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Compara??o de dados epidemiológicos da tuberculose pulmonar em Sorocaba, SP, Brasil, em uma década (1986 - 1996)
Job,José R. P. P.; Prado,Paulo E. B. S.; Vranjac,Sérgio; Duarte,Paulo C.;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101998000600014
Abstract: pulmonary tuberculosis is a serious public health problem in brazil. data were collected relating to the patients' health before diagnosis and also to the time lag between this diagnosis and the beginning of specific treatment over a period of three months. fifty patients suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis were questioned about: symptomatology before diagnosis, lapse between the occurrence of the first symptoms and the beginning of treatment and relationship with aids. there had been no significant change in the time-lag between the time of discovery of new cases and the beginning of treatment, over the last ten years.
Compara o de dados epidemiológicos da tuberculose pulmonar em Sorocaba, SP, Brasil, em uma década (1986 - 1996)
Job José R. P. P.,Prado Paulo E. B. S.,Vranjac Sérgio,Duarte Paulo C.
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1998,
Abstract: Em 50 doentes matriculados para o tratamento de tuberculose pulmonar, foram estudadas as informa es que antecederam o diagnóstico da doen a tais como: sintomatologia antes do diagnóstico, tempo decorrido entre o aparecimento dos sintomas e a procura de assistência médica, tempo decorrido entre o início dos sintomas e o início do tratamento e presen a ou n o de co-infec o com HIV. Nos últimos dez anos n o houve altera o significativa em rela o ao tempo de identifica o dos casos novos de tuberculose e o início do tratamento.
INSATISFACCIóN POR LA IMAGEN CORPORAL Y LA BAJA AUTOESTIMA POR LA APARIENCIA FíSICA EN ESTUDIANTES DE LA FACULTAD DE MEDICINA DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES DEL ESTADO MERIDA VENEZUELA
Pedro López Atencio,José R. Prado P.,Mercedes Montilla,Zarela Molina Viana
Revista en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Salud , 2008,
Abstract: La presente investigación tuvo como propósito central evaluar la insatisfacción por la imagen corporal y su relación con la baja autoestima por la apariencia física en estudiantes de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Los Andes en Mérida Venezuela. El estudio fue de tipo no experimental correlacional. La muestra estuvo constituida por 189 estudiantes, 27% masculino y 73% femenino, con una edad promedio de 19,58 a os ± 1,57 (varones 19,81 a os ± 1,74 y para las mujeres 20,24 a os ± 1,76). Los participantes fueron seleccionados de los cursos del primer a o de las carreras de: medicina, enfermería y nutrición, los cuales fueron seleccionados de forma intencional. El instrumento empleado para determinar la Insatisfacción por la Imagen Corporal fue el Body Shape Questionnaire (Cooper y Taylor, 1987). El método de Graffar Modificado fue utilizado para determinar el estrato socioeconómico de los participantes (Méndez y De Méndez, 1994). A los datos se les aplicó el análisis descriptivo (frecuencia, porcentajes, media) e inferencial (ANOVA de un solo factor a través del paquete estadístico SPSS versión 9.0). Entre los principales hallazgos en el estudio se pudo determinar una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la insatisfacción con la imagen corporal, la baja autoestima por la apariencia física con el género χ2 (2, N= 189) = 9,686, p=0,008. A través de ANOVA se pudo determinar que las diferencias en las medias para los niveles de insatisfacción y baja autoestima con la imagen corporal y el género son estadísticamente significativas, F=11,236; p=0,008, F=10,23; p=0,002 respectivamente. Conclusiones: los resultados obtenidos permiten sugerir sobre la relación que existe entre la insatisfacción y la baja autoestima por la apariencia física, existiendo un rechazo por la propia imagen corporal causada por la percepción distorsionada o no de la misma, lo que podría afectar la autoestima por la apariencia física. Además, se observa que la salud psicológica de los estudiantes se relaciona más con su satisfacción por su apariencia física que como se percibe su imagen corporal. Por lo tanto, este grupo de participantes debe analizarse en relación con su autoestima por la apariencia física, como una expresión del ambiente institucional. También es importante enfatizar que el género puede ser un factor de riesgo en los desórdenes de hábitos alimenticios. Consideramos lo anterior porque las mujeres mostraron niveles de insatisfacción más altos, ya que su apariencia física se encuentra condicionada por una mayor insatisfacción con su imagen corporal ta
Evolución del Contenido de Azufre en la Gasolina Comercializada en Galicia (Espa?a) como Consecuencia de la Aplicación del Real Decreto 1700/2003
Fernández-Feal,Coro; Fernández-Feal,Luisa; Escudero,Paola; Pérez-Prado,José R;
Información tecnológica , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07642009000100007
Abstract: the objective of the study was to determine the sulphur content in gasoline which were commercialized in galicia six months before and six months after the first of january 2005, the date established by law, according to the royal decree 1700/2003, to reduce the sulphur content in gasoline. this was done to verify the fulfilment of the new legislation starting that date: 150 mg/kg in the period july to december 2004 and 50 mg/kg in the period january to june 2005. the sulphur content in the samples was determined according to a normalized procedure adapted to this type of product. all gasoline samples presented sulphur content lower than the maximum limit established by the legislation. these results show the fast adaptation performed by the refineries in their desulphurization processes to comply with the new legislation.
Evolución del Contenido de Azufre en la Gasolina Comercializada en Galicia (Espa a) como Consecuencia de la Aplicación del Real Decreto 1700/2003 Evolution of Sulphur Content in Commercialized Gasoline in Galicia (Spain) as a Result of the Application of the Royal Decree 1700/2003
Coro Fernández-Feal,Luisa Fernández-Feal,Paola Escudero,José R Pérez-Prado
Información Tecnológica , 2009,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la cantidad de azufre contenida en las gasolinas comercializadas en Galicia antes y después del 1 de enero de 2005, fecha establecida por ley, según Real Decreto 1700/2003, para la disminución del contenido de azufre en gasolinas. Esto se realizó con el fin de verificar el cumplimiento de la legislación vigente a partir de esa fecha: 150 mg/kg en el periodo de julio a diciembre de 2004 y 50 mg/kg a partir de enero de 2005. La determinación del contenido de azufre en las muestras recogidas se realizó empleando el procedimiento normalizado adaptado a este tipo de producto. La totalidad de las gasolinas analizadas presentaron un contenido de azufre inferior al límite máximo establecido por la legislación. Estos resultados muestran la rápida adaptación llevada a cabo por las refinerías en sus procesos de desulfurización para cumplir con la nueva legislación. The objective of the study was to determine the sulphur content in gasoline which were commercialized in Galicia six months before and six months after the first of January 2005, the date established by law, according to the royal decree 1700/2003, to reduce the sulphur content in gasoline. This was done to verify the fulfilment of the new legislation starting that date: 150 mg/kg in the period July to December 2004 and 50 mg/kg in the period January to June 2005. The sulphur content in the samples was determined according to a normalized procedure adapted to this type of product. All gasoline samples presented sulphur content lower than the maximum limit established by the legislation. These results show the fast adaptation performed by the refineries in their desulphurization processes to comply with the new legislation.
Modelo teórico interpretativo para una gestión docente de calidad en área de educación física de la modalidad educación especial
Prado Pérez,José Rafael;
Paradígma , 2005,
Abstract: the topic developed leaves on the doctoral on the educational performance in the area of the physical education for the modality of special education based on the principles of the diversity and justness for an educational administration quality. the categories involved in the study were the interior language, educational formation, the conscience and the corporal expression, explored base in the qualitative focus, by means of a field study. which was managed to structure a model that supplements the formation of that educational one. to obtain the required information, besides the bibliographical analysis. it was used like half the interview completely structured semi and open, the results were analyzed by means of the content analysis. the investigation allowed to identify the consistency grades between the theory and the contributions of the clue informants; lauding deficiencies in the normative conscience, the little precision on the theoretical elements about the diversity and the justness in education physical, give little importance to the practice of the inclusion, not also in the strategies of the interior language and the conscience that are being used to tune the bases that sustain the presentation of an interpretive theoretical model for the educational performance in physical education for the modality of special education based in the principles of the diversity and justness. the model to present has its sustenance in bases fenomenoloycal and hermeneutics.
Ocorrência de Trichopria sp. (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) atacando pupas de Chrysomya putoria (Wiedemann) Diptera: Calliphoridae) na granja
Monteiro, Marisa R.;Prado, Angelo P. do;
Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0301-80592000000100020
Abstract: this work was carried out in a poultry house (granja capuavinha), monte mor, state of s?o paulo, from february 1991 to april 1992 with the purpose of studying the synanthropic flies and their parasitoids. the pupae were extrated from manure using a water-flotation method. berlese-tullgren's funnel was used to extract parasitoids and fly larvae. each pupa was kept in a small transparent glass vial for 35 days until the emergence of the fly or parasitoid. after this period, the pupae that did not yield adult flies or parasitoids were dissected. the following species of fly were collected: chrysomya putoria (wiedeman), muscina stabulans (fallén), musca domestica l., fannia pusio (stein). in addition several species of sepsidae were also collected. the following species of parasitoids that emerged from fly pupae were collected: spalangia gemina (boucek), s. cameroni (perkins), muscidifurax raptoroides kogan & legner, pachycrepoideus vindemiae (rondani), nasonia vitripennis (walker) and trichopria sp. (diapriidae). tachinaephagus zealandicus (ashmead) (encyrtidae) a larval pupal parasitoid also ocurred. this is the first report of trichopria sp., a gregarious parasitoid, attacking pupae of c. putoria. about 13% of parasitoids did not eclode successfuly from the parasitoid pupae which may indicate a recent association between trichopria sp. and c. putoria in brazil.
Effect of local mate competition on fig wasp sex ratios
Pereira, R. A. S.;Prado, A. P.;
Brazilian Journal of Biology , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-69842006000400004
Abstract: in fig wasps, mating takes place among the offspring of one or a few foundress mothers inside the fig from which mated females disperse to found new broods. under these conditions, related males will compete with each other for mating and several studies have shown female bias in brood sex ratios as a response to local mate competition (lmc). studying pegoscapus tonduzi which pollinates ficus citrifolia in brazil, we analysed the effect of lmc (number of foundresses) on the sex ratio of the offspring of pollinating wasps. the relationship between the foundress number and brood sex ratio qualitatively followed the theory, however the empirical sex ratio was more female biased than expected from theoretical values. the model for an optimal sex ratio considers that each foundress wasp contributes the same number of eggs to be bred and that the violation of this assumption may explain the lack of adjustment in relation to the theory.
Morfologia e morfometria das papilas mamárias de búfalas
Santos, Diogo A.S.;Ricci, Rose E.G.;Prado, Isaura M.M.;Carvalho, Ana F.;Bombonato, Pedro P.;Ambrósio, Carlos E.;Teixeira, Dulcinea G.;Santos, Tatiana C.;Hernandes-Brazquez, Francisco J.;Martins, Daniele S.;Morini, Adriana C.;Kfoury Jr, José R.;Miglino, Maria Angélica;
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-736X2007000300003
Abstract: fifteen papillae from female water buffaloes and one bovine female were obtained in a slaughter house for this study, which consisted in morphologic and biometrical analyses, histology and histometric and mesoscopical analyses. the means were: right cranial papilla (rcp) 20.95g; right caudal papilla (rcap) 21.49g; left cranial papilla (lcp) 23.52g; and left caudal papilla (lcap) 21.35g. papillary duct average length, numbers of folds and papillary cisterns length were, respectively: 0.67/5,5 e 2.17cm for rcp; 0.62/6.0 e 2.26cm for rcap; and for the left antimere: rcp: 0.71/6.0 e 2.26cm and for rcap: 0.74/5.7 e 2.57cm. pearson's analysis revealed negative correlation between body weight and mammary glandular weight. sampling of proximal, middle and distal area was taken and fixed into a 10% formaldehyde solution, followed by mesoscopical investigation through 10, 20 and 40μm thickness cuts stained by azan, f3ba picrosirus and weigert-van gieson techniques. histological and morphometric analyses were applied on 5μm thick samples and showed that the muscular layer was disposed into two arrangements, internal circular and external longitudinal with a bi-stratified cuboidal epithelium. a well developed muscular layer were related to the middle portion revealing thickness of 22.90mm with a great amount of connective tissue (7.10mm).
The branching rate of the random Olami-Feder-Christensen model with a generic coordination number
Pinho, S. T. R.;Prado, C. P. C.;
Brazilian Journal of Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-97332003000300009
Abstract: in this paper we review and discuss some fundamental aspects of the random version of the olami-feder- christensen model, and its relevance for the understanding of self-organized criticality (soc). we review the universal character of the exponent = 3/2, related to avalanche size distributions in random soc models, and its connection to branching processes theory. we also generalize previous results, that had been obtained for the random ofc model with four neighbors, to any coordination number. finally we present some connections between our generalization and recent discussions involving the branching rate approach to this model.
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