oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 769 )

2018 ( 1200 )

2017 ( 1143 )

2016 ( 1673 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 684785 matches for " Josep María Borrás-Andrés "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /684785
Display every page Item
Proceso de Bolonia (VI): aprendiendo comunicación para la salud en el Grado de Medicina Bologna Process (VI): learning health communication in medical undergraduate
Francesc Borrell-Carrió,Xavier Clèries,David Paredes-Zapata,Josep María Borrás-Andrés
Educación Médica , 2012,
Abstract: La comunicación forma parte de la actividad clínica y en ocasiones determina el éxito o fracaso del proceso asistencial. Sin embargo, no ha sido reconocida en los planes de estudio del Estado espa ol hasta muy recientemente, sobre todo con el impulso del llamado 'Plan Bolonia'. En el a o 2009 se aprobó en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universitat de Barcelona un nuevo plan docente que proponía incorporar la ense anza de la comunicación en las materias clínicas y preclínicas, contabilizando entre 3 y 6 créditos europeos (ECTS), como competencia transversal. El presente artículo aborda el dise o de esta competencia, los pros y contras, cómo se inserta en diferentes asignaturas y cómo puede evaluarse. Communication is part of the clinical activity and sometimes determines the healthcare success or failure. However it has not been recognized in the Spanish curricula until recently, in the context of the so called Plan Bologna. In 2009 a new teaching plan was approved at Medical School of Barcelona University which intended to incorporate communication in clinical and preclinical areas (3-6 ECTS). In this article we explain pros and cons to introduce communication not as a subject, but as a competency, how can be integrated in different subjects and how can be evaluated.
Proceso de Bolonia (VI): aprendiendo comunicación para la salud en el Grado de Medicina
Borrell-Carrió,Francesc; Clèries,Xavier; Paredes-Zapata,David; Borrás-Andrés,Josep María; Sans-Corrales,Mireia; Mascort-Roca,Joan Josep;
Educación Médica , 2012,
Abstract: communication is part of the clinical activity and sometimes determines the healthcare success or failure. however it has not been recognized in the spanish curricula until recently, in the context of the so called plan bologna. in 2009 a new teaching plan was approved at medical school of barcelona university which intended to incorporate communication in clinical and preclinical areas (3-6 ects). in this article we explain pros and cons to introduce communication not as a subject, but as a competency, how can be integrated in different subjects and how can be evaluated.
Determinación y definición de cuentas de las Cortes de 1329 en 1332: antecedentes de la Generalidad valenciana. La fiscalidad territorial y las imposiciones locales
Carbonell Boria, María José,Díaz Borrás, Andrés
Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 2004,
Abstract: The year 1329 can be considered the starting point in the establishment of the Generalitat Valenciana. It is in this year when the first steps are taken toward the creation of a taxation system, starting with the regulation of local taxes. A partir de 1329, se pueden establecer los pasos encaminados a determinar el origen de la Generalitat Valenciana, debido a que se darán las primeras pautes del procedimiento de implantación del sistema fiscal de dicho territorio a partir de la normativa de las imposiciones locales.
Cambios en las expectativas y las actitudes de los trabajadores de la hostelería después de la ley de medidas sanitarias frente al tabaquismo
Martínez-Sánchez,Jose M.; Fenández,Esteve; Fu,Marcela; Pérez-Ríos,Mónica; Schiaffino,Anna; J. López,María; Alonso,Bego?a; Saltó,Esteve; Nebot,Manel; M.Borràs,Josep; ,;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112010000300011
Abstract: objective: to assess changes in hospitality workers' expectations and attitudes towards the spanish smoking law before and 2 years after the smoking ban. methods: we performed a longitudinal study of a cohort (n=431) of hospitality workers in five regions in spain before the law came into effect and 24 months later. expectations and attitudes towards the ban and knowledge about the effect of second-hand smoke on health were compared before and after the ban. results: we recruited 431 hospitality workers in the baseline survey and 219 were followed-up 24 months later (overall follow-up rate of 50.8%). the percentage of hospitality workers who knew the law was 79.0% before it was passed and was 94.1% 24 months later (p<0.05). we observed an increase in support to the smoke-free ban in all public places, including bars and restaurants (54.1% to 65.8%; p<0.05). the percentages of support for the current ban, perception of compliance with the ban by employees and customers, and knowledge of the effect of second-hand smoke on health also increased. conclusions: knowledge and support to the spanish smoking law among hospitality workers increased 2 years after the implementation of the ban.
Punto de corte óptimo de la concentración de cotinina en saliva para discriminar entre fumadores y no fumadores en la población adulta de Barcelona
Martínez-Sánchez,Jose M.; Fu,Marcela; Ariza,Carles; López,María J.; Saltó,Esteve; Pascual,José A.; Schiaffino,Anna; Borràs,Josep M.; Peris,Mercè; Agudo,Antonio; Nebot,Manel; Fernández,Esteve;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112009000600003
Abstract: objective: to assess the optimal cut-point for salivary cotinine concentration to identify smoking status in the adult population of barcelona. methods: we performed a cross-sectional study of a representative sample (n=1,117) of the adult population (>16 years) in barcelona (2004-2005). this study gathered information on active and passive smoking by means of a questionnaire and a saliva sample for cotinine determination. we analyzed sensitivity and specificity according to sex, age, smoking status (daily and occasional), and exposure to second-hand smoke at home. roc curves and the area under the curve were calculated. results: the prevalence of smokers (daily and occasional) was 27.8% (95% ci: 25.2-30.4%). the optimal cut-point to discriminate smoking status was 9.2ng/ml (sensitivity=88.7% and specificity=89.0%). the area under the roc curve was 0.952. the optimal cut-point was 12.2ng/ml in men and 7.6ng/ml in women. the optimal cut-point was higher at ages with a greater prevalence of smoking. daily smokers had a higher cut-point than occasional smokers. conclusions: the optimal cut-point to discriminate smoking status in the adult population is 9.2ng/ml, with sensitivities and specificities around 90%. the cut-point was higher in men and in younger people. the cut-point increases with higher prevalence of daily smokers.
Réplica
Borràs Josep M.,Espinàs Josep A.
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2002,
Abstract:
Cribado del cáncer colorrectal: entre las dudas y la evidencia
Borràs Josep M.,Espinàs Josep A.
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2002,
Abstract:
Tendencias en resucitación cardiopulmonar
Gazmuri,Raúl-Jaime; álvarez-Fernández,Jesús-Andrés;
Medicina Intensiva , 2009,
Abstract: less than 10% of those individuals who suffer an episode of sudden cardiac arrest are successfully resuscitated and return home to live productive lives. new approaches to cardiac resuscitation could substantially improve such dismal outcome. four current trends in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr) have the greatest potential for improving outcome: the development of systems that can prevent cardiac arrests through recognition of early warning signs and timely intervention; a shift towards a flow-based resuscitation emphasizing the delivery of high-quality uninterrupted cpr limiting the role of ventilation; the growing role of technology in driving resuscitation interventions, incrementally enhancing the human decision-making process, and the use of hypothermia.
Tendencias en resucitación cardiopulmonar Trends in cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Raúl-Jaime Gazmuri,Jesús-Andrés álvarez-Fernández
Medicina Intensiva , 2009,
Abstract: Menos del 10% de las personas que sufren una parada cardíaca son resucitados con éxito y regresan a sus hogares para vivir vidas productivas. Nuevos enfoques de la resucitación podrían modificar de forma sustancial este resultado tan triste. Cuatro tendencias en resucitación cardiopulmonar (RCP) parecen tener el mayor potencial para mejorar el pronóstico: los sistemas para la prevención de la parada cardíaca mediante reconocimiento precoz de los signos de alarma e intervención oportuna; el cambio hacia una resucitación orientada hacia el flujo sanguíneo, enfatizando la realización ininterrumpida de una RCP de alta calidad con un papel limitado de la ventilación; la importancia creciente de la tecnología guiando las intervenciones en resucitación, mejorando el proceso humano de toma de decisiones, y el empleo de la hipotermia. Less than 10% of those individuals who suffer an episode of sudden cardiac arrest are successfully resuscitated and return home to live productive lives. New approaches to cardiac resuscitation could substantially improve such dismal outcome. Four current trends in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have the greatest potential for improving outcome: the development of systems that can prevent cardiac arrests through recognition of early warning signs and timely intervention; a shift towards a flow-based resuscitation emphasizing the delivery of high-quality uninterrupted CPR limiting the role of ventilation; the growing role of technology in driving resuscitation interventions, incrementally enhancing the human decision-making process, and the use of hypothermia.
Evaluación de dos estrategias de cribado de cáncer colorrectal: test inmunológico versus test bioquímico. Catalu?a, 2008-2010
García Martínez,Montse; Binefa Rodríguez,Gemma; Milà Díaz,Núria; Rodríguez Moranta,Francisco; Gonzalo Diego,Núria; Mu?oz Sánchez,Carmen; Espinàs Pi?ol,Josep Alfons; Borràs Andrés,Josep Maria; Moreno Aguado,Víctor;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272011000600008
Abstract: background: the aim of this study was to evaluate the screening strategy (quantitative immunological test vs biochemical test) in a population-based screening program for colorectal cancer (crc) in catalonia. methods: the fourth round of a screening program for crc with a fecal occult blood test was implemented in hospitalet de llobregat during 2008-2010. a biochemical test was offered to 50,227 individuals and a quantitative immunological test was offered to 12,707 individuals. we analysed differences according to the screening strategy in the following variables: acceptability of the target population (participation, dropouts, and adherence to colonoscopy), diagnostic accuracy (positive predictive value and detection rates), results (size and location of lesions, staging of crc) and resources (number of colonoscopies needed and time interval between the positive test and colonoscopy). results: participation was higher among individuals who used the immunological test (or: 1.35; ci95%:1.27-1.42). detection rates for adenomas and cancer were also higher for the immunological test, hightlighting the detection rate for high-risk adenomas (26.7‰ vs. 3.0‰). the positive predictive value for high-risk adenomas was 45.0% and 46.9% in the immunological test and guaiac test, respectively. the number of colonoscopies needed to detect cancer with the immunological test was almost two-fold than those needed with the guaiac test (13.6 vs 7.4). conclusions: the immunological test is a good screening strategy particularly sensitive for detecting high-risk adenomas. however, it is paramount to have enough resources to assure the quality of the crc screening due to the large number of colonoscopies that would be required.
Page 1 /684785
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.