Abstract:
We establish the existence and uniqueness of fundamental solutions for the fractional porous medium equation introduced in \cite{PQRV1}. They are self-similar functions of the form $u(x,t)= t^{-\alpha} f(|x|\,t^{-\beta})$ with suitable $\alpha$ and $\beta$. As a main application of this construction, we prove that the asymptotic behaviour of general solutions is represented by such special solutions. Among other interesting qualitative properties of the equation we prove an Aleksandrov reflection principle.

Abstract:
We construct the fundamental solution of the Porous Medium Equation posed in the hyperbolic space $H^n$ and describe its asymptotic behaviour as $t\to\infty$. We also show that it describes the long time behaviour of integrable nonnegative solutions, and very accurately if the solutions are also radial and compactly supported. By radial we mean functions depending on the space variable only through the geodesic distance $r$ from a given point $O\in H^n$. We also construct an exact generalized traveling wave solution. We show that the location of the free boundary of compactly supported solutions grows logarithmically for large times, in contrast with the well-known power-like growth of the PME in the Euclidean space. Very slow propagation at long distances is a feature of porous medium flow in hyperbolic space.

Abstract:
We consider a porous medium equation with nonlocal diffusion effects given by an inverse fractional Laplacian operator. In a previous paper we have found mass-preserving, nonnegative weak solutions of the equation satisfying energy estimates. The equation is posed in the whole space R^n. Here we establish the large-time behaviour. We first find selfsimilar nonnegative solutions by solving an elliptic obstacle problem with fractional Laplacian for the pair pressure-density, which we call obstacle Barenblatt solutions. The theory for elliptic fractional problems with obstacles has been recently established. We then use entropy methods to show that the asymptotic behavior of general finite-mass solutions is described after renormalization by these special solutions.

Abstract:
In this article, we study a porous-medium equation with absorption in $mathbb{R}^{N}imes (0,T)$ or in $Omega imes (0,T)$: $$ u_{t}-Delta u^{m}+u^{p}=0,. $$ We give a rather complete qualitative picture of the initial trace problem in all the range $m>1$, $pgeqslant 0$. We consider nonnegative Borel measures as initial data (not necessarily locally bounded) and discuss whether or not the Cauchy problem admits a solution. In the case of non-admissible data we prove the existence of some projection operators which map any Borel measure to an admissible measure for this equation.

Abstract:
We investigate local and global properties of positive solutions to the fast diffusion equation in the good exponent range , corresponding to general nonnegative initial data. For the Cauchy problem posed in the whole Euclidean space , we prove sharp local positivity estimates (weak Harnack inequalities) and elliptic Harnack inequalities; also a slight improvement of the intrinsic Harnack inequality is given. We use them to derive sharp global positivity estimates and a global Harnack principle. Consequences of these latter estimates in terms of fine asymptotics are shown. For the mixed initial and boundary value problem posed in a bounded domain of with homogeneous Dirichlet condition, we prove weak, intrinsic, and elliptic Harnack inequalities for intermediate times. We also prove elliptic Harnack inequalities near the extinction time, as a consequence of the study of the fine asymptotic behavior near the finite extinction time.

Abstract:
We investigate local and global properties of positive solutions to the fast diffusion equation ut= ”um in the good exponent range (d ￠ ’2)+/d Keywords

Abstract:
We investigate qualitative properties of local solutions $u(t,x)\ge 0$ to the fast diffusion equation, $\partial_t u =\Delta (u^m)/m$ with $m<1$, corresponding to general nonnegative initial data. Our main results are quantitative positivity and boundedness estimates for locally defined solutions in domains of the form $[0,T]\times\RR^d$. They combine into forms of new Harnack inequalities that are typical of fast diffusion equations. Such results are new for low $m$ in the so-called very fast diffusion range, precisely for all $m\le m_c=(d-2)/d.$ The boundedness statements are true even for $m\le 0$, while the positivity ones cannot be true in that range.

Abstract:
We study a nonlinear porous medium type equation involving the infinity Laplacian operator. We first consider the problem posed on a bounded domain and prove existence of maximal nonnegative viscosity solutions. Uniqueness is obtained for strictly positive solutions with Lipschitz in time data. We also describe the asymptotic behaviour for the Dirichlet problem in the class of maximal solutions. We then discuss the Cauchy problem posed in the whole space. As in the standard porous medium equation (PME), solutions which start with compact support exhibit a free boundary propagating with finite speed, but such propagation takes place only in the direction of the spatial gradient. The description of the asymptotic behaviour of the Cauchy Problem shows that the asymptotic profile and the rates of convergence and propagation exactly agree for large times with a one-dimensional PME.

Abstract:
We establish quantitative estimates for solutions $u(t,x)$ to the fractional nonlinear diffusion equation, $\partial_t u +(-\Delta)^s (u^m)=0$ in the whole range of exponents $m>0$, $0