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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 148118 matches for " Károly Simon "
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Visibility for self-similar sets of dimension one in the plane
Károly Simon,Boris Solomyak
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: We prove that a purely unrectifiable self-similar set of finite 1-dimensional Hausdorff measure in the plane, satisfying the Open Set Condition, has radial projection of zero length from every point.
The geometry of fractal percolation
Michal Rams,Károly Simon
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: A well studied family of random fractals called fractal percolation is discussed. We focus on the projections of fractal percolation on the plane. Our goal is to present stronger versions of the classical Marstrand theorem, valid for almost every realization of fractal percolation. The extensions go in three directions: {itemize} the statements work for all directions, not almost all, the statements are true for more general projections, for example radial projections onto a circle, in the case $\dim_H >1$, each projection has not only positive Lebesgue measure but also has nonempty interior. {itemize}
The dimension of projections of fractal percolations
Michal Rams,Károly Simon
Mathematics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s10955-013-0886-6
Abstract: \emph{Fractal percolation} or \emph{Mandelbrot percolation} is one of the most well studied families of random fractals. In this paper we study some of the geometric measure theoretical properties (dimension of projections and structure of slices) of these random sets. Although random, the geometry of those sets is quite regular. Our results imply that, denoting by $E\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ a typical realization of the fractal percolation on the plane, {itemize} If $\dim_{\rm H}E<1$ then for \textbf{all}lines $\ell$ the orthogonal projection $E_\ell$ of $E$ to $\ell$ has the same Hausdorff dimension as $E$, If $\dim_{\rm H}E>1$ then for any smooth real valued function $f$ which is strictly increasing in both coordinates, the image $f(E)$ contains an interval. {itemize} The second statement is quite interesting considering the fact that $E$ is almost surely a Cantor set (a {\it random dust}) for a large part of the parameter domain, see \cite{Chayes1988}. Finally, we solve a related problem about the existence of an interval in the algebraic sum of $d\geq 2$ one-dimensional fractal percolations.
Projections of fractal percolations
Michal Rams,Károly Simon
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper we study the radial and orthogonal projections and the distance sets of the random Cantor sets $E\subset \mathbb{R}^2 $ which are called Mandelbrot percolation or percolation fractals. We prove that the following assertion holds almost surely: if the Hausdorff dimension of $E$ is greater than 1 then the orthogonal projection to \textbf{every} line, the radial projection with \textbf{every} center, and distance set from \textbf{every} point contain intervals.
Absolute continuity for random iterated function systems with overlaps
Yuval Peres,Károly Simon,Boris Solomyak
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: We consider linear iterated function systems with a random multiplicative error on the real line. Our system is $\{x\mapsto d_i + \lambda_i Y x\}_{i=1}^m$, where $d_i\in \R$ and $\lambda_i>0$ are fixed and $Y> 0$ is a random variable with an absolutely continuous distribution. The iterated maps are applied randomly according to a stationary ergodic process, with the sequence of i.i.d. errors $y_1,y_2,...$, distributed as $Y$, independent of everything else. Let $h$ be the entropy of the process, and let $\chi = E[\log(\lambda Y)]$ be the Lyapunov exponent. Assuming that $\chi < 0$, we obtain a family of conditional measures $\nu_y$ on the line, parametrized by $y = (y_1,y_2,...)$, the sequence of errors. Our main result is that if $h > |\chi|$, then $\nu_y$ is absolutely continuous with respect to the Lebesgue measure for a.e. $y$. We also prove that if $h < |\chi|$, then the measure $\nu_y$ is singular and has dimension $h/|\chi|$ for a.e. $y$. These results are applied to a randomly perturbed IFS suggested by Y. Sinai, and to a class of random sets considered by R. Arratia, motivated by probabilistic number theory.
Projections of Mandelbrot percolation in higher dimensions
Károly Simon,Lajos Vágó
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We consider fractal percolation (or Mandelbrot percolation) which is one of the most well studied example of random Cantor sets. Rams and the first author studied the projections (orthogonal, radial and co-radial) of fractal percolation sets on the plane. We extend their results to higher dimension.
Projections of Fractal percolation constructed with inhomogeneous probabilities
Károly Simon,Lajos Vágó
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we consider fractal percolation random Cantor sets $E$ on the plane constructed with non-homogeneous probabilities. We focus on the case when the probabilities are large enough to guarantee that the almost sure dimension of $E$ is greater than $1$. Under this assumption in the case of homogeneous (equal) probabilities it was proved by Rams and the first author that the orthogonal projection of $E$ contains an interval simultaneously in all directions. Moreover, Peres and Rams proved the stronger result that the orthogonal projection of the natural measure on $E$ to every line is absolutely continuous with H\"older-continuous density. We point out that in the case of non-homogeneous probabilities neither of the two previous assertions remain valid. However, we also prove that in the non-homogeneous case every line whose tangent is neither a rational nor a Liouville number is non-exceptional. That is, almost surely for all of these directions the projection of $E$ contains some interval and the projection of the natural measure has H\"older-continuous density.
The algebraic difference of two random Cantor sets: The Larsson family
Michel Dekking,Károly Simon,Balázs Székely
Mathematics , 2009, DOI: 10.1214/10-AOP558
Abstract: In this paper, we consider a family of random Cantor sets on the line and consider the question of whether the condition that the sum of the Hausdorff dimensions is larger than one implies the existence of interior points in the difference set of two independent copies. We give a new and complete proof that this is the case for the random Cantor sets introduced by Per Larsson.
Slicing the Sierpiński gasket
Balázs Bárány,Andrew Ferguson,Károly Simon
Mathematics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/0951-7715/25/6/1753
Abstract: We investigate the dimension of intersections of the Sierpi\'nski gasket with lines. Our first main result describes a countable, dense set of angles that are exceptional for Marstrand's theorem. We then provide a multifractal analysis for the set of points in the projection for which the associated slice has a prescribed dimension.
On the dimension of self-affine sets and measures with overlaps
Balázs Bárány,Micha?\ Rams,Károly Simon
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we consider diagonally affine, planar IFS $\Phi=\left\{S_i(x,y)=(\alpha_ix+t_{i,1},\beta_iy+t_{i,2})\right\}_{i=1}^m$. Combining the techniques of Hochman and Feng, Hu we compute the Hausdorff dimension of the self-affine attractor and measures and we give an upper bound for the dimension of the exceptional set of parameters.
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