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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 47 matches for " Junges "
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O nascimento da bioética e a constitui??o do biopoder
Roque Junges,José;
Acta bioethica , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S1726-569X2011000200003
Abstract: the birth of bioethics is associated to several persons and facts of the north american context. but this is only the surface of its origin. the article aims to show that bioethics is linked with the emerging of the management of life through the biopower with its biopolicy dynamics. the way to reach this objective is to check the authors, as foucault, agamben, negri and hardt, who analysis deeply its configurations, which are the true cause of bioethics. therefore the model of ethics appropriated to bioethics is the critical hermeneutics of the biopolicy dynamics. it consists in a critical analisis of the facticity of these dynamics in its social and cultural context and in discourses constructed to its justification through the methodology of thbe depth hermeneutic proposed by thompson. a concrete example of this result is the analysis of the right to health crossed by tecnosemiological and biopolitical agencies of the biothecnology companies.
O nascimento da bioética e a constitui o do biopoder El nacimiento de la bioética y la constitución del biopoder The birth of bioethics and the constitution of the biopower
José Roque Junges
Acta Bioethica , 2011,
Abstract: O nascimento da bioética geralmente está associado a certas pessoas e fatos do contexto norte-americano. Mas essa é apenas a superfície da sua origem. O artigo tem o objetivo de mostrar que a bioética está ligada ao surgimento da gest o da vida pelo biopoder com suas dinamicas biopolíticas. O caminho para alcan ar esse objetivo consiste em rever autores como Foucault, Agamben, Negri e Hardt que analisaram em profundidade essas configura es que s o a verdadeira causa do surgimento da bioética. Por isso o tipo de ética adequado para bioética é a hermenêutica crítica das dinamicas biopolíticas. Ela consiste numa análise crítica da facticidade dessas dinamicas no seu contexto sociocultural de configura o e nos discursos construídos para sua justifica o através da hermenêutica em profundidade proposta por Thompson. Um exemplo concreto desse resultado é análise do direito à saúde atravessado pelos agenciamentos tecnosemiológicos e biopolíticos das empresas biotecnológicas. El nacimiento de la bioética, en general, se asocia a ciertas personas y hechos del contexto norteamericano. Pero esa es solamente la superfície de su origen. El artículo tiene el objetivo de demostrar que la bioética está vinculada al surgimiento de la gestión de la vida por el biopoder con sus dinámicas biopolíticas. El camino para alcanzar ese objetivo consiste en revisar autores como Foucault, Agamben, Negri y Hardt, quienes estudian en profundidad esas configuraciones que son la verdadera causa del surgimiento de la bioética. Por eso, el tipo de ética adecuado para bioética es la hermenéutica crítica de las dinámicas biopolíticas. Ella consiste en un análisis crítico de la factibilidad de esas dinámicas en su contexto sociocultural de configuración y en los discursos construidos para su justificación a través de la hermenéutica en profundidad propuesta por Thompson. Un ejemplo concreto de ese resultado es el análisis del derecho a la salud atravesado por los resultados tecnosemiológicos y biopolíticos de las empresas biotecnológicas. The birth of Bioethics is associated to several persons and facts of the North American context. But this is only the surface of its origin. The article aims to show that bioethics is linked with the emerging of the management of life through the biopower with its biopolicy dynamics. The way to reach this objective is to check the authors, as Foucault, Agamben, Negri and Hardt, who analysis deeply its configurations, which are the true cause of Bioethics. Therefore the model of ethics appropriated to Bioethics is the critical hermeneutics of the biopoli
Constru??o de sentido nas narrativas de doentes cr?nicos
Junges, José Roque;Bagatini, Tatiane;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302010000200016
Abstract: objective: understand how chronically ill persons reframe life through their discursive practices. methods: six interviews were selected from the original seventeen made with chronically ill persons from a public hospital in the metropolitan region of porto alegre. recorded and transcribed interviews produced narratives concerning the existential situation in the face of disease, perspectives for the future, a comprehension of diagnosis and of therapy as well as the role of professionals for the reframing. talks were divided in linguistic repertoires concerning diagnosis and therapy. results: in the first, the narratives of meaning are structured around cause of the disease from a genetic background (destiny) or due to the style of life (fault). in the repertoires about therapy, narratives of the self identity reconfiguration depend on the autonomy or heteronomy in relation to the physician's words as mediator of salvation, on perception of the body as a factor of relation, on the social representation of medication and on emotional situation. conclusion: self -satisfaction relies on finding the thread to bring together the elements of existence based on a new model permitting a new identity. the professional must be involved in the narratives of identity reconstruction enabling therapy to produce the expected effect and for the patient to feel as a participant of the process, assuming with autonomy the necessary changes in life.
Desenvolvimento das culturas de cereais de inverno no Rio Grande do Sul por meio de perfis temporais do índice de vegeta??o por diferen?a normalizada
Junges, Amanda Heemann;Fontana, Denise Cybis;
Ciência Rural , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782009005000114
Abstract: this research aimed to elaborate temporal ndvi profiles through the crop masks building, and find the interannual variations of profiles associated with variation of wheat grain yield in rio grande do sul, brazil. the data set were composed by modis13 images (ndvi product from may to november, 2000 to 2006), ground control points (collected in wheat, oat and barley fields) and official wheat grain yield (ibge and cotrijal). the results showed that using the proposed methodology for crop masking it is possible to generate consistent ndvi temporal profiles, which allows monitoring the development of winter cereal crops and can be used to evaluate the interannual variations of grain yield. the profiles showed that wheat grain yield was related to the maintenance of high ndvi values (above 0.7) for a larger period of time. however, the methodology did not allow the wheat, oats and barley discrimination, pointing for subsequent studies.
Modelo agrometeorológico-espectral de estimativa de rendimento de gr?os de trigo no Rio Grande do Sul
Junges, Amanda Heemann;Fontana, Denise Cybis;
Revista Ceres , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-737X2011000100002
Abstract: this study aimed to estimate the wheat yield within the cotrijal cooperative's operational area (northern rio grande do sul), using spectral and meteorological variables. yield data (1991-2006), monthly agrometeorological data (1991-2006) and spectral data (ndvi/modis, 2000-2006) were used in the analyses. the existence of a significant increase in grain yield due to the incorporation of new technologies was analyzed (technology trend).the choice of the independent variables was based on the analysis of the correlation between yield and spectral and meteorological data. for the multiple linear regression of grain yield estimation the following independent variables were used: rainfall (october), frost damage index (september), degree-days (accumulated from may to october) and ndvi (integrated from june to october). the multiple linear regressions showed satisfactory results with estimation errors below 10%, in most examined years. accuracy, easy implementation and low cost of regressions pointed to the possibility of joint use of spectral and agrometeorological data in estimating wheat yield in the cotrijal region. however, further studies are recommended to verify the results of the generated models when incorporating a longer series of spectral data.
Beneficiários do trabalho voluntário: uma leitura a partir da bioética
Selli,Lucilda; Garrafa,Volnei; Junges,José Roque;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008,
Abstract: objective: to describe volunteers' perceptions of the beneficiaries of volunteering within the hospital setting and the influence that the theme of benefits exercises on their motivations. methods: this is an exploratory study with a qualitative approach. one hundred and ten volunteers working in health services that are references for the treatment of cancer in rio de janeiro (southeastern brazil) are the subjects of this study. data was collected between october and december 2001. data was obtained by two instruments - a questionnaire which identifies the socioeconomic profile and the motivations for undertaking voluntary activity; and a semi-structured interview that provided complementary information. results: according to the volunteers' perception, the beneficiaries of voluntary activity were, primarily, the patient, (50.5%); secondarily the volunteer him/herself (41.9%); and least of all, the institution and the society in which these benefits are obtained (7.6%). both the patient and the volunteer were considered simultaneously beneficiaries, being that the volunteer tends to receive more benefits. a comprehension of the social benefits of this activity was also reported. conclusions: a notion of the social importance of their volunteering was verified among the volunteers. however, the study indicates that a larger articulation is lacking between individual motivations and volunteer work as a setting within which social problems may be confronted.
A situa o das finan as públicas e a descentraliza o das políticas sociais nos municípios do Rio Grande do Sul, 1995-2001
Rückert, Isabel Noemia Junges,Rabelo, Mercedes
Análise , 2005,
Abstract: O objetivo desse artigo é analisar o comportamento das finan as municipais do Rio Grande do Sul, no período de 1995 a 2001, destacando o desempenho dos gastos sociais municipais no contexto da descentraliza o das políticas sociais, processo iniciado com a Constitui o de 1988. Constatou-se que as receitas cresceram em um ritmo muito maior do que as despesas nesse período: 45% e 29% respectivamente. O maior acréscimo de recursos refere-se a transferências de outros níveis de governo aos Municípios, principalmente para aqueles com até 10. 000 habitantes. Com rela o aos gastos sociais dos Municípios, verificou-se que os mesmos registraram um substancial aumento no período em análise (56%), tendo, inclusive, ultrapassado o crescimento das receitas totais.
Prática médica homeopática e a integralidade
Santanna, Carolina;Hennington, élida Azevedo;Junges, José Roque;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832008000200002
Abstract: the "centro de saúde modelo" was the first basic health care service of the brazilian public health system to introduce homeopathic care in the state of rs. the aim of this study was to understand this health center's contribution to the development of the integrality principle. this is a case study. the categories employed in guidying the study were: welcoming, bond and care. the data was based on documents, direct observation and interviews with professionals and people using the service. the results indicate that homeopathy, by welcoming and caring for each individual in his/her singularity and totality, makes a differentiated kind of assistance possible. however, integrality has been restricted to some aspects directly associated with the physician-patient relation such as bonding and care. the main problem identified was access to care. homeopathy is coherent with and strengthens the principles of the brazilian public health system and therefore it should be valued and become more widespread as a therapeutic option, thus contributing towards effectively achieving the goal of integral health care.
Saúde mental e espiritualidade/religiosidade: a vis?o de psicólogos
Oliveira, Márcia Regina de;Junges, José Roque;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2012000300016
Abstract: spirituality has been more and more researched in its relations with mental health. the objective of the research is to describe how the psychologists realize in their practices the relationship between religiosity/spirituality and mental health. it is an exploratory study with qualitative approach. the sample has been composed by two groups of professionals of psychology. one group has been formed by all the 5 psychologist of the public mental health service of s?o leopoldo and the other by 5 psychologists of private clinics, selected by the method named "snow ball" by which the first is chosen by convenience and this one indicate the second and so on. the dates have been collected by semi-structured interview and interpreted according the content analysis, identifying three subject matter categories: 1) mental health as equilibrium and sense of life; 2) spirituality/religiosity as experience; 3) clinic as becoming aware of the self and autonomy.
Mulheres idosas enfrentando a institucionaliza??o
Pavan, Fábio José;Meneghel, Stela Nazareth;Junges, José Roque;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008000900025
Abstract: this study focused on institutionalization of the elderly from the perspective of gender studies. the aim was to understand the effects of institutionalization on the lives of elderly women and their strategies to deal with this situation. the study used a qualitative methodology and was conducted in a long-term care facility for the elderly, with 110 individuals from alto uruguai, rio grande do sul state, brazil. data collection used discussion groups with ten elderly women participating. content analysis was used and identified three main categories: the nursing home as a total institution, gender, and strategies to deal with institutionalization. half of the women had chosen to live in the nursing home, while the others complained about their confinement to what they considered "a dump for old people". the gender category permeated the women's lives, which included domestic activities in the "home" in order to pass the time. strategies to deal with institutionalization included religious rituals, handicrafts, and walks.
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