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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24136 matches for " Jorge Tapia "
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Enfermedad cerebrovascular y trombofilia
Tapia,Jorge;
Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-92272002000200004
Abstract: thrombophilia is a condition that must be considered in cases of ischemic strokes. although it causes only a small percentage of ischemic strokes, due to the high incidence of this disease, the number of patients with this condition becomes significant. most cases of thrombophilia have been described in the last twenty years, so it is possible that this condition explains a significant percentage of ischemic strokes of unknown cause. in patients under 50 years of age, 8 to 15% of the ischemic strokes are caused by thrombophilia, and it frequently coexists with other risk factors. of the different thrombophilias, hyperhomocysteinemia and antiphospholipid antibodies are linked with arterial and venous thrombosis. the hereditary thrombophilias (antithrombin iii, protein c and s deficiencies, factor 11 and v mutations) are linked mainly to cerebral venous thrombosis. symptoms, evaluation and treatment of the different thrombophilias are reviewed. it is suggested that thrombophilia should be considered in all cases of cerebral venous thrombosis and, in cases of arterial ischemic strokes, in those of unknown cause in patients under 50, with a history of phlebothrombosis, a family history of thrombosis, and/or when abnormalities are detected in routine coagulation studies.
Prevención secundaria de la trombosis en pacientes con síndrome antifosfolípido
Tapia,Jorge;
Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-92272003000400007
Abstract: antiphospholipid syndrome is very heterogeneous and is therefore of interest to various medical specialties. the neurologist will see it in cases of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. retrospective clinical series suggest that treatment with high levels of anticoagulants (inr of 3 to 4.5), rather than at the usual levels (inr 2 to 3), decreases its recurrence. crowther et al. published in the new england journal of medicine (2003; 349: 1133-8), the first prospective, randomized study evaluating the effectiveness and safety of oral anticoagulation at the two levels mentioned to prevent the recurrence of cerebral thrombosis. the authors conclude that a high-level use of anticoagulants does not give better results than a moderate-level use (inr 2 to 3). these results are crucial for neurologists, since the most serious complication arising from the use of anticoagulants is intracranial hemorrhage, whose primary risk factors are the level of anticoagulation and previous infarction. this study allows us to manage ischemic events in antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, with usual levels of anticoagulation
Enfermedad cerebrovascular y trombofilia Cerebrovascular Disease and Thrombophilia
Jorge Tapia
Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatría , 2002,
Abstract: La trombofilia es una condición que se debe tener presente en las enfermedades cerebrovasculares (ECV) isquémicas. Si bien se considera que es la causa de un bajo porcentaje de ellas, dada la alta incidencia de las ECV isquémicas, el número de pacientes con esta condición pasa a ser significativo. La mayoría de las trombofilias ha sido descrita en los últimos 20 a os, por lo que es posible que esta condición explique un porcentaje importante de las ECV isquémicas sin causa aparente. Un 8 a 15% de las ECV isquémicas bajo los 50 a os son secundarias a trombofilia. Con frecuencia la trombofilia coexiste con otro factor de riesgo de ECV isquémica. De las trombofilias, la hiperhomocisteinemia y la presencia de anticuerpos antifosfolípidos se relaciona con obstrucción de vasos encefálicos tanto arteriales como venosos. En cambio, las trombofilias hereditarias (deficiencia de antitrombina III, proteína C y S, mutación del factor II y V) se relacionan más bien con trombosis de venas encefálicas. Se revisan los diferentes tipos de trombofilia, su cuadro clínico, forma de estudio y tratamiento. Se recomienda investigar trombofilia en todos los casos de trombosis venosa encefálica y, en aquellos por obstrucción arterial encefálica de causa desconocida, en los pacientes menores de 50 a os, en los con historia personal de flebotrombosis o familiar de trombosis, y cuando se detectan anormalidades en las pruebas rutinarias de coagulación Thrombophilia is a condition that must be considered in cases of ischemic strokes. Although it causes only a small percentage of ischemic strokes, due to the high incidence of this disease, the number of patients with this condition becomes significant. Most cases of thrombophilia have been described in the last twenty years, so it is possible that this condition explains a significant percentage of ischemic strokes of unknown cause. In patients under 50 years of age, 8 to 15% of the ischemic strokes are caused by thrombophilia, and it frequently coexists with other risk factors. Of the different thrombophilias, hyperhomocysteinemia and antiphospholipid antibodies are linked with arterial and venous thrombosis. The hereditary thrombophilias (antithrombin III, protein C and S deficiencies, factor 11 and V mutations) are linked mainly to cerebral venous thrombosis. Symptoms, evaluation and treatment of the different thrombophilias are reviewed. It is suggested that thrombophilia should be considered in all cases of cerebral venous thrombosis and, in cases of arterial ischemic strokes, in those of unknown cause in patients under 50, with
Prevención secundaria de la trombosis en pacientes con síndrome antifosfolípido Secondary prevention of thrombosis in antiphospholipid syndrome patients
Jorge Tapia
Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatría , 2003,
Abstract: Antiphospholipid syndrome is very heterogeneous and is therefore of interest to various medical specialties. The neurologist will see it in cases of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Retrospective clinical series suggest that treatment with high levels of anticoagulants (INR of 3 to 4.5), rather than at the usual levels (INR 2 to 3), decreases its recurrence. Crowther et al. published in the New England Journal of Medicine (2003; 349: 1133-8), the first prospective, randomized study evaluating the effectiveness and safety of oral anticoagulation at the two levels mentioned to prevent the recurrence of cerebral thrombosis. The authors conclude that a high-level use of anticoagulants does not give better results than a moderate-level use (INR 2 to 3). These results are crucial for neurologists, since the most serious complication arising from the use of anticoagulants is intracranial hemorrhage, whose primary risk factors are the level of anticoagulation and previous infarction. This study allows us to manage ischemic events in antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, with usual levels of anticoagulation
EFECTOS DE LOS TRATADOS SOBRE DERECHOS HUMANOS EN LA JERARQUíA DEL ORDEN JURíDICO Y EN LA DISTRIBUCIóN DE COMPETENCIAS: ALCANCES DEL NUEVO INCISO SEGUNDO DEL ARTíCULO 5o DE LA CPR DE 1980
Tapia Valdés,Jorge;
Ius et Praxis , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-00122003000100017
Abstract: this paper deals with the status of human rights treaties as sources of chilean constitutional law, examining their hierarchical position, and the relationship between constitutional law and international law, as well as the limitations imposed on the state of chile by the 1989 amendment to article 5, subsection 2, of the constitution.
PODER CONSTITUYENTE IRREGULAR: LOS LíMITES METAJURíDICOS DEL PODER CONSTITUYENTE ORIGINARIO
Tapia Valdés,Jorge;
Estudios constitucionales , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-52002008000100005
Abstract: the classical subject of the metalegal limits is reframed that according to the constitucionalism and the political theory, more than the express text of a cons-titution, within the framewok exists the democratic original constituent power of the process of economic and legal globalization. according to the author, the globalization of the fundamental rights, the inherent principies to the democracy, and of the ius cogens, as well as the multiculturalization of the state-nation, establish new limits to the original constituent power, so that only can be spoken of irregulary of itself, when it violates those limits. it doesn't genérate dictatorship of the majority and it tends to be confused with the idea of direct democracy.
Concerta??o social, negocia??es coletivas e flexibilidade: o caso italiano (1992-2002)
Tapia, Jorge R. B.;
Dados , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582003000200002
Abstract: the main objective of this article is to examine the characteristic dynamics of second-generation social concertations and their results, based on the italian case. from the analytical point of view, we seek to demonstrate that: a) the social concertation process emerged from the combination of a specific conjuncture marked by the imperatives of the european construct, an acute national political and economic crisis, and strategic choices by social actors; b) tripartite negotiation gave rise to a collective bargaining structure at two levels, capable of simultaneously guaranteeing wage moderation, maintenance of wage purchasing power, corporate profit margins, and companies' needs for flexibility, with the exception of flexibility in lay-offs.
Desenvolvimento local, concerta??o social e governan?a: a experiência dos pactos territoriais na Itália
Tapia, Jorge Ruben Biton;
S?o Paulo em Perspectiva , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-88392005000100012
Abstract: this paper aims to retake the path of the local development problematic since the studies on diffuse industrialization until the most recent political modalities and territorial decentralized programs of the 1990′s. from the analytical point of view, the article aims at showing the conceptual displacement produced by the incorporation of structure governance issues and social regulation mechanisms. from the empirical point of view, it analyses the profile of the interventions based on the logic of social concertation in the case of territorial pacts in italy, underlining your innovations, diversity and the weight of historical and political-institutional dimensions.
Contrapunto sobre la modificación al artículo 234 del Código Civil relativo a la facultad de los padres de corregir a los hijos
Jorge Baraona,Mauricio Tapia
Revista Chilena de Derecho : Publicado por la Facultad de Derecho Universidad Católica de Chile , 2008,
Abstract:
Educación islámica; apuntes y aproximaciones a los espacios y raíces educacionales árabe – islámicos y los desafíos que nos presentan
Jorge Araneda Tapia
Historia 2.0 : Conocimiento Histórico en Clave Digital , 2011,
Abstract: El presente escrito busca retratar y rescatar el aporte del mundo árabe – islámico, sin dejar a un lado una crítica a las representaciones actuales que se observan por el desconocimiento de este mundo en el plano educacional, así como la utilización del mismo visión desde un punto de vista Orientalista, de este modo se espera poder comprender en qué medida el desarrollo de este fenómeno educacional afecto a la sociedad actual islámica, y el enfoque del mundo occidental sobre el conocimiento del tema educacional en sus propios espacios, para así poder ampliar y difundir el conocimiento que se tiene sobre el tema y lograr generar un debate en torno a la naturaleza de las implicancias de las representaciones educacionales del mundo islámico, vislumbrando así la efectiva relevancia de este fenómeno para la vida de las sociedades occidentales.
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