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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 39156 matches for " Juan Gabriel; "
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HAITí: Una Intervención Desafortunada
Tokatlian,Juan Gabriel;
Análisis Político , 2005,
Abstract: for this author, the sending of latin american troops to haiti in 2004 was an unhappy decision from the beginning. the meager achievements in public order have shown the limits of this complex and risky military mission. indeed, political murders continued, the difficulty in dismantling paramilitary groups persisted, and establishing a climate of minimum coexistence became next impossible. in spite of the paltry results in terms of assistance and financial help promised by several countries and institutions, and of the deplorable social conditions generated by hurricanes, the un security council insisted basically in a military solution to the calamitous economic and political situation in haiti. this article enumerates the errors committed, revises the argentinean intervention in haiti, and assesses the situation up to 2005.
Las Relaciones Entre Latinoamérica Y China: Un Enfoque Para Su Aproximación.
Tokatlian,Juan Gabriel;
Análisis Político , 2007,
Abstract: this essay tends to provide an approach focus to the analysis of relations between latin america and the popular republic of china (rpc) from an international studies perspective. the growing economic, diplomatic and military projection of china in the region deserves more detailed and solid research on its meaning and extent. meanwhile, the study of chinese-latin american ties can not be performed without incorporating the impact of the united states on them.
La Construcción De Un "Estado Fallido" En La Política Mundial: El Caso De Las Relaciones Entre Estados Unidos Y Colombia
Tokatlian,Juan Gabriel;
Análisis Político , 2008,
Abstract: this article analyzes the way in which the topic of "failed states" has been building up in the international strategy of the united states and the manner of that construction to have appeared in the relations between the united states and colombia during the last decade. our main purpose is to demonstrate that the "failed state" affair and its place in washington's foreign and defense policy, as well as the preponderance of such a phenomenon within the colombian-american bonds, have been socially and politically built. it implies that this text assigns an important place to ideas -in this case, the notion of "failed state"- in the actors' identity setting up, in the establishment of their interests and development of policies.
Malaria y determinantes sociales de la salud: un nuevo marco heurístico desde la medicina social latinoamericana
Pi?eros,Juan Gabriel;
Biomédica , 2010,
Abstract: traditionally, malaria research and study have followed the positivist scientific paradigm and its biomedical conception of disease. from this perspective, diverse control actions and strategies have been designed. however, despite a century of scientific experience and the depth and thoroughness achieved in the knowledge of malaria, this has not been translated into a constant and progressive decrease of its epidemiological burden. this essay argues for the need for a change in malaria conception, reconfiguring it as a process of biological and social character, where the geno-phenotypical possibilities of the host-parasite relationship and of the disease?s clinical expression are articulated with the historic and social dynamics of the spaces in which they occur. in addition, it proposes rethinking the epidemiological research of this entity on the basis of the visualization of the dynamic, heterogeneous, dialectic and complex character of biosocial organizations that constitute the reality of malaria (from the social structure to the genetic and phenotypic level of parasite individuals, vectors and humans). to achieve this, it is suggested that: 1) the latin american perspective on the social determinants of health be adopted; 2) new analytical categories (for instance, malaria social territory) and new investigation tools (matrices of critical processes of social determination) be incorporated, and 3) the conventional epidemiological categories of infectious diseases such as the transmission and infectiousness be reinterpreted.
Col?mbia: mais inseguran?a humana, menos seguran?a regional
Tokatlian, Juan Gabriel;
Contexto Internacional , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-85292002000100002
Abstract: the colombian predicament, characterized by foreign intervention in the domestic issues of a country in the southern hemisphere, can be considered the most dramatic crisis amongst the various crises in the andes region. the author analyzes the kind of war that exists in colombia, as well as the so-called new interventionism and the possible solutions of the conflict in that country. it is a very complex and unstable situation in which political war, criminal violence, the destruction of the state, violation of human rights and the expansion of us power are all mixed. the intervention of the us in colombia as a consequence of growing domestic conflicts, the continuation of the "war against drugs" and the beginning of "the war against terrorism," is increasingly evident and worrying. meanwhile, a passive south america does not seem to be willing to engage itself in the search for a viable solution to an expanding conflict in the heart of the andes.
Ocampo Hurtado,Juan Gabriel;
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica , 2012,
Abstract: the sport like fundamental component in the integral formation of persons finds in the culture his wealth as instrument of valuation to the sense of place in all the regions of the world. the pre-hispanic ball game, with more than three thousand years of existence, deserves the category of olympian historical game from his cultural contribution. with this objective the hermeneutics as a method of triangulation allows an interpretation of the relationship between sport and culture. as a result of this research, the pyramid city of xochicalco, belonging to the mesoamerican epiclasic period, serves as an example to understand the motivation of the athlete, who gave itself in this case and in the sacred modality, in the tension between the underworld and the existence in a higher world.
La comunidad sudamericana: una perspectiva minimalista
Tokatlian,Juan Gabriel;
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 2005,
Abstract: this paper explores a minimalist approach to the recently created community of south american nations. based on the experience of the currently weakened process of integration it argues that the principles of concentration, gradualism and concreteness are essential to future actions.
Análisis crítico de un artículo: ?Es seguro no tratar a pacientes con sospecha de tromboembolismo pulmonar y tomografía axial computarizada negativa?
Abarza,Juan; Rada,Gabriel;
Revista médica de Chile , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872007000400019
Abstract: context: the clinical validity of using computed tomography (ct) to diagnose peripheral pulmonary embolism is uncertain. insufficient sensitivity for peripheral pulmonary embolism is considered the principal limitation of ct. objective: to review studies that used a ct-based approach to rule out a diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. data sources: the medical literature databases of pubmed, medline, embase, crisp, metaregister of controlled trials, and cochrane were searched for articles published in the english language from january 1990 to may 2004. study selection: we included studies that used contrast-enhanced chest ct to rule out the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism, had a minimum follow-up of 3 months, and had study populations of more than 30 patients. data extraction: two reviewers independently abstracted patient demographics, frequency of venous thromboembolic events (vtes), ct modality (single-slice ct, multidetector-row ct, or electron-beam ct), false-negative results, and deaths attributable to pulmonary embolism. to calculate the overall negative likelihood ratio (nlr) of a vte after a negative or inconclusive chest ct scan for pulmonary embolism, we included vtes that were objectively confirmed by an additional imaging test despite a negative or inconclusive ct scan and objectively confirmed vtes that occurred during clinical follow-up of at least 3 months. data synthesis: fifteen studies met the inclusion criteria and contained a total of 3500 patients who were evaluated from october 1994 through april 2002. the overall nlr of a vte after a negative chest ct scan for pulmonary embolism was 0.07 (95% confidence interval [ci], 0.05-0.11); and the negative predictive value (npv) was 99.1% (95% ci, 98.7%-99.5%). the nlr of a vte after a negative single-slice spiral ct scan for pulmonary embolism was 0.08 (95% ci, 0.05-0.13); and after a negative multidetector-row ct scan, 0.15 (95% ci, 0.05-0.43). there was no difference in risk of vtes based on ct mod
The Colombia Plan: a model for intervention?
Juan Gabriel Tokatlian
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2001,
Abstract: In the context of the deep crisis the Andean region is going through, Colombia’s situation is the most catastrophic and potentially serves as a model for external intervention in internal affairs in the hemisphere. The author examines this new kind of war the countryis experiencing as well as the so called new external interventionism and possible solutions to the conflict. This armed conflict is a mix of political war, criminal violence and a systematic violation of human rights. The importance of the outcome is encouraging external interference and the United States with its multimillion dollar contribution to the Colombia Plan is playing an ever more important role.
Crisis and redistribution of world power
Juan Gabriel Tokatlian
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2012,
Abstract: The main aim of this essay is to examine the current state and short-term influence of world politics, as well as observing a central aspect, namely the political scope of the economic-financial crisis of 2008-2012, and some main trends which, above and beyond the crisis and looking toward the future, can be viewed as salient elements on the contemporary stage. It is worth noting that this article attempts to introduce an examination of the aforementioned areas from the standpoint of international relations, and through a critical perspective. Likewise, it is important to point out that the author seeks to combine a historical view and a comparative interpretation, at the same time as attempting to analyse both the structural dynamics and the situational contingencies. Furthermore, the essay highlights the complexity of the global milieu; in this respect, the author does not attempt to present any specific suggestions as to how to manage the current situation.
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