued to unemployed parents, resourceful and load carriers) (33.9%), culture and custom (31.4%), family and social pressure (17.9%) and non-use of contraceptive methods (17.2%). Conclusion: Early marriage in our communities is an all too common phenomenon in the DRC in general and particularly in the province of South Kivu, or one in four women currently aged 40 - 45 had married before the age of 18. This is also the situation in the province of Lomani and precisely in the city of KABINDA. To do this, it would popularize laws and legal texts on the protection of children especially in education, and marriage continues to raise awareness of the city of KABINDA and prevent child marriage by bringing to 18, the minimum age for marriage and support oriented programs to protect and promote the rights of adolescent girls.
Factors Associated with Inequalities in Access to Health Care to Mbujimayi (Kasai Oriental/DR Congo)  [PDF]
Kabongo Mwamba A. Guillaume, Bukasa Tshilonda J. Christophe, Kankologo Biakulamabo Christine, Mbuyi Kabeya J. Henock, Mbuyi Mishinda Anaclet, Kabambi Bukasa Valentin, Mishika Lukusa Patricia, Mutombo Kabamba André, Wembonyama Okitotshio Stanis
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105666
Objective: Mbujimayi like the other African cities where the environmental, social and economic problems, promote the development of urban pathology, several factors limit or promote access to quality health care services especially for slum dwellers. The objective of this study was to analyze factors associated with seeking care in this city. Material and Methods: This study was conducted in 2010 on the therapeutic use in six health zones of the 10 areas that make up the urban medical district of the city with a cross-sectional survey of 386 households. To study the association of different factors, we relied on crosstabs and statistical associations: we connected, one by one, the independent variables to those characterizing the use of care; we evaluated the significance of the statistical relationships subjecting the consequences we assume they induced the chi-square test. The degree of significance of the associations has been indicated by the value of p < 0.05. Data processing was carried out using the software Epi-Info 6 version 3.5. 1, 2008, and Excel for tables. Results: The results show that therapeutic routes are as diverse as health care supply is varied. It appears from this study that 94.8% of households had at least one case of disease, 70.5% used modern health care, 17.1% consulted traditional healers, 4.3% practiced self-medication and 8.1% gave up to care. 70.3% have resorted to private structures, 85.7% used private structures. The corresponding description said the gender of the household head, sex and age of the patient, the level of education of the household head, the distance, the supposed cause of the disease and care of financing are factors associated with access to both modern and traditional treatments (p < 0.05).
Seroprevalence of Infectious Markers in Blood Donors in Mbujimayi “Case of Kansele General Hospital” (Democratic Republic of Congo)  [PDF]
Kabambi Bukasa Valentin, Kanyiki Katala Moise, Kaseka Cisuaka Jeanne, Kayembe Menji Jean-Pierre, Tshibanda Tshibanda Etienne, Mutombo Mutombo Albert, Katuku Ciala Charles, Ciamala Mukendi Paul, Ntumba Muamba Alidor
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105901
Blood transfusion is a life-saving act because in some cases, it is the last resort to save an individual’s life. However, the seroprevalence of infectious markers in blood donors is a major public health problem, both in developed and developing countries, in its magnitude. The purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of infectious markers in blood donors. This is a descriptive study conducted in the city of Mbujimayi at kansele Hospital among registered blood donors (family volunteers and paid) from the period 12/01/2017 to 13/01/2018. The data were collected in a cross-sectional manner. The following observations were made: in the study period, 522 blood donors were registered. After analyzing the data, the seroprevalence of HIV/AIDS in blood donors is 4.4%, 2.1% of cases have an HCV serological status and 5.9% a HBS positive serological status, and 2.1% a positive RPR HIV status, the male sex predominated with 85.4% was male.
Prognostic of the New Nests of Seropositive Mothers Beneficiaries of the Prevention of Mother-Child Transmission in the City of Mbuji-Mayi/Drc  [PDF]
Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Ivon Kasonga, Isaac Kalenda Ilunga, Moise Kanyiki Katala, Justin Tshibangu Kandala, Valentin Kabambi Bukasa, Ennock Mbuyi Kabeya, Nana Dikoma Misenga, Thérèse Kapenga Mitanta, Bertin Mpaka Mpaka, Mediatrice Kasheta Mabondo, Olivier Ejiba Nyongonyi, Paulin Kabamba Lupueka, Alain Ngoyi Kibambe, Alexis Ntambwe Mayombo, Emmanuel Mubala Mpetemba, Michel Kabamba Nzaji
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105267
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the success of Moth-er-to-Child Transmission Prevention (PMTCT) is reducing the morbidity and mortality of newborns related to HIV/AIDS. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive correlational study whose data collection is done in a transversal way from 01 to 30 June 2017 among HIV-positive women screened and we antiretroviral treatment in the health area targeted by this study. To collect this data, we used the semi-structured technical interview face-to-face using a questionnaire. Results: The results of the bivariate analysis revealed the HIV positive outcome in newborns of HIV-positive mothers is significantly related to the following factors (i.e,. p < 0.05): the parity of more than 5 children; lack of knowledge of some HIV infection pathways; lack of knowledge of some factors that promote the transmission of HIV from mother to child, such as: several infections in the mother; mixed feeding; lack of treatment of the mother; multiple pregnancies; non-monitoring of PMTCT activities; childbirth at home; mixed feeding and non-monitoring of PMTCT services with all pregnancies after-positive HIV diagnosis; lack of knowledge of the center offering the PMTCT service in service within its radius; poor monitoring of antiretroviral therapy and the effect of not HAVING applied to family planning method. Conclusion: The WHO advises inside this box to promote education, information and communication services for health that are ignored by the population using the available communication channels in the respective areas; apply mass communication to inform pregnant women about the existence of PMTCT services in health centers or hospitals.
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Health Care Professionals on Ebola Virus Disease in Democratic Republic of the Congo  [PDF]
Kabemba Bukasa Héman
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105504
Background: Ebola virus disease (EVD) remains a public health problem. Health workers are constantly at risk of contracting the disease because of the high risk of infection. The Democratic Republic of Congo is in its tenth epi-demic. Objective: This study aimed to determine the level of knowledge, atti-tudes and practices of care professionals about the occurrence of a possible outbreak of EVD. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional and de-scriptive survey of the care staff of the Moba administrative unit. The period from June to August 2018 was chosen. We administered an adapted CDC-2014 questionnaire to the health care providers in the targeted hospitals. Results: A total of 66 care professionals had participated in our survey. The means age of the respondents was 32 ± 2.1 years, with a male predominance (57.6%) and a nurse (75.8%). The majority of care professionals had good knowledge of the name and reservoir of the causal agent, the severity of the disease, the modes of prevention and the attitude to adopt in case of suspicion of Ebola virus disease, and the year of the last epidemic. On the other hand, the level of knowledge on the definition of the disease, the transmission routes, the virological and clinical aspects and even the number of epidemics that have already affected the Democratic Republic of Congo and the year of the first epidemic was insufficient. The majority of respondents (78.8%; p < 0.01) had never attended Ebola training. Conclusion: The level of knowledge of the care professionals was below expectations. Strengthening care professionals capacity on Ebola virus disease is imperatively required in a short time, given epidemic episodes
Psychological Foundations of Creative Education  [PDF]
Valentin Ageyev
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.31001
Abstract: The article suggests considering the translating (consuming) character of contemporary education as its problem. The consuming character of education, exactly, is asserted to be the source of all educational problems. The effort is made to differentiate between the education based on appropriation (consumption of the knowledge and social experience existing in the society) and education based on generation (creativeness, i.e. self-dependent creation of the new knowledge). It is pointed out that under conditions of appropriating (culture-consuming) education it is impossible to raise the ability to create and foresee. This problem can only be solved under conditions of creative (culture-generating) education. This article cites the results of experimental education under the conditions of creative education. The conclusion is drawn on the perspectivity of the educational creative systems elaboration.
Breeding and Genetic Assessment of Some Quantitative Traits in Crosses Forage Pea (Pisum sativum L.)  [PDF]
Valentin Kosev
Open Journal of Genetics (OJGen) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2014.41004

The trial was carried during 2011-2013 on the second experimental field of the Institute of forage Crops-Pleven, Bulgaria. Populations of P1, P2, F2 and F1 of the crosses Shtambovii × Pleven 10 and Rosacrono × Pleven 4 and their reciprocals were investigated. Heterosis for the investigated traits was found in the hybrids of F1 generations. The cross Rosacrono × Pleven 4 had the highest positive true heterosis for plant height (31.54%), height to first pod (15.44%) and pod length (17.11%); the cross Shtambovii × Pleven 10—for nods per plant (56.10%) and pod width (20.38%); Pleven 10

Effect of Electrical Defloration in Liquid and Solid Crystals  [PDF]
Valentin. A. Tsvetkov
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology (JCPT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2013.33016
Abstract: Earlier we observed a movement of the front of ions in the bulk of an ordered LC sample across which the driven voltage was applied [1]. This movement looked as waving zigzag curvatures in the pattern of interference strips. It was shown that behind the movable front of ions, the LC volume was getting charged. The author has found out that, in his pioneer experiments made in 1974, he observed the similar electrooptical phenomena on a single crystal of niobate-strontium-barium (NBS). Just after applying driving voltage (in a crossed electrical field crystal sample geometry) a system of curved interference strips is arising, which is evolving for the time period of about ten minutes at the driven voltage being kept constant. The evolution of the interference stripes pattern near positive, negative electrodes and in middle part of sample occurs in some different ways. At the end of evolution the system of strips disappears and the sample becomes practically homogeneous. The described process can be observed only once at the first applying of the driving voltage. This process is caused by redistribution of charges frozen at the crystallization and which are having an opportunity of the recombination at the first applying of the driving voltage. The obtained results are discussed with the possible applying the given experimental technique for solid and LCs parameters studying.
Can Digital Games Be a Way of Improving the Neuroplasticity in Stroke Damage? Can the Adult Brain Grow New Cells or Rewire Itself in Response to a New Experience?  [PDF]
Livia Stocco Sanches Valentin
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2017.62013
Abstract: Exploratory studies developed at several neurosciences laboratories at universities around the world show us through the experience that there is a biological process called neuroplasticity. Because of this oldest concept about the neuronal formation, scientists also thought that if a particular area of the adult brain was damaged, the nerve cells could not form new connections and the functions controlled by this field of the brain would be permanently lost or could not be regenerate. However, studies have overturned this old view, and currently, scientists recognize that the brain continues to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections during the life. This phenomenon is called neuroplasticity that refers to the potential which the brain should be reorganized by creating new neural pathways to adapt, as it needs.
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