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Recent sightings of the Hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata (Linnaeus, 1757) on the coast of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India
K.L.N Murthy,K.V. Ramana Murthy
Asian Journal of Conservation Biology , 2012,
Abstract: The coast of Northern Andhra Pradesh has predominantly rocky and sandy shores with sporadic nesting sites of olive ridley turtles Lepidochelys olivacea. However, there have been rare sightings of hawksbill turtles Eretmochelys imbricata along this coast in the past couple of decades and their nesting is seldom observed. Carcasses of two adult hawksbill turtles were observed on 29/12/2010 and 07/03/2011 along the coast of Visakhapatnam in Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. These sightings of dead hawksbill turtles along this coast come recently after a long gap of several years and emphasize on the need to carry out surveys in the area for devising effective long term conservation management strategies.
JIAPS is Indexed in Pubmed
Rao K.L.N
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons , 2009,
Abstract:
Change of editorial team.........
Rao K.L.N
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons , 2007,
Abstract:
Empyema thoracis: Surgical management in children
Menon Prema,Kanojia Ravi,Rao K.L.N
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons , 2009,
Abstract: Empyema thoracis can produce significant morbidity in children if inadequately treated. Correct evaluation of the stage of the disease, the clinical condition of the child and proper assessment of the response to conservative treatment is crucial in deciding the mode of further surgical intervention. This ranges from intercostal chest tube drainage and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery to open decortication. Surgical decortication becomes mandatory in neglected cases; it gives very gratifying results ameliorating the disease rapidly and is well tolerated by young patients. This article reviews the current literature and discusses the important considerations while managing these patients. Indications for surgery are highlighted, based on our large experience at a tertiary care center.
Portal hypertensive biliopathy: Can we prevent it?
Rao K.L.N,Thapa B
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons , 2010,
Abstract:
Depth Estimation Using Blur Estimation in Video
Veerender Reddy.B,,Acharya K.L.N,,Srinivas.J,,Mohan.D
International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: Depth Estimation plays a crucial role in identifying distance from focal point of camera and object in a scene. Usually, video information which is captured through camera contains two dimensional data for every frame. So, there arises a need for estimating relative distance from focal point which adds third dimension called depth. Sometimes, we can categorize objects as, in focus and out focus with respect to focal plane based on the blurring effect. This effect is due to the alignment and placing of focal plane and lens. Observing this philosophy, in this paper we propose a method to estimate depth in chosen frame of video based on blur estimation proposed by Elder et. al., and Hu et. al., Details of both methods will be explored and will be tested on certain frames of video.
Authors′ reply
Parikh Mitul,Samujh Ram,Kanojia Ravi,Rao K.L.N
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons , 2009,
Abstract:
Decision-making in surgical neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis
Parikh Mitul,Samujh Ram,Kanojia Ravi,Rao K.L.N
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons , 2009,
Abstract: Aim: To know whether laboratory or clinical parameters can predict disease progression, need for laparotomy in patients managed with peritoneal drain and mortality in surgical neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis patients. Materials and Methods: The study was retrospectively carried out on 27 neonates over a period of one and a half year. All neonates who had surgical neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis in the form of bowel perforation, positive paracentesis, abdominal wall erythema and abdominal lump were included. Patients with Bell′s stage I and those developing enterocolitis after surgery were excluded. The patients were evaluated with parameters, namely, clinical, laboratory and radiological. These included age and stage at presentation, primary symptom/sign at presentation with laboratory parameters of blood counts, pH, base deficit, platelet counts, electrolytes and random blood sugar levels. A comparison was done between survivors and nonsurvivors, patients with primary peritoneal drainage versus those requiring laparotomy after drain, Bell′ stage II versus III patients and operated versus nonoperated patients. Statistical significance was observed in the above mentioned comparisons. Results: There were 22 male and 5 females patients with mean birth weight of 1.85 kg. Age at presentation ranged from 2 to 19 days, mean 9.25 days. Mortality was 37% (10/27). Majority of the stage II patients presented with feed intolerance and abdominal distension. The neonates with severe disease had abdominal distension with wall erythema. Sixty percent of the patients had shock at the time of admission. In the comparison of peritoneal drain only and patients with peritoneal drain followed by laparotomy patients, it was observed that neonates who were acidotic and had higher base deficit had more chances of requirement of laparotomy. They also had progressive fall in platelets counts. There was no difference in the birth weight, gestational age, total counts, serum electrolytes, blood sugar and other measured parameters; thus, these carry negligible predictive value to judge deteriorating neonate. In the remaining of the comparison, patients not presenting with shock were more likely to survive. Conclusion: In the present study, neonate with persistently low pH, higher base deficit and presentation with shock predicted need for laparotomy in drain managed patients as well as chances of survival.
Surgical management and outcome analysis of stage III pediatric empyema thoracis
Menon Prema,Rao K.L.N.,Singh Meenu,Venkatesh M
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons , 2010,
Abstract: Aim: Report of 125 pediatric patients of empyema thoracis treated by open decortication, highlighting the presentation, delay in referral, operative findings, the response to surgical intervention and follow-up. Materials and Methods: All the children who underwent open decortication for stage III empyema thoracis during the study period were included. Preoperative workup included hemogram, serum protein, chest radiographs and contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CECT) scan of the chest. Results: One hundred and twenty-five patients (81 males, 44 females) (age 3 months-12 years, mean 4.9 years) were operated during a 4.5-year period. Among them, two children underwent bilateral thoracotomies. Also, 81.6% patients were referred 3 weeks after the onset of disease (mean duration 9 weeks). Intercostal chest drainage (ICD) had been inserted in (119) 95% cases. Thickened pleura, multiloculated pus and lung involvement were invariably seen on CECT scan. Bronchopleural fistula was present in 10 patients and empyema necessitatis in 2. Decortication, removal of necrotic tissue and closure of air leaks was performed in all the patients. Necrotizing pneumonia was seen in (35) 27.5% cases. Mean duration of postoperative ICD was 7 days. Follow-up ranged from 3 months to 4 years (mean 12 months). There was no mortality. Six patients had proven tuberculosis. Conclusions: The duration of the disease had a direct relationship with the thickness of the pleura and injury to the underlying lung. Delayed referral causes irreversible changes in the lung prolonging recovery. Only 18% presented within the early period of the disease. Meticulous open surgical debridement gives gratifying results. The status of the lung at the end of surgery is a major prognostic factor.
An Interoperable B2B e-Commerce Framework for e-Marketing Capabilities
W.K. Chong,K.L. Man,N. Zhang
Engineering Letters , 2011,
Abstract:
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