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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 467554 matches for " Julie A Wagner "
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Response shift and glycemic control in children with diabetes
Julie A Wagner
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-3-38
Abstract: At year 1, thirty-eight children with type 1 diabetes attending a diabetes summer camp participated. At baseline and post-camp they completed the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) questionnaire. Post-camp, the PAID was also completed using the 'thentest' method, which requires a retrospective judgment about their baseline functioning. At year 2, fifteen of the original participants reported their HbA1c.PAID scores significantly decreased from baseline to post-camp. An even larger difference was found between thentest and post-camp scores, suggesting scale recalibration. There was a significant positive correlation between year 1 HbA1c and thentest scores. Partial correlation analysis between PAID thentest scores and year 2 HbA1c, controlling for year 1 HbA1c, showed that higher PAID thentest scores were associated with higher year 2 HbA1c.Results from this small sample suggest that children with diabetes do show scale recalibration, and that it may be related to glycemic control.Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood. Adjustment to the disease and the demands of its complex regimen are formidable tasks even for adults. Children face these demands in the context of already challenging normative developmental tasks. Understanding children's diabetes-related problems can inform intervention designed to improve medical outcomes and quality of life for this population.Response shift is a theoretical construct that provides a framework for this investigation. In essence, it posits that people can adjust how they think about their quality of life when they encounter relevant new information. In this model, antecedents (e.g., demographics, personality), interact with a catalyst (intervention or change in health status) to elicit psychological mechanisms (e.g., social comparison) in order to accommodate the catalyst. Response shift then influences one's quality of life evaluation (see figure 1). According to Schwartz & Sprangers [1], response shift p
Age related differences in individual quality of life domains in youth with type 1 diabetes
Julie A Wagner, Gina Abbott, Syretta Lett
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , 2004, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-2-54
Abstract: Eighty young people attending a diabetes summer camp completed the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life-Direct Weighting interview, which allows respondents to nominate and evaluate their own quality of life domains.The most frequently nominated life domains were 'family', 'friends', 'diabetes', 'school', and 'health' respectively; ranked in terms of importance, domains were 'religion', 'family', 'diabetes', 'health', and 'the golden rule'; ranked in order of satisfaction, domains were 'camp', 'religion', 'pets', and 'family' and 'a special person' were tied for fifth. Respondent age was significantly positively associated with the importance of 'friends', and a significantly negatively associated with the importance of 'family'. Nearly all respondents nominated a quality of life domain relating to physical status, however, the specific physical status domain and the rationale for its nomination varied. Some respondents nominated 'diabetes' as a domain and emphasized diabetes 'self-care behaviors' in order to avoid negative health consequences such as hospitalization. Other respondents nominated 'health' and focused more generally on 'living well with diabetes'. In an ANOVA with physical status domain as the independent variable and age as the dependent variable, participants who nominated 'diabetes' were younger (M = 12.9 years) than those who nominated 'health' (M = 15.9 years). In a second ANOVA, with rationale for nomination the physical status domain as the independent variable, and age as the dependent variable, those who emphasized 'self care behaviors' were younger (M = 11.8 years) than those who emphasized 'living well with diabetes' (M = 14.6 years). These differences are discussed in terms of cognitive development and in relation to the decline in self-care and glycemic control often observed during adolescence.Respondents nominated many non-diabetes life domains, underscoring that QOL is multidimensional. Subtle changes in conceptual
Dermatology Procedural and Surgical Skills Workshop for Medical and Physician Assistant Students  [PDF]
Julie Martin, Sheila Z. Jalalat, Richard F. Wagner
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2013.33A2011

Background: Evidence indicating the limited amount of hands-on experience in the current era of medical training has raised concern regarding students’ development and potential deficiencies in the performance of basic procedural skills. Studies have demonstrated the value of surgical workshops for medical students; however evaluation of improved student performance during future clerkships or residencies has yet to be assessed. We initiated and evaluated a resident-led surgical skills workshop for students through the Department of Dermatology. Methods: Participants received instructions on surgical tools/techniques followed by hands-on practice. Anonymous surveys administered to 24 medical and physician assistant students assessed their skill level, confidence level, and likelihood of using surgical skills in future practice preand post-workshop using a 1 - 5 Likert scale. Overall experience was also assessed. Non-parametric bivariate tests were used for analysis to account for non-normal distribution of the data. Results: There was a statistically significant change in skill (p

Organizzazione spaziale e reti comunitarie come strategie di contrasto alla criminalità urbana / Organisation dans l’espace et réseaux communautaires comme stratégies pour combattre la criminalité urbaine / Spatial organisation and community networks as strategies to fight urban crime
Batella Wagner,Ribeiro Lopes Corinne Julie
Rivista di Criminologia, Vittimologia e Sicurezza , 2012,
Abstract: Cet article présente une réflexion sur le r le de la population et de son organisation dans l’espace pour combattre la criminalité urbaine. Il existe une riche bibliographie sur le sens d’appartenance, la communauté et les relations communautaires vues comme un moyen d’organiser un groupe de personnes pour combattre les phénomènes criminels. Toutefois, même s’il faut admettre que l’espace joue un r le majeur dans ces processus, il est regrettable de mettre en évidence que peu d’études mettent l’accent sur cette question. Pour aborder cette approche, les auteurs proposent donc un travail dans deux directions. La première s’adresse à la dimension théorique de la relation entre crime et espace, soulignant le r le de la géographie du crime pour combattre la criminalité urbaine. Avec la deuxième, les auteurs présentent une étude de cas relative à la création d’un réseau de voisins sur un quartier de la ville de Belo Horizonte au Brésil, dans le but d’évaluer cette expérience en matière de lutte contre la criminalité urbaine. Les résultats montrent que l’espace est une dimension prépondérante dans les études sur la criminalité et aussi pour la combattre.AbstractThis article presents a reflection on the role of population and its spatial organisation to fight urban crime. An extensive literature exists on the sense of belonging, community and community relations as a way of organising a group of people to fight crime. However, even accepting that space plays an important role in these processes, few studies focus on this topic. To tackle these issues, the article proposes two directions. The first one will address the theoretical dimension of the relationship between crime and space, emphasizing the role of the geography of crime to fight urban crime. Then, the authors present a case study of the establishment of a network of neighbours in a district of the city of Belo Horizonte (Brazil), in order to evaluate this experience of fighting against urban crime. The results show that space is an important dimension for studying crime, as well as for fighting it.
How the global structure of protein interaction networks evolves
A. Wagner
Quantitative Biology , 2002,
Abstract: Two processes can influence the evolution of protein interaction networks: addition and elimination of interactions between proteins, and gene duplications increasing the number of proteins and interactions. The rates of these processes can be estimated from available Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome data and are sufficiently high to affect network structure on short time scales. For instance, more than 100 interactions may be added to the yeast network every million years, a substantial fraction of which adds previously unconnected proteins to the network. Highly connected proteins show a greater rate of interaction turnover than proteins with few interactions. From these observations one can explain ? without natural selection on global network structure ? the evolutionary sustenance of the most prominent network feature, the distribution of the frequency P(d) of proteins with d neighbors, which is a broad-tailed distribution. This distribution is independent of the experimental approach providing nformation on network structure.
Effects of Fructooligofructoses Chain Length on the Bifidobacteria of the Human Colon: A Pilot Study  [PDF]
Krista Mendlik, Julie A. Albrecht, Marilynn Schnepf
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.312211
Abstract: Human gastrointestinal health may be improved by the consumption of prebiotic food ingredients such as fructooligo-fructoses. A study was initiated to determine the effect of fructooligofructoses of different chain lengths on gastrointes-tinal parameters. Nineteen healthy subjects aged 20 - 57 y took part in a 10-week cross-over designed study. Subjects consumed either inulin or oligofructose for 3 weeks followed by a 2-week washout period between treatments. Stool samples were collected five times (baseline, 2 treatments, 2 washout) and analyzed for bifidobacteria. Daily records were kept for stool frequency, stool consistency and flatulence frequency. Bifidobacteria counts (cfu/ml) were higher (trending toward significance) during inulin and oligofructose intakes (1.2 × 107 ± 4.8 × 107 and 2.0 × 108 ± 4.7 × 108) and washout periods (2.9 × 106 ± 6.5 × 106 and 1.1 × 107 ± 1.6 × 107) than baseline counts (2.2 × 105 ± 5.1 × 105 and 2.9 × 106 ± 6.5 × 106), respectively. Inulin and oligofructose treatment periods had a significant effect on stool consistency (watery/very hard) and flatulence frequency, but not stool frequency, when compared to baseline (P < 0.05). Further research is needed to confirm these results due to small sample size and the need for a longer washout period between treatments.
A Novel Combined Approach for Metastatic Breast Cancer with Dural and Leptomeningeal Disease with an Impressive Clinical Outcome: A Case Study  [PDF]
Julie Taguchi, Christopher Duma, M. A. Nezami
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2018.93025
Abstract: Concurrent dural and leptomeningeal metastatic carcinomatosis are very rare and have a poor prognosis. Here we present a woman with advanced estrogen receptor (ER) positive and progesterone receptor (PR) positive breast cancer who presented with leptomeningeal disease. Patient underwent multi targeted epigenetic therapies applied in a protocol called MTET. She continued to respond to the interval treatment, which consisted only of the nutraceutical agents. Here we discuss her case in detail and we believe that such an example might be applied to other patients in this situation resulting clinical improvement and less toxicity.
L'Américanisme fran?ais au début du XXème siècle: projets politiques, muséologie et terrains brésiliens
Cavignac, Julie A.;
Vibrant: Virtual Brazilian Anthropology , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-43412012000100002
Abstract: this article aims to evaluate the importance of americanist studies and the place of french researchers in the constitution of an international research network in the early 20th century. we try to understand how this disciplinary field emerged centered on the native american people, especially their cultural and social specificities. an analysis of the methodological underpinnings of the first collections reveals that special attention was given to the collection and the study of material culture since it bore witness to the diversity of human societies. young collaborators were hired to be in charge of and to analyze the collection of objects for the musée de l'homme in order to fill the lacuna of knowledge of the "native americans cultures". lévi-strauss' two missions (1935 and 1938) to make the inventory of the material culture that were part of this project inaugurated a new phase of americanist studies, focussed on the study of social structure. we evaluate the importance of this change for americanist research in the amazon and the consolidation of an international research network that came into being prior to the second world war. such a documental review, which questions the 'museologized' ethnographic object, is important because it allows us to reread the history of the discipline, in the light of the importance of the historical contexts, political debates and the place of americanist studies in brazil and in france. it is also possible to define the limits of an anthropology which becomes autonomous and takes a critical position in relation to colonial states and welfare services provided to native americans.
Spoke Top Antenna for Transient Radiation
Julie A. LaComb
PIER Letters , 2009, DOI: 10.2528/PIERL09080602
Abstract: When an antenna transmits a short pulse of energy such as used for ultra-wide band applications, the pulse gets distorted upon transmission. To examine the properties of pulse transmission it is helpful to analyze the system in the time domain versus the frequency domain. Presented is a spoke top antenna for transient radiation. The spokes reduce the reflection from the open end of the antenna significantly reducing the trailing pulses commonly seen in the time domain. Comparisons are made with a dipole antenna. Both analytical, modeled and experimental results are presented.
The Situated Nature of Virtual Teamwork: Understanding the Constitutive Role of
Julie A. Rennecker
Sprouts : Working Papers on Information Systems , 2002,
Abstract: The time-space configurations of place and space are used to ground an analysis and discussion of the constitutive role of place, or virtual team members' respective local contexts, in the conduct of virtual teamwork. In contrast to the majority of current virtual teams research, which emphasizes the "spatial," or virtual aspect of virtual teamwork, this study uses an extended example, the establishment of a computer-conferencing infrastructure, to show the constitutive role played by local institutionalized rhythms, relationships, rules, politics, and resources in the enactment of virtual team tasks. Implications for studying, designing, and managing virtual teams are discussed.
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