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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 86043 matches for " José Roberto Berber; Lauris "
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Conhecimento dos médicos pediatras e odontopediatras de Bauru e Marília a respeito de flúor
Buzalaf,Marília Afonso Rabelo; Ramires,Irene; Maria,Andréa Gutierrez; Peres,José Roberto Berber; Lauris,José Roberto Pereira;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232006000100029
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of pediatric doctors and dentists, in respect to the use of fluoridated compounds. ninety-one pediatric doctors and seventy-two pediatric dentists from bauru and marília municipalities were visited. after agreeing in participating, they received a questionnaire with 22 questions. they immediately filled and returned the questionnaires. data obtained were analyzed by descriptive statistics, using absolute and relative frequencies, represented by tables. some pediatric drugs containing a combination of vitamins and fluoride are usually prescribed by pediatric doctors, while fluoride gels, varnishes and rinsing solutions are often recommended by pediatric dentists. it was not established a relationship between the knowledge of pediatric doctors and dentists regarding the sources of fluoride intake and gender, time of graduation, age, place of graduation, city and area of working (public, private area or both). the results suggest that the knowledge of pediatric doctors and pediatric dentists that work in bauru and marília, regarding the presence of fluoride in various sources of intake is insufficient and, in some cases, concerning, with respect to the prevention of dental fluorosis.
Achados otoscópicos e timpanométricos em lactentes com fissura labiopalatina
Feniman, Mariza Ribeiro;Souza, Adriana Guerta de;Jorge, José Carlos;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992008000200015
Abstract: tympanometry plays a fundamental role in the identification of middle ear alterations, which are frequent in the population with cleft lip and palate. aim: do a retrospective analysis of the otoscopy and tympanometric exams of infants with cleft lip and palate who were not operated. retrospective study. materials and methods: we analyzed 273 charts from infants with cleft lip and palate whom, from march 1996 to april of 2002 underwent pneumatic otoscopy and tympanometry with a 226 hz probe. results: we did not find statistical significance in the otoscopic and tympanometric findings considering ears and genders. we observed 84% of alterations in otoscopy (opacification/83.4%, visible fluid in the middle ear /1.5%, the ear drum does not move during inflation /1.8 and retraction/0.7) and 65% in tympanometric curves (b/38%), a/36.5%, as/21%, c/4% and ad/0.5%). conclusion: female and male infants with cleft lip and palate did not differ as far as otoscopic and tympanometry findings are concerned. all types of tympanometric curves were present, and types a and b were the most frequent ones. ear drum opacification was the most frequent otoscopic finding. pneumatic otoscopy identified a larger number of alterations when compared to conventional tympanometry.
Aplicabilidade do teste da habilidade de aten??o auditiva sustentada - THAAS em campo livre
Feniman, Mariza Ribeiro;Rissatto, Ariane Cristina Sampaio;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;Mondelli, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia;
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2012, DOI: 10.7162/S1809-97772012000200017
Abstract: introduction: the attention is an underlying neuropsychology function to all the cognitive processes. the auditory deficiency compromises the normal development of the child, modifying diverse auditory abilities, including the attention. objective: to compare the performance of children in the test of the ability of auditory attention support, as for the different forms of application (auricular phones and free field), sort and, application order. method: 40 children (7 years old) voluntary with typical development had participated, divided in two groups: g1 and g2, composites of 20 children each. the application of the thaas in the g1 if gave first with auricular phones and after that in free field and the g2 the process was inverse. the evaluation consisted in: specific questionnaire, auditory tests and application of the thaas. results: it did not have significant difference how much to the sort. for the thaas with phones, the g1 presented greater amount of errors of carelessness and total punctuation. for the thaas in field it had a significant difference of the g2 for the monitoring decrease. how much to the application form, the g1 demonstrated a bigger number of errors when it was used phones. the g2 did not demonstrate difference. conclusion: it had viability in the application of the thaas in free field, being able to be adopted the same used normative values for the conventional way of evaluation.
Speech evaluation with and without palatal obturator in patients submitted to maxillectomy
Carvalho-Teles, Viviane de;Pegoraro-Krook, Maria Inês;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572006000600007
Abstract: most patients who have undergone resection of the maxillae due to benign or malignant tumors in the palatomaxillary region present with speech and swallowing disorders. coupling of the oral and nasal cavities increases nasal resonance, resulting in hypernasality and unintelligible speech. prosthodontic rehabilitation of maxillary resections with effective separation of the oral and nasal cavities can improve speech and esthetics, and assist the psychosocial adjustment of the patient as well.the objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the palatal obturator prosthesis on speech intelligibility and resonance of 23 patients with age ranging from 18 to 83 years (mean = 49.5 years), who had undergone inframedial-structural maxillectomy. the patients were requested to count from 1 to 20, to repeat 21 words and to spontaneously speak for 15 seconds, once with and again without the prosthesis, for tape recording purposes. the resonance and speech intelligibility were judged by 5 speech language pathologists from the tape recordings samples. the results have shown that the majority of patients (82.6%) significantly improved their speech intelligibility, and 16 patients (69.9%) exhibited a significant hypernasality reduction with the obturator in place. the results of this study indicated that maxillary obturator prosthesis was efficient to improve the speech intelligibility and resonance in patients who had undergone maxillectomy.
Psychometric assessments of life quality and voice for teachers within the municipal system, in Bauru, SP, Brazil
Martinello, Janaína Gheissa;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;Brasolotto, Alcione Ghedini;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572011000600006
Abstract: studies show a high prevalence of vocal alterations among teachers. one of the criteria for the establishment of the prevalence of vocal alteration is based on teachers' self-perception. objective: this study aimed at comparing voice-disordered quality of life measures between a group of teachers who reported vocal alteration and a group of teachers who did not, by verifying the teachers' perception regarding the impact of vocal alteration in the different dimensions of voice quality of life. material and methods: ninety-seven (97) teachers answered three psychometric protocols of voice quality of life: voice handicap index (vhi), voice-related quality of life (v-rqol), and the voice activity participation profile (vapp), in addition to a questionnaire for characterization of the sample. results: the results were that 39.8% of the teachers reported vocal alteration. when comparing voice measures between the groups (with and without vocal alteration), statistically significant differences were observed: the total score of vhi, total score of v-rqol and total score of vaap and its dimensions. it was also verified that the physical dimension of vhi has a greater impact among the dimensions of this protocol. for vrqol, the most striking dimension was the physical functioning domain, both indicating the laryngeal discomfort and the impact of voice on communication, in teachers with and without complaints. as for vaap, no domain prevailed over the others in the group with no complaints. for teachers with complaints, three domains, i.e., daily communication, work, and emotions have a greater impact than social communication. the limitation and restriction scores were calculated as well, and it was observed the limitation of activities is greater than the restriction of activities, both in the group with and the group without complaints. conclusion: one may conclude that the teachers who reported vocal alterations better realize the impact of voice in different dimensions o
Audi??o de crian?as com fissura labiopalatina e baixo peso: estudo comparativo
Freitas Lima, Alyne Michelle de;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;Feniman, Mariza Ribeiro;
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-48722011000400009
Abstract: introduction: the presence of low weight at birth (lw), as well as cleft lip and palate (clp), end up making children more prone to auditory alterations. objective: verify and compare the hearing of children with cleft lip and palate with and without low weight at birth in the conventional audiological evaluation. method: a retrospective and comparative study was made concerning gender, weight at birth, presence/absence of clp and the result of audiometry and immittance measurements. three groups of children were formed. g1 with 23 clp and lw, g2 with 25 clp but not lw and g3 with 25 children with neither clp or lw. results: there wasn't found any statistically significant differences between the groups in none of the following comparisons: the weight and gender, gender and right/left ear, in relation to the kind of tympanometric curve, presence of hearing loss, type of hearing loss and degree of the hearing loss. conclusion: a greater auditory impairment, evidenced by the presence of light to moderate degree of conductive hearing loss, was found in children with cleft lip and palate (g1 and g2), regardless of the presence of low weight at birth, when compared to those without this kind of malformation.
Crian?as com fissura labiopalatina e baixo peso ao nascimento em testes auditivos centrais
Araújo, Letícia Maria Martins;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;Feniman, Mariza Ribeiro;
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-48722011000300008
Abstract: introduction: neurological or sensorial alterations, some of which are peripheral and/or central hearing alterations, are focused on both the people showing a low weight at birth (lw) and the presence of craniofacial malformation, such as labial palatine fissure (lpf). objective: check and compare the results of hearing processing tests, dichotic listening test (dlt) and auditory fusion test-revised (aft-r) in lpf and lw children with those in children born with a normal weight and showing no lpf. methods: retrospective comparative study with 73 records, in which sex, weight at birth, lpf presence/absence and the dlt and aft-r results were verified. three groups were formed based on the analysis of weight at birth and flp absence/presence. results: for dlt, the covariance analysis did not present any difference between the groups and sexes; however the age covariant showed a statistically significant relation. fort aft-r, there was no difference between groups, sexes and ages. conclusion: lpf and lw children, however statistically insignificant, showed bigger modifications in the hearing processing tests in comparison with isolated lpf children and with children having neither this craniofacial malformation nor lw. it must as well be emphasized that an increase in age enhanced ddt performance.
Cultural adaptation of the SADL (satisfaction with amplification in daily life) questionaire for Brazilian portuguese
Mondelli, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia;Magalh?es, Fabiani Figueiredo;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-86942011000500005
Abstract: there are some motivational processes associated with the use of an individual sound amplification device (isad): acceptance, benefit and satisfaction. objective: to make a cultural adaptation of the sadl (satisfaction with amplification in daily life) questionnaire to use with the brazilian population; to assess its reproducibility and to describe its results in patients fit with an isad. materials and methods: clinical study. translation and cultural adaptation of the questionnaire; translation from english into portuguese and linguistic adaptation; review of the grammatical and idiomatic equivalence; evaluation of the inter and intra-researcher assessment. there were 30 isad users older than 18 years of age participating in the study (mean: 66.36 years); 19 men (63%); 11 women (37%). results: the participants reported greater satisfaction (mean) for questions: 1 (6.35); 3 (6.85); 5 (6.10); 6 (6.80); 8 (6.33); 9 (6.80); 11 (6.16); 12 (6.93) and 15 (6.52). less satisfaction: question 4 (3.16); 7 (3.41) and 13 (2.83). the comparison of each question with the first and second application of the questionnaire did not present statistically significant results, thus yielding good reproducibility. there was a greater satisfaction for subscales: positive effect (6.50) and services and costs (6.26) and less satisfaction for negative factors (4.73). conclusion: it was possible to adapt the questionnaire for the brazilian population.
Epidemiologia do Padr?o Face Longa em escolares do Ensino Fundamental do município de Bauru - SP
Cardoso, Mauricio de Almeida;Capelozza Filho, Leopoldino;An, Tien Li;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512011000200014
Abstract: objective: this study aimed to classify and determine the prevalence of individuals with vertical alteration of facial relationships, according to the severity of discrepancy, especially individuals with long face pattern. methods: the sample was composed of 5,020 individuals of brazilian nationality, of both genders, aged 10 years to 16 years and 11 months, attending fundamental schools at the city of bauru-sp. examination of facial morphology comprised direct observation of the face in frontal and lateral views, always with the lips at rest, aiming to identify the individuals presenting vertical alteration of facial relationships. after identification, these individuals were scored, according to severity, into three subtypes, namely mild, moderate and severe. the prevalence of individuals with long face pattern considered only the individuals scored as subtypes moderate and severe. results: there was prevalence of 34.94% of vertical alteration of facial relationships and 14.06% of long face pattern. conclusions: the results obtained in this study revealed that the prevalence of vertical alteration of facial relationships and long face pattern was higher than reported in the literature.
Uma análise do perfil audiológico de estudantes de música
Otubo, Karina Aki;Lopes, Andréa Cintra;Lauris, José Roberto Pereira;
Per Musi , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-75992013000100013
Abstract: playing a musical instrument demands integration of perceptive, motor and cognitive skills, modularly and gradually developed and in a hierarchically coordinated fashion. in music performance, the complex association between hearing and the brain is central, one capable of producing behavioral and emotional changes in human beings. the present study analyzes audiological profiles of music students, who were submitted to audiological assessment (interview, threshold tonal audiometry, logoaudiometry and imitanciometry), besides the complementary examinations of high frequencies tonal audiometry and transient evoked otoacustic emissions. the results indicated normal hearing for the students. nevertheless, preventive and educative actions are essential to promote awareness of auditory alterations within this risk group.
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