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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 31319 matches for " Jyun-Yi Lai "
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Pixel Discontinuity Repairing for Push-Broom Orthorectified Images  [PDF]
Jyun-Yi Lai, Ming-Fu Chen, Han-Chao Chang
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.64A004

Pixel discontinuity in orthoimages occurs frequently due to altitude variations in the pitch and heading of an airplane, and low performance of real-time analyzing software. This study proposes a scheme to resolve pixel discontinuity. The proposed scheme includes the following steps: 1) capture images by a self-made hyperspectral imager; 2) determine the pixel locations of orthoimages using a top-down approach; 3) repair discontinuities by the Nearest Neighbor (NN) or Bilinear Interpolation (BL) approaches; and, 4) perform a dynamic range adjustment on the orthoimages, according to the maximum pixel value of the raw images and orthoimages. After applying the proposed scheme, this study found that pixel discontinuity was eliminated by both approaches, and that the software dependability and image quality were improved substantially. In addition, the computational efficiency of the NN approach was roughly two minutes faster than that of the BL due to its simpler computation. However, BL produces smoother image edges for landscapes.

Classification and regression tree analysis in acute coronary syndrome patients  [PDF]
Heng-Hsin Tung, Chiang-Yi Chen, Kuan-Chia Lin, Nai-Kuan Chou, Jyun-Yi Lee, Daniel L. Clinciu, Ru-Yu Lien
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2012.23030
Abstract: Objectives: The objectives of this study are to use CART (Classification and regression tree) and step-wise regression to 1) define the predictors of quality of life in ACS (acute coronary syndrome) patients, using demographics, ACS symptoms, and anxiety as independent variables; and 2) discuss and compare the results of these two statistical approaches. Back- ground: In outcome studies of ACS, CART is a good alternative approach to linear regression; however, CART is rarely used. Methods: A descriptive survey design was used with 100 samples recruited. Result and Conclusions: Anxiety is the most significant predictor and also a stronger predictor than symptoms of ACS for the quality of life. The anxiety level patients experienced at the time heart attack occurred can be used to predict quality of life a month later. Furthermore, the majority of ACS patients experienced a moderate to high level of anxiety during a heart attack.
Design of Compact Lowpass Filter with Ultra-Wide Stopband Using Thin Slots
Jyun-Yi Wu;Yu-Hsiang Tseng;Wen-Hua Tu
PIER C , 2012, DOI: 10.2528/PIERC12052603
Abstract: This paper presents a compact microstrip stepped-impedance lowpass filter with ultra-wide stopband by using back-to-back C-shaped and triple C-shaped thin slots. The properties of several thin slots in the ground plane have been investigated in this paper. With the full-wave simulation results and a simplified equivalent model, the total equivalent inductance of the thin slots can be extracted at cutoff frequency for lowpass filter design purpose. On the other hand, the thin slots work as bandstop filter at the stopband of the lowpass filter for a better stopband rejection. The proposed lowpass filter with a cutoff frequency of 2 GHz shows a wide stopband with an over 25-dB attenuation up to 17.5 GHz. From dc to 2 GHz, the insertion loss is less than 0.3 dB and the return loss is greater than 20 dB. In comparison to the conventional stepped-impedance lowpass filter with the same passband performance, the proposed lowpass filter shows not only a 24.3% size reduction but also a better stopband rejection.
Consumer Confidence and Stock Markets: The Panel Causality Evidence
Chih-Chiang Hsu,Hung-Yu Lin,Jyun-Yi Wu
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n6p91
Abstract: This paper uses a panel of country-level data to investigate the causal relationship between the consumer confidence index (CCI) and the stock market index (SMI). We apply the common correlated effects mean group (CCEMG) estimation of Pesaran (2006) to capture the cross-sectional dependence of our variables before examining this causal relationship. In the panel data analysis, we discover the two-way causality between the CCI and SMI. One of the ways is where stock returns Granger-cause the changes in the CCI. According to the information view of the CCI, this result is due to consumers regarding the stock returns as being the leading indicators of the future situation, regardless of whether they own the stocks or not. On the other hand, the changes in the CCI also Granger-cause the stock returns, the reason for this being attributable to the animal spirits view of consumers. When consumers believe in their own opinions, they will at the same time have strong confidence in and an optimistic attitude toward the future economic situation. Based on these conditions, consumers will invest more in the stock market.
Chou-Chen Yang,Ju-Chun Hsiao,Hung-Wen Yang,Jyun-Yi Jiang
International Journal of Computer Networks & Communications , 2009,
Abstract: With the rapid growth of the Internet, acquiring digital contents over the Internet has becomecommonplace. Most traditional items can be translated into digital form. That is to say the digitalcontents can be distributed easily and rapidly to users over the Internet. Unfortunately, situations ofpiracy are common and become more serious, since the digital contents can be copied and distributedeasily through Internet. Thus, Digital Rights Management (DRM) is a popular tool used to protect digitalcontents with cryptographic technology. But there are many different DRM encryption formats that areadopted by different content providers, causing consumers can’t play their contents on devices withdifferent DRM format even though they bought it legally. In this paper, we employ identity-basedencryption to allow a conversion between different DRM systems. Through the conversion process, thedigital content can be used at different DRM systems and hold the legitimate use of the right.
Low-Power GaAlAs Laser Irradiation Promotes the Proliferation and Osteogenic Differentiation of Stem Cells via IGF1 and BMP2
Jyun-Yi Wu, Yan-Hsiung Wang, Gwo-Jaw Wang, Mei-Ling Ho, Chau-Zen Wang, Ming-Long Yeh, Chia-Hsin Chen
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044027
Abstract: Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) has been found to induce various biological effects and cellular processes. Also, LPLI has been shown to promote fracture repair. Until now, it has been unclear how LPLI promotes bone formation and fracture healing. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential mechanism of LPLI-mediated enhancement of bone formation using mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (D1 cells). D1 cells were irradiated daily with a gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) laser at dose of 0, 1, 2, or 4 J/cm2. The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay showed no cytotoxic effects of LPLI on D1 cells, and instead, LPLI at 4 J/cm2 significantly promoted D1 cell proliferation. LPLI also enhanced osteogenic differentiation in a dose-dependent manner and moderately increased expression of osteogenic markers. The neutralization experiments indicated that LPLI regulated insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) signaling to promote cell proliferation and/or osteogenic differentiation. In conclusion, our study suggests that LPLI may induce IGF1 expression to promote both the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of D1 cells, whereas it may induce BMP2 expression primarily to enhance osteogenic differentiation.
Low-Power Laser Irradiation Suppresses Inflammatory Response of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells by Modulating Intracellular Cyclic AMP Level and NF-κB Activity
Jyun-Yi Wu, Chia-Hsin Chen, Chau-Zen Wang, Mei-Ling Ho, Ming-Long Yeh, Yan-Hsiung Wang
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054067
Abstract: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based tissue regeneration is a promising therapeutic strategy for treating damaged tissues. However, the inflammatory microenvironment that exists at a local injury site might restrict reconstruction. Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) has been widely applied to retard the inflammatory reaction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of LPLI on human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) in an inflammatory environment. We showed that the hADSCs expressed Toll-like Receptors (TLR) 1, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, and TLR6 and that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) significantly induced the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), and Interleukin-8 (IL-8)). LPLI markedly inhibited LPS-induced, pro-inflammatory cytokine expression at an optimal dose of 8 J/cm2. The inhibitory effect triggered by LPLI might occur through an increase in the intracellular level of cyclic AMP (cAMP), which acts to down-regulate nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) transcriptional activity. These data collectively provide insight for further investigations of the potential application of anti-inflammatory treatment followed by stem cell therapy.
MicroRNA-449a Enhances Radiosensitivity in CL1-0 Lung Adenocarcinoma Cells
Yi-Jyun Liu, Yu-Fen Lin, Yi-Fan Chen, En-Ching Luo, Yuh-Ping Sher, Mong-Hsun Tsai, Eric Y. Chuang, Liang-Chuan Lai
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062383
Abstract: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Radiotherapy is often applied for treating lung cancer, but it often fails because of the relative non-susceptibility of lung cancer cells to radiation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to modulate the radiosensitivity of lung cancer cells and have the potential to improve the efficacy of radiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to identify a miRNA that can adjust radiosensitivity in lung adenocarcinoma cells. Two lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (CL1-0 and CL1-5) with different metastatic ability and radiosensitivity were used. In order to understand the regulatory mechanisms of differential radiosensitivity in these isogenic tumor cells, both CL1-0 and CL1-5 were treated with 10 Gy radiation, and were harvested respectively at 0, 1, 4, and 24 h after radiation exposure. The changes in expression of miRNA upon irradiation were examined using Illumina Human microRNA BeadChips. Twenty-six miRNAs were identified as having differential expression post-irradiation in CL1-0 or CL1-5 cells. Among these miRNAs, miR-449a, which was down-regulated in CL1-0 cells at 24 h after irradiation, was chosen for further investigation. Overexpression of miR-449a in CL1-0 cells effectively increased irradiation-induced DNA damage and apoptosis, altered the cell cycle distribution and eventually led to sensitization of CL1-0 to irradiation.
The study of technology acceptance for e-wallets application of clinic fees payment  [PDF]
Yi-Horng Lai
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.411165
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the demand of application of e-wallet in domestic retail industry by examining the needs of adoption of small amount paying method and the reasons for customers’ using of IC stored value card in this industry and aimed at providing suggestions on the e-development of small amount paying methods for domestic retail and banking industries. This study was developed in a way that the model constructs in TAM were adapted to the context of using e-wallets for clinic fees. Scale items on the survey include those measuring perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, a user's attitude toward using and intention. The questionnaire contains no identifying information about the individual participants. A total of 320 Taipei City Hospital patients’ feedbacks were collected. Results indicate most of the relationships in the proposed model are statistically significant and in the predicted directions. Each observed variables influence with two ways: direct effect and indirect effect, and the total effect is the sum of direct effect and indirect effect. The Main effect of most of these observed variables is direct effect, but the information technology experience with the perceived usefulness. In this study, it could be finding that the perceived usefulness, the perceiver ease of use is positively associated with users’ attitude toward using, and the perceiver ease of use is positively associated with the perceived usefulness. It means the useful and easily operation of payment clinic fees with e-wallet products (such as Taipei Easy Card) is very important for the users. Besides, the easier for e-wallet using, the more people think it is usefulness. This suggestion is the same as the point at issue of Davis [1]. The users’ attitude toward using is positively associated with the intention using.
Characterization of in Vitro Modified Human Very Low-Density Lipoprotein Particles and Phospholipids by Capillary Electrophoresis
Yi-Ning Liu,Ting-Yu Shu,Huai-Guang Xie,Wei-Ting Lai,Yi-Han Liao,Mei-Yu Su,You-Sian Lin,Yen-Yi Chen,Yi-Jyun Lin,Chin-Pong Chong,Mine-Yine Liu
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/ijms131216400
Abstract: A simple capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method was used to characterize human very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles for four healthy donors. One major peak was observed for native, in vitro oxidized and glycated VLDL particles. The effective mobilities and peak areas of the capillary electrophoresis (CE) profiles showed good reproducibility and precision. The mobility of the oxidized VLDL peak was higher than that of the native VLDL. The mobility of the glycated VLDL peak was similar to that of the native VLDL. Phospholipids isolated from VLDL particles were analyzed by our recently developed micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) with a high-salt stacking method. At absorbance 200 nm, the native VLDL phospholipids showed a major peak and a minor peak for each donor. For oxidized VLDL phospholipids, the area of the major peak reduced for three donors, possibly due to phospholipid decomposition. For glycated VLDL phospholipids, the peak mobilities were more positive than native VLDL phospholipids for two donors, possibly due to phospholipid-linked advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Very interestingly, at absorbance 234 nm, the major peak of oxidized VLDL phospholipids was resolved as two peaks for each donor, possibly due to conjugated dienes formed upon oxidation.
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