Abstract:
We study the configuration space of equilateral and equiangular spatial hexagons for any bond angle by giving explicit expressions of all the possible shapes. We show that the chair configuration is isolated, whereas the boat configuration allows one-dimensional deformations which form a circle in the configuration space.

Abstract:
We study optimal double helices with straight axes (or the fattest tubes around them) computationally using three kinds of functionals; ideal ones using ropelength, best volume packing ones, and energy minimizers using two one-parameter families of interaction energies between two strands of types $r^{-\alpha}$ and $\frac1r\exp(-kr)$. We compare the numerical results with experimental data of DNA.

Abstract:
This is a survey article on two topics. The Energy E of knots can be obtained by generalizing an electrostatic energy of charged knots in order to produce optimal knots. It turns out to be invariant under Moebius transformations. We show that it can be expressed in terms of the infinitesimal cross ratio, which is a conformal invariant of a pair of 1-jets, and give two kinds of interpretations of the real part of the infinitesimal cross ratio.

Abstract:
A two-component link produces a torus as the product of the component knots in a two-point configuration space of a three-sphere. This space can be identified with a cotangent bundle and also with an indefinite Grassmannian. We show that the integration of the absolute value of the canonical symplectic form is equal to the area of the torus with respect to the pseudo-Riemannian structure, and that it attains the minimum only at the "best" Hopf links.

Abstract:
Let $\{P_1, P_2, P_3, P_4\}$ be a quadruplet of points in $S^3$ . We define a ``dual'' quadruplet of it in a conformal geometric way. We show that the dual of a dual quadruplet coincides with the original one. We also show that the cross ratio of the dual quadruplet is equal to the complex conjugate of that of the original one.

Abstract:
We show that the the image of the regular projection of a vertex of a cone over a triangle that minimizes the ratio of the cube of the area of the boundary of the cone and the square of the volume of the cone coincides with the incenter.

Abstract:
The {\em minimal unfolded region} (or the {\em heart}) of a bounded subset $\Om$ in the Euclidean space is a subset of the convex hull of $\Om$ the definition of which is based on reflections in hyperplanes. It was introduced to restrict the location of the points that give extreme values of certain functions, such as potentials whose kernels are monotone functions of the distance, and solutions of differential equations to which Aleksandrov's reflection principle can be applied. %the temperature of a heat conductor with some initial-boundary condition, in which case the points are called the hot spots. We show that the minimal unfolded regions of the convex hull and parallel bodies of $\Om$ are both included in that of $\Om$.

Abstract:
We study a 1-form which can be given by a vector in a conformally invariant way. We then study conformally invariant functionals associated to a ``Y-diagram'' on the space of knots which are made from the 1-form.

Abstract:
The configuration space of the mechanism of a planar robot is studied. We consider a robot which has $n$ arms such that each arm is of length 1+1 and has a rotational joint in the middle, and that the endpoint of the $k$-th arm is fixed to $Re^{\frac{2(k-1)\pi}ni}$. Generically, the configuration space is diffeomorphic to an orientable closed surface. Its genus is given by a topological way and a Morse theoretical way. The homeomorphism types of it when it is singular is also given.

Abstract:
This article serves as errata of the book "Energy of knots and conformal geometry", Series on Knots and Everthing Vol. 33, World Scientific, Singapore, 304 pages, (2003). (ver. 27/05/2007) Also available through web: http://www.comp.tmu.ac.jp/knotNRG/indices/indexe.html