Abstract:
The finding of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia has an incidence of approximately 1%. The condition is given the eponymous name Amyand’s hernia. However in just 0.08% the condition is complicated by an acute appendicitis. The clinical presentation varies, depending on the extent of inflammation of the appendix and is most often misdiagnosed as an incarcerated inguinal hernia. As such it is rarely recognised prior to surgical exploration. We report a case of Amyand’s hernia in an 85 year old woman, which presented as a right groin enterocutaneous fistula. CT scanning illustrated a fistulous tract in the right groin, which communicated with the caecum and the peritoneal cavity. She underwent laparotomy, which revealed that the appendix appeared inflamed, lay in the inguinal canal and was the origin of the enterocutaneous communication.

Abstract:
Many researchers use the estimation method of exposure doses due to natural radioactivity adopted by UNSCEAR equation, which is based on an infinite plan source modeling. The results in most cases are acceptable within acceptable accuracy and error. However, in many cases, this approach cannot be applied e.g., for more complicated source geometry, composition, radioactivity distribution and so on. In previous situations, simulation and modeling are needed for exposure dose calculation to get more acceptable and accurate results. In the present work, modeling and recalculation of exposure dose rate are performed for an important previous published study about Hammam Pharaon. The study is selected because of its special physical characterization parameters and possible effects on Egyptian tourism. The effects of radionuclides distribution with soils and source composition, density, and geometry as recommended by NCRP 129 have been taken into consideration. The results for depth profile calculation show the conformation with the NCRP 129, which indicates a reduction in the free air exposure dose due to the fact that the above soil covered the active slab by 20% - 25% for 1 cm cover-up to 95% - 100% for 30 cm cover. In addition, the effect of density variation in dose rate is studied. A comparison with previous results has been performed.

Abstract:
The first justified theory of solid state was proposed by Grüneisen in the year 1912 and was based on the virial theorem. The forces of interaction between two atoms were assumed as changing with distance between them according to inverse power laws. But only virial theorem is insufficient to deduce the equation of state, so this author has introduced some relations, which are correct, when the forces linearly depend on displacement of atoms. But with such law of interaction the phase transitions cannot take place. Debye received Grüneisen equation in another way. He deduced the expression for thermocapacity, using Plank formula for energy of harmonic vibrator. Taking into account the dependence of atomic vibration frequency from distance between atoms, when the forces of interaction are anharmonic, he received the equation of state, which in classical limit turns to Grüneisen equation. The question, formulated by Debye is—How can we come to phase transitions, when Plank formula for harmonic vibrator was used? Debye solved this question not perfectly, because he was born to small anharmonicity. In the presented work a chain of atoms is considered, and their movement is analysed by means of relations, equivalent to virial theorem and theorem of Lucas (disappearing of mean force). Both are the results of variation principle of Hamilton. The Grüneisen equation for low temperature (not very low, where quantum expression for energy is essential) was obtained, and a family of isotherms and isobars are drown, which show the existence of spinodals, where phase transitions occur. So, Grüneisen equation is an equation of state for low temperatures.

Abstract:
In this work the problem of rewinding of a tape with constant speed is
considered. Considering that drums represent bodies of variable weight, the equations
of motion of system are formulated. Taking into account parametrical clearing
of system of servo-constraints, the structure of force of reaction of
servo-constraints which provides steady realization of servo-constraints (a
constancy of linear speed of a tape) is defined. For realization of
servo-constraints, it is offered to build digital watching system (DWS) and the
full system of equations of DWS is formed. Laws of change of the operating
influences, systems providing stability under the relation of the variety
defined of servo-constraints are defined.

Abstract:
The anharmonic vibrator, whose expression of potential energy contains second and third powers of coordinates, is treated on the basis of dynamical procedure, which presents the state of motion by means of mean position and mean amplitude of vibration. The divergent statistical integral comes here not into consideration. The free energy is represented through mean atomic displacement and developed in power series, retaining fourth degree. The graphs show that at certain temperature, the minimum in free energy disappears, and the atom escapes from the potential pit. A simple atomic model that represents this phenomenon is proposed and the influence of model dimension and pressure on melting temperature will be presented.

Abstract:
In this paper we are concerned with the oscillation
criteria of second order non-linear homogeneous differential equation. Example
have been given to illustrate the results.

Abstract:
On the base of a vibrator atomic model the mechanical and thermal properties of the object are analyzed. The potential energy of the vibrator is represented by means of positive term with coordinate deflection in second power and negative term with deflection in fourth power. With the use of dynamical procedure of calculation, which permits to calculate mean deflection and root mean square amplitude of vibrations, the dependence of applied force from mean amplitude and temperature is calculated. This dependence shows a maximum (or minimum, when the direction of force is reversed), the height of which diminishes with rising temperature. When the force reaches the value of the maximum, the object does not elastic counteract to the force, and gliding begins. It is also considered a vibrator with positive term, containing the deflection in second power and a term, where the deflection treats in third power (Boguslawski vibrator). Exact calculations of the dependence of the force from the temperature in adiabatic process, where the entropy is maintained constant, shows that it is represented by means of a curve with a maximum, so that stretching leads to cooling till the point of maximum is reached.

Abstract:
The purpose of the research is to develop a dynamical theory of phase transitions in crystalline structures, when except for temperature, the pressure is acting. So, the phase diagram temperature-pressure (dimensions) must be constructed. In general case, it is a complicated question, which can be solved for simple models of crystal, as three atomic models, introduced in the work of Frenkel [1]. In this model, three identical atoms are placed on the straight line and interact with the forces, which can be described by the expression, given in the article of Lennard-Jones [2]. Such simple model may have success, when the crystalline structure is simple, which consists of one type of atoms, for example: carbon. The model was generalized to cubic cell model with a moving atom in the inner part of the cell. The rigorous calculation of phase diagram for transition graphite-diamond shows some similarity with results of numerous experimental investigations (which are not discussed here). So, the way of phase diagram calculation may attract attention.

Abstract:
We report the characterization of fibroblast explants obtained from two unrelated GAN patients. We identify three novel putative mutant GAN alleles and show aggregation of vimentin IFs in these fibroblasts. By microarray analysis, we also demonstrate that the expression of lipid metabolism genes of the GAN fibroblasts is disrupted, which may account for the abnormal accumulations of lipid droplets in these cells.Our findings suggest that aberrant lipid metabolism in GAN patients may contribute to the progression of the disease.Giant Axonal Neuropathy (GAN) is a severe autosomal recessive disorder that affects both the central and peripheral nervous systems. The most prominent pathological feature of GAN is the large, focal accumulations of neuronal intermediate filaments (IFs) in distended axons [1]. Abnormal aggregations of IFs have also been found in astrocytes, endothelial cells, Schwann cells and cultured skin fibroblasts. Many GAN patients have frizzy hair that is distinctive from their parents. Chemical analysis of the hair has revealed a disruption of disulfide-bond formation in hair keratins [2]. Hence, a generalized disorganization of IFs has been proposed to be responsible for GAN [3].Skin fibroblast explants collected from GAN patients have been used as a model to study the disease. Under normal culture conditions, a low percentage of GAN fibroblasts exhibit abnormal aggregation and bundling of vimentin IFs [4-7]. Upon various stimuli, such as low serum [5] or low doses of trypsin [6], the vimentin networks of GAN fibroblasts collapse and form aggregates. Moreover, the microtubule (MT)-depolymerizing agent nocodazole exerts different effects on normal and GAN fibroblasts. Although the IF networks of both types of fibroblasts collapse under nocodazole treatment, the aggregates formed in GAN cells are significantly more compact and dense [5]. Together, these data suggest that dysfunction of the GAN gene product might cause IFs to form aggregates that are ha

Abstract:
afety and efficacy of aspirin intake in photoselective vaporization laser treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia Original Research (337) Total Article Views Authors: Shao IH, Hou CP, Chen SM, Chen CL, Lin YH, Chang PL, Tsui KH Published Date March 2013 Volume 2013:8 Pages 265 - 269 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S41270 Received: 06 December 2012 Accepted: 18 January 2013 Published: 11 March 2013 I-Hung Shao,1,* Chen-Pang Hou,1,* Shao-Ming Chen,3 Chien-Lun Chen,1,2 Yu-Hsiang Lin,1 Phei-Lang Chang,1,2 Ke-Hung Tsui1,2 1Department of Urology, 2Bioinformation Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linko and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, 3Department of Urology, Taipei City Hospital, Heping Campus, Taipei, Taiwan, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Endoscopic surgical treatment has become an option to treat benign prostate hyperplasia. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in patients. We evaluated preoperative and perioperative parameters, functional outcomes, and adverse events up to 12 months postoperatively of patients on oral anticoagulation therapy undergoing PVP, and compared the results with patients who did not take anticoagulation therapy. A total of 89 patients who received photoselective vaporization laser for benign prostate hyperplasia from May 2006 to February 2011 in our hospital were enrolled in our study. The patients were divided into two groups based on whether or not they were taking oral aspirin; 23 (25.8%) patients were taking aspirin derivatives (aspirin group), and 66 (74.2%) were not taking aspirin derivatives (control group). The mean prostate volume (58.8 mL vs 51 mL; P = 0.16) and mean energy consumption (235,268 J vs 289,793 J; P = 0.097) were comparable between the aspirin group and control group. The average postoperative results of hemoglobin were 13.4 mg/dL for the aspirin group versus 13.9 mg/dL for the control group (P = 0.327). A significantly higher maximum flow rates and 80% improved post-void residual urine were noted during the followup. Postoperatively all variable showed significant improvement starting at month 1 of followup and remained improved for the 12 month followup. Postoperative complications were low and comparable between groups. PVP was characterized by excellent hemostatic properties and a very low intraoperative complication rate, even in the patients who were taking aspirin. On the basis of our perioperative results, we recommend PVP as a safe and effective procedure for patients with symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia when taking an aspirin derivative.