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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 33050 matches for " Justino Martínez "
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CONSUMO DE TABACO, UNA ENFERMEDAD SOCIAL
CHáVEZ DOMíNGUEZ, RAFAEL CéSAR;LóPEZ ANTU?ANO, FRANCISCO J.;REGALADO PINEDA, JUSTINO;ESPINOSA MARTíNEZ, MARLENE;
Revista del Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias , 2004,
Abstract: organized effort to control tobacco consumption and its malignant effects has not been enough. it is therefore convenient to focus on the strong social disease component it encloses. to stop this disease it must undergo a social maturing process. the dynamics of intervention should be fed back by their results. mortality, morbidity, trends and risks are good indicators of the degree of social involvement. today, there is a body of evidence about the interrelationship between individual behavior and the social environment. also, mexico has formally accepted the framework convention on tobacco control, which will help to increase social pressure. smoking requires individual and social care at all ages starting from elementary school. it is urgent to raise public awareness and encourage the concern for taking care. health professionals, who are the best witnesses of smoking consequences: diseases, miseries and deaths, should be more concerned and give the good example. other professions should also be involved. it is necessary to innovate strategies and continue looking for cost - effective trials. there is a need to modify the present concept with preventive implications such as: adjusting the present concept, considering tobacco consumption a consequence of a deviation of individual and social behavior; taking care of the new social disease risks; improving health and well-being promotion programs in a cultural environment. shared community actions are advantageous. a harmonic environment contributes to reach the goal.
Indicadores de síntomas de abstinencia en un grupo de fumadores mexicanos
Lara-Rivas,Gabriela; Ramírez-Venegas,Alejandra; Sansores-Martínez,Raúl H; Espinosa,Ana Marlene; Regalado-Pineda,Justino;
Salud Pública de México , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342007000800016
Abstract: objective: to describe symptoms of as in a group of mexican smokers attending a third referral clinic, to evaluate symptoms according to degree of nicotine dependence using the fagerstr?m test (ftnd). material and methods: a self-reported standardized questionnaire was administered to smokers and non-smokers during three consecutive days. none of the smokers received treatment during this period. results: a total of 185 smokers and 102 non-smokers were included. no differences in age or gender were observed. among smokers, median tobacco consumption was 13 pack-years (range 1 to 72) and the mean (sd) ftnd was six (2.35). symptoms related to nicotine withdrawal were anxiety (or 1.21, 95%ic 1.03-1.43), depression (or 2.75, 95%ic 1.07-7.04), which was more common in women (or 2.03, 95%ic 1.10-3.75), urge to smoke (or 1.53, 95%ic 1.19-1.97), and sweating (or 2.73, 95%ic 1.07-6.95). conclusions: the most frequent symptoms related to nicotine abstinence in mexican smokers were: anxiety, urge to smoke, depression and sweating. these symptoms correlate with the degree of addiction.
Neuropsychological Profile of Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis  [PDF]
Laura Marcos-Arribas, Justino Jiménez Almonacid, Alberto Marcos Dolado
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.410110
Abstract:

Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is a life-threatening disorder that often occurs as a paraneoplastic encephalitis and usually begins with neuropsychological or psychiatric symptoms. We report a case of NMDA receptor encephalitis due to an ovarian teratoma, which began with severe and progressive amnesia and behavioral changes, reversed after surgical treatment and plasmapheresis. Using a battery of cognitive tests, its neuropsychological profile before treatment showed a complete alteration of the short and long term memory of both verbal and visual fixation, with clear improvement with cues and with intrusions, and saving other cognitive domains, such as working, episodic and semantic memory, executive, visuospatial, praxical thinking and language functions. These deficits reverted to normalcy with treatment. So, we can conclude that anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is a rare entity that can be potentially serious depending on early management and diagnosis. We must suspect this entity in children or young people presenting with behavioural disturbances and crisis, with a cognitive pattern of complete alteration in short and long term memory improving with cues, and respecting other cognitive domains.

Defects Interaction on the Mechanical Properties during Transition Formation of (Mo, Cr)3Si Intermetallic Alloys  [PDF]
I. Rosales, H. Martínez
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2014.211009
Abstract: Molybdenum silicides alloys with different Mo and Cr additions were produced by the arc cast method. The microstructure revealed mostly single phase structure. Mechanical properties were evaluated in the alloys, showing a decreasing behavior on microhardness. Fracture toughness values were obtained from cracks produced by Vickers indentation technique, showing that ternary alloying did not have a significant effect. Vacancy studies demonstrated that thermal vacancies along the transition line slightly affected the mechanical behavior.
Formación de valores en el personal de la salud
Martínez Martínez,Elisa;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 2001,
Abstract: the concept of value and its relationship with the forms of social conciousness are defined. the moral values that must characterize the ethic conduct of the physician are identified based on the review of diverse ethics codes (national and international) of the profession and some experiences and propositions existing in cuba as to the formation of values, specially in higher medical education. we pretend with this paper to contribute to a better and more conscious understanding of the process of formation of values, as well as of the present status of its study.
Review of: Ignacio Fernández Sarasola, Los primeros parlamentos modernos de Espa a (1780-1823).
Faustino Martínez Martínez
Forum Historiae Iuris , 2011,
Abstract:
Review of:José Ignacio Fortea Pérez, Las Cortes de Castilla y Léon bajo los Austrias: una interpretación.
Faustino Martínez Martínez
Forum Historiae Iuris , 2011,
Abstract:
Formación de valores en el personal de la salud
Elisa Martínez Martínez
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 2001,
Abstract: Se define el concepto de valor y su relación con las formas de la conciencia social. Se identifican los valores morales que deben caracterizar la conducta ética del médico, a partir de la revisión de diversos códigos éticos (internacionales y nacionales) de la profesión y se sintetizan algunas experiencias y proposiciones que en el trabajo de formación de valores existen en Cuba, especialmente en la Educación Médica Superior. Con esto se pretende contribuir a una mejor y más consciente comprensión del proceso de formación de valores, así como del estado actual de su estudio. The concept of value and its relationship with the forms of social conciousness are defined. The moral values that must characterize the ethic conduct of the physician are identified based on the review of diverse ethics codes (national and international) of the profession and some experiences and propositions existing in Cuba as to the formation of values, specially in Higher Medical Education. We pretend with this paper to contribute to a better and more conscious understanding of the process of formation of values, as well as of the present status of its study.
Comparison and overlap of sympatric wild ungulate diet in Cazorla, segura and las Villas Natural Park
Martínez Martínez, T.
Pirineos : Revista de Ecología de Monta?a , 2002,
Abstract: This paper analyses the trophic relationships and the degree of overlap between the diet of Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica), red deer (Cervus elaphus), fallow deer (Dama dama) and mouflon (Ovis musimon) in the Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas National Park (Southeastern of Spain). Stomach content was used as the basis for diet evaluation. The most heavily consumed plant species by the four herbivores were Quercus rotundifolia, Phillyrea latifolia, Rosmarinus officinalis, Oryzopsis paradoxa and Festuca arundinacea. Spanish ibex and red deer were the ungulates with the most similar diet (53.7% overlap), both were browsers and consumed large amounts of woody matter. Fallow deer and mouflon had similar feeding habits, both are grazers and have a high intake of grasses. There were very low levels of overlap between the ibex and red deer diet with that of fallow deer and mouflon, respectively. Mouflon was the largest forbs consumer, fallow deer consumed most camephytes and red deer consumed most trees and shrubs. None of the four ungulates had absolutely definitive diets that could class them strictly as browsers or grazers, however certain trends suggested that ibex and red deer primarily behave as browsers while fallow deer and mouflon are grazers, although this was not a strict division. [fr] Nous avons étudié le degré de superposition entre la diète du bouquetin (Capra pyrenaica, cerf (Cervus elaphus), daim (Dama dama) et mouflon (Ovis musimon) dans le Parc National de Cazorla, Segura et Las Villas (SE de l'Espagne). Pour l'évaluation de la diète, nous nous sommes basés sur les contenus stomachaux. Les espèces les plus consommées par les quatre herbivores étaient Quercus rotundifolia, Phillyrea latifolia, Rosmarinus officinalis, Oryzopsis paradoxa et Festuca arundinacea. Le bouquetin et le cerf montraient la diète la plus semblable (53,77o de superposition) puisque tous deux broutaient une grande quantité de matière ligneuse. Le mouflon et le daim montraient des habitudes similaires au niveau de l'alimentation, mangeant des herbes et consommant une grande quantité de graminées. Les diètes du bouquetin et du cerf ne se superposaient que très peu avec celles, respectivement, du daim et mouflon. Le mouflon consommait beaucoup de mégaphorbes tandis que le daim consommait surtout des chamaephytes et le cerf principalement arbres et arbrisseaux. Aucun des quatre ongulés étudiés montrait des diètes très strictes (broutage ou consommateur de graminées); cependant, on peut signaler que le bouquetin et le cerf présentaient plus des caractères de brouteurs tandis que le
VV. AA., Ordo Iuris: Storia e forme dell'esperienza giuridica (Giuffrè Editore, Milán, 2003), 419 págs
Faustino Martínez Martínez
Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos , 2005,
Abstract:
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