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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 408 matches for " KN Ozoilo "
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Measurement of the Magnitude of Injury: A Review of the Trauma Scoring Systems
KN Ozoilo
Jos Journal of Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Trauma scoring systems are a vast, ever expanding and often confusing field. There is a need for trauma surgeons, residents and all who manage trauma to be conversant with the more frequently used systems in order to be able to appreciate changes in trauma care emanating from trauma research. Objective: To review the current trauma scoring systems with a view to highlighting their various bases, strengths, weaknesses and areas of applicability. Methods: Literature review of the current trauma scoring systems was done using textbooks, journals and internet searches mainly with pubmed and Medline. Results: There are a plethora of trauma scoring systems. All have their various strengths and weaknesses. Different systems perform differently in different situations depending on which outcome parameter is of interest. The more frequently used systems such as the AIS, ISS and TRISS are discussed in detail. Conclusion: Although trauma scores are not designed for clinical decision making in individual patients, a good understanding of the basis of the more commonly used systems will enable doctors involved in the care of trauma patients to appreciate changes in patient care algorithms emanating from trauma research.
Letter to the Editor: Sacrococcygealteratoma In An Adult Female Nigerian
KN Ozoilo, MG Yilkudi, JA Ede
Annals of African Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT), though rare, is the most commonly diagnosed childhood tumor, occurring in about 1: 40 000 live births.1,2 Said to arise from the primitive totipotent cells of Hensen\'s node,3 it is usually diagnosed at birth because of its obvious nature and delayed presentations are unusual. It has a risk of malignant transformation that parallels the age of the patient. Annals of African Medicine Vol. 7 (3) 2008: pp. 149-150
Outcome of traditional bone setting in the Middle belt of Nigeria
HC Nwadiaro, PO Nwadiaro, AT Kidmas, KN Ozoilo
Nigerian Journal of Surgical Research , 2006,
Abstract: Background: This hospital based study was designed to elucidate the outcome of Traditional Bone Setting (TBS) practice in four states of the middle belt of Nigeria, via complications presenting in select hospitals. Methods: A combination of retrospective and prospective study of complications arising from traditional bone setting in Plateau and Nasarawa States and southern parts of the Kaduna and Bauchi States was undertaken. Results: Fifteen patients were retrospectively studied in the one year period between December 1999 and November 2000 inclusive, while seventy-six patients were recruited into a 1 year prospective study (January 2001 to December 2001). There were sixty-nine males and twenty-two females giving a male: female ratio of 3.1:1. The most frequently encountered patients were children in the first decade of life (34.1%), while the 3rd and 4th decades accounted for 20.9% and 18.7% respectively. 61.5% of the study population were residents in Jos, Plateau State, and 19.8% were admitted from Nasarawa State. 12.1% came from Kaduna State while 6.6% were recruited from Bauchi State. The study population cut across all social strata with a preponderance of illiterates, children and primary school certificate holders. The presenting injuries clustered around femur, tibia and fibula, humerus and forearm with 19.61 each. These were followed by dislocations of hip, elbow and shoulders (15.2%). The presentation of complications included non union (13.1%), mal union (21.5%), volkman’s ischaemic contractures and compartment syndrome (8.4%), infections (24.4%), stiffness/ankylosis (15.9%) and gangrene (8.4%) among others. Eight two orthopaedic interventions were carried out ranging from minor procedures to open reduction and internal fixations (15.9%), amputations (7.3%) and arthroplasties (4.9%). Five portalities were recorded giving a mortality rate of (5.5%). Conclusion: 91 complications with 5 mortalities, largely avoidable in two years calls for a serious look at traditional bone setting practice in the Middle Belt of Nigeria. We recommend that other zones undertake similar studies so that a national picture would emerge and policy dialogue initiated.
Sacrococcygeal teratoma in an adult female Nigerian
Ozoilo K,Yilkudi M,Ede J
Annals of African Medicine , 2008,
Abstract:
Utility of the Abdominometer: A Novel Contribution to Cardiovascular Anthropometry  [PDF]
Basil N. Okeahialam, Udochukwu M. Diala, Jones Uwakwe, Ijeoma Ejeh, Ugochi Ozoilo
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.613126
Abstract: Obesity is a CVD risk factor that can be modulated for massive reduction in morbi-mortality. Traditional indices measuring it have been inconsistent and the most commonly used; BMI has proved inappropriate for Africans, not attending specifically to body fat and its distribution. With the consensus that intra-abdominal fat is the most critical for cardio-metabolic diseases, various attempts were made to measure it for risk estimation. These however require costly equipments not easily amenable for population studies. The abdominometer conceptualized by BNO has shown promise in isolated cases. This pilot study was undertaken in this restricted population to compare its utility with existing anthropometric measures of cardiovascular disease.
Supply Chain Differentiation: Background, Concept and Examples  [PDF]
Erik Hofmann, Stephan Knébel
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2016.92020
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide new evidence in the field of supply chain differentiation. It aims to combine insights of supply chain management with the service dominant logic to connect fundamental customer requirements with supply chain decision-making. The paper claims to provide a framework that brings together the most relevant factors in the context of supply chain differentiation. The contents of the framework were applied as source to develop a generic decision support flowchart for supply chain executives. From the perspective of “test consumers”—supplemented with secondary data—two cases were examined. The cases provide insights for supply chain differentiation approaches of Adidas and Lego®. The crucial factor to link customer requirements with supply chain settings turned out to be the magnitude of customer co-creation along the value chain under consideration of synergies across the channels. The framework provides the opportunity to structure the complex multi-criteria decision problem constituted by supply chain differentiation. The paper provides helpful insights that could be used as starting point for the development of several industry specific decision-finding models or applications in supply chain differentiation.
Betaine treatment of cystathionine β-synthase-deficient homocystinuria; does it work and can it be improved?
Maclean KN
Orphan Drugs: Research and Reviews , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/ODRR.S27597
Abstract: etaine treatment of cystathionine β-synthase-deficient homocystinuria; does it work and can it be improved? Review (936) Total Article Views Authors: Maclean KN Published Date September 2012 Volume 2012:2 Pages 23 - 33 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/ODRR.S27597 Received: 06 July 2012 Accepted: 14 August 2012 Published: 28 September 2012 Kenneth N Maclean Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA Abstract: Inactivating mutations in cystathionine β-synthase result in classical homocystinuria (HCU) and are typically accompanied by severe elevations of plasma and tissue homocysteine, methionine, S-adenosylmethionine, S-adenosylhomocysteine and significantly decreased cysteine. HCU is usually accompanied by marfanoid skeletal abnormalities, osteoporosis, ectopia lentis and/or severe myopia, cognitive impairment, and a dramatically increased incidence of atherosclerosis and thromboembolic complications of variable presentation. If untreated, HCU is a serious life-threatening disease. Betaine (N,N,N-trimethylglycine) is a zwitterionic quaternary ammonium compound that can lower homocysteine, S-adenosylmethionine, S-adenosylhomocysteine, and increase cysteine in HCU by serving as a methyl donor for the remethylation of homocysteine in a reaction catalyzed by betaine–homocysteine S-methyltransferase. This review considers the clinical efficacy and safety of betaine treatment of HCU. Possible strategies by which the efficacy of this treatment might be improved are discussed.
Iron & Brain
KN Agrawal
Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v1i1.8425
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v1i1.8425 ? Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences Vol.1(1) 2013: 58-63
Motiva??o e desmotiva??o: desafio para as professoras do Ensino Fundamental
Knüppe, Luciane;
Educar em Revista , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40602006000100017
Abstract: in this process of teaching instruction trade school we believe that the motivation can be present all the moments. the teacher has to facilitate the construction of this formation process, in order to influence the students on his develop and in this motivation for the trade school. the mention of this search that had like objective to investigate how the teachers motivate tbeiro students and the petition can be use for this we proved that the teachers of elementary school (1 to 4 grades) need to motivate their students for the teaching instruction and for this it's necessary the students to be motivated too for realize creative and involve activities.
Max Weber, as múltiplas modernidades e a reorienta??o da teoria sociológica
Kn?bl, Wolfgang;
Dados , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582006000300002
Abstract: the debate on "multiple modernities" has focussed till so far either on finding plausible contrasts between different paths into modernity or on theorizing concepts like civilization, region etc. what is missing, however, is a systematic methodological discussion of how to compare different civilizations in the face of the so-called small n-problem. this problem is the more pressing the better historical-sociological research on asia and europe shows how contingent the so-called rise of the west actually was. the paper ends with some suggestions about the way how civilizational analysis could deal with these methodological problems and what sociological classics like max weber can teach us in this respect.
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