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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 76086 matches for " José Augusto Cabral; "
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Nuevas tendencias de la medicalización
Barros,José Augusto Cabral;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232008000700007
Abstract: beginning with a critical analysis of the role drugs play in the behavior of consumers and health professionals, this text aims at evaluating the influence of both traditional and new promotional strategies of the pharmaceutical industry designed to create values and believes that exceed what in fact can be expected from drug consumption. some examples were chosen to illustrate the intensification of the medicalization process. special emphasis was given to the irrational use of amphetamines to diminish the appetite and to control weight or to treat children supposedly suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd) as well as to drugs used in cases of depression and supposed andropause.
Debate sobre o artigo de Suely Rozenfeld
Barros José Augusto Cabral de
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1998,
Abstract:
Anúncios de medicamentos em revistas médicas: ajudando a promover a boa prescri??o?
Barros,José Augusto Cabral de; Joany,Sabrina;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232002000400020
Abstract: supply and demand of drugs are influenced by different ways. manufacturers' promotional strategies are outstanding a particular role being ascribed to advertising (ads) in medical journals. considering that studies on this issue are not available in brazil a research was performed aimed at evaluating ads using as parameters who criteria for drug information that should be included in any informative material. all advertisements published in jornal de pediatria, revista brasileira de medicina and jornal brasileiro de medicina issues from august/2000 up to february/2001 were evaluated verifying the presence of generic name, mechanism of action, pharmacologic effects, indications, contraindications, dosing information, adverse effects, drugs interactions, overdose, types of formulation marketed, manufacturer and/or importer. in the total of 1.774 pages, 539 were occupied by 649 ads. no one of referred criteria was found in all ads and only 20% include contraindications, adverse effects and drugs interactions. the most advertised drugs were antibiotics, antihipertensives and combination products. instead of subsidize prescription and adequate drug utilization ads are clearly biased obeying to marketing goals since meaningful data are missing.
Anúncios de medicamentos em revistas médicas: ajudando a promover a boa prescri o?
Barros José Augusto Cabral de,Joany Sabrina
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2002,
Abstract: Ante a inexistência de estudos no Brasil, este trabalho se prop s a fazer uma avalia o dos anúncios com base nos critérios sugeridos pela OMS e que deveriam incluir-se em qualquer material de divulga o. Foram avaliados todos os anúncios contidos nas edi es de agosto/2000 a fevereiro/2001 do Jornal de Pediatria, Revista Brasileira de Medicina e Jornal Brasileiro de Medicina, averiguando a presen a nos mesmos de: nome genérico, mecanismos de a o, efeito farmacológico, indica o, contra-indica o, posologia, rea es adversas, intera es, superdosagem, apresenta o e fabricante/importador. Em um total de 1.774 páginas, 539 (30,4%) se destinavam a anúncios, compreendendo 649 ao todo. Nenhum dos critérios propostos pela OMS esteve presente em todas as propagandas, e apenas em cerca de 20% delas há referência a rea es adversas, contra-indica es e intera es. Os produtos mais anunciados foram antibióticos, hipotensores e os à base da associa o de vários fármacos. Omitindo dados importantes, em especial contra-indica es, rea es adversas e intera es, os anúncios s o tendenciosos, atendendo a propósitos mercadológicos, n o sendo um meio que subsidie a prescri o e a utiliza o correta e segura dos produtos anunciados.
A sociologia funcionalista nos estudos organizacionais: foco em Durkheim
Augusto Cabral
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/s1679-39512004000200002
Abstract: O tema que estrutura este ensaio é o da sociologia funcionalista, particularmente em termos de sua influência nos estudos organizacionais. O seu foco de análise é duplo. Em um primeiro momento, as obras de Durkheim. Em um segundo momento, o impacto e a supremacia dos enfoques funcionalistas nos estudos organizacionais. Embora seus segmentos estejam inter-relacionados, ele é composto de quatro partes. Na primeira, é feita uma análise histórica da emergência e sistematiza o das ciências sociais, de modo a tra ar sua evolu o até o surgimento dos trabalhos de Durkheim. Na segunda, tomando como referencial a obra de Burrell e Morgan (1979), é estudado o paradigma funcionalista em termos de sua origem e expoentes, com destaque para Comte e Spencer, visando chegar a uma compreens o inicial do pensamento de Durkheim e de sua sociologia. Na terceira, a vida e as principais obras de Durkheim s o sumariadas e discutidas. Por fim, o status atual dos estudos organizacionais -vistos como um conjunto impreciso, elástico e eclético de teorias e pesquisas sociais voltados para os problemas das organiza es -é analisado em termos de seus pressupostos epistemológicos e ontológicos subjacentes, como meio de explicitar a supremacia dos enfoques positivistas-funcionalistas. The theme of this paper is the functionalist sociology in terms of its influence on the organizational studies. First, it focuses on the works of Durkheim. Then, it focuses on the supremacy of the functionalist approaches in the field of organizational studies. The paper is made up of four parts. The first analyzes the emergency of the social sciences in such a way as to trace back the evolution of the field to the works of Durkheim. The second, based on the works of Burrel and Morgan (1979), examines the funcionalist paradigm in terms of its origins and expoents. In this section, special emphasis is given to the works of Comte and Spencer as a means to the understanding of Durkheim's thought and sociology. The third part summarizes the life and works of Durkheim. The last part analyzes the status quo of the organizational studies in terms of their epistemological and ontological assumptions as a way to point out the supremacy of the positivistfuncionalist approaches in the field.
Levantamento de dados sobre o conhecimento e informa??o acerca dos medicamentos genéricos em uma popula??o de pacientes do servi?o de saúde ambulatorial do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil
Rocha, Chiara Erminia da;Barros, José Augusto Cabral de;Silva, Maria Dolores Paes;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000500016
Abstract: brazilian federal act 9,787/99, regulating generic medicines, includes rules for drug registration and provides for the population's access to safe, effective, high-quality, and low-cost medication. four years after the introduction of generic drugs on the brazilian market, we proposed to measure knowledge and information on generic drugs among the clientele at a public outpatient clinic in recife, pernambuco state, applying a questionnaire in 2000. 76.1% of the interviewees were women, 95.7% had heard of generic drugs, and 68.1% could define generic medication. government action to publicize the properties of such medicines and their advantages for consumers has thus reached the vast majority of the population.
A automedica??o e os acadêmicos da área de saúde
Aquino,Daniela Silva de; Barros,José Augusto Cabral de; Silva,Maria Dolores Paes da;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000500027
Abstract: as self-medication is a worldwide problem of public health, this article had as objective to evaluate the behavior of the future health professionals with regard to the drug utilization, particularly, to the self-medication practice. 223 academic students from a public university in recife city were interviewed, selected by proportional share in each course. a questionnaire on the drug utilization was applied, 15 days before the interview. from the 223 students, 65.5% reported drug use in the last 15 days. 42.3% used drugs through the physician's prescription and 57.7% through the self-medication. the most used drugs were the analgesics (24.0%) and vitamins (18.9%) and the main reason was pain (30.5%). the drug utilization among academic students in recife city is high but it is inside the parameter according to others analysis. however we have expected a low and more rationalized utilization.
Uso de medicamentos armazenados em domicílio em uma popula??o atendida pelo Programa Saúde da Família
Lima,Geandra Batista; Nunes,Lívio César Cunha; Barros,José Augusto Cabral de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000900026
Abstract: to approach the epidemiological use of medicines is necessary to recognize that such practice is not strictly limited to pharmacotherapy. the appropriate storage and the preservation of medicines are fundamental factors for effectiveness. this study was aimed at verifying the storage form/use of medicines in a community assisted by the family health program in the district of cristino castro (pi, brazil), as well as the level of the people's knowledge regarding drugs storage at home. the data were obtained visiting 52 families, starting with observations and applying a questionnaire. it was observed a low income and education levels, a fact that contributes in the effective therapeutic orientation. high percentage of the stored medicines is acquired without prescription. it is worth of mention the presence of a big amount of antimicrobial, reinforcing the danger of the self medication. 62% of those who take care of drugs have no information about their rational use, and 66% are not conscious of the toxicity. 54.10% of the medicines were at children's and domestic animals reach and 15.92% didn't possess label or any identification. some families maintain in stock, basic medications, another accumulate a "therapeutic arsenal".
Automedica??o em idosos na cidade de Salgueiro-PE
, Mirivaldo Barros e;Barros, José Augusto Cabral de;Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2007000100009
Abstract: objectives: to identify the determinants associated with the practice of self-medication in the 60-year-old or older population in the city of salgueiro/pernambuco/brazil. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out in the urban zone in the city of salgueiro - pe; questionnaires were handed out between may/01/2004 and june/06/2004 in a sample population of 355 persons aged 60 years or more. data were processed and analyzed using epiinfo 6.04 software after a double entry and validated. results: the sample was comprised of 44.9% (159/355) 60-70-year olds, 69.8% (247/355) of which were female, 53.1% (188/355) illiterate, 40.7% (145/355) without having finished high school, and 77.7% (276/355) retired. in the group that used medicines without medical prescription, the drugs used most often were analgesics (30%) and antipyretics (29%). of the reasons presented to justify the use of self-prescribed medicines, pain was the most frequent one (38.3%), followed by fever (24.4%), diarrhea (8.0%), hypertension (8.0%) and cough (5.2%). there was association between the lack of exercise and self-medication (x2 =14.44 p=0.001). conclusions: there is a high prevalence of self-medication in this group; analgesics and antipyretics are the drugs used most often; pain is the symptom that most leads to self-medication; and sedentary individuals use more self-medication than those who exercise.
Determina o de compostos de massa molecular alta em folhas de plantas da Amaz nia
Siqueira Denilson Soares de,Pereira Alberto dos Santos,Aquino Neto Francisco Radler de,Cabral José Augusto
Química Nova , 2003,
Abstract: The fractIons of dichloromethane extracts of leaves from andiroba (Carapa guianensis - Meliaceae), caapi (Banisteriopsis caapi - Malpighiaceae), cocoa (Theobroma cacao - Sterculiaceae), Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa - Lecytidaceae), cupua u (Theobroma grandiflorum - Sterculiaceae), marupá (Simaruba amara - Simaroubaceae) and rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis - Euphorbiaceae), were analyzed by HT-HRGC and HT-HRGC-MS. Esters of homologous series of fatty acids and long chain alcohols, phytol, amyrines and tocopherols were characterized. The characterization of the compounds was based mainly in mass spectra data and in addition by usual spectrometric data (1H and 13C NMR, IR).
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