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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 79545 matches for " José Mauro; Vieira Jacobi "
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Factores de riesgo asociados a traumatismo al nacimiento
José Mauro Madi,Rodrigo Vieira Jacobi,Breno Fauth de Araújo,Camila Viecceli Viecceli
Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología , 2012,
Abstract: Antecedentes: Se define trauma al nacimiento las lesiones sufridas por el feto durante el trabajo de parto o expulsión. Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo asociados a lesiones originadas durante el nacimiento en recién nacidos. Método: Estudio casos y controles, realizado en el período de julio/2004 a diciembre/2005, en la División de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Hospital General de Caxias do Sul/ Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Caxias do Sul, RS, Brasil. Fueron analizadas variables maternas, del parto y fetales, utilizando el programa estadístico SPSS versión 19.0. Los factores que obtuvieron nivel significativo <0,10 en los análisis bivariado fueron insertas en la regresión logística. Se utilizó el modelo de entrada por bloques (block entry) para selección del modelo final de la regresión. Resultados: En el período citado nacieron 2.137 infantes, 26 de ellos (1,2%) sufrieron trauma al nacimiento. La fractura de clavícula fue la lesión más frecuente (n=14; 53,8%), seguida del cefalohematoma (n=5; 19,2%). Las variables gasométricas no presentaron diferencia estadística. En la regresión logística, las únicas variables independientes asociadas a traumatismo al nacimiento fueron parto vaginal (OR-A: 11,08; IC95%: 2,45-49,98; p=0,002) y perímetro torácico >33 cm (OR-A: 3,36; IC95%: 1,35-9,73; p=0,010). Conclusión: Los factores de riesgo asociados a lesiones durante el nacimiento involucran el parto vaginal y el perímetro torácico igual o superior a 33cm. Background: Obstetrics injuries can be defined as fetal lesions suffered by the fetus during labor or expulsion. Objective: Identify risk factors for fetal birth trauma. Method: Case-control study conducted from July 2004 to December 2005. We analyzed maternal and fetal variables using software SPSS 19.0. The variables showing a significance level <0.10 in the bivariate analysis were included in the logistic regression analysis. We used the block entry model for selection of the final regression model. Results: During these period, we identified 2137 births and 26 (1.2%) were related to fetal birth injury. Clavicle fracture was the most frequent injury (n = 14; 53.8%), followed by cephalohematoma (n = 5; 19.2%). Umbilical cord blood gas analysis did not show statistical significance. In the regression analysis of the variables that had significance level <0.10, the only independent variables associated with fetal birth injury were vaginal delivery (OR-A: 11.08; 95%CI: 2.45-49.98; p=0.002) and thorax circumference > 33 cm (OR-A: 3.36; 95%CI: 1.35-9.73; p=0.010). Conclusion: The risk factors f
Factores de riesgo asociados a traumatismo al nacimiento
Madi,José Mauro; Vieira Jacobi,Rodrigo; Fauth de Araújo,Breno; Viecceli Viecceli,Camila; Ongaratto Barazzetti,Daniel; Pavan Pavan,Gabriela;
Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75262012000100007
Abstract: background: obstetrics injuries can be defined as fetal lesions suffered by the fetus during labor or expulsion. objective: identify risk factors for fetal birth trauma. method: case-control study conducted from july 2004 to december 2005. we analyzed maternal and fetal variables using software spss 19.0. the variables showing a significance level <0.10 in the bivariate analysis were included in the logistic regression analysis. we used the block entry model for selection of the final regression model. results: during these period, we identified 2137 births and 26 (1.2%) were related to fetal birth injury. clavicle fracture was the most frequent injury (n = 14; 53.8%), followed by cephalohematoma (n = 5; 19.2%). umbilical cord blood gas analysis did not show statistical significance. in the regression analysis of the variables that had significance level <0.10, the only independent variables associated with fetal birth injury were vaginal delivery (or-a: 11.08; 95%ci: 2.45-49.98; p=0.002) and thorax circumference > 33 cm (or-a: 3.36; 95%ci: 1.35-9.73; p=0.010). conclusion: the risk factors for fetal birth injury were vaginal delivery and chest circumference equal to or larger than 33 cm. other variables were not associated with the outcome in discussion.
Efeitos analgésico e hipnótico das associa??es do sufentanil com o tiopental e com o propofol, em ratos
Vieira, Antonio Mauro;Fagundes, Djalma José;Bazano, Félix Carlos Ocáriz;Ramos, Eduardo Chibeni Fernandes;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86501998000200005
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the interactions of the analgesic action of sufentanil with the hypnotic action of thiopental and propofol, in 60 male rats distributed in two groups of 30 and submitted to different doses of sufentanil and propofol, to determine the analgesic (amd) and hypnotic medium doses (hmd). the amd of sufentanil was the analgesic dose and hmd of thiopental and propofol was the dose to obtain hypnosis, this is, the lost of righting reflex. there was a prolonged hypnotic action when thiopental with sufentanil and propofol with sufentanil were used together. the analgesic action of sufentanil-thiopental association has a significant increase, and sufentanil-propofol association showed no significant difference when compared to sufentanil alone. the sufentanil-thiopental association had more analgesic and hypnotic action when compared to sufentanil-propofol association. when was compared the concomitant presence of analgesy and hypnosis, the sufentanil-thiopental association had a longer lasting.
A prática da hidroginástica como tratamento complementar para pacientes com transtorno de ansiedade
Vieira, José Luiz Lopes;Porcu, Mauro;Buzzo, Viviane Aparecida dos Santos;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852009000100002
Abstract: objective: to analyze the effectiveness of hydrogymnastics as a therapeutic method to the reduction of anxiety in females diagnosed with anxiety disorder. methods: this clinical survey had as participants, patients with anxiety, being the depression the existent comorbidade, from psychiatry media residence program of the academical hospital of maringá, all had medical treatment (n = 16: experimental group = 8; control group = 8). the experiment was accomplished in the warm swimming pool of the department of physical education of the state university of maringá. the design of the study was developed with two hydrogymnastics sessions per week, during 12 weeks. the instruments used in the data collection were: beck's anxiety inventory (bai) and the profile of mood states (poms). as to statistics analysis the friedman test, wilcoxon test, mann-whitney test and multiple comparisons were used, with a significance of 5%. results: results show that anxiety disorder scores decreased in the experimental group after 12 weeks of intervention (19.12 ± 3.12 to 8.37 ± 4.60, p = 0.0005*) and control group (17.87 ± 14.32 to 12.12 ± 9.58, p = 0.254). as for mood state profile experimental group evidenced a positive mental health profile, while control group showed a negative mood state profile. conclusions: it may be concluded that patients from experimental group evidenced significant reduction in anxiety level in relation to control group patients whom used only the conventional medicine treatment. for mood state profile changes were found throughout the study, being that control group experimented negative mood changes during the clinical survey while experimental group patients evidenced positive mood state profile with reduction on tension, depression, anger confusion and enhancement on vigor.
A prática de exercícios físicos regulares como terapia complementar ao tratamento de mulheres com depress?o
Vieira, José Luiz Lopes;Porcu, Mauro;Rocha, Priscila Garcia Marques da;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852007000100007
Abstract: objective: to analyze the effective of the physical exercise as therapeutical complement in the depression?s treatment. methods: this clinical assay had the participation of women?s patient taken care of for the sus in the maringá?s university hospital in treatment with antidepressants (n = 18: gc = 9; ge = 9). the research design was elaborated with two sessions of water exercise/week, during 12 weeks. the instrument used was hamilton?s scale for depression, applied to the beginning and after 12 weeks of the clinical assay. for statistics analysis the tests of wilcoxon and mann-whitney were used. results: the depression level reduced in the experimental group after 12 weeks (32.66 ± 3.12 to 24.88 ± 2.13 points, p = 0.007*) and no differences were found in control group (31.11 ± 3.51 to 30.22 ± 3.04 points, p = 0.059). after 6 months, it haven?t significant statistical differences for the control group (31.11 ± 3.51 for 30.22 ± 2.81 points, p = 0.201). however, the experimental group returned next to the initiates levels of depression (32.66 ± 3.12 for 29.66 ± 1.22 point, p = 0.027*). conclusion: in this preliminary study the patients submitted to the physical exercises pratice associated to the conventional treatment to depression had evidenced a significant improvement to that they hadn't pratice physical exercises. the physical effects of the exercises on the depressive symptoms disapeared with the interruption of the physical exercise in the evaluation follow up of 6 months.
Radiographic and histological study of perennial bone defect repair in rat calvaria after treatment with blocks of porous bovine organic graft material
Marins, Lucele Vieira;Cestari, Tania Mary;Sottovia, André Dotto;Granjeiro, José Mauro;Taga, Rumio;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572004000100012
Abstract: over the last few years, various bone graft materials of bovine origin to be used in oromaxillofacial surgeries have entered the market. in the present study, we determined the capacity of a block organic bone graft material (gen-ox, baumer sa, brazil) prepared from bovine cancellous bone to promote the repair of critical size bone injuries in rat calvaria. a transosseous defect measuring approximately 8mm in diameter was performed with a surgical trephine in the parietal bone of 25 rats. in 15 animals, the defects were filled with a block of graft material measuring 8mm in diameter and soaked in the animal's own blood, and in the other 10 animals the defects were only filled with blood clots. the calvariae of rats receiving the material were collected 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery, and those of animals receiving the blood clots were collected immediately and 6 months after surgery. during surgery, the graft material was found to be of easy handling and to adapt perfectly to the receptor bed after soaking in blood. the results showed that, in most animals treated, the material was slowly resorbed and served as a space filling and maintenance material, favoring angiogenesis, cell migration and adhesion, and bone neoformation from the borders of the lesion. however, a foreign body-type granulomatous reaction, with the presence of numerous giant cells preventing local bone neoformation, was observed in two animals of the 1-month subgroup and in one animal of the 3-month subgroup. these cases were interpreted as resulting from the absence of demineralization and the lack of removal of potential antigen factors during production of the biomaterial. we conclude that, with improvement in the quality control of the material production, block organic bone matrix will become a good alternative for bone defect repair in the oromaxillofacial region due to its high osteoconductive capacity.
Biologia reprodutiva de Cryptostegia madagascariensis Bojer ex Decne. (Periplocoideae, Apocynaceae), espécie ornamental e exótica no Brasil
Vieira, Milene Faria;Leite, Mauro Sérgio de Oliveira;Grossi, José Antonio Saraiva;Alvarenga, Eveline Mantovani;
Bragantia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87052004000300002
Abstract: reproductive phenology, floral biology, breeding system and pollinators were analyzed on cryptostegia madagascariensis individuals cultivated at federal university of vi?osa campus, municipality of vi?osa, zona da mata of minas gerais state. in addition, seed viability and vigour from naturally opened fruits were tested. seed germination from yellow-green pericarp closed fruits was also tested. flowering of c. madagascariensis occurs mainly in november and december. fruits (follicles) are exhibited during all year, but more frequently in january and february. flowers open during the day and last about 24 hours. they exhibit protandry, secondary pollen presentation and intragynoecial compitum, which results in the production of twin follicles (two follicles per flower). it is self-compatible, but spontaneous self-pollination does not occur due to morphological characteristics. bees should be the main pollinators, as they exhibited the pollinarium attached to their mouthparts. at least one pollinarium was removed per flower. however, the low natural fructification (2.7%) rate indicates that these insects are efficient for pollinaria removal, but less efficient for deposition of collected pollen. the follicles take four months to reach the maximum size (average of 6.44 cm length, 2.45 cm height and 3.4 cm width), and 210 days for opening. each follicle averaged 96.5 seeds. the ideal conditions for seed quality evaluation, from naturally opened follicles, were 30 oc constant temperature and no supplementary light, and counting occurred at the 7th days. seeds from closed follicles showed 93% germination under those conditions.
Efeitos analgésico e hipnótico das associa es do sufentanil com o tiopental e com o propofol, em ratos
Vieira Antonio Mauro,Fagundes Djalma José,Bazano Félix Carlos Ocáriz,Ramos Eduardo Chibeni Fernandes
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 1998,
Abstract: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a a o analgésica do sufentanil com a a o hipnótica do tiopental e do propofol, os quais foram ministrados por via intraperitoneal, em 60 ratos Wistar. Os animais foram distribuídos em dois grupos de 30 e submetidos a diferentes doses de sufentanil, tiopental e propofol para determina o das doses, analgésica e hipnóticas, médias. A dose do sufentanil foi determinada com estímulos padronizados pelo pin amento da cauda do animal. Enquanto que com o tiopental e o propofol objetivou-se a dose hipnótica média, onde a resposta foi a perda de postura. Da intera o do tiopental com o sufentanil obteve-se uma a o hipnótica aumentada e prolongada. Enquanto, o propofol associado ao sufentanil mostrou um início mais lento, porém com maior dura o da a o hipnótica. Com rela o à a o analgésica da associa o do tiopental e sufentanil, obteve-se um aumento significante. Enquanto, na associa o do propofol com sufentanil n o se detectou diferen a significante. A associa o do tiopental com sufentanil apresentou maior potência hipnótica e analgésica quando comparada à associa o do propofol com sufentanil. Da mesma forma, quando se observou a presen a concomitante de hipnose e analgesia, a associa o do tiopental com sufentanil apresentou uma a o mais longa do que o propofol com sufentanil.
Identification of Appropriate Reference Genes for Human Mesenchymal Cells during Expansion and Differentiation
Paola Romina Amable, Marcus Vinicius Telles Teixeira, Rosana Bizon Vieira Carias, José Mauro Granjeiro, Radovan Borojevic
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073792
Abstract: Background Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) is an extremely powerful technique for monitoring gene expression. The quantity of the messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNA) of interest should be normalized using a reference gene, in order to avoid unreliable results originated by the obtained RNA quality and quantity, manipulation errors and inhibitory contaminants. A reference gene is any gene that is stably and consistently expressed under the conditions being studied. Completely false data can be generated if a reference gene is not chosen adequately. Results In the present study, we compared expression levels of five putative reference genes (HPRT1, ACTB, GAPDH, RPL13A and B2M) in primary cultures of four different human cells: mesenchymal stromal cells obtained from bone marrow, adipose tissue or umbilical cord Whartońs Jelly, and dermal fibroblasts, under different expansion and differentiation conditions. We observed that reference genes are not the same for different cells under the same culture conditions. Conclusion Most stable reference genes under our experimental conditions were: RPL13A for adipose tissue- and Whartońs Jelly-derived mesenchymal stromal cells, and HPRT1 for bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells and dermal fibroblasts. ACTB was the most unstable gene when evaluating adipose tissue- and Whartońs Jelly-derived mesenchymal stromal cells, whilst GAPDH and B2M were the most unstable genes for bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells and dermal fibroblasts, respectively.
A survey on clinical presentation and nutritional status of infants with suspected cow' milk allergy
Mário C Vieira, Mauro B Morais, José VN Spolidoro, Mauro S Toporovski, Ary L Cardoso, Gabriela TB Araujo, Victor Nudelman, Marcelo CM Fonseca
BMC Pediatrics , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-10-25
Abstract: An observational cross-sectional study was performed among 9,478 patients evaluated by 30 pediatric gastroenterologists for 40 days in 5 different geographical regions in Brazil. Clinical data were collected from patients with symptoms suggestive of cow's milk allergy. The nutritional status of infants (age ≤ 24 months) seen for the first time was evaluated according to z-scores for weight-for-age, weight-for-height, and height-for-age. Epi-Info (CDC-NCHS, 2000) software was used to calculate z-scores.The prevalence of suspected cow's milk allergy in the study population was 5.4% (513/9,478), and the incidence was 2.2% (211/9,478). Among 159 infants seen at first evaluation, 15.1% presented with a low weight-for-age z score (< -2.0 standard deviation - SD), 8.7% with a low weight-for-height z score (< -2.0 SD), and 23.9% with a low height-for-age z score (< -2.0 SD).The high prevalence of nutritional deficits among infants with symptoms suggestive of cow's milk allergy indicates that effective elimination diets should be prescribed to control allergy symptoms and to prevent or treat malnutrition.The incidence of food allergies has increased in several parts of the world, particularly in developed countries [1-6]. Cow's milk is the most common food allergen in infants and the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy is difficult, even with the use of several diagnostic tests. Therefore, elimination diets and challenge tests are essential for the diagnosis and treatment of this disorder [7,8]. Cow's milk and cow's milk-based infant formulas are the most frequently used substitutes for infants who are not breastfed. The growth and development of infants that are allergic to cow's milk may be compromised if an adequate substitute formula is not available [9-12]. The nutritional quality of cow's milk substitutes used for this group of patients has a crucial role in promoting appropriate growth and development [9-12].Prior to 1950, the incidence of cow's milk allergy in the first
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