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Snake bite: Biochemical changes in blood after envenomation by viper and cobra
K.M. Pradeep Kumar,M.P. Basheer
Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Snake bite poisoning is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in tropical and sub-tropical countries like India. The present study was taken up to evaluate the biochemical changes in snake bite cases in different time periods. The clotting time (C.T) was 55.83±38.5 in viper bite cases, much higher than in controls, 5.07±1.33, which was normalized after anti venom administration; however no significant changes were observed in cobra bite cases. Thus evaluation of C.T. may help to differentiate viper bites from cobra bites and to choose specific mono-valent anti-venom treatment. The blood urea level in viper bite cases increased significantly after the sixth hour: 58.19±27.6 mg% in cases; 25.80±4.9mg% in controls. Since anti-venom does not decrease the blood urea to normal, dialysis is required for normalization of urea level. Blood creatinine level in the majority of viper bite cases was found to be increased (1.60–7.4 mg%) after the sixth hour, where as in cobra bite cases it was found only in 9% (1.5-2mg%); this increased creatinine level in viper bite cases caused the renal failure. Sodium and potassium levels were not increased in both cobra and viper bite cases, up to the fourth day. However, in 50% of viper bite cases, significant elevation in sodium level was observed on 5th and 6th day, due to the secondary effect of renal failure. 50% of the viper and cobra bite cases showed rise in potassium level on the sixth day which ranged between 5.1– 4.14 mEq/litre. No significant difference was observed in serum calcium level between viper and cobra bite cases. In the present study, clotting time increases immediately after viper bite, detection of which within six hours is a good indicator of envenomation by viper bite. The other biochemical parameters would be helpful to assess the severity of renal failure predominant after six hours of envenomation.
LEXICAL ANALYSIS TO EFFECTIVELY DETECT USERS’ OPINION
Anil Kumar K.M,Suresha
International Journal of Web & Semantic Technology , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper we present a lexical approach that will identify opinion of web users popularly expressedusing short words or sms words. These words are pretty popular with diverse web users and are used forexpressing their opinion on the web. The study of opinion from web arises to know the diverse opinion ofweb users. The opinion expressed by web users may be on diverse topics such as politics, sports, products,movies etc. These opinions will be very useful to others such as, leaders of political parties, selectioncommittees of various sports, business analysts and other stake holders of products, directors andproducers of movies as well as to the other concerned web users. We use semantic based approach to findusers opinion from short words or sms words apart of regular opinionated phrases. Our approachefficiently detects opinion from opinionated texts using lexical analysis and is found to be better than theother approaches on different data sets.
Intrusion Detection and Prevention of Node Replication Attacks in Wireless Body Area Sensor Network
Anandkumar K.M,Jayakumar C,Arun Kumar P,Sushma M
International Journal of UbiComp , 2012,
Abstract: Healthcare monitoring architecture coupled with wearable sensor systems for monitoring elderly or chronic patients in their residence has emerged as a promising technique. The wearable sensor system, built into a fabric belt, consists of various medical sensors that collect a timely set of physiological health indicators transmitted via low energy wireless communication (Zigbee) to mobile computing devices. In this context, Security of the Wireless Body Area Sensor Network (WBASN) in Ubiquitous healthcare applications is a crucial problem because sensitive and personal medical information must be protectedagainst aws and misdeed and also in order to increase user’s acceptance to these new technologies. Moving towards this direction, we analyze the data access security due to replication attacks and the problems caused by it. We propose a secure multicast strategy that employs trust in order to evaluate the behavior of each node, so that only trustworthy nodes are allowed to participate in communications, while the replicated nodes are revocated from the network.
Factors Influencing the Efficiency of Extraction of Polyphenols from Young Tea Leaves
K.M. Mariya John,Deepu Vijayan,R. Raj Kumar,R. Premkumar
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: A study was conducted to overcome certain difficulties in the extraction of phenolic compounds from tea leaves. Concentration of the solvent, methods of extraction, acidification, temperature and purification are the limiting factors in extracting higher amount of polyphenols from tea leaves. The extraction solvent methanol (80 to 90%) in water with 3% hydrochloric acid gave promising results. Refluxing the sample with solvent for one hour and high-speed centrifugation yielded high quality of polyphenols. It was observed that polyphenol yield can be increased by repeated extraction with fresh solvent. The purity of the extract was highest in ethyl acetate treated with 2% of hydrochloric acid (98.04%). This was confirmed by running the extracted samples using HPLC.
Ant Colony Approach for Makespan Minimization on Unrelated Parallel Machines
K.M.Senthil Kumar,,Dr.V.Selladurai,,Dr.K.Raja,,Dr. K. ELANGOVAN
International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: This research work presents the unrelated parallel machine non-common due date scheduling problem, for jobs with varying processing times, where the objective is to minimize the completion time of jobs. An enhanced Ant Colony Algorithm procedure identifies the best sequences for the different set of jobs. The job size ranges from 10 to 100 and the unrelated parallel machine environment consists of 2 to 8 machines. The experimental results of all set of jobs and machines have been presented. It has been found that the suggested optimization procedure outperforms the existing heuristics in arriving at the optimal solution.
The association between smoking and tuberculosis
Hassmiller,K.M.;
Salud Pública de México , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342006000700024
Abstract: objective: to review epidemiological evidence on the association between smoking and tuberculosis. methods: reviewed articles were identified by searching pubmed for the terms "smoking" or "tobacco" and "tuberculosis". additional articles were obtained from the bibliographies of identified papers. results: thirty-four studies were reviewed: five investigate the association between smoking and mortality from tuberculosis, 13 investigate the association between smoking and development of tuberculosis, eigth investigate the association between smoking and infection with mycobacterium tuberculosis, and nine estimate the impact of smoking on characteristics of tuberculosis and disease outcomes. conclusions: taken together, evidence suggests that smoking (both current and former) is associated with: risk of being infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis, risk of developing tuberculosis, development of more severe forms of tuberculosis, and risk of dying of tuberculosis. in many cases, there is a strong dose-response relationship -both in terms of quantity and duration of smoking. these relationships are not explained away by controlling for potentially confounding variables such as age, gender, alcohol consumption, and hiv status.
Clinical, Hematological and Biochemical Studies of Anaplasmosis in Arabian One-Humped Camels (Camelus dromedaries)
K.M. Alsaad
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical, haematological and biochemical changes in natural infected camels (Camelus dromedaries) with blood parasite Anaplasma marginale. A total of 62 camels 5-10 years old from both sexes were investigated 52 camels were naturally infected with Anaplasma marginale 10 clinically normal camels served as control the results indicated that the clinically infected camels showed signs of pale mucus membranes, loss of appetite, emaciation, diarrhea and or constipation, rough hair coat, lacrimation, coughing. Ticks were noticed and detected on several locations at the camels body. High body temperature, respiratory and heart rates were also recorded in addition to a reduction on ruminal contractions. The statistical analysis appeared significant decrease in the TRBCs, HB and PCV, while a significant increase in MCV and ESR were encountered in infected camels. Macrocytic normochromic type of anemia was registered and the percentage of parasitemia ranged between (5-11%). There were no significant difference encountered in clotting factors indices. The results also, indicated a significant increase in WBC as a result of significant increase and decrease in lymphocytes and neutrophiles, respectively. The biochemical changes revealed significant increase in AST, ALT, total bilirubin, BUN and icteric index, however significant decrease in total protein values were encountered in infected camels.
Clinical, Hematological and Biochemical Studies of Anaplasmosis in Arabian One-Humped Camels (Camelus dromedaries)
K.M. Alsaad
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical, haematological and biochemical changes in natural infected camels (Camelus dromedaries) with blood parasite Anaplasma marginale. A total of (62) camels 5-10 years old from both sexes were investigated (52) camels were naturally infected with Anaplasma marginale (10) clinically normal camels served as control the results indicated that the clinically infected camels showed signs of pale mucus membranes, loss of appetite, emaciation, diarrhea and or constipation, rough hair coat, lacrimation, coughing. Ticks were noticed and detected on several locations at the Camels body. High body temperature, respiratory and heart rates were also recorded in addition to a reduction on ruminal contractions. The statistical analysis appeared significant decrease in the TRBCs, HB and PCV, while a significant increase in MCV and ESR were encountered in infected camels. Macrocytic normochromic type of anemia was registered and the percentage of parasitemia ranged between (5-11%). There were no significant difference encountered in clotting factors indices. The results also indicated a significant increase in WBC as a result of significant increase and decrease in lymphocytes and neutrophiles, respectivley. The biochemical changes revealed significant increase in AST, ALT, total bilirubin, BUN and icteric index, however significant decrease in total protein values were encountered in infected camels.
Memory and Violence in Israel/Palestine
K.M. Fierke
Human Rights & Human Welfare , 2008,
Abstract:
Effect of Inocula Levels of Meloidogyne javanica and Sclerotium rolfsii on the Growth, Yield and Galling Incidence of Soybean
K.M. Khalequzzaman
Plant Pathology Journal , 2003,
Abstract: The experiment was conducted both in the laboratory and glasshouse of the Department of Plant Pathology, BAU, Mymensingh during the period of March to July, 2001. Mixed inocula of Meloidogyne javanica and Sclerotium rolfsii in five different treatments including control were tested on the growth, yield, galling incidence and development of the nematode in soybean. Maximum length of shoot and root, fresh weight of shoot and root with nodules, number of pods, number of nodules and yield per plant were observed with the control treatment. Progressively higher galling incidence and higher number of adult females and juvenile populations of Meloidogyne javanica correspondingly with lower plant growth, nodulation and yield per plant were recorded from lower to higher levels of inocula ranging from 4-10 eggmasses of M. javanica with 0.025-0.1% w/w of S. rolfsii. Galling incidence was negatively correlated with plant growth, nodulated and yield of soybean.
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