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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7182 matches for " Juliana Tamie Yamada "
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Aplica o da Medida de Independência Funcional na prática do autocuidado em uma unidade de interna o geriátrica
Juliana Tamie Yamada,Sarah Nayumi Nishihira,Márcia Torturela
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Envelhecimento Humano , 2006,
Abstract: Objetivo: Descrever o perfil de idosos internados em uma unidade de interna o geriátrica de acordo com a sua funcionalidade e sua dependência no auto cuidado e avaliar sua evolu o quanto a esses aspectos durante o período de interna o. Método: Os dados sócio-demográficos e clínicos foram coletados por meio do histórico de Enfermagem. O instrumento utilizado para realizar a avalia o da funcionalidade foi a Medida de Independência Funcional (MIF). A amostra foi composta por 31 idosos de idade superior ou igual a 60 anos, que foram avaliados semanalmente, quanto à sua funcionalidade para o auto cuidado, desde a sua admiss o até o momento de sua alta. Resultado: Na avalia o da MIF auto cuidado total houve uma redu o da pontua o entre a 1a (16,57) e 3a (14,29) semana, porém sem significancia estatística (p=0,239). Analisando os itens da MIF separadamente (alimenta o, higiene, banho, uso do vaso sanitário e vestir-se acima e abaixo da cintura) houve redu o da pontua o com significancia estatística na maioria dos itens durante o período de interna o. Conclus o: Houve uma tendência a piora na funcionalidade do idoso com rela o ao auto-cuidado durante o período de interna o hospitalar. Portanto a assistência de enfermagem deve criar condi es que possibilitem o idoso manter e implementar o auto cuidado, para que o mesmo adquira independência e conviva da melhor maneira possível com suas limita es, facilitando desta forma, sua reintrodu o na sociedade e na família.
Avalia??o da autofluorescência do fundo de olho nas distrofias de retina com o aparelho Heidelberg Retina Angiograph2
C?co, Monique;Baba, Natalia Tamie;Sallum, Juliana Maria Ferraz;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492007000500003
Abstract: purpose: to define characteristics of the fundus autofluorescence examination, verifying usefulness in the diagnosis and care of hereditary retinal diseases. methods: 28 patients, adults, divided equally into four groups with diagnoses of stargardt macular dystrophy, cone dystrophy, retinitis pigmentosa and healthy volunteers for the establishment of the normality pattern. an average of nine images with the filter for fluorescein angiography was obtained for the formation of the image autofluorescence using heidelberg retina angiograph2. the images of each group of patients were analyzed to verify common characteristics. results: the fundus autofluorescence of healthy volunteers showed the foveal area darker than the surrounding retina. the images of stargardt macular dystrophy, in general, presented an oval central lesion, with reduced autofluorescence. the main alterations of the autofluorescence in patients with cone dystrophy were reduced foveal autofluorescence with a parafoveal ring of increased autofluorescence. in general, the images of retinitis pigmentosa showed outlying pigments with reduced autofluorescence, and of the foveal area, in some cases disorganization or reduced autofluorescence. conclusion: the study showed the existence of patterns of fundus autofluorescence in the hereditary retinal diseases that allow the diagnosis and better interpretation of the pathogenesis of these diseases.
Composi??o química e conteúdo de ferro solúvel em soja [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]
Yamada, Letícia Tamie Paiva;Barcelos, Maria de Fátima Píccolo;Sousa, Raimundo Vicente de;Lima, Andrelisa Lina de;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542003000200022
Abstract: soybean is a grain which possesses one of the highest contents of protein and iron among the foods of plant origin and had its use greatly increased in the latest years, in the eastern countries mainly by lactents who have problems of intolerance to bovine's milk. due to its great concentration of iron, soybean has been investigated as to its capacity of recovering anemic individuals. in the past, the investigation was based only on its concentration of total iron, not taking into account the soluble fractions (greater bioavailability) from the insoluble (which are less bioavailable). this work was designed to accomplish chemical analyses on four soybean cultivars glycine max (l.) merrill (iac pl-1; iac 22; iac 8-2 and iac 15-2), as well as their respective contents of soluble iron. protein contents in the grains, that were on average 34,46% were statistically similar; oil content was greater for the cultivar iac pl-1, with 20,07% (p<0,01), the same cultivar which presented the lower fiber content, with 5,24% (p< 0,01) in the ground grain and heat -treated at 95oc for one hour. the amount of total iron was higher for the cultivar iac 8-2 with 110,27 ppm, followed by iac pl-1 which presented the mean of 101,93 ppm of iron. concerning their contents of soluble iron and polyphenols, there were no statistic differences among the treatments (p< 0,01), their average contents of soluble iron of about 2,52 mg/ 100g and of tannin about 5,51 mg/100 of ground and heat -treated soybean. the results of those analyses indicate that the soybean iac pl-1 would be the most adequate for a possible treatment for ferropriva anemia of rats for having good contents of total iron and content of soluble iron statistically equal to that of the soybean iac 8-2, which presented the greatest content of total iron and for presenting the poorest contents of fiber.
Effect of the Routine Varicella Immunization on Herpes Zoster in Japan in the First Half of the Year  [PDF]
Tamie Sugawara, Yasushi Ohkusa, Miwako Kamei
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2018.611004
Abstract: In Japan, herpes zoster is not monitored officially or nationwide. Recently, the databases of all electronic medical claims nationwide (NDBEMC) have been available for research. We use NDBEMC from April 2011 to March 2015. To evaluate the effects of initiation of routine immunization for varicella in children, we regressed the number of herpes zoster patients on the dummy variable for the routine immunization for varicella in children with and without a linear time trend. The estimated coefficient for the routine immunization for varicella was 0.5157 and its p-value was 0.001. However, if the time trend was added as an explanatory variable, the estimated coefficient for the routine immunization for varicella changed to be -0.039 and its p-value was 0.384. It means that the routine immunization for varicella was 7.8% higher after introduction than before. However, it was presumed to reflect such an upward trend.
PPAR- and DEHP-Induced Cancers
Yuki Ito,Tamie Nakajima
PPAR Research , 2008, DOI: 10.1155/2008/759716
Abstract: Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is a widely used plasticizer and a potentially nongenotoxic carcinogen. Its mechanism had been earlier proposed based on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) because metabolites of DEHP are agonists. However, recent evidence also suggests the involvement of non-PPAR multiple pathway in DEHP-induced carcinogenesis. Since there are differences in the function and constitutive expression of PPAR among rodents and humans, species differences are also thought to exist in the carcinogenesis. However, species differences were also seen in the lipase activity involved in the first step of the DEHP metabolism, which should be considered in DEHP-induced carcinogenesis. Taken together, it is very difficult to extrapolate the results from rodents to humans in the case of DEHP carcinogenicity. However, PPAR-null mice or mice with human PPAR gene have been developed, which may lend support to make such a difficult extrapolation. Overall, further mechanical study on DEHP-induced carcinogenicity is warranted using these mice.
Liposarcoma of the Spermatic Cord Masquerading as an Inguinal Hernia
William Londeree,Tamie Kerns
Case Reports in Medicine , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/735380
Abstract: This is a case of a 70-year-old male who presented with a mass in his right testicle. He was treated with antibiotics for epididymitis while undergoing serial ultrasounds for one year due to testicular swelling and pain. His fourth ultrasound revealed a mild hydrocele with a large paratesticular mass of undescribed size, superior to the right testicle, thought to be an inguinal hernia. Preoperative CT scan demonstrated a large fat-containing inguinal hernia extending into the scrotal sac. An inguinal hernia repair was complicated by fatty tissue surrounding the testicle requiring a right orchiectomy. Pathology review of the tissue demonstrated well-differentiated liposarcoma with a small focus of dedifferentiation grade 2 tumor. Tumor was identified at the inked margins indicating an incomplete resection. It was decided that no further surgical intervention was needed and the patient would undergo surveillance for local tumor recurrence. Six-month follow-up MRI scan was negative for any recurrence of disease. A liposarcoma presenting as a paratesticular mass with spermatic cord involvement is rare, and imaging studies may fail to distinguish a liposarcoma from normal adipose tissue. 1. Introduction Liposarcoma is a malignant soft tissue sarcoma typically occurring in the thigh or retroperitoneum in an adult. However, a liposarcoma presenting as a paratesticular mass with spermatic cord involvement is rare. The first reported case was in 1845 and only 100 cases are found in the literature [1]. The diagnosis is hard to obtain due to the tumor being low grade and difficult to distinguish from an inguinal hernia due to adipose tissue composition when viewed on MRI, CT, or ultrasound [2]. 2. Case A 70-year-old male presented to his internal medicine primary care physician with a mass and swelling of his right testicle. Initial evaluation demonstrated a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for gonorrhea and chlamydia. Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and -fetoprotein (AFP) tests were within normal limits. He was treated empirically with antibiotics for epididymitis before the laboratory results returned. A screening testicular ultrasound demonstrated an extratesticular mass thought to be an inguinal hernia because of its reducibility on exam. Since it was reducible and he was not in pain, no further workup or surgical intervention was performed. On continued follow-up appointments with his primary care physician, he noted increasing swelling and pain at the site of the mass, prompting a repeat ultrasound. The
Comparison of Models for Excess Mortality of Influenza Applied to Japan  [PDF]
Tamie Sugawara, Yasushi Ohkusa
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2019.76002
Abstract: To elucidate the social effects of an influenza outbreak, the World Health Organization recommends a concept for excess mortality attributable to an influenza outbreak. However, because several models exist to estimate excess mortality, we would like to ascertain the most appropriate of three models: the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) model, the seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model, and the National Institution of Infectious Diseases (NIID) model. Excess mortality is defined as the difference between the actual number of deaths and the epidemiological threshold. The epidemiological threshold is defined as upper bound of 95% confidence interval (CI) of the baseline. The actual number of deaths might be less than the baseline, which implies inconsistent with the definition of baseline. Especially, actual deaths fewer than the lower bound of 95% CI of baseline suggest the inappropriateness of a model of excess mortality. Among 123 months during epidemic periods, the NIID model found excess mortality in 56 months, CDC model in 31 months, and SARIMA model in 35 months. Conversely, the NIID model found negative excess mortality in only 2 months, but the CDC model and SARIMA model found it respectively for 10 and 33 months. Negative excess mortality represents the logical inconsistency of the model. Therefore, NIID model might be the best among the three models considered.
Short Term Prediction of Infectious Diseases Patients from Prescription Surveillance  [PDF]
Tamie Sugawara, Yasushi Ohkusa, Hirokazu Kawanohara, Miwako Kamei
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2018.69007
Abstract: In Japan, the incidence of almost all common pediatric infectious diseases has been monitored, with 7 - 10 day delays, at medical institutions through the National Official Sentinel Surveillance of Infectious Diseases (NOSSID). On the other hand, based on prescriptions filled at external pharmacies, Prescription Surveillance (PS) collects information and provides estimated numbers of influenza, varicella, and gastroenteritis infectious (GI) patients to the public the following morning. For precise, and real-time estimation of incidences of common pediatric infectious diseases, we evaluated predictive power of PS for diseases other than influenza, varicella, and GI. Results demonstrated that PS information has sufficient predictive power for pharyngoconjunctival fever, group A streptococcal pharyngitis, exanthem subitum, and mumps, some predictive power for RS virus infection, erythema infectiosum and herpangina, but insufficient predictive power for hand, foot and mouth disease.
Does Family with Children Need Information about Infectious Disease?  [PDF]
Michiko Nohora, Junko Kurita, Tamie Sugawara, Yasushi Ohkusa
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2018.612005
Abstract: This paper reports a study of the necessity of providing information that is of the most concern of caregivers: health management, responses to sudden onset, and outbreaks of infectious diseases. We asked users and providers of Child Care Support Service in ward A of Tokyo, as respondents, whether they would like to receive information related to infectious diseases. Of questionnaires sent by mail to 383 providers and 3101 users, we received 18 responses from providers and 88 responses from users. All providers and users were required to provide information related to infectious diseases. The most often reported responses were “straight-out hand washing, mask wearing, gargling, and disinfection”, followed by “voluntary restraint of outside activities”, and “measures for illnesses of the family or children.” Results show that caregivers would like to receive information about infectious diseases because they have many health management concerns about their children.
Some Comments on the Real Meaning of Schrodinger’s Equation Revealed by the Fact that Electron Is Always a Particle  [PDF]
Hironari Yamada
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2012.24017
Abstract:

We all physicist have long been believed that an elementary particle is a wave as well as a particle, but we discuss in this paper that an electron (probably all fermions) is always a particle. Author claim that quantum mechanics (QM) is not such mysterious as Bohr stated that the wave turn to the particle by observation. We can understand QM by natural human sense. The wave nature of electrons is only an appearance or a phenomena but not intrinsic or substantial. An electron is an individual body, which interferes with other individual electrons. Interference is the key word instead of the wave to understand the quantum mechanics. Interference produces the wave nature and the uncertainty. When we determine that an electron is nothing but a particle, we will see the true meaning of wave function and the Schr?dinger’s equation.

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