oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 2 )

2019 ( 271 )

2018 ( 347 )

2017 ( 373 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 157080 matches for " K. Kim "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /157080
Display every page Item
The Design of the Fuzzy Inference System for the Determination of Attention  [PDF]
Hye Jin Kim, Sun K. Yoo
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.55B012
Abstract: In this study, by using the response speed and the number of errors resulting from the children’s concentration test through the fuzzy inference system and comparing it to the theta which is one of the EEG’s parameter to find the level of concentration. Targeting 21(Male 12, Female 9) healthy children between the ages of 10 - 14, the test was conducted one time with a duration of 14 minutes. For the first 5 minutes the children were listening to the Bach’s Air on a G string having a steady state and the next 9 minutes the children were subjected to the external stimuli audiogenic stimulation that induces attention concentration. When the number 3 was heard, children were subjected to press down on the spacebar to check the response speed and the number of errors. By conducting computerized neurocognitive function test to compare the theta wave related to the concentration with the response speed and the number of errors that determines the attention concentration through the fuzzy system, the data from 15 children out of 21 have shown the results for the concentration. In order to check the concentration level, a fuzzy inference system which was designed by the user could be used.
Somaclonal variations as a mean for obtaining regenerants with different growth rates in poplar (Populus × berolinensis Dipp.)  [PDF]
Kim Z. Gamburg, Viktor K. Voinikov
Natural Science (NS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.55075
Abstract: Adventive regenerants of Populus × berolinensis Dipp. were obtained on 1/2 MS salts with sucrose, vitamins, BA, TDZ and NAA using stem, petiole and leaf explants. They differed from each other in plantlet dimensions. More than 50 clones were produced from initial regenerants by excision and rooting of apexes and lateral shoots. Differences in stem length and thickness were observed between 200 field plants produced from in vitro plantlets. Differences in stem length were conditioned mainly due to different number of internodes and not by internodes’ lengths. Plants grown from cuttings excised from highest and smallest plants retained the abilities of mother plants to grow with different rates. It is concluded that somaclonal variability can be used for selection of fast growing poplar plants which are necessary for industrial plantations. These plants can be used for this purpose without the limitations existing for transgenic plants.
Malware Images Classification Using Convolutional Neural Network  [PDF]
Espoir K. Kabanga, Chang Hoon Kim
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2018.61016
Abstract:
Deep learning has been recently achieving a great performance for malware classification task. Several research studies such as that of converting malware into gray-scale images have helped to improve the task of classification in the sense that it is easier to use an image as input to a model that uses Deep Learning’s Convolutional Neural Network. In this paper, we propose a Con-volutional Neural Network model for malware image classification that is able to reach 98% accuracy.
Organic carbon efflux from a deciduous forest catchment in Korea
S. J. Kim, J. Kim,K. Kim
Biogeosciences (BG) & Discussions (BGD) , 2010,
Abstract: Soil infiltration and surface discharge of precipitation are critical processes that affect the efflux of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) and Particulate Organic Carbon (POC) in forested catchments. Concentrations of DOC and POC can be very high in the soil surface in most forest ecosystems and their efflux may not be negligible particularly under the monsoon climate. In East Asia, however, there are little data available to evaluate the role of such processes in forest carbon budget. In this paper, we address two basic questions: (1) how does stream discharge respond to storm events in a forest catchment? and (2) how much DOC and POC are exported from the catchment particularly during the summer monsoon period? To answer these questions, we collected hydrological data (e.g., precipitation, soil moisture, runoff discharge, groundwater level) and conducted hydrochemical analyses (including DOC, POC, and six tracers) in a deciduous forest catchment in Gwangneung National Arboretum in west-central Korea. Based on the end-member mixing analysis of the six storm events during the summer monsoon in 2005, the surface discharge was estimated as 30 to 80% of the total runoff discharge. The stream discharge responded to precipitation within 12 h during these storm events. The annual efflux of DOC and POC from the catchment was estimated as 0.04 and 0.05 t C ha 1 yr 1, respectively. Approximately 70% of the annual organic carbon efflux occurred during the summer monsoon period. Overall, the annual efflux of organic carbon was estimated to be about 10% of the Net Ecosystem carbon Exchange (NEE) obtained by eddy covariance measurement at the same site. Considering the current trends of increasing intensity and amount of summer rainfall and the large interannual variability in NEE, ignoring the organic carbon efflux from forest catchments would result in an inaccurate estimation of the carbon sink strength of forest ecosystems in the monsoon East Asia.
Organic carbon sequestration and discharge from a deciduous forest catchment in Korea
S. J. Kim,J. Kim,K. Kim
Biogeosciences Discussions , 2009,
Abstract: Soil infiltration and surface discharge of precipitation are critical processes that affect the sequestration and discharge of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and particulate organic carbon (POC) in forested catchments. Both DOC and POC are highly concentrated in the soil surface in most forest ecosystems and their discharge may not be negligible particularly under the monsoon climate. In East Asia, however, there are little data available to evaluate the role of such processes in forest carbon budget. In this paper, we address two basic questions: 1) how does stream discharge respond to storm events in a forest catchment? and 2) how much DOC and POC are discharged from the catchment particularly during the summer monsoon period? To answer these questions, we collected hydrological data (e.g., precipitation, soil moisture, runoff discharge, groundwater level) and conducted hydrochemical analyses (including DOC, POC, and six tracers) for a deciduous forest catchment in Gwangneung National Arboretum in west-central Korea. Based on the end-member mixing analysis of the six storm events during the summer monsoon in 2005, the surface discharge was estimated as 30 to 80% of the total runoff discharge. The stream discharge responded to precipitation within 12 h during these storm events. The annual discharge of DOC and POC from the catchment was estimated as 0.04 and 0.05 t C ha 1 yr 1, respectively. Approximately 70% of the annual organic carbon efflux occurred during the summer monsoon period. Overall, the annual discharge of organic carbon was estimated to be 4 to 14% of the net ecosystem carbon exchange (NEE) obtained by eddy covariance technique at the same site. Considering the current trends of increasing intensity and amount of summer rainfall and the large interannual variability in NEE, ignoring the organic carbon discharge from forest ecosystems would result in an overestimation (underestimation) of the strength of forests as a carbon sink (source) in the monsoon East Asia.
A Complete and Simple Solution to a Discrete-Time Finite-Capacity BMAP/D/c Queue  [PDF]
Nam K. Kim, Mohan L. Chaudhry, Bong K. Yoon, Kilhwan Kim
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.312A297
Abstract: We consider a discrete-time multi-server finite-capacity queueing system with correlated batch arrivals and deterministic service times (of single slot), which has a variety of potential applications in slotted digital telecommunication systems and other related areas. For this queueing system, we present, based on Markov chain analysis, not only the steady-state distributions but also the transient distributions of the system length and of the system waiting time in a simple and unified manner. From these distributions, important performance measures of practical interest can be easily obtained. Numerical examples concerning the superposition of certain video traffics are presented at the end.

Comparative Analysis of Guided Modal Properties of Double-Positive and Double-Negative Metamaterial Slab Waveguides
K. Y. Kim
Radioengineering , 2009,
Abstract: The guided modal properties of double-positive and double-negative metamaterial slab waveguides are numerically analyzed and compared when varying the dielectric and magnetic constants. As the cutoff frequencies of both slab waveguides remained unchanged when the absolute value of the refractive index was kept invariant, this enabled an effective comparison of the respective guided modes. Thus, the guided mode dispersion characteristics of the double-positive and double-negative slab waveguides were analyzed and compared, including several higher order modes. As a result, this comparative analysis provides greater physical insights and a better understanding of the guided modal characteristics of double-negative metamaterial slab waveguides.
Graphene and graphene/polymer nanocomposites
B. K. Kim
eXPRESS Polymer Letters , 2012, DOI: 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2012.82
Abstract: editorial
Minimax bounds for estimation of normal mixtures
Arlene K. H. Kim
Statistics , 2011, DOI: 10.3150/13-BEJ542
Abstract: This paper deals with minimax rates of convergence for estimation of density functions on the real line. The densities are assumed to be location mixtures of normals, a global regularity requirement that creates subtle difficulties for the application of standard minimax lower bound methods. Using novel Fourier and Hermite polynomial techniques, we determine the minimax optimal rate - slightly larger than the parametric rate - under squared error loss. For Hellinger loss, we provide a minimax lower bound using ideas modified from the squared error loss case.
Evaluation of Accuracy and Precision of IRMS by Using Standard Materials and Applications  [PDF]
J. Y. Hwang, B. K. Kim, M. S. Kim, J. W. Choi, T. S. Kim, W. S. Lee
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2016.54022
Abstract: The isotope ratio mass spectrometer (IRMS) is an instrument that measures both of the elemental contents and isotope ratios of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, nitrogen and sulfur in environmental samples at the same time. In this study, we want to try to get two main goals; first, to make up for setting the analytical conditions such as accuracy and precision, second, to apply for comparing of the carbon and nitrogen isotope ratio of sediments in the abandoned mine located in middle province of Korea. For the first goal, a recently introduced IRMS was used to analyze CRM (certified reference materials), which helped to make up the analytical conditions of carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios. So, the accuracy and precision of isotope ratios and elemental contents were also assessed simultaneously, and also the results were very satisfactory. The analytical results of carbon reference materials (EMA-P2) showed an accuracy of -2.801 × 10‰ ± 0.01‰ (2σ) and a precision of 0.009‰ in the mass range from 0.008 μg - 0.162 μg. For nitrogen reference materials (EMA-P2), an accuracy of -1.632‰ ± 0.72‰ (2σ) was obtained in the mass range from 0.082 - 0.162 mg. These values of accuracy and precision are higher than those reported by other studies. For the second goal, carbon and nitrogen isotopes in river sediment near abandoned mines were analyzed based on the established analytical conditions. The result suggested that carbon isotope ratios ranged from -22.5‰ - -7.5‰ and nitrogen isotope ratios from -1.9‰ - 7.9‰. By comparing the isotope ratios and sampling sites of sediment, we know that the nitrogen isotope values in samples of entrance area of mine are greater than those of the farm house area, which is indicating the effects of organic materials. So, we could guess that the newly accumulated organic materials were much more in the farm house area than mine entrance area. And a result of this study, the accuracy and precision tests of IRMS using certified reference materials were very satisfactory and optimum analytical conditions were established well. And also, it was found that the applications of isotopic analysis for environmental samples by using the IRMS could be very useful for the studies on tracing pollution sources.
Page 1 /157080
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.