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LIGHTS AND SHADOWS OF TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT IN KERALA: A STUDY ON THE MUTHUVAN TRIBE OF EDAMALAKKUDY TRIBAL SETTLEMENT IN IDUKKI DISTRICT
K.A. Manjusha
The Dawn Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Edamalakkudy, the first Tribal Grama Panchayath in Kerala was formed during the last delimitation of Local bodies in Kerala (2010). The Muthuvan Tribe is the community in Edamalakkudy and is one of the most isolated forest tribes in the state of Kerala. This paper is an attempt to discuss the origin, history and etymology of the Muthuvans of Edamalakkudy along with their language, dress and ornaments, food pattern, their special traditions in social organisations, life-cycle rituals, religion, political organisation, economy etc. This paper also tries to bring out some of the problems of tribal development in this area. The tribals have been the victims of colonial domination, illiteracy, ignorance, caste prejudice, poverty and isolation. Then contact with the advanced and civilized people brought them into a new market economy and exploitation-both social and economic in nature. Their self-sufficient economy disorganised due to land alienation, deforestation etc. So this paper tries to make a comparative study on the past traditional life and the present condition of the Muthuvans of Edamalakkudy Tribal Grama Panchayath along with some suggestions for their existing problems.
Ter nagedachtenis aan mijn vriend Theo van der Merwe
K.A. Bril
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2006, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v71i1.226
Abstract:
Physicochemical Attributes of Nigerian Natural Honey from Honeybees (Apis mellifera adansonii) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and its Shelf Life in Storage at Room Temperature
K.A. Fasasi
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Nigerian honey competes globally in the world honey market. The physicochemical parameters of honey samples sourced from colonies of Apis mellifera adansonii were studied with the effect of storage-time over a period of two years. This was done by analyzing and evaluating eleven common physicochemical parameters including colour, moisture content, ash content, sugar content, acidity, pH value, hydroxymethylfurfural, diastase activity, nitrogen content, insoluble matter and viscosity of honey samples with the effect of storage-time on the physicochemical parameters using Association of Official Analytical Chemists methods. Most of the honey samples showed proper maturity considering the moisture content (17.9±2.0%). The total acidity (21.5±5.6 meq kg-1) indicated absence of undesirable fermentation after harvest and extraction. The Mean±SD pH value (3.9±0.2) of the honey samples was within acceptable standards of Economic European Community (EEC) and Codex. The ash content (0.4±0.2%) (0.2-0.6%) was slightly higher than 0-0.50% of EEC and Codex standards. The fructose and glucose mean values were 38.9±0.8% and 28.3±2.4%, respectively. The Mean±S.D value of hydroxymethylfurfural content (8.5±2.7 mg kg-1) was low, while the Mean±SD value of diastase activity was high depicting freshness. The evaluated physicochemical parameters of two years old honey samples exhibited no significant deviation (p>0.05) from that of the fresh samples. This study showed that natural honey if properly harvested, extracted hygienically, preserved and stored can maintain their stability relatively for at least two years at room temperature without undue interference.
Some proto-Malayic affixes
K.A. Adelaar
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1984,
Abstract:
In memoriam Johannes Cornelis Anceaux
K.A. Adelaar
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1989,
Abstract:
Body Mass and Conformation Traits in Four Breeds of Guinea Fowl
K.A. Kozaczynski
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1998,
Abstract: The records for body mass at one day, one, four, twelve, sixteen, twenty, twenty four weeks of age and conformation traits (Shank length, shank diameter, keel length, breast angle) at four, twelve, sixteen, twenty, and twenty four weeks of age were collected from 114 guinea fowl. There were highly significant differences in body mass between breeds and a significant difference between sexes from 4 weeks of age up to 20 weeks of age. At 24 weeks of age the difference in body mass was significant for breeds but not significant for sex. All the conformation trait measurements were higher for males than for females. A steady increase in shank length, shank diameter and keel length was observed from the 4th to the 20th week of age in all the breeds and sexes. During the study greater average breast measurement angles were recorded for females than males.
Malay and Javanese loanwords in Malagasy, Tagalog and Siraya (Formosa)
K.A. Adelaar
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1994,
Abstract:
The relevance of Salako for Proto-Malayic and for Old Malay epigraphy
K.A. Adelaar
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1992,
Abstract:
Screening of the Insecticidal Activity of New Recombinant Preparations of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki Against the Egyptian Cotton Leafworm
Zaied K.A.
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2000,
Abstract: In the present work, two cultures of Bacillus strains belonging to two serotypes and four of their transconjugants were screened with respect to their activities against lepidopterous cotton pest. Two strains of Bacillus were screened for their drug resistance to be used as a genetic markers to identify bacterial strains in the conjugation process. B. subtilis was found to be sensitive to all antibiotics and drugs, and also resistant to crystal violet. Although, B. thuringiensis was found to be sensitive to all antibiotics, drugs and crystal violt, except for it was resistant to hiconcil. Bacterial transconjugants isolated from conjugation between both strains were more resistant to both crystal violet and hiconcil. Two groups of crystals and spores have been isolated within Bacillus strains and their transconjugants. This because -endotoxin gene of B. thuringiensis codes for the insecticidal crystal protein (ICP) specific for lepidopteran insects, since the N-terminal half of the toxin is sufficient both for insect specificity and toxicity. The potency of two Bacillus preparation was determined against Spodoptera littoralis. The toxicities of these two groups against larvae of Spodoptera littoralis expressed as; average consumption of fed leaves, average weight of surviving larvae, survival percent of the larvae and mortality percentage are also differed. Mortality levels of larvae caused by the different isolates varied from 20.83 to 79.17 (crystals alone) and from 58.33 to 83.33 (crystal and spores). Higher levels of mortality were observed if a mixture of relatively pure crystals and spores was used compared with the mortality resulting from either fraction of crystal alone. -endotoxin recombinant crystalline protein and endospores from bacterial transconjugants were highly toxic effective against S. littoralis than from their parental strains.
The methodology of corona air ionizer usage when correcting the indoor air ion composition
K.A. Chernyy
Magazine of Civil Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: There is a need of the solution of two inconsistent tasks connected with features of technical characteristics assignment when using electrical corona air ionizers for correction of air ion composition. On the one hand, for providing sufficient generating ability of the air ionizer the increasing of corona voltage is necessary. On the other hand, increase of the corona voltage leads to increasing in generation of concomitant harmful chemical compounds.Results of research of small air ion concentration and volume concentration of ozone O3, nitrogen oxide NO and nitrogen oxides (in terms of NO2) are presented.The received empirical dependences allow to carry out calculating of change of foregoing above characteristics for formed air ion composition.
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