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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4835 matches for " Juliana Mulaa Namada "
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Management Participation and Firm Performance  [PDF]
Juliana Mulaa Namada, Evans Aosa, Zachary Awino, Gituro Wainaina
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.43018

This study sought to establish the relationship between management participation and firm performance. The study was premised in the applauded significant role that management participation plays on firm performance. However, a glaring knowledge gap established from literature review indicate a paucity of empirical support to the extent of the relationship with both the financial and none financial performance. Firms in Export Processing Zones (EPZs) in Kenya were studied. Significant relationship was established only with internal business process performance. Theoretically, the study showed that management participation is a much more complex variable moderated by other factors. Therefore, managers ought to focus on moderating factors like culture and diversity to understand the relationship between management participation and performance.

Strategic Planning Systems and Firm Performance in the Export Processing Zones  [PDF]
Juliana Mulaa Namada, Vincent Bagire, Evans Aosa, Zachary B. Awino
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2017.74035
Abstract: This study focused on strategic planning systems as predictors of performance in a developing country context. These concepts have not been adequately investigated in extant strategy literature. We contended that strategic planning systems should be emphasized as a configuration and not by its domains. The influence of resources, management participation and planning techniques on performance showed positive and significant results. In support of our conceptualization, the results were that strategic planning systems as an aggregate factor has a stronger influence on performance than its domains. We conclude that the configuration of planning systems with its theoretical underpinning in the dynamic capabilities and resource based view, explains performance variations among firms.
Influence of Organizational Resources on Organizational Effectiveness  [PDF]
Grace Mirigo Mwai, Juliana Mulaa Namada, Paul Katuse
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.86109
Abstract: The research purpose was to examine the influence of available resources on organizational effectiveness. The research philosophy was positivism, with explanatory and descriptive research design espoused. The population was registered non-governmental organizations (NGOs), with the sample unit as the project managers. A questionnaire was used for data collection. Data analysis was executed using inferential and descriptive statistics. The descriptive analysis included standard deviation, mean and percentages, whereas inferential analysis included regression analysis and ANOVA. The study concluded that fundraising efforts and how funds are distributed to the various strategic activities and operations influence the level of efficiency in the organization process. Staff empowerment, negatively though, significantly influenced process efficiency. The recommendation is to develop an NGO organizational effectiveness ranking metric to allow the classification of NGOs into categories based on levels of effectiveness in achieving their respective missions and strategies. It was also the aim to carry out an in-depth study of why fundraising efforts in NGOs did not significantly influence stakeholder satisfaction.
Managerial Skills, Financial Capability and Strategic Planning in Organizations  [PDF]
Vincent Bagire, Juliana Namada
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2013.35055

This study sought to establish the relationship between managerial skills, financial capability and the level of strategic planning. The study was premised on the increasing focus on strategic planning in Ugandan organizations. There was however, a lack of local empirical studies on the factors driving this trend. Data were obtained from organizations in various sectors that included government institutions, private and family business organizations. The findings confirmed that organizations were involved in significant level of strategic planning. There was a positive and significant relationship with managerial skills. However, there was a very weak relationship with the financial capability. The implication of the findings for management was to give more attention to managerial skills to ensure congruence of operations.

Integrated Financial Management Information System and Supply Chain Effectiveness  [PDF]
Alex Osoro Mbaka, Juliana M. Namada
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2019.91014
Abstract: This study sought to determine the influence of Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) on Supply Chain Effectiveness focusing on Kirinyaga County Government Suppliers, staff who were IFMIS users and Kenya National Treasury IFMIS staff. This study was carried out in March 2017 and used a descriptive research design. The study used quantitative and then qualitative data to draw conclusions. Stratified sampling was used to arrive at a sample of 100 respondents. The causal-effect relationship was determined through use of regression test. The study found that IFMIS had a significant effect on Supply Chain Effectiveness. The effectiveness of the IFMIS could be improved by upgrading control system to protect documents from being attacked by viruses or getting lost, including stronger fraud detection, reporting and a wide application and use of e-purchasing in all county departments.
Diagnostics, rehabilitation and models of Parkinson’s disease  [PDF]
Juliana Dushanova
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.431178
Abstract: Diagnostics and rehabilitation of Parkinson’s disease (PD) presents the current information pertaining to etiology, early biomarkers for diagnostics, novel methods to evaluate symptoms, multidisciplinary rehabilitation, new applications of brain imaging and invasive methods to the study of PD. Researchers have only recently begun to focus on the non-motor symptoms of PD, which are poorly recognized and inadequately treated by clinicians. The non-motor symptoms of PD have a significant impact on patient quality of life and mortality, and include cognitive impairments, autonomic, gastrointestinal, and sensory symptoms. Indepth discussion of the use of imaging tools to study disease mechanisms is also provided, with emphasis on the abnormal network organization in parkinsonism. Deep brain stimulation management is a paradigm-shifting therapy for PD, essential tremor and dystonia. In the recent years, new approaches of early diagnostics, training programmes and treatments have vastly improved the lives of people with PD, substantially reducing symptoms and significantly delaying disability. PD results primarily from the death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Current PD medications treat symptoms; none halt or retard dopaminergic neuron degeneration. The main obstacle to developing neuroprotective therapies is a limited understanding of the key molecular mechanisms that provoke neurodegeneration. The discovery of PD genes has led to the hypothesis that misfolding of proteins and dysfunction of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway are pivotal to PD pathogenesis. Previously implicated culprits in PD neurodegeneration, mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress, may also act in part by causing the accumulation of misfolded proteins, in addition to producing other deleterious events in dopaminergic neurons. Neurotoxin-based models have been important in elucidating the molecular cas-cade of cell death in dopaminergic neurons. PD models based on the manipulation of PD genes should prove valuable in elucidating important aspects of the disease, such as selective vulnerability of substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons to the degenerative process.
Developing Bt maize for resource-poor farmers – Recent advances in the IRMA project
S Mugo, H De Groote, D Bergvinson, M Mulaa, J Songa, S Gichuki
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development , 2004,
Abstract: This paper presents an overview of the advances in the IRMA project, which develops insect resistant maize varieties for resource-poor farmers, using both conventional breeding and genetic engineering. The project started in 1999 and is active in product development, impact assessment, and communication, all within the Kenya regulatory framework. So far, four application for introduction of tissue or commencement of field research were made to and approved by the National Biosafety Committee (NBC), and Bt maize leaves or seeds genes imported for testing against different stem borer species in bioassays on cut leaves in a biosafety laboratory, in potted plants in a Biosafety Greenhouse, and as whole plants in confined field trials in the Open Quarantine Station (OQS) at KARI Kiboko. All these biosafety facilities were specially built by the project for these evaluations. So far, good control has been realized against four of the five major stem borer species: Chilo partellus, Chilo orichalcociliellus, Eldana saccharina and Sesamia calamistis. Economic impact assessment demonstrated that stem borers are major constraints and cause substantial losses. Resistant maize varieties are likely to be adopted and to provide major returns to the investment if resistance against the economically most important species, Busseola fusca, can be found. Otherwise, returns would still be positive but small. Environmental impact research indicate that build-up of resistance against the Bt genes has not developed after that sufficient natural refugia exist in most areas, but suitable strategies acceptable to farmers need to be developed for some. Surveys, stakeholders meetings and other communications indicate that farmers, consumers and other stakeholders are cautiously optimistic about technology. Frequent interaction with the stakeholders and regulatory agencies assures a participative decision-making process and compliance with the strictest scientific and regulatory standards.
Viral load, CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts and antibody titres in HIV-1 infected untreated children in Kenya; implication for immunodeficiency and AIDS progression
Washingtone Ochieng, Dorington Ogoyi, Francis J Mulaa, Simon Ogola, Rachel Musoke, Moses G Otsyula
African Health Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Background: There are limited reports on HIV-1 RNA load, CD4+ T-lymphocytes and antibody responses in relation to disease progression in HIV-1 infected untreated children in Africa. Methods: To describe the relationships between these parameters, we conducted a longitudinal cohort study involving 51 perinatally HIV-1 infected children aged between 1 and 13 years. HIV status was determined by ELISA and confirmed by western blot and PCR. Antibodies were quantified by limiting dilution ELISA, plasma HIV-1 RNA load by RT-PCR and CD4+ T-lymphocytes by FACSCount. Results: Asymptomatic and symptomatic disease had, respectively, a rise in median HIV-1 RNA load from 1,195 to 132,543 and from 42,962 to 1,109,281 copies/ml in children below 6 years. The increase in viral load was 10-fold higher for asymptomatic compared to other categories and 2-fold faster for children less than 6 years than those above. Similarly, symptomatic children below 6 years had initial median CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts of 647 (22%) cells/μL, declining to 378 (20%) while those above 6 years had initial values of below 335 (15%) but which increased to 428 (17%). Median viral load correlated significantly with median CD4+ T-lymphocyte percentage in children above 6 years (p=0.026) but not below. Conclusions: Viral load is lower in older than younger children and correlates significantly with percentage CD4+ T-lymphocytes. Survival by HIV-1 infected children requires a competent immune response early in infection to counter the rapidly replicating virus. Interventions aimed at boosting the na ve immune system may prolong survival in these children. African Health Sciences Vol. 6(1) 2006: 3-13
When a Glue Sniffer Turns Weak  [PDF]
Poh Juliana, Puneet Seth
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.37A135

Toluene inhalation can result in electrolyte and acid-base derangements and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of young patients with unexplained hypokalaemia and normal anion gap metabolic acidosis. This case serves to illustrate the abnormalities and heighten awareness among emergency physicians who may not have laboratory results on hand when evaluating causes of limb weakness.

Discourse Analysis: Ronald Reagan’s Evil Empire Speech  [PDF]
Juliana Vianna da Nobrega
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.41014

Language can be a powerful tool to convince others and make them cooperative. Cialdini (2007) has worked out several principles along which it is possible to analyze discourses in terms of their persuasiveness. Others also have contributed with tools to analyzing discourses such as Fairclough (2003). These tools are used to analyze the “Evil Empire Speech” of the US President Ronald Reagan that he held at the National Association of Evangelicals, 1983, in Orlando Florida. His historical speech was aimed at convincing the nation about the righteousness of his nuclear policy. He partly rewrote the already prepared script and included the “evil empire” part. The analysis supports that his speech was an exceptionally effective one. Reagan made his speech an example of the following principles of persuasiveness such as reciprocity, authority, commitment, liking, scarcity and social proof. He wanted support for belligerent intentions from a faithful community, which was already problematic, but he got the audience on his side through emphasizing his similarities with them, his own faithfulness, the presentation of strong examples and balancing humor and seriousness. Additionally, he introduced the striking metaphor “evil empire”, which stuck to the peoples’ minds and had an impact on them. He also appealed to the people through implicitly distinguishing the evil from the ones who were not evil—the US citizens. Thus, he made the American people feel better, to ensure them that they do the right thing when following him. He ranked religious people above him when he was joking about clergy men and politicians. To reinforce his authority, he borrowed the authority of various respected men through citing them. He improved his position and the power of his arguments using the philosophical wisdom of others.

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