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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 414219 matches for " José Jesús; Cirera Suárez "
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Efectos a corto plazo de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad: resultados del proyecto EMECAM en Cartagena, 1992-96
Guillén Pérez José Jesús,Cirera Suárez Lluís,García-Marcos álvarez Luis,Jiménez Torres Enrique
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 1999,
Abstract: FUNDAMENTO: Los problemas de contaminación atmosférica se han venido percibiendo en la ciudad de Cartagena desde la década de los setenta, con episodios puntuales de altos niveles de SO2 y partículas. Nos proponemos evaluar, utilizando la metodología del proyecto EMECAM, los efectos agudos de la contaminación atmosférica por SO2 y partículas sobre la mortalidad diaria en la ciudad de Cartagena de 1992 a 1996. MéTODOS: se relacionan las defunciones diarias por todas las causas excepto las externas, en población general y en la de 70 y más a os, por causas cardiovasculares y por causas respiratorias, con la contaminación atmosférica por dióxido de azufre y partículas, en el período1992-1996, utilizando modelos de Poisson autorregresiva que controlan por estacionalidad, meteorología, calendario, gripe, eventos especiales y retardos. RESULTADOS: En el periodo en estudio se ha producido una disminución de la contaminación por SO2, con respecto a a os anteriores, lo que no ha sido evidente para la contaminación por partículas. Los análisis muestran asociaciones significativas en las defunciones totales sin accidentes en mayores de 69 a os y el valor promedio de partículas, estas son las defunciones cardiovasculares del mes de mayo a octubre. En el semestre frío, encontramos asociación estadísticamente significativa positiva en el valor máximo horario diario de las partículas y las muertes por enfermedades cardiocirculatorias y respiratorias. Sin embargo no hay consistencia en las asociaciones al evaluar la fiabilidad de los modelos.
Efectos a corto plazo de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad: resultados del proyecto EMECAM en Cartagena, 1992-96
Guillén Pérez,José Jesús; Cirera Suárez,Lluís; García-Marcos álvarez,Luis; Jiménez Torres,Enrique; Barber Vallès,Xavier; Martínez García,María José; Moreno Grau,Stella;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57271999000200011
Abstract: purpose: the problems of air pollution became noticeable in cartagena in the seventies, high so2 and particle levels having been reached from time to time. our aim is to assess, using the emecam methodology, the acute impact of so2 and particle air pollution on the daily mortality of the city of cartagena in the 1992-1996 period. methods: a daily listing is provided of the total number of non-accidental deaths within the population as a whole and for those over age 70, the cardiovascular and the respiratory deaths due to the sulfur dioxide and particle air pollution for the 1992-1996 period using autoregressive poisson models which control seasonality, weather, time of year, flu, special events, and time lags. results: in the period under study, there has been a drop in the so2 air pollution as compared to previous years, which was not as marked for the particles. the analyses reveal significant relationships in the total non-accidental deaths in those over age 69, with the average particle count and those particles with cardiovascular deaths for the months of may to october. in the six-month period of the year when the weather is cold, we found a positive statistically significant relationship to exist in the maximum daily hourly value of the particles and the deaths due to cardiocirculatory and respiratory diseases. however, there is no consistency in the between on assessing the reliability of the models.
A Di-D-Fructose Dianhydride-Enriched Caramel Modulates Pig Fecal Microbiota Composition  [PDF]
Luis A. Rubio, María Jesús Peinado, Ana Echávarri, Raquel Ruiz, Elena Suárez-Pereira, Carmen Ortiz Mellet, José M. García Fernández
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2014.45031
Abstract:

A correlation has been previously described between bifidobacteria counts before and after the use of a dietary additive in human studies. However, to our knowledge no information on this topic has yet been reported in animals, and no information exists either on similar possible correlations of bacterial groups other than bifidobacteria. The potential prebiotic effects of di-D-fructose dianhydride (DFA)-enriched caramels have been previously reported in laboratory animals, poultry and pigs. In the present work, twelve growing male castrated pigs (41.8 ± 1.9 kg mean BW) were fed in succession on a control (no additive) or DFA-enriched caramel (20 g/kg) containing diets. Another group of 10 pigs (38.0 ± 3.7 kg mean BW) fed on a control diet without any additive was used as negative control. Bacterial log10 number of copies of the 16S rRNA gene was determined in fecal samples by using qPCR. Increased (P< 0.05) lactobacilli,Clostridium coccoides/Eu-bacterium rectaleand bacteroides group log10 number of copies were determined in fecal samples of pigs fed on the caramel containing diet compared with non-caramel controls. In addition, for all bacterial groups studied microbiological values co-variated with initial counts and, except for enterobacteria, variations in the fecal bacterial numbers after caramel supplementation correlated (P< 0.05) with the fecal numbers before supplementation. In conclusion, the supplementation of pig diets with DFA-enriched caramels induced significant increases in the fecal number of copies of bacterial groups regarded as beneficial, and variations in the fecal number of copies correlated with the initial fecal number of copies.

Correspondencia entre CIE-10 y CIE-9 para las listas de causas de muerte del Instituto Nacional de Estadística y de la Región de Murcia
Cirera Suárez,Lluís; Rodríguez Barranco,Miguel; Madrigal de Torres,Emilia; Carrillo Prieto,Jesús; Santo,Augusto Hasiak; Becker,Roberto Augusto; Tobías Garcés,Aurelio; Navarro Sánchez,Carmen;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272006000200005
Abstract: background: different countries have conducted comparability studies between revisions 10 and 9 of the international classification of diseases for aggregate lists of causes of death. in spain, the compara project was aimed at evaluating the impact of the revision change. methods: descriptive cross-sectional epidemiological study of 88,048 deaths recorded in spain in 1999 with the underlying cause of death doubled coded in icd-9 and icd-10. the theoretical correspondences between the icd on the lists of the national institute of statistics and murcia are established. the comparability rates and their confidence intervals, and the total kappa index were calculated. results: a decline in infectious diseases (-1.7%) and viral hepatitis, (-12.3%) declined under tenth revision, while aids showed an increase (5.7%). neoplasms increased a little (0.3%) with the inclusion of the mielodisplasic syndrome (55.2%). diabetes mellitus is increased (2.1%). mental disorders declined on dementia being shifted to alzheimer's disease (28.6%). cardiovascular diseases dropped slightly (-1.4%), without any impact on cerebrovascular diseases, although acute myocardial infarct decreased (-0.6%) while ischemic heart disease increased (0.3%). pneumonia decreased (-12.5%) and hepatic cirrhosis grows (4.3%). ill-defined conditions increased due to cardiorespiratory insufficiencies. the external causes show no change without including the accuracy of icd-9. the national institute of statistics 102 groups list obtained a total kappa index of 95.4%, similar to the murcia variants. conclusions: although icd-10 has a lesser overall impact, the significant comparability rates of the causes of death groups between the revisions with important absolute differences should be taken into account.
Electronic Nose Based on Independent Component Analysis Combined with Partial Least Squares and Artificial Neural Networks for Wine Prediction
Teodoro Aguilera,Jesús Lozano,José A. Paredes,Fernando J. álvarez,José I. Suárez
Sensors , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/s120608055
Abstract: The aim of this work is to propose an alternative way for wine classification and prediction based on an electronic nose (e-nose) combined with Independent Component Analysis (ICA) as a dimensionality reduction technique, Partial Least Squares (PLS) to predict sensorial descriptors and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for classification purpose. A total of 26 wines from different regions, varieties and elaboration processes have been analyzed with an e-nose and tasted by a sensory panel. Successful results have been obtained in most cases for prediction and classification.
Análisis crítico de las clasificaciones de las vasculitis
Iglesias Gamarra,Antonio; Cantillo Turbay,Jorge de Jesús; Restrepo Suárez,José Félix;
Revista Colombiana de Reumatología , 2006,
Abstract: in this paper we review the classifications of the vasculitides that have been published, especially those of the american college of rheumatology (acr) and the chapel hill consensus. we analyze the historical importance of each one of them, perform a critical analysis and conclude that none of these classifications is complete, that there is a necessity for cooperative multicentric and multinational studies that involve a large number of patients with all the forms of presentation of the vasculitis, to have clinical, epidemiological, immunogenetic studies that provide us with a better vision of these pathologies and let us understand and classify them more adequately.
Hitos históricos de las vasculitis de peque?os vasos
Cantillo Turbay,Jorge de Jesús; Iglesias Gamarra,Antonio; Restrepo Suárez,José Félix;
Revista Colombiana de Reumatología , 2006,
Abstract: while diseases of the blood vessels have been recognized since antiquity, inflammation of the vessels has only been recognized as a distinct clinical entity for about the past 150 years. the original and early case reports of vasculitis provide a historical context and foundation for understanding current concepts of these diseases. these early case reports are valuable as reference points for the current efforts in diagnosing, treating, and classifying vasculitis. in addition, they emphasize the importance of careful clinical observation in these efforts and the essential nature of medical science. polyarteritis nodosa was the first noninfectious vasculitis to be described and studied in detail. research on this group of vasculitides has been the cornerstone for understanding the pathophysiology of other forms of idiopathic vasculitis. historically, most forms of vasculitis described subsequently have been characterized and classified on the basis of features similar to or distinct from polyarteritis.
Repercusión cardiovascular de la diabetes mellitus de tipo II: estudio postmortem
Jesús Romero Silva,Claudia de Suárez,Hugo Giordano,Juan José Puigbó
Gaceta Médica de Caracas , 2006,
Abstract: La diabetes mellitus constituye un problema de salud mundial, considerada como equivalente a enfermedad cardiovascular por sus complicaciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las características anatomopatológicas del corazón diabético, especialmente orientado hacia la enfermedad ateroesclerótica coronaria y la miocardiopatía diabética. Unos 30 corazones de autopsias de pacientes diabéticos, hipertensos, con ambas enfermedades y normales, fueron estudiados macroscópicamente e histológicamente. Se compararon todos los grupos. Los corazones de los diabéticos presentaron cardiomegalia con pesos cardíacos entre 400 y 450 g, y remodelado concéntrico del ventrículo izquierdo predominante (11/20). En el miocardio de ambos ventrículos (n = 40) se observó: fibrosis e hipertrofia de los cardiomiocitos (100 %), depósitos de proteoglucanos (19/40); infiltración adiposa (26/40); alteraciones de la microvasculatura en capilares (16/40), arteriolas (33/40) y vénulas (9/40).Todas las coronarias (n = 90) de los diabéticos presentaron enfermedad ateroesclerótica, predominando las placas de tipo V, excéntricas, con remodelado positivo y los mayores porcentajes de estenosis luminar. Se concluyó que los cambios hallados al igual que los publicados en numerosas series internacionales, son inespecíficos y ningún caso reunió los criterios de miocardiopatía diabética. Se recomiendan estudios experimentales y la aplicación de técnicas de observación más precisas (inmunohistoquímica y ultraestructura) con la finalidad de puntualizar las alteraciones estructurales que pudiesen caracterizar esta enfermedad miocárdica. Diabetes mellitus has become a world health problem and it has been considered as complicated as cardiovascular disease. The objective of this investigation is to describe the anatomo- pathological characteristics of the diabetic heart, specifically oriented to the coronary atherosclerosis and diabetic cardiomyopathy. The hearts obtained at autopsy of 30 patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, both diseases and normals, were examined macroscopically and histochemically, and the results compared between them. The hearts of the diabetic population had "cardiomegalia" with a cardiac weigh between 400 and 450 g, with remodeling concentric of left ventricular hypertrophy predominant (11/20). In the myocardium of both ventricles (n = 40) the following was observed: interstitial fibrosis and hypertrophy of the myocardial cells (100 %), glycoprotein infiltration (19/40); adipose infiltration (26/40); the small vessels coronary abnormalities in the capillaries
Hitos históricos de las vasculitis de peque os vasos Historic events of small vessels vasculitis
Jorge de Jesús Cantillo Turbay,Antonio Iglesias Gamarra,José Félix Restrepo Suárez
Revista Colombiana de Reumatología , 2006,
Abstract: Aunque las enfermedades de los vasos sanguíneos han sido reconocidas desde la antigüedad, la inflamación de los vasos sólo ha sido considerada como entidad clínica distinta aproximadamente los pasados 150 a os. Los primeros informes de casos de vasculitis proporcionan un contexto y fundamento histórico para entender los conceptos actuales de estas enfermedades. Estos reportes iniciales de casos son valiosos como puntos de referencia para los esfuerzos actuales en diagnóstico, tratamiento y clasificación de las vasculitis. Además, esos casos recalcan la importancia de la observación clínica cuidadosa en estos esfuerzos y la naturaleza esencial de la ciencia médica. La Poliarteritis nodosa fue la primera vasculitis no infecciosa descrita y estudiada en detalle. Las investigaciones en este grupo de vasculitis han sido la piedra angular para entender la fisiopatología de otras formas de vasculitis primarias. Históricamente,la mayoría de las formas de vasculitis descritas posteriormente han sido caracterizadas y clasificadas sobre la base de manifestaciones similares o distintas de la poliarteritis. While diseases of the blood vessels have been recognized since antiquity, inflammation of the vessels has only been recognized as a distinct clinical entity for about the past 150 years. The original and early case reports of vasculitis provide a historical context and foundation for understanding current concepts of these diseases. These early case reports are valuable as reference points for the current efforts in diagnosing, treating, and classifying vasculitis. In addition, they emphasize the importance of careful clinical observation in these efforts and the essential nature of medical science. Polyarteritis nodosa was the first noninfectious vasculitis to be described and studied in detail. Research on this group of vasculitides has been the cornerstone for understanding the pathophysiology of other forms of idiopathic vasculitis. Historically, most forms of vasculitis described subsequently have been characterized and classified on the basis of features similar to or distinct from polyarteritis.
Análisis crítico de las clasificaciones de las vasculitis Critical analysis of the classifications of the vasculitides
Antonio Iglesias Gamarra,Jorge de Jesús Cantillo Turbay,José Félix Restrepo Suárez
Revista Colombiana de Reumatología , 2006,
Abstract: En este artículo hacemos un recuento de las clasificaciones de las vasculitis que han aparecido a través del tiempo, en especial las del Colegio Americano de Reumatología (ACR) y la del Consenso de Chapel Hill. Analizamos la importancia histórica de cada una de ellas, realizamos un análisis crítico y concluimos que ninguna de estas clasificaciones es completa, que se requieren estudios cooperativos multicéntricos y multinacionales que involucren un gran número de pacientes con todas las formas de presentación de las vasculitis, para hacer estudios clínicos, epidemiológicos e inmunogenéticos que nos den una mejor visión de estas patologías y podamos comprenderlas y clasificarlas más adecuadamente. In this paper we review the classifications of the vasculitides that have been published, especially those of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the Chapel Hill Consensus. We analyze the historical importance of each one of them, perform a critical analysis and conclude that none of these classifications is complete, that there is a necessity for cooperative multicentric and multinational studies that involve a large number of patients with all the forms of presentation of the vasculitis, to have clinical, epidemiological, immunogenetic studies that provide us with a better vision of these pathologies and let us understand and classify them more adequately.
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