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This study aimed to relate the social and obstetric risk factors presented by pregnant women who underwent high risk prenatal in a southern Brazil hospital unit. This is a quantitative research. The data collection was conducted from January to September 2012, where 12 high-risk pregnancies and nine companions with diversified social and obstetric conditions were seen. The analysis was by simple statistics. Pregnant women social profile results indicated that predominant age group was 31 to 40 years old; all had some degree of education; 84% Catholic; 75% of pregnant women were accompanied by someone of their choice during high risk prenatal care; and 50% of the choices were for her spouse; half of these pregnant women have a professional occupation. Obstetrics findings demonstrated that the majority of women were not planning on the pregnancy, only 17% started prenatal care in the first trimester, 42% had already presented risk in previous pregnancy, 58% of women were classified as high risk due to fetal abnormalities. Given these findings, it is clear that high-risk pregnancy as a period involving several factors, including social and obstetric that, when connected, can compromise the process of gestating for both the mother and the fetus.