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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 139151 matches for " K. K. Dwivedi "
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Study of Intermolecular Interactions in Liquid Crystals: Para-butyl-p’-cyano-biphenyl  [PDF]
K. K. Dwivedi, M. K. Dwivedi, S. N. Tiwari
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology (JCPT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2014.41005

Various characteristics of mesomorphism can be explained using intermolecular interactions between a pair of liquid crystalline molecules. The intermolecular interactions have been calculated considering multipole-multicentere expansion method and modified by second order perturbation treatments. For calculation of multipole i.e. charge, dipole, etc. at each atomic center of molecules, para-butyl-p’-cyano-biphenyl, GAMESS, an ab initio program, with 6-31G* basis set has been used. The stacking, in-plane and terminal interaction energies explain the liquid crystalline behaviour of the system.

Effects of Thermal Diffusion and Chemical Reaction on MHD Flow of Dusty Visco-Elastic (Walter’s Liquid Model-B) Fluid  [PDF]
Om Prakash, Devendra Kumar, Y. K. Dwivedi
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.210075
Abstract: The present note consists, the effects of thermal diffusion and chemical reaction on MHD flow of dusty viscous incom-pressible, electrically conducting fluid between two vertical heated, porous, parallel plates with heat source/sink. The plate temperature is raised linearly with time and concentration level near the plate to Cw. The variable temperature and uniform mass diffusion taking into account the chemical reaction of first order. The series solution method is used to solve the mathematical equations. Effects of various parameters like chemical reaction (K), thermal diffusion (ST) and magnetic field (M) etc. on velocity profile, skin friction, concentration profile and temperature field are displayed graphically and discussed numerically for different physical parameters. The analysis developed here for thermal diffusion, bears good agreement with real life problems.
Pseudoneuritis with optico-ciliary veins
Mehra K,Dwivedi P
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1967,
An Exploratory Study of Experimental Tools for Wireless Sensor Networks  [PDF]
A.K. Dwivedi, O.P. Vyas
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2011.37025
Abstract: The objective of this contribution is to present expositive review content on currently available experimental tools/services/concepts used for most emerging field Wireless Sensor Network that has capability to change many of the Information Communication aspects in the upcoming era. Currently due to high cost of large number of sensor nodes most researches in wireless sensor networks area is performed by using these experimental tools in various universities, institutes, and research centers before implementing real one. Also the statistics gathered from these experimental tools can be realistic and convenient. These experimental tools provide the better option for studying the behavior of WSNs before and after implementing the physical one. In this contribution 63 simulators/simulation frameworks, 14 emulators, 19 data visualization tools, 46 testbeds, 26 debugging tools/services/concepts, 10 code-updation/reprogramming tools and 8 network monitors has been presented that are used worldwide for WSN researches.
Classification of HIV-1 Sequences Using Profile Hidden Markov Models
Sanjiv K. Dwivedi, Supratim Sengupta
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036566
Abstract: Accurate classification of HIV-1 subtypes is essential for studying the dynamic spatial distribution pattern of HIV-1 subtypes and also for developing effective methods of treatment that can be targeted to attack specific subtypes. We propose a classification method based on profile Hidden Markov Model that can accurately identify an unknown strain. We show that a standard method that relies on the construction of a positive training set only, to capture unique features associated with a particular subtype, can accurately classify sequences belonging to all subtypes except B and D. We point out the drawbacks of the standard method; namely, an arbitrary choice of threshold to distinguish between true positives and true negatives, and the inability to discriminate between closely related subtypes. We then propose an improved classification method based on construction of a positive as well as a negative training set to improve discriminating ability between closely related subtypes like B and D. Finally, we show how the improved method can be used to accurately determine the subtype composition of Common Recombinant Forms of the virus that are made up of two or more subtypes. Our method provides a simple and highly accurate alternative to other classification methods and will be useful in accurately annotating newly sequenced HIV-1 strains.
An explanation of the Pioneer anomaly involving accelerated atomic clocks
K. Wilhelm,B. N. Dwivedi
Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions (ASTRA) , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/astra-7-487-2011
Abstract: The Pioneer anomaly stands for unexplained frequency shifts of the Doppler radio-tracking signals received at the ground stations from the Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft in disagreement with expectations based on model calculations. We consider here observations of Pioneer 10 at heliocentric distances between 40 ua and 70.5 ua over a time interval of 11.55 years from 1987 to 1998. The anomaly has been interpreted in the literature either as a Doppler shift caused by an apparent spacecraft deceleration not accounted for by known effects, or as an unexpected clock acceleration of the frequency standards at the ground stations. The reasons for the anomalous behaviour are not understood in both cases. Based on a gravitational impact model – requiring a secular mass increase of all massive bodies – a solution is proposed that implies a clock acceleration with a value close to that of the Hubble constant.
A Novel Mgf Based Analysis of Channel Capacity of Generalized-K Fading with Maximal-Ratio Combining Diversity
Vivek K. Dwivedi;Ghanshyam Singh
PIER C , 2012, DOI: 10.2528/PIERC11100103
Abstract: In this paper, we have analyzed the channel capacity by using the maximal-ratio combing (MRC) diversity scheme for communication systems operating over a composite fading environment modeled by the Generalized-K distribution at the receiver. For the Generalized-K fading channel with arbitrary values for small and large scale fading parameters, we have derived a closed-form expression for the moment generating function (MGF) of the received signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and utilized it to obtain a novel closed-form expressions for the channel capacity under different adaptive transmission schemes. The result of the proposed methods is compared with other reported literature to support the analysis.
Marginal Moment Generating Function Based Analysis of Channel Capacity Over Correlated Nakagami-M Fading with Maximal-Ratio Combining Diversity
Vivek K. Dwivedi;Ghanshyam Singh
PIER B , 2012, DOI: 10.2528/PIERB12041901
Abstract: In this paper, we have investigated the marginal moment generating function (MMGF) for the correlated Nakagami-m fading channel by using maximal-ratio combining (MRC) diversity scheme at receiver for the computation of the channel capacity for various adaptive transmission schemes such as: 1) optimal simultaneous power and rate adaptation, 2) optimal rate adaptation with constant transmit power, 3) channel inversion with fixed rate, and 4) truncated channel inversion with fixed rate. The effects of diversity receiver as well as correlation coefficients on all these transmission schemes are discussed and the channel capacity obtained by this proposed approach for all schemes is compared with reported literature.
Solar coronal plumes and the fast solar wind
B. N. Dwivedi,K. Wilhelm
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s12036-015-9326-0
Abstract: The spectral profiles of the coronal Ne viii line at 77 nm have different shapes in quiet-Sun regions and coronal holes (CHs). A single Gaussian fit of the line profile provides an adequate approximation in quiet-Sun areas, whereas a strong shoulder on the long-wavelength side is a systematic feature in CHs. Although this has been noticed since 1999, no physical reason for the peculiar shape could be given. In an attempt to identify the cause of this peculiarity, we address three problems that could not be conclusively resolved in a review article by a study team of the International Space Science Institute (ISSI; Wilhelm et al. 2011) : (1) The physical processes operating at the base and inside of plumes as well as their interaction with the solar wind (SW). (2) The possible contribution of plume plasma to the fast SW streams. (3) The signature of the first-ionization potential (FIP) effect between plumes and inter-plume regions (IPRs). Before the spectroscopic peculiarities in IPRs and plumes in polar coronal holes (PCHs) can be further investigated with the instrument Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) aboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), it is mandatory to summarize the results of the review to place the spectroscopic observations into context. Finally, a plume model is proposed that satisfactorily explains the plasma flows up and down the plume field lines and leads to the shape of the neon line in PCHs.
Emergence of clustering: Role of inhibition
Sanjiv K. Dwivedi,Sarika Jalan
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.90.032803
Abstract: Though biological and artificial complex systems having inhibitory connections exhibit high degree of clustering in their interaction pattern, the evolutionary origin of clustering in such systems remains a challenging problem. Using genetic algorithm we demonstrate that inhibition is required in the evolution of clique structure from primary random architecture, in which the fitness function is assigned based on the largest eigenvalue. Further, the distribution of triads over nodes of the network evolved from mixed connections exhibits a negative correlation with its degree providing insight into origin of this trend observed in real networks.
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