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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 31724 matches for " Juan; Aldasoro "
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Anatomy, Morphology, and Cladistic Analysis of Monsonia L. (Geraniaceae).
Aedo, Carlos,Vargas, Pablo,Navarro, Carmen,Aldasoro, Juan Jose
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid , 2001,
Abstract: Phylogenetip relationships among the 25 species of the old-world genus Monsonia are explored by means of a cladistic analysis. After a detailed revision, 20 morphological and anatomical characters were selected, including some new ones from nectaries, androecium, and mericarps. Phylogenetic analysis yielded 9 most parsimonious trees. The strict consensus tree showed two major clades: one is formed by the 9 species of Monsonia sect. Monsonia, characterised by plumose awns, plus Sarcocaulon; and a second with the 16 species of Monsonia sect. Olopetalum which share the type of mericarp detaching, consistency of columella and the thick mericarp walls. Consequently, some doubts about the monophyly of Monsonia exists. However, the current infrageneric classification of Monsonia is supported after transferring M. longipes and M. speciosa to sect. Olopetalum. Several characters of the mericarp are related to zoochory, which seems to be a derived syndrome in Monsonia, as in the other Geraniaceae. Se exploran mediante un an41isis cladístico las relaciones filogenéticas entre las 25 especies incluidas en el genero Monsonia. Tras una detallada revisi6n se seleccionan 20 caracteres morfológicos y anatómicos, entre ellos algunos previamente no descritos sobre los nectarios, el androceo y los mericarpos. El análisis filogenético produjo nueve árboles más parsimoniosos. El árbol de consenso estricto muestra dos clados principales: uno, formado por las nueve especies de Monsonia sect. Monsonia, caracterizadas por las aristas plumosas y las tres de Sarcocaulon que se usaron como grupo externo; y el segundo, formado por las 16 especies de Monsonia sect. Olopetalum, que comparten el tipo de separación del mericarpo, la consistencia de la columela y las paredes gruesas en el mericarpo. Como consecuencia surgen nuevas dudas sobre la monofilia de Monsonia. Sin embargo, nuestros datos apoyan la clasificación subgenérica actual de Monsonia si se incluyen M. tongipes y M. speciosa en la sect. Olopetalum. Numerosos caracteres del mericarpo estan relacionados con el tipo de zoocoria, lo cual parece derivado en Monsonia al igual que en otras geraniáceas.
La evaluación del impacto sobre la salud: una herramienta para incorporar la salud en las intervenciones no sanitarias
Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago; Calderón,Carlos; Zuazagoitia,Juan; Aldasoro,Elena;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112009000100013
Abstract: interventions implemented by governments are very frequently related to the determinants of health. health impact assessment (hia) is used as a predictive tool to include health in nonhealth policymaking. this paper defines hia, describes its methods, procedures and applications, and discusses opportunities and challenges associated with hia. doing a hia implies studying the intervention, profiling the target population, and estimating its impacts on health by means of combining quantitative and qualitative evidence. hia has been used in different kinds of policies (transports, urban regeneration, culture, energy development etc.), at different levels (local, national, european) and in many countries. despite its scarce use in spain, hia allows to consider health in sectorial policymaking, taking into account social inequalities in health, so that healthier public policies can be designed. on the other hand, hia is a tool under methodological development which use is hindered due to the existing narrow biomedical perspective on the determinants of health, and to the difficulties in working in public policy-making with multisectorial and participative perspectives.
Avanzando en la evaluación del impacto en la salud: análisis de las políticas públicas sectoriales del Gobierno Vasco como paso previo a la fase de cribado sistemático
Aldasoro,Elena; Sanz,Elvira; Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago; Calderón,Carlos; Cambra,Koldo; Zuazagoitia,Juan;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112012000100016
Abstract: health not only depends on biologic or lifestyle factors but also on other economic, social, political, and environmental factors that shape the way people live and become ill. thus, health policies are not the only policies affecting health, and consequently governments are increasingly interested in identifying the effect of other non-health policies on health. health impact assessment is a prospective methodology that aims to predict the health impacts of policies before their implementation so that modifications can be suggested to maximize positive effects and avoid unexpected negative repercussions on health. the first stage in this process is screening, which can be used to select the interventions that could benefit from complete health impact assessment. since resources are limited and not all government interventions can be assessed, tools that allow prioritization are essential. as a first stage in the validation of a systematic screening tool for health impact assessment in spain, this article presents the process of compiling and classifying the non-health public policies of the eighth term of office of the basque government. of the 97 policies analyzed, 76% were related to structural determinants of health inequalities, 79% were tactical or operational, 67% were aimed at specific population groups, and 66% were already implemented. the technical staff of other participating departments perceived the entire process of this initiative and its rationale positively. this initial experience allowed the planning of non-health policies in the basque country to be determined in detail as a means to move forward in incorporating impact on health in all policies.
Notulae taxinomicae, chorologicae, nomenclaturales, bibliographicae aut philologicae in opus
Castroviejo, Santiago,Sáez, Lloren?,Aldasoro, Juan José,Hedge, Ian C.
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid , 2001,
Abstract:
Pasos hacia la institucionalización de la evaluación del impacto en salud en Espa a: la percepción de los profesionales de salud pública Steps towards the institutionalization of health impact assessment in Spain: perception of public health professionals
E. Sanz,S. Esnaola,E. Aldasoro,A. Bacigalupe
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra , 2012,
Abstract: Fundamento. La actual reforma normativa de la salud pública en Espa a ha previsto la inclusión de la Evaluación del Impacto en Salud (EIS). El objetivo de este estudio es describir la visión de los profesionales de salud pública y planificación sobre la utilidad y aplicabilidad de la EIS en su trabajo diario y con ello reflexionar sobre la mejor manera de institucionalizarla. Metodología. Se han desarrollado 3 talleres de formación en EIS dirigidos a profesionales de las diferentes ramas de la salud pública. Se ofreció un cuestionario para cumplimentar por las personas asistentes. Resultados. El 41% de las personas asistentes contestaron al cuestionario. Entre quienes respondieron, el 92% consideró que el modelo de los determinantes sociales de la salud resulta de gran utilidad en el ámbito de la salud pública. Las principales vías identificadas para introducir la EIS fueron: la obligatoriedad normativa (85%), la integración en otras herramientas de evaluación ya existentes (65%) y la sistematización de esta metodología (40%). En relación a la aplicabilidad de la EIS, se propusieron estrategias específicas para su introducción en las diferentes ramas de la salud pública. Conclusiones. La institucionalización exitosa de la EIS requerirá de la opinión y colaboración del personal técnico. Se constata la aprobación generalizada de esta herramienta para su utilización en la administración. Para garantizar la viabilidad de su implementación, será necesario sensibilizar a los profesionales sobre el modelo de los determinantes sociales de la salud, y recoger sus demandas y sugerencias. Background. The current normative reform of public health policy in Spain envisages the inclusion of Health Impact Assessment (HIA). This study contributes the vision of public health and planning professionals on the usefulness and applicability of HIA in their daily work and thus reflects on how best to institutionalize it. Methodology. Three training workshop were carried out with public health professionals. Participants were specialists in different branches: epidemiological surveillance, environmental health, food safety and health promotion. In this HIA workshop, a questionnaire was given to the attendees to be completed. Results. Forty-one percent of the people attending answered the questionnaire; 92% of the staff considered that the model of social determinants of health is useful in the field of public health. The principal routes for introducing HIA were: mandatory rules (85%), integration into other existing assessment tools (65%) and the systematization of this meth
Desigualdades socioeconómicas en la mortalidad en la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco
Esnaola,Santiago; Aldasoro,Elena; Ruiz,Rosa; Audicana,Covadonga; Pérez,Yolanda; Calvo,Montse;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112006000100004
Abstract: objectives: to describe socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in the basque country, using mortality and socioeconomic data by census sections. methods: mortality and population data were obtained from the basque institute of statistics. socioeconomic characteristics of the census sections were assigned to each death and a deprivation index combining information from four socioeconomic indicators was computed. age-adjusted mortality rates by sex, age group (0-64 ≥ 65) and cause of death were calculated for each quintile of the deprivation index. poisson regression models were fitted to estimate age-adjusted rate ratios and excess mortality attributable to inequalities. results: mortality showed a gradient according to the deprivation index in men and women. mortality was greater in the most deprived sections. mortality inequalities were observed in men younger than 65 years. a total of 9.3% of deaths in men and 4.9% of those in women were attributable to socioeconomic inequalities. the relative importance of the cause of death differed according to the inequality measure used. lifestyle-related causes of death were notable. conclusion: this study illustrates the potential utility of census section socioeconomic indicators both to describe socioeconomic inequalities in mortality and to identify priorities for interventions.
La investigación cualitativa en la evaluación del impacto en la salud: La experiencia de un plan de reforma en un barrio de Bilbao
Calderón G,Carlos; Bacigalupe H,Amaia; Esnaola S,Santiago; Zuazagoitia,Jon; Aldasoro U,Elena;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: objective: to know the perceived effects on health of a neighborhood of bilbao reform plan from the perspective of the neighbors and stakeholders, and identify those areas for possible improvement. methodology: qualitative study. obtaining information through participant observation, four discussion groups (three neighbors and another one with health professionals and social workers), and four interviews with key informants. the analysis was designed on the model of sociological analysis of the speech. results: the findings set three areas related to socio-historical context of the neighborhood, the dynamic nature of the intervention and perceived impact on health in eight specific areas (urban accessibility, water and draining, recreation areas, power lines burial, parking place and road traffic, the small works, to feel as citizens, and social cohesion). conclusions: qualitative methods enabled deepen the significance of these findings in the direction of their interrelations, which enabled a better understanding of the impact on the health plan. it also points out some major methodological challenges for the development of future impact assessments on health.
Análisis de la satisfacción laboral de los arquitectos técnicos en el sector de la construcción de la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco
CANTONNET,Ma L; IRADI,J; LARREA,A; ALDASORO,J.C;
Revista de la construcción , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-915X2011000200003
Abstract: the analysis of job satisfaction is a poorly studied variable in the construction industry. this paper aims to fill this gap, and to understand the different variables considered as risk originators of psychosocial origin that influence on job satisfaction of the architects in the construction sector of the basque country (spain). the methodology has been to develop a nonrandom sample of basque architects who were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire. results are that workers that develop a job that matches with their level of education and work experience have a greater job satisfaction. moreover, the level of satisfaction seems to be directly related to the level of influence over working hours, role clarity, social support at work and a better quality of leadership. it can be concluded. in order to achieve job satisfaction of workers, companies in the construction sector should adapt, from the standpoint of gender, work environments and provide ongoing training to promote the development of people at work.
ISO 14006. Experiencias previas de estudios de arquitectura que han adoptado el estándar de ecodise o UNE 150301:2003
Arana-Landín, G.,Cilleruelo-Carrasco, E.,Aldasoro-Alustiza, J. C.
Informes de la Construccion , 2012,
Abstract: This paper aims to analyze the pioneer UNE 150301 standard, as well as its adoption process and its practical results in the sector of architecture studios. First, the structure, the aim and the scope of norm UNE 150301 have been analysed. Second, the standard's implementation has been examined, concluding that 73% of the companies that have obtained the certificate are architecture studios. A case study has therefore been carried out with the participation of five architecture studios pioneers. These experiences have let us know the main aspects and difficulties of the process. In conclusion, the adoption of the standard UNE 150301 can be a helpful tool in order to reduce the environmental impact of the products and obtain some competitive advantages such as cost reduction, improvement in energy efficiency of the product and a better adaptation to acts and regulations. En este artículo se analiza la experiencia de implantación de la norma UNE 150301 de ecodise o en el sector de los estudios de arquitectura. Tras el examen de la estructura de norma UNE 150301, de sus objetivos y de su alcance, se analiza su difusión, destacándose que el 73% de las empresas certificadas en Espa a son estudios de arquitectura. A continuación se estudia el proceso de implantación real, mediante el estudio de caso que lo analiza en cinco estudios de arquitectura. El estudio realizado permite conocer de primera mano las principales claves y dificultades del proceso de implantación del estándar, así como los resultados obtenidos, entre los que destaca una reducción del impacto ambiental. Se constata, en suma, que la norma UNE 150301 es una herramienta que puede proporcionar ventajas competitivas interesantes a las empresas del sector de los estudios de arquitectura.
Pulmonary Infiltrates and Eosinophilia in a 25-Year-Old Traveler
Jose Mu?oz ,Edelweiss Aldasoro,Maria Jesús Pinazo,Pedro Arguis,Joaquim Gascon
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002201
Abstract:
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