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YAHUD M ST S ZM N N TEMEL ZELL KLER VE GEL M / JEWISH MYSTICISM BASIC NOTIONS AND DEVELOPMENT
Kür?at DEMRC
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Yahudi mistisizmi M. . 400’lerde ba layarak günümüze kadar gelen bir Yahudilik yorumudur. Geleneksel Yahudilik’ten farkl birtak m zellikleri vard r. En temel kavramlar Sefirot doktirini, mesihin geli inin abukla t r lmas ve tanr ile mistik birle me tecrübeleridir. Genel olarak Kabalac l k diye bilinir.Geli im süreci be ayr d neme ayr l r. En erken d nem M. .400 c var nda ba lar, M.S.200’lere kadar devam eder. Bask n bir ran ve Gnostisizmi etkisi ta r. kinci d nem Merkabah mistisizmi diye bilinen süre tir. Yeni Platonculu un ve slam tasavvufunun etkisi vard r, M.S.binlere kadar devam eder. ü üncü d nem Teosofik d nem diye bilinir ve yakla k 16.yüzy la kadar sürer. D rdüncü d nem Safed kabalac l ad n ta r. Son d nem 18.yüzy lda ba layan ve mistsizmin zirvesine vard Hasidik gelene i taraf ndan temsil edilir.Jewish mysticism is a mystical understanding of mainstream Judaism begining from the fourth century B.C. It has different notions from the traditional judaism. One of the most important aspects of the mystical judaism is the Sephirot fiction which means process of creation. Second one deals with coming of Messiah, and other mystical union with God. It is known as Kabbalah. Historical development of this movement can be divided into five periods. First period, first century is developed under Persian influence and early Gnostisizm. Second, begins third century A.D. and arrives in around 11th. century. We call this period Merkabah mysticism. Third is Theosophistic Kabbalah, from 11th. century to 16th. century. Fourth one is Lurianic Kabbalah until 18th. century and last one Hasidic mysticism.
Statistical Convergence of Double Sequences on Probabilistic Normed Spaces
S. Karakus,K. Dem rc
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2007/14737
Abstract: The concept of statistical convergence was presented by Steinhaus in 1951. This concept was extended to the double sequences by Mursaleen and Edely in 2003. Karakus has recently introduced the concept of statistical convergence of ordinary (single) sequence on probabilistic normed spaces. In this paper, we define statistical analogues of convergence and Cauchy for double sequences on probabilistic normed spaces. Then we display an exampl e such that our method of convergence is stronger than usual convergence on probabilistic normed spaces. Also we give a useful characterization for statistically convergent double sequences.
Suicide Attempt With High-Dose Trimetazidine: Case Report
Hakan DEMRC,Ya?ar Kü?üKARDALI,Hakan TEREKEC?,Emrullah SOLMAZGüL
Trakya Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Dergisi , 2008,
Abstract: A 20-year-old otherwise healthy male patient with depression had ingested 1200 mg (60 tablets) of trimetazidine. He was taken to the emergency unit of our institution by his relatives four hours after the ingestion and gastric decontamination was done by gastric lavage and application of 50 g activated charcoal. Follow-up was unremarkable except sleepiness and a brief period of hypotension. No life-threatening risk was observed following oral ingestion of high-dose trimetazidine when the patient was treated after four hours.
Synchronous metastasis of metachronous tumor: a case report
Lütfi SOYLU,Serdar HAN,Salim DEMRC,?mür ATAO?LU
Turkish Journal of Oncology , 2009,
Abstract: Recent advancements in cancer treatment have increased the incidence of secondary tumors and metachronous tumors by means of improving survival rates. Increased risk of secondary cancer is observed after radiotherapy and chemotherapy episodes. It is a clinical observation to now encounter recurrences many years after a successful treatment or a primary resection of a tumor. How a tumor cell persists alive but stable and how it demonstrates its tumorigenic potential remain to be clarified. A patient with colon adenocarcinoma and coexisting malignant melanoma who presented synchronic metastasis in the follow-up is presented in this manuscript.
SYMBOLISM OF NAMES IN ELIF SAFAK’S PINHAN, ARAF AND MAHREM EL F AFAK’IN P NHAN, ARAF VE MAHREM’ NDE S M MGELEM
Ne?e DEMRC
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: Today, a piece of literature is open to different spheres of critical reading because it has more than one single semantic dimension, and the reader, in equal terms with the author, has a word to tell about the imaginative outline of the text. In this structure of cooperation, what the author should do is to disappear after granting the reader the possibility to see, and the reader should see the unsaid and the backstage of the text following the path depicted openly or secretly by the author. Here, this study covers from the reader’s perspective the analyses of the symbolic power of names which Elif afak, in her literary works, puts great stress on, and also of the contributively function of the names to understand the overall meaning of the text. Günümüzde, edebiyat eseri birden fazla anlamsal katmana sahip olmas bak m ndan farkl okumalara a k; okur ise yaratma, kurgulama a s ndan yazarla e it s z hakk na sahiptir. Bu anla mal yap da yazar n g revi okuru i in imkan sunup aradan ekilmek; okurun yapmas gereken ise gizli veya a k olarak i aret edilen yoldan ilerleyerek metnin arka plan n , s ylenmeyenleri g rebilmektir. Bu al mada da, okur g züyle, Elif afak’ n romanlar nda s k s k vurgulad “isim”ler vesilesiyle birtak m de erlendirmeler yap lmaya al lm , isimlerin romana katt anlam üzerinde durulmu tur.
ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE PHONEME THEORY FONEM TEOR S N N NEM HAKKINDA
Kerim DEMRC
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Analyzing the structure of language has primarily to do with understanding the sounds that make up language. Saussure’s idea of ‘language is a system of mutually defining entities’ [there is nothing but differences in language] has been the main incentive behind the phoneme theory. The theory in modern terms has been formed especially by Baudouin de Courtenay and linguitsts such as Nikolai Trubetzkoy, Paul Passy, Roman Jakobson, Sergey Kar evski. These scholars made a tremendous contribution to linguistics by setting a system that made possible to differentiate speech sounds and phonemes from all other unprocessed (raw) ones. This system laid the foundation of modern phonetic and phonology. This study examines the main features of the phoneme theory that analyzes distinctive features of speech sounds from a systematic approach Dilin yap s n zümlemek ncelikli olarak dili olu turan seslerin anla lmas yla ili kilidir. Ferdinand de Saussure’ün ‘Dilde ayk r l klardan ba ka bir ey yoktur’ varsay m ndan yola kan dilciler fonem teorisinin ortaya kmas n sa lam lard r. Modern anlamda fonem teorisi, zellikle Rus bilgin Baudouin de Courtenay ba ta olmak üzere Nikolai Trubetzkoy, Paul Passy, Roman Jakobson, Sergey Kar evski gibi bir ok uzman n al malar yla ekillenmi tir. Bu bilginler dillerin konu ma seslerini zümlemeyi mümkün k lan bir sitemi dilbilime kazand rm t r. Bu sistem modern fonetik ve fonoloji al malar n n altyap s n olu turmu tur. Bu yaz da konu ma seslerine mahsus ay rt edici zelliklerin bilimsel metotlarla tespitine dayanan fonem teorisinin en temel zellikleri ele al nacakt r.
WHAT DO WE UNDERSTAND FROM THE TERMS DEEP STRUCTURE AND SURFACE STRUCTURE? DER N YAPI VE YüZEY YAPI KAVRAMLARINDAN NE ANLIYORUZ?
Kerim DEMRC
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: According to the theory developed mostly by Port Royal school in the 17th century and later on formulated by Noam Chomsky, each sentence in a language has two levels of representation: a deep structure and a surface structure. The deep or underlying structure represents the semantic foundations of a sentence. Meanwhile the surface structure is the actual form of a sentence which essentially occurs in speech (the phonetic form) or writing. While the speaker or the writer is on the side of deep structure as he/she is the one supposed to know the semantic layer of the sentence, the listener or the reader is passively exposed to the surface structure of a sentence. The surface structure of a sentence may have empty categories and traces that are normally full and existing in the deep layer of representation. In this study we will examine the language-internal and cross-linguistic versions of deep and surface structures. Ba lang ta 17. yüzy lda Port Royal Okulu taraf ndan ortaya at lan sonra Noam Chomsky taraf ndan formüle edilen teoriye g re her cümlenin derin yap ve yüzey yap olmak üzere iki katman vard r. Derin yap ad verilen katman cümlenin anlambilimsel temelini olu turur. te yandan yüzey yap ise zellikle cümlenin en son s ylenmi veya yaz lm halini, yani ger ekte üretilmi bi imini temsil eder. Cümlenin anlam na vak f olan konu ur veya yazar dilbilimsel olarak derin yap taraf nda iken, dinleyici veya okuyucu yüzey yap taraf ndad r zira dinleyici veya okuyucu cümleye maruz kalan taraft r. Bir cümlenin yüzey yap s bo luklarla ve izlerle dolu iken derin yap s doluluk ve taml k arz eder. Bu al mada derin ve yüzey yap kavramlar n n hem dil i i hem de diller aras türleri incelenecektir.
RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY ANALYSIS OF TURKISH VERSION OF THE SCALE OF SERVICE QUALITY IN RECREATIONAL SPORT-38
Emine K??KER DEMR,Zafer ??MEN
Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to test the reliability and validity of the “The Scale of Service Quality in Recreational Sport" (SSQRS -38) for Turkish recreational sports participants. 173 male (56.9%) and 131 female (43.1%) exercise participants voluntarily participated in this study. The Scale of Service Quality in Recreational Sport -38 is a 49-item self-report measure of recreational sport service quality and consists of the following eleven subscales: (a) range of programs, (b) operating time, (c) information, (d) client-employee interaction, (e) inter-client interaction, (f) physical change, (g) valance, (h) sociability, (i) ambiance, (j) design ve (k) equipment. Participants were asked to rate each item on a 7-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (strongly disegree) to 7 (strongly agree). Principle Component Factor Analysis with Varimax Rotation for testing factor structure of Turkish version of SSQRS-38 supported 10 factor structures for 304 exercise participants and 38 items explains % 73 of variance. The internal consistency (Cronbach Alpha) value for 304 exercise participants were ranged from .72 (operating time) to .91 (design). It can be concluded that the SSQRS-38 is a reliable and valid instrument to assess quality in recreational sport services for Turkish participants.
Osmanl Türkiyesinde E kiyal k Faaliyetlerini nlemeye Y nelik Al nan Tedbirler Ve Uygulanan Cezalara Dair G zlemler: Mara Eyaleti rne i (1590-1750)//// Measures Taken to Prevent Acts of Banditry in the Ottoman Empire and an Assessment of Imposed Penalties: A Case Study of The Province of Maras, C. 1590-1750
Süleyman DEMRC,Hasan ARSLAN
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2012,
Abstract: Bandit means an armed thief who is usually a member of a band. Banditry, often by force or otherwise cause a gun raided a trowel cut, rape, defined as a violation of public order and safety. Basing on the first hand archival sources held in stanbul this article intends to examine the measures taken to prevent banditry and that of imposed fines in the context of central-periphery relations in the Ottoman province of Maras from the late sixteenth to mid- eighteenth centuries. It contributes to get a better understanding of the overall situation in an age of “change and transformation” in the Ottoman Empire
SIMPLE PAST TENSE MARKERS IN TURKISH AND SOME AMERICAN INDIAN LANGUAGES IN TERMS OF EVIDENTIALITY DEL LE DAYALILIK BAKIMINDAN TüRK YE TüRK ES LE BAZI KIZILDER L D LLER NDE BAS T EK ML GE M ZAMANLAR
Kerim DEMRC,Jeff MUHLBAUER,Clare COOK
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: This descriptive study examines the term ‘evidentiality’ within the context of Turkish of Turkey and some American Indian languages. In the broadest sense, as a linguistic category evidentiality is the morphological indication of an event that takes place in the past and the relation of this event to the speaker. It is a kind of ‘verification system’ that languages mark with affixes, conveying the perspective of the speaker. The witnessed past tense marker –DI and the reported past tense marker –mI in Turkish are two good examples of evidentiality. It is a cross-linguistic phenomenon that specifies whether the speaker has witnessed the event or learned it from somebody else. It can be seen at various levels in several languages. Starting from two the number of suffixes added to the verb stems indicating the position of the speaker with respect to the event may go up to as many as six. In this study, examples from some American Indian languages spoken in North America and Turkish of Turkey will be examined. Bu al ma Türkiye Türk esi ve baz K z lderili dilleri ba lam nda ‘delile dayal l k’ terimini incelemektedir. Dilbilgisel bir s n f olarak delile dayal l k, en geni anlam yla baz dillerde, bir konu ucunun s yledi i s zün kayna n ge mi zaman g steren bi imbirimsel yap larla dinleyiciye aktarmas demektir. Anlat lan ‘do rulama sistemi’ veya anlat c n n olay kar s ndaki konumu olarak da nitelendirilebilen bu dil bilgisel kategori kendini en iyi ekilde Türkiye Türk esinde g rülen ge mi zaman (-DI) ve renilen ge mi zaman (-mI ) ay r m nda g sterir. Farkl dillerde e itli seviyelerde kar la lan bu dil olay nda anlat c n n olay g rüp g rmedi i veya farkl kaynaklardan duyup duymad morfolojik yollarla vurgulan r. De i ik dillerde fiile eklenerek konu ucuyu konumland ran eklerin say s ikiden alt ya kadar kabilmektedir. Bu al mada Kuzey ve Güney Amerika’da konu ulan baz K z lderili dilleri ve Türkiye Türk esi rnekleri ele al nmaktad r.
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