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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 227808 matches for " Julio C.; Cabrera-Arana "
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Costos Familiares de Mantener y Abandonar la Lactancia Exclusiva en el Primer Mes Posparto
Girón-Vargas,Sandra L.; Mateus-Solarte,Julio C.; Cabrera-Arana,Gustavo A.;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642009000300008
Abstract: objective estimating the difference between direct and indirect family costs arising from women who continue exclusive breastfeeding and those who abandon it during the first postpartum month. methods a cost analysis was carried out on primiparous women from cali, colombia; they were recruited during their immediate puerpery and follow-up during the first 30 postpartum days. non-parametric bootstrap techniques were used for estimating average costs and differences for 0-8, 9-30 and 0-30 postpartum days regarding women who abandoned exclusive breastfeeding and those who did not. results women who abandoned exclusive breastfeeding assumed higher costs related to baby feeding while those who continued exclusive breastfeeding had higher food costs for the mother and in contracting domestic support. conclusion the savings which a woman and her family can make due to continuing with exclusive breastfeeding become negated by the mother's food-related costs. interventions should be designed which are orientated towards prolonging exclusive breastfeeding and modifying beliefs about nutrition which contribute towards generating economic consequences for families.
Desgaste emocional en docentes oficiales de Medellín, Colombia, 2005
Restrepo-Ayala,Nadia C; Colorado-Vargas,Gabriel O; Cabrera-Arana,Gustavo A;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642006000100006
Abstract: objetive exploring signs of emotional and physical weakness or burnout syndrome in qualified teachers in medellín, colombia, 2005. methods a cross-sectional study was applied to a random bi-stage sample of 239 teachers who filled in a questionnaire by themselves to explore demographic, work and social variables and dimensions of the burnout syndrome, according to the maslach burnout inventary (mbi). results the findings showed that 23,4 % of the sample presented signs of burnout and a further 23,4 % were at risk of suffering it; emotional weakness and depersonalisation were present in both subgroups. conclusions a relationship between burnout signs and some of the variables studied was found. it is suggested that personal, family and social variables potentially associated with the syndrome should be explored more deeply.
Creencias de hombres de Cali, Colombia, sobre el examen digital rectal: hallazgos de un estudio exploratorio
Lucumí-Cuesta, Diego Iván;Cabrera-Arana, Gustavo Alonso;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000500022
Abstract: this study used the health beliefs model to explore beliefs on digital rectal examination (dre) to screen for prostrate cancer, prior to intent to submit to the examination, in men 45 to 64 years of age in cali, colombia. the 267 participants answered a questionnaire by means of prior selection through proportional sampling by quotas. a univariate and bivariate analysis showed that only 25.8% of the participants had submitted previously to digital rectal examination and that 68.1% intended to do so in the following 12 months. significant differences (p < 0.05) were found between a history of dre and schooling, socioeconomic status, health system coverage, perception of susceptibility to the disease, and perception of barriers and benefits. significant differences (p < 0.05) were found between intent to submit to dre and health system coverage, perception of severity of the disease, and perception of barriers. given the low level of history of dre and intent to submit to the examination, the results could help improve strategies to increase this practice at the local level.
Creencias de hombres de Cali, Colombia, sobre el examen digital rectal: hallazgos de un estudio exploratorio
Lucumí-Cuesta Diego Iván,Cabrera-Arana Gustavo Alonso
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005,
Abstract: Usando el Modelo de Creencias en Salud se exploraron creencias sobre el examen digital rectal como tamiz para cáncer en la próstata, antecedente e intención de práctica en hombres de 45 a 64 a os de edad de Cali, Colombia. A los 267 participantes se les aplicó un cuestionario, previa selección mediante muestreo proporcional por cuotas. Después de un análisis univariado y bivariado se estableció que sólo un 25,8% de los participantes se había sometido previamente al examen digital rectal y 68,1% tenía intención de hacerlo en los siguientes 12 meses. Diferencias significativas (p < 0,05) fueron halladas entre antecedente de práctica y nivel de escolaridad, estrato socioeconómico, afiliación al sistema de salud, percepción de susceptibilidad a la enfermedad, percepción de barreras y beneficios. Se encontraron diferencias significativas (p < 0,05) entre intención de práctica y afiliación al sistema de salud, percepción de severidad de la enfermedad y percepción de barreras. Dado el bajo antecedente e intención de práctica del examen, los resultados podrían contribuir a mejorar las estrategias para incrementar su práctica a nivel local.
Calidad Percibida por Usuarios de Hospitales del Programa de Reestructuración de Redes de Servicios de Salud de Colombia
Cabrera-Arana,Gustavo A.; Bello-Parías,León D.; Londo?o-Pimienta,Jaime L.;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642008000400009
Abstract: objective establishing a quality base-line as perceived by hospital users, subject to intervention by the health-service restructuring, redesign and modernisation programme. method 4 021 users were interviewed face-to-face in august 2006 from a sample of hospitals from the programme using an instrument already validated for measuring health service users’ perception of quality (pecasuss). results the interviewees (38,7 % mean age, 70 % women, 60 % affiliated to the subsided system, 55 % from stratum 1 and 53 % attended in general consultation) scored mostly as good or very good 16 different aspects perceived of the quality of services. mean user quality score was 3,98 (0,8 sd) on a score ranging from 0,0 (bad) to 5,0 (excellent). conclusions quality was generally rated as good as perceived by people using the hospital programme. the humanised treatment received from the medical staff was given the highest score regarding quality of attention received by the interviewees.
Mercado de trabajo situado: entre lo local y lo global
Julio César Cabrera Medina
Salud de los Trabajadores , 2011,
Uso de teorías y modelos en artículos de una revista latinoamericana de salud pública, 2000-2004
Cabrera Arana,Gustavo Alonso;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102007000600011
Abstract: objective: to characterize frequency and type of use of theories or models on papers of a latin-american journal in public health between 2000 and 2004. methods: the revista de saúde pública was chosen because of its history of periodic publication without interruption and current impact on the scientific communication of the area. a standard procedure was applied for reading and classifying articles in an arbitrary typology of four levels, according to the depth of the use of models or theoretical references to describe problems or issues, to formulate methods and to discuss results. results: of 482 articles included, 421 (87%) were research studies, 42 (9%) reviews or special contributions and 19 (4%) opinion texts or assays . of 421 research studies, 286 (68%) had a quantitative focus, 110 (26%) qualitative and 25 (6%) mixed. reference to theories or models is uncommon, only 90 (19%) articles mentioned a theory or model. according to the depth of the use, 29 (6%) were classified as type i, 9 (2%) as type ii, 6 (1.3%) were type iii and the 46 remaining texts (9.5%) were type iv. conclusions: reference to models was nine-fold more frequent than the use of theoretical references. the ideal use, type iv, occurred in one of every ten articles studied. it is of relevance to show theoretical and models frames used when approaching topics, formulating hypothesis, designing methods and discussing findings in papers.
Efectos de la reforma en salud en las acciones de control de tuberculosis en el Valle del Cauca, Colombia
Carvajal,Rocío; Cabrera,Gustavo Alonso; Mateus,Julio César;
Biomédica , 2004,
Abstract: effects of the health sector reform upon tuberculosis control interventions in valle del cauca, colombia implementation of the general system of social security in health (gsssh) was initiated for the control of tuberculosis (tbc) in the state of valle del cauca, colombia, between 1991- 2000. a study of its effects was centered in 7 municipalities of valle del cauca with a complementary set of qualitative and quantitative techniques for data collection and analysis. a reduction in planning, control and regulation of tbc activities by state agencies was observed. new administrative structures and new funding sources did not produce the expected positive effects on tuberculosis control. instead, the quantity and quality of tuberculosis control activity were reduced as a consequence of the health sector reform. in conclusion, gsssh implementation affected negatively tuberculosis control activity.
Physical activity and stages of change behavior
Cabrera Gustavo,Gómez Luis,Mateus Julio César
Colombia Médica , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the distribution of the stages of change behavior in the regular physical activity of residents of Bogota D.C., Colombia, in 2003. Methods: The prevalence of intention or regular practice of physical activity in urban residents from I to IV socio-economical status were studied. The participants were older than 18 years old and younger than 65 years. The participants were selected through a probabilistic, three stage, stratified cluster sampling. They were interviewed with consent in their address using structured questionnaires. Results: The percentage of answer was of 78% and 3,000 records were considered valid; 13% were considered precontemplates because they didn t practice regular physical activity and didn t have the will to do it in the next six months; 24% had the will to do it in a within a semester; 18% were prepared to initiate it in the next month; 7% are in the action stage because of they have been practicing during the last month; 34% were classified as maintainers and the last 4% quit the activity recently. Conclusions: The distribution of the stages of change in the adult population from I to IV socioeconomical status of the Capital District of Colombia are unfavorable for cardiovascular risk and for other negative comportamental factors associated with the urban life style.
Nuevos aspectos fisiopatológicos en la intervención psicosocial de las personas con enfermedad arterial coronaria
Cabrera Rego,Julio Oscar; Gandarilla Sarmientos,Julio César; González Díaz,Ida;
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2011,
Abstract: some studies have obtained vast information on psychosocial specific domains including depression, anxiety, character traits, and personality disorders and have demonstrated a clear evidence on the significant contribution of these psychosocial factors to expression and pathogenesis of coronary diseases. the objective of present review was to examine the new epidemiological evidences on the association between these psychosocial risk factors and the coronary arterial disease and to identify the main pathophysiological mechanisms present among these two entities. this approach is from the rise of a emergent field in behavioral cardiology, based on the understanding that these psychosocial and behavioral risk factors in coronary disease not only are closed related, but that also they require a team work among cardiologists, psychiatrists and other specialists of primary care.
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